SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Principles of Consolidation—The consolidated financial statements present the results of operations, financial position, and cash flows of Hyatt Hotels Corporation and its majority owned and controlled subsidiaries. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
Use of Estimates—We are required to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ materially from such estimated amounts.
Revenue Recognition—Our revenues are primarily derived from the following sources and are generally recognized when services have been rendered:
Owned and leased hotel revenues are derived from room rentals and services provided at our owned, leased, and consolidated hospitality venture properties and are recorded when rooms are occupied and services have been rendered. Sales and occupancy taxes are recorded on a net basis in the consolidated statements of income.
Management and franchise fees earned from hotels managed and franchised worldwide:
Management fees primarily consist of a base fee, which is generally computed as a percentage of gross revenues, and an incentive fee, which is generally computed based on a hotel profitability measure. Base fee revenues are recognized when earned in accordance with the terms of the contract. We recognize incentive fees that would be due as if the contract were to terminate at that date, exclusive of any termination fees payable or receivable by us.
Realized gains from the sale of hotel real estate assets where we maintain substantial continuing involvement in the form of a long-term management contract are deferred and recognized as management fee revenue over the term of the underlying management contract.
Franchise fees are generally based on a percentage of hotel rooms’ revenues and in certain circumstances, food and beverage revenues and are recognized as the fees are earned and become due from the franchisee and when all material services or conditions relating to the sale have been substantially performed or satisfied by the franchisor.
Other revenues primarily include revenues from our vacation ownership business. We recognize vacation ownership revenue when a minimum of 10% of the purchase price for the interval has been received, the period of cancellation with refund has expired, and receivables are deemed collectible. For sales that do not qualify for full revenue recognition, as the project has progressed beyond the preliminary stages, but has not yet reached completion, all revenue and associated direct expenses are initially deferred and recognized in earnings through the percentage-of-completion method.
Other revenues also include revenues from our co-branded credit card launched in 2010. We recognize revenue from our co-branded credit card upon: (1) the sale of points to our third-party partner; and (2) the fulfillment or expiration of a card member's activation offer. We receive incentive fees from our third-party partner upon activation of each credit card, which we defer until the associated compensated nights awarded on member activation are redeemed or expired.
Other revenues from managed properties represent the reimbursement of costs incurred on behalf of the owners of hotel properties we manage. These costs relate primarily to payroll costs at managed properties where we are the employer. Since the reimbursements are made based upon the costs incurred with no added margin, these revenues and corresponding expenses have no effect on our net income.
Cash Equivalents—We consider all highly liquid investments purchased with an original maturity of three months or less at the date of purchase to be cash equivalents.
Restricted Cash—We had restricted cash of $184 million and $72 million at December 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively. The 2013 balance relates primarily to a like-kind exchange agreement under which $74 million in proceeds from sales were placed into an escrow account administered by an intermediary (see Note 8), reserves statutorily required to be held by our captive insurance subsidiary of $74 million (see Note 16), proceeds from $16 million drawn on a loan which will be used for the development of a hotel in Brazil (see Note 10), and $21 million of debt service related to the bonds acquired in connection with the acquisition of the entity that owns the Grand Hyatt San Antonio hotel (see Note 10), of which $10 million is recorded to restricted cash and $11 million is recorded in other assets. The 2012 balance relates primarily to a like-kind exchange agreement under which $44 million in proceeds from sales were placed into an escrow account administered by an intermediary (see Note 8), a holdback escrow agreement of $10 million entered into in conjunction with the acquisition of a full service hotel in Mexico City, Mexico (see Note 8), and proceeds from $10 million drawn on a loan which was used for completion of a property improvement plan and conversion of a non-Hyatt branded property to a Hyatt Place (see Note 10). The remaining $10 million and $8 million at December 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively, relates to secured real estate taxes, property insurance, escrow deposits on purchases of our vacation ownership intervals, escrow deposits on construction projects, security deposits, property and equipment reserves, and long-term loans. These amounts are invested in interest-bearing accounts.
Investments—We consolidate entities under our control, including entities where we are deemed to be the primary beneficiary as a result of qualitative and/or quantitative characteristics. The primary beneficiary is the party who has the power to direct the activities of a variable interest entity ("VIE") that most significantly impact the entity’s economic performance and who has an obligation to absorb losses of the entity or a right to receive benefits from the entity that could potentially be significant to the entity. Investments in unconsolidated affiliates over which we exercise significant influence, but do not control, including joint ventures, are accounted for by the equity method. In addition, our limited partnership investments in which we hold more than a minimal investment are accounted for under the equity method of accounting. Investments in unconsolidated affiliates over which we are not able to exercise significant influence are accounted for under the cost method.
We assess investments in unconsolidated affiliates for impairment quarterly. When there is indication that a loss in value has occurred, we evaluate the carrying value compared to the estimated fair value of the investment. Fair value is based upon internally developed discounted cash flow models, third-party appraisals, and if appropriate, current estimated net sales proceeds from pending offers. If the estimated fair value is less than carrying value, we use our judgment to determine if the decline in value is other-than-temporary. In determining this, we consider factors including, but not limited to, the length of time and extent of the decline, loss of values as a percentage of the cost, financial condition and near-term financial projections, our intent and ability to recover the lost value and current economic conditions. Impairments that are deemed other-than-temporary are charged to equity earnings (losses) from unconsolidated hospitality ventures on our consolidated statements of income.
Marketable Securities—Our investments in marketable securities are principally included within short-term investments and other assets in the consolidated balance sheets and are classified as either trading or available-for-sale (see Note 4). Marketable securities are recorded at fair value based on listed market prices or dealer price quotations where available. Listed market prices and dealer price quotations are not available to value our preferred investment, therefore, we utilize an option pricing model, which requires that we make certain assumptions regarding the expected volatility, term, risk free interest rate over the expected term, dividend yield and enterprise value (see Note 5).
Our marketable securities consist of various types of mutual funds, preferred shares, common stock and fixed income securities, including U.S. government obligations, obligations of other government agencies, corporate debt, mortgage-backed and asset-backed securities and municipal and provincial bonds. Realized and unrealized gains and losses on trading securities are reflected in the consolidated statements of income in other income (loss), net. Available-for-sale securities with unrealized gains and losses are reported as part of accumulated other comprehensive loss on the consolidated balance sheets. Realized gains and losses on available-for-sale securities are recognized in other income (loss), net based on the cost of the securities using specific identification. Available-for-sale securities are assessed for impairment quarterly. To determine if an impairment is other-than-temporary, we consider the duration and severity of the loss position, the strength of the underlying collateral, the term to maturity, credit rating and our intent to sell. For debt securities that are deemed other-than-temporarily impaired and there is no intent to sell, impairments are separated into the amount related to the credit loss, which is recorded in our consolidated statements of income and the amount related to all other factors, which is recorded in accumulated other comprehensive loss. For debt securities that are deemed other-than-temporarily impaired and there is intent to sell, impairments in their entirety are recorded in our consolidated statements of income.
Derivative Instruments—Derivative transactions are executed only to manage exposures arising in the normal course of business and not for the purpose of creating speculative positions or trading. As a result of the use of derivative instruments, we are exposed to the risk that counterparties to derivative contracts will fail to meet their contractual obligations. To mitigate the counterparty credit risk, we only enter into contracts with carefully selected major financial institutions based upon their credit rating and other factors. Our derivative instruments do not contain credit-risk related contingent features.
All derivatives are recognized on the balance sheet at fair value. On the date the derivative contract is entered, we designate the derivative as one of the following: a hedge of a forecasted transaction or the variability of cash flows to be paid (cash flow hedge), a hedge of the fair value of a recognized asset or liability (fair value hedge), or an undesignated hedge instrument. Changes in the fair value of a derivative that is qualified, designated and highly effective as a cash flow hedge are recorded in accumulated other comprehensive loss on the consolidated balance sheets until they are reclassified into earnings in the same period or periods during which the hedged transaction affects earnings. Changes in the fair value of a derivative that is qualified, designated and highly effective as a fair value hedge, along with the gain or loss on the hedged asset or liability that is attributable to the hedged risk are recorded in current earnings. Changes in the fair value of undesignated derivative instruments and the ineffective portion of designated derivative instruments are reported in current period earnings. Cash flows from designated derivative financial instruments are classified within the same category as the item being hedged on the consolidated statements of cash flows. Cash flows from undesignated derivative financial instruments are included in the investing category on the consolidated statements of cash flows. We do not offset any derivative assets or liabilities in the balance sheet and none of our derivatives are subject to master netting arrangements.
At the designation date, we formally document all relationships between hedging activities, including the risk management objective and strategy for undertaking various hedge transactions. This process includes matching all derivatives that are designated as cash flow hedges to specific forecasted transactions and linking all derivatives designated as fair value hedges to specific assets and liabilities on the consolidated balance sheets.
We also formally assess both at the hedge’s inception and on an ongoing basis, whether the derivatives that are used in hedging transactions are highly effective in offsetting changes in fair value or cash flow of hedged items. We discontinue hedge accounting prospectively, when the derivative is not highly effective as a hedge, the underlying hedged transaction is no longer probable, or the hedging instrument expires, is sold, terminated, or exercised.
Foreign Currency—The functional currency of our consolidated and nonconsolidated entities located outside the United States of America is generally the local currency. The assets and liabilities of these entities are translated into U.S. dollars at year-end exchange rates, and the related gains and losses, net of applicable deferred income taxes, are reflected in stockholders’ equity. Gains and losses from foreign currency transactions are included in earnings. Income and expense accounts are translated at the average exchange rate for the period. Gains and losses from foreign exchange rate changes related to intercompany receivables and payables of a long-term nature are generally included in other comprehensive income (loss). Gains and losses from foreign exchange rate movement related to intercompany receivables and payables that are not of a long-term nature are reported currently in income.
Financing Receivables—We define financing receivables as financing arrangements that represent a contractual right to receive money either on demand or on fixed or determinable dates and that are recognized as an asset on our consolidated balance sheets. We record all financing receivables at amortized cost in current and long-term receivables. We recognize interest income as earned and provide an allowance for cancellations and defaults. We have divided our financing receivables into three portfolio segments based on the level at which we develop and document a systematic methodology to determine the allowance for credit losses. Based on their initial measurement, risk characteristics and our method for monitoring and assessing credit risk, we have determined the class of financing receivables to correspond to our identified portfolio segments, which are as follows:
Secured Financing to Hotel Owners
These financing receivables are senior, secured mortgage loans and are collateralized by underlying hotel properties currently in operation. We determine our secured financing to hotel owners to be non-performing if either interest or principal is greater than 90 days past due based on the contractual terms of the individual mortgage loans.
– We individually assess all loans in this portfolio for impairment. We determine a loan to be impaired if it is probable that we will be unable to collect all amounts due in accordance with the contractual terms of the individual loan agreement. This assessment is based on an analysis of several factors including current economic conditions and industry trends, as well as the specific risk characteristics of the portfolio including loan performance, individual market factors, hotel performance, and the collateral of the underlying hotel. We measure loan impairment based on either the present value of expected future cash flows discounted at the loan’s effective interest rate or the estimated fair value of the collateral. The measurement method used is based on which would be most appropriate given the nature of the loan, the underlying collateral, and the facts and circumstances of the individual loan. For impaired loans, we establish a specific loan loss reserve for the difference between the recorded investment in the loan and the present value of the expected future cash flows or the estimated fair value of the collateral. The loan loss reserve is maintained at a level deemed adequate by management based on a periodic analysis of the individual loans.
– If we consider secured financing to hotel owners to be non-performing or impaired, we place the financing receivable on non-accrual status. We will recognize interest income when received for non-accruing finance receivables. Accrual of interest income is resumed when the receivable becomes contractually current and collection doubts are removed. We write off secured financing to hotel owners when we determine that the loans are uncollectible and when all commercially reasonable means of recovering the loan balances have been exhausted.
Vacation Ownership Mortgage Receivables
These financing receivables are comprised of various mortgage loans related to our financing of vacation ownership interval sales. We record an estimate of uncollectibility as a reduction of sales revenue at the time revenue is recognized on a vacation ownership interval sale. We evaluate this portfolio collectively as we hold a large group of homogeneous, smaller-balance, vacation ownership mortgage receivables and use a technique referred to as static pool analysis, which tracks uncollectibles over the entire life of those mortgage receivables. We use static pool analysis as the basis for determining our general reserve requirements on our vacation ownership mortgage receivables. The adequacy of the related allowance is determined by management through analysis of several factors, such as current economic conditions and industry trends, as well as the specific risk characteristics of the portfolio including defaults, aging and historical write-offs of these receivables. The allowance is maintained at a level deemed adequate by management based on a periodic analysis of the mortgage portfolio.
We determine our vacation ownership mortgage receivables to be non-performing if either interest or principal is greater than 120 days past due based on the contractual terms of the individual mortgage loans. We do not recognize interest income and write-off vacation ownership mortgage receivables that are over 120 days past due, the date on which we determine the mortgage receivables to be uncollectible.
Unsecured Financing to Hotel Owners
These financing receivables are primarily made up of individual loans and other types of unsecured financing arrangements provided to hotel owners. These financing receivables have stated maturities and interest rates, however, the repayment terms vary and may be dependent upon future cash flows of the hotel. We determine our unsecured financing to hotel owners to be non-performing if interest or principal is greater than 90 days past due or if estimates of future cash flows available for repayment of these receivables indicate that there is a collectibility risk. We do not recognize interest income on non-performing financing arrangements and only resume interest recognition if the financing receivable becomes current.
– We individually assess all financing receivables in this portfolio for collectability and impairment. We determine a loan to be impaired if it is probable that we will be unable to collect all amounts due according to the contractual terms of the individual loan agreement based on an analysis of several factors including current economic conditions and industry trends, as well as the specific risk characteristics of the portfolio including capital structure, individual hotel performance, and individual financing arrangement. We measure loan impairment based on the present value of expected future cash flows discounted at the loan’s effective interest rate. For impaired loans, we establish a specific impairment reserve for the difference between the recorded investment in the loan and the present value of the expected future cash flows. The impairment reserve is maintained at a level deemed adequate by management based on a periodic analysis of the individual loans.
We write off unsecured financing to hotel owners when we determine that the receivables are uncollectible and when all commercially reasonable means of recovering the receivable balances have been exhausted.
Inventories—Inventories are comprised principally of unsold vacation ownership intervals of $64 million and $66 million at December 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively, and food and beverage inventories at our owned and leased hotels. Vacation ownership inventory is carried at the lower of cost or market, based on relative sales value or net realizable value. Food and beverage inventories are generally valued at the lower of cost (first-in, first-out) or market. Vacation ownership interval inventory, which has an operating cycle that exceeds 12 months, is classified as a current asset consistent with recognized industry practice. Based on management's assessment, no impairment charges were recorded in 2013 or 2012 related to vacation ownership inventory. During 2011, management changed its plans for future development of multi-phase vacation ownership properties. These changes resulted in an impairment charge of $5 million during 2011, recorded to asset impairments. In certain of these vacation ownership properties, our ownership interest is less than 100%. As a result, $1 million of this impairment charge during 2011 is attributable to our partners and is reflected in net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests. As a result, the net impairment charge attributable to Hyatt Hotels Corporation is $4 million during 2011.
Property and Equipment—Property and equipment are stated at cost, including interest incurred during development and construction periods. Depreciation and amortization are recognized over the estimated useful lives of the assets, primarily on the straight-line method. All repair and maintenance costs are expensed as incurred.
Useful lives assigned to property and equipment are as follows:
Buildings and improvements
The shorter of the lease term or useful life of asset
Furniture and equipment
Long-Lived Assets and Definite-Lived Intangibles—We evaluate the carrying value of our long-lived assets and definite-lived intangibles for impairment by comparing the expected undiscounted future cash flows of the assets to the net book value of the assets when events or circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of a long-lived asset or definite-lived intangible may not be recoverable. If the expected undiscounted future cash flows are less than the net book value of the assets, the excess of the net book value over the estimated fair value is charged to earnings. Fair value is based upon discounted cash flows of the assets at a rate deemed reasonable for the type of asset and prevailing market conditions, appraisals, and, if appropriate, current estimated net sales proceeds from pending offers. We evaluate the carrying value of our long-lived assets and definite-lived intangibles based on our plans, at the time, for such assets and such qualitative factors as future development in the surrounding area and status of expected local competition. Changes to our plans, including a decision to dispose of or change the intended use of an asset, can have a material impact on the carrying value of the asset.
Acquisitions—Assets acquired and liabilities assumed in business combinations are recorded on our consolidated balance sheets as of the respective acquisition dates based upon their estimated fair values at such dates. The results of operations of businesses acquired by us have been included in the consolidated statements of income since their respective dates of acquisition. In certain circumstances, the purchase price allocations are based upon preliminary estimates and assumptions. Accordingly, the allocations are subject to revision when we receive final information, including appraisals and other analyses. There were no contingent payments, preliminary estimates, options, or commitments specified except as otherwise disclosed in Note 8.
Guarantees—We enter into performance guarantees related to certain hotels that we manage or debt repayment guarantees with respect to certain hotels in which we hold an equity investment. We record a liability for the fair value of these performance and debt repayment guarantees at their inception date. The offset depends on the circumstances in which the guarantee was issued. We amortize the liability for the fair value of a guarantee into income over the term of the guarantee using a systematic and rational, risk-based approach. Performance guarantees are amortized into income in other income (loss), net in the consolidated income statements and debt guarantees that relate to our equity method investments are amortized into income in equity earnings (losses) from unconsolidated hospitality ventures in the consolidated income statements. On a quarterly basis, we evaluate the likelihood of funding a guarantee. To the extent we determine an obligation to fund under a guarantee is both probable and estimable, we will record a separate contingent liability. The expense related to the separate contingent liability is recognized in other income (loss), net in the period that we determine funding is probable. For additional information about guarantees, see Note 16.
Goodwill—As required, we evaluate goodwill for impairment on an annual basis, and do so during the fourth quarter of each year using balances as of October 1 and at an interim date if indications of impairment exist. Goodwill impairment is determined by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit to its carrying amount. This is done either by performing a qualitative assessment or proceeding to the two-step process, with an impairment being recognized only where the fair value is less than carrying value. We define a reporting unit at the individual property or business level. In any given year we can elect to perform a qualitative assessment to determine whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is in excess of its carrying value. If it is not more likely than not that the fair value is in excess of the carrying value, or we elect to bypass the qualitative assessment, we proceed to the two-step process. When determining fair value, we utilize internally developed discounted future cash flow models, third party appraisals and, if appropriate, current estimated net sales proceeds from pending offers. Under the discounted cash flow approach we utilize various assumptions, including projections of revenues based on assumed long-term growth rates, estimated costs and appropriate discount rates. The principal factors used in the discounted cash flow analysis requiring judgment are the projected future operating cash flow, discount rates and the terminal value growth rate assumptions. Our estimates of long-term growth and costs are based on historical data, various internal estimates and a variety of external sources, and are developed as part of our routine, long-term planning process. We then compare the estimated fair value to our carrying value. If the carrying value is in excess of the fair value, we must determine our implied fair value of goodwill to measure if any impairment charge is necessary. The determination of our implied fair value of goodwill requires the allocation of the reporting unit’s estimated fair value to the individual assets and liabilities of the reporting unit as if we had completed a business combination. We perform the allocation based on our knowledge of the reporting unit, the market in which they operate, and our overall knowledge of the hospitality industry. See Note 9 for additional information about goodwill.
Indefinite Lived Intangibles—As required, we evaluate indefinite lived intangibles for impairment on an annual basis, and do so during the fourth quarter of each year using balances as of October 1 and at an interim date if indications of impairment exist. Indefinite lived intangibles impairment is determined by comparing the fair value of the asset to its carrying amount. This is done either by performing a qualitative or quantitative assessment, with an impairment being recognized only where the fair value is less than carrying value. In any given year we can elect to perform a qualitative assessment to determine whether it is more likely than not that the fair value is in excess of its carrying value. If it is not more likely than not that the fair value is in excess of the carrying value, or we elect to bypass the qualitative assessment, we proceed to the quantitative analysis. When determining fair value, we primarily utilize the income approach. Under the income approach we utilize various assumptions, including projections of revenues based on assumed long-term growth rates and appropriate discount rates based on the weighted average cost of capital. Our estimates of long-term growth are based on historical data, various internal estimates and a variety of external sources, and are developed as part of our routine, long-term planning process. See Note 9 for additional information about indefinite lived intangibles.
Income Taxes—We account for income taxes to recognize the amount of taxes payable or refundable for the current year and the amount of deferred tax assets and liabilities resulting from the future tax consequences of differences between the financial statements and tax basis of the respective assets and liabilities. We recognize the financial statement effect of a tax position when, based on the technical merits of the uncertain tax position, it is more likely than not to be sustained on a review by taxing authorities. These estimates are based on judgments made with currently available information. We review these estimates and make changes to recorded amounts of uncertain tax positions as facts and circumstances warrant. For additional information about income taxes, see Note 15.
Fair Value—We disclose the fair value of our financial assets and liabilities based on observable market information where available, or on market participant assumptions. These assumptions are subjective in nature, involve matters of judgment, and, therefore, fair values cannot always be determined with precision. Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date (an exit price). Accounting Principles Generally Accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) establishes a valuation hierarchy for prioritizing the inputs and the hierarchy places greater emphasis on the use of observable market inputs and less emphasis on unobservable inputs. When determining fair value, an entity is required to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs. The three levels of the hierarchy are as follows:
Level One—Fair values based on unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities;
Level Two—Fair values based on quoted market prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, quoted prices in inactive markets for identical assets and liabilities, and inputs other than quoted market prices that are observable for the asset or liability;
Level Three— Fair values based on inputs that cannot be corroborated by observable market data and reflect the use of significant management judgment. Valuation techniques could include the use of discounted cash flow models and similar techniques.
We utilize the market approach and income approach for valuing our financial instruments. The market approach utilizes prices and information generated by market transactions involving identical or similar assets and liabilities and the income approach uses valuation techniques to convert future amounts (for example, cash flows or earnings) to a single present amount (discounted). For instances in which the inputs used to measure fair value fall into different levels of the fair value hierarchy, the fair value measurement has been determined based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement in its entirety. Our assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement requires judgment and may affect the classification of fair value assets and liabilities within the fair value hierarchy.
The carrying values of cash equivalents, accounts receivable, financing receivable – current, accounts payable and current maturities of long-term debt approximate fair value due to the short-term nature of these items and their close proximity to maturity. For additional information about fair value, see Note 5. The fair value of marketable securities is discussed in Note 4; the fair value of financing receivable is discussed in Note 7; and the fair value of long-term debt is discussed in Note 10.
Hyatt Gold Passport Fund—The Hyatt Gold Passport Program (the “Program”) is our loyalty program. We operate the Program for the benefit of the Hyatt portfolio of properties, whether owned, operated, managed, or franchised by us. The Program is operated through the Hyatt Gold Passport Fund, which is an entity that is owned collectively by the owners of the Hyatt portfolio of hotels, whether owned, operated, managed or franchised by us. The Hyatt Gold Passport Fund (the “Fund”) has been established to provide for the payment of operating expenses and redemptions of member awards associated with the Program. The Fund is maintained and managed by us on behalf of and for the benefit of the Hyatt portfolio of hotels. We have evaluated our investment in the Fund and have determined that the Fund qualifies as a VIE and, as a result of the Company being the primary beneficiary, we have consolidated the Fund.
The Program allows members to earn points based on their spending at the Hyatt portfolio of properties. Points earned by members can be redeemed for goods and services at the Hyatt portfolio of properties, and to a lesser degree, through other redemption opportunities with third parties, such as the conversion to airline miles. Points cannot be redeemed for cash. We charge the cost of operating the Program, including the estimated cost of award redemption, to the hotel properties based on members’ qualified expenditures. Due to the requirements under the Program that the hotel properties reimburse us for the Program’s operating costs as incurred, we recognize this revenue from properties at the time such costs are incurred and expensed. We defer revenue received from the hotel properties equal to the fair value of our future redemption obligation. Upon the redemption of points, we recognize as revenue the amounts previously deferred and recognize the corresponding expense relating to the costs of the awards redeemed. Revenue is recognized by the hotel properties when the points are redeemed, and expenses are recognized when the points are earned by the members.
We actuarially determine the expected fair value of the future redemption obligation based on statistical formulas that project the timing of future point redemption based on historical experience, including an estimate of the “breakage” for points that will never be redeemed, and an estimate of the points that will eventually be redeemed. Actual expenditures for the Program may differ from the actuarially determined liability.
The Fund is financed by payments from the properties and returns on marketable securities. The Fund invests amounts received from the properties in marketable securities (see Note 4). As of December 31, 2013 and 2012, total assets of the Fund were $368 million and $345 million, respectively, including $106 million and $78 million of current assets, respectively. Marketable securities held by the Fund and included in other noncurrent assets were $262 million and $267 million as of December 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively (see Note 4). As of December 31, 2013 and 2012, total liabilities of the Fund were $368 million and $345 million, respectively, including $106 million and $78 million of current liabilities, respectively. The current liabilities include $94 million and $68 million of accrued expenses and other current liabilities as of December 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively. The non-current liabilities of the Fund are included in other long-term liabilities (see Note 14).
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
Adopted Accounting Standards
In December 2011, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") released Accounting Standards Update No. 2011-10 (“ASU 2011-10”), Property, Plant and Equipment (Topic 360): Derecognition of in Substance Real Estate-a Scope Clarification (a consensus of the FASB Emerging Issues Task Force). ASU 2011-10 clarifies when a parent (reporting entity) ceases to have a controlling financial interest in a subsidiary that is in substance real estate as a result of default on the subsidiary's nonrecourse debt, the reporting entity should apply the guidance for Real Estate Sales (Subtopic 360-20). The provisions of ASU 2011-10 are effective for public companies for fiscal years and interim periods within those years, beginning on or after June 15, 2012. The adoption of ASU 2011-10 did not materially impact our consolidated financial statements.
In December 2011, the FASB released Accounting Standards Update No. 2011-11 (“ASU 2011-11”), Balance Sheet (Topic 210): Disclosures about Offsetting Assets and Liabilities and in January 2013 the FASB released Accounting Standards Update No. 2013-01 (“ASU 2013-01”), Balance Sheet (Topic 210): Clarifying the Scope of Disclosures about Offsetting Assets and Liabilities. ASU 2011-11 requires companies to provide new disclosures about offsetting and related arrangements for financial instruments and derivatives. ASU 2013-01 clarified the scope of ASU 2011-11. The provisions of ASU 2011-11 and ASU-2013-01 are effective for annual reporting periods beginning on or after January 1, 2013, and are required to be applied retrospectively. The adoption of ASU 2011-11 and ASU 2013-01 did not materially impact our consolidated financial statements.
In July 2012, the FASB released Accounting Standards Update No. 2012-02 ("ASU 2012-02"), Intangibles-Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Testing Indefinite-Lived Intangible Assets for Impairment. ASU 2012-02 gives companies the option to perform a qualitative assessment before calculating the fair value of the indefinite-lived intangible asset. Under the guidance in ASU 2012-02, if this option is selected, a company is not required to calculate the fair value of the indefinite-lived intangible unless the entity determines it is more likely than not that its fair value is less than its carrying amount. The provisions of ASU 2012-02 are effective for annual and interim impairment tests performed for fiscal years beginning after September 15, 2012, but early adoption was permitted. The adoption of ASU 2012-02 did not materially impact our consolidated financial statements.
In February 2013, the FASB released Accounting Standards Update No. 2013-02 ("ASU 2013-02"), Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Reporting of Amounts Reclassified Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income. ASU 2013-02 requires an entity to provide information about the amounts reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) by component. In addition, an entity is required to present, either on the face of the statement where net income is presented or in the notes, significant amounts reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) by the respective line items of net income but only if the amount reclassified is required under GAAP to be reclassified to net income in its entirety in the same reporting period. The provisions of ASU 2013-02 are effective for reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2012. The adoption of ASU 2013-02 resulted in additional disclosure within our equity footnote.
Future Adoption of Accounting Standards
In February 2013, the FASB released Accounting Standards Update No. 2013-04 ("ASU 2013-04"), Liabilities (Topic 405): Obligations Resulting from Joint and Several Liability Arrangements for Which the Total Amount of the Obligation is Fixed at the Reporting Date (a consensus of the FASB Emerging Issues Task Force). ASU 2013-04 requires an entity to measure obligations resulting from joint and several liability arrangements for which the total amount of the obligation is fixed at the reporting date as the sum of the amount the reporting entity agreed to pay on the basis of its arrangement among its co-obligors and any additional amount the reporting entity expects to pay on behalf of its co-obligors. The provisions of ASU 2013-04 are effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2013. When adopted, ASU 2013-04 is not expected to materially impact our consolidated financial statements.
In March 2013, the FASB released Accounting Standards Update No. 2013-05 ("ASU 2013-05"), Foreign Currency Matters (Topic 830): Parent's Accounting for the Cumulative Translation Adjustment upon Derecognition of Certain Subsidiaries or Groups of Assets within a Foreign Entity or of an Investment in a Foreign Entity (a consensus of the FASB Emerging Issues Task Force). ASU 2013-05 requires that when a reporting entity (parent) ceases to have a controlling financial interest in a subsidiary or group of assets that is a nonprofit activity or a business within a foreign entity, the parent is required to release any related cumulative translation adjustment into net income. The provisions of ASU 2013-05 are effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2013. When adopted, ASU 2013-05 is not expected to materially impact our consolidated financial statements.
In July 2013, the FASB released Accounting Standards Update No. 2013-11 ("ASU 2013-11"), Income Taxes (Topic 740): Presentation of an Unrecognized Tax Benefit When a Net Operating Loss Carryforward, a Similar Tax Loss, or a Tax Credit Carryforward Exists (a consensus of the FASB Emerging Issues Task Force). ASU 2013-11 requires an entity to present an unrecognized tax benefit, or a portion of an unrecognized tax benefit, in the financial statements as a reduction to a deferred tax asset for a net operating loss carryforward, a similar tax loss, or a tax credit carryforward. The provisions of ASU 2013-11 are effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2013. When adopted, ASU 2013-11 is not expected to materially impact our consolidated financial statements.