QUEST RESOURCE HOLDING CORP, 10-Q filed on 11/14/2014
Quarterly Report
Document and Entity Information
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2014
Nov. 1, 2014
Document And Entity Information [Abstract]
 
 
Document Type
10-Q 
 
Amendment Flag
false 
 
Document Period End Date
Sep. 30, 2014 
 
Document Fiscal Year Focus
2014 
 
Document Fiscal Period Focus
Q3 
 
Trading Symbol
QRHC 
 
Entity Registrant Name
Quest Resource Holding Corporation 
 
Entity Central Index Key
0001442236 
 
Current Fiscal Year End Date
--12-31 
 
Entity Filer Category
Smaller Reporting Company 
 
Entity Common Stock, Shares Outstanding
 
111,601,304 
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (USD $)
Sep. 30, 2014
Dec. 31, 2013
Current assets:
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$ 6,689,494 
$ 2,676,984 
Accounts receivable, less allowance for doubtful accounts of $360,918 and $319,735 as of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, respectively
28,036,896 
20,849,140 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
567,900 
404,788 
Total current assets
35,294,290 
23,930,912 
Goodwill
58,337,290 
58,337,290 
Intangible assets, net
15,857,781 
17,636,964 
Property and equipment, net, and other assets
636,713 
741,377 
Total assets
110,126,074 
100,646,543 
Current liabilities:
 
 
Line of credit
5,250,000 
2,750,000 
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
27,829,671 
26,263,525 
Deferred revenue and other current liabilities
327,780 
275,995 
Total current liabilities
33,407,451 
29,289,520 
Long-term senior secured convertible notes—related parties, net of discount of $4,656,934 as of December 31, 2013
 
17,343,066 
Other long-term liabilities
40,220 
33,067 
Total liabilities
33,447,671 
46,665,653 
Commitments and contingencies
   
   
Stockholders’ equity:
 
 
Preferred stock, $0.001 par value, 10,000,000 shares authorized, no shares issued or outstanding as of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, respectively
   
   
Common stock, $0.001 par value, 200,000,000 shares authorized, 111,601,304 and 95,814,565 shares issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, respectively
111,601 
95,815 
Additional paid-in capital
150,152,557 
119,410,777 
Accumulated deficit
(73,585,755)
(65,525,702)
Total stockholders’ equity
76,678,403 
53,980,890 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$ 110,126,074 
$ 100,646,543 
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (Parenthetical) (USD $)
Sep. 30, 2014
Dec. 31, 2013
Statement Of Financial Position [Abstract]
 
 
Allowance for doubtful accounts receivable
$ 360,918 
$ 319,735 
Long-term senior secured convertible notes-related parties, net of discount
 
$ 4,656,934 
Preferred stock, par value
$ 0.001 
$ 0.001 
Preferred stock, shares authorized
10,000,000 
10,000,000 
Preferred stock, shares issued
Preferred stock, shares outstanding
Common stock, par value
$ 0.001 
$ 0.001 
Common stock, shares authorized
200,000,000 
200,000,000 
Common stock, shares issued
111,601,304 
95,814,565 
Common stock, shares outstanding
111,601,304 
95,814,565 
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (UNAUDITED) (USD $)
3 Months Ended 9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2014
Sep. 30, 2013
Sep. 30, 2014
Sep. 30, 2013
Income Statement [Abstract]
 
 
 
 
Revenue
$ 46,981,143 
$ 28,898,614 
$ 127,655,458 
$ 29,614,116 
Cost of revenue
43,129,793 
26,232,969 
116,962,978 
26,381,289 
Gross profit
3,851,350 
2,665,645 
10,692,480 
3,232,827 
Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
Selling, general and administrative
3,486,822 
5,032,530 
9,972,037 
9,690,064 
Depreciation and amortization
956,823 
850,918 
2,861,985 
880,711 
Gain on equity interest in Quest Resource Management Group, LLC
 
(23,449,372)
 
(23,449,372)
Impairment of goodwill
 
26,850,039 
26,850,039 
Total operating expenses
4,443,645 
9,284,115 
12,834,022 
13,971,442 
Operating loss
(592,295)
(6,618,470)
(2,141,542)
(10,738,615)
Other expense:
 
 
 
 
Interest expense
(2,494,060)
(2,720,945)
(4,259,980)
(3,321,579)
Loss on extinguishment of debt
(1,658,531)
 
(1,658,531)
 
Financing cost for senior secured convertible notes—related parties
 
 
 
(1,465,000)
Total other expense, net
(4,152,591)
(2,720,945)
(5,918,511)
(4,786,579)
Loss before taxes and equity income
(4,744,886)
(9,339,415)
(8,060,053)
(15,525,194)
Equity in Quest Resource Management Group, LLC income
 
88,365 
 
667,316 
Loss before taxes
(4,744,886)
(9,251,050)
(8,060,053)
(14,857,878)
Income tax expense
Net loss
(4,744,886)
(9,251,050)
(8,060,053)
(14,857,878)
Net loss applicable to common stockholders
$ (4,744,886)
$ (9,251,050)
$ (8,060,053)
$ (14,857,878)
Net loss per share
 
 
 
 
Basic and diluted
$ (0.05)
$ (0.10)
$ (0.08)
$ (0.21)
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding
 
 
 
 
Basic and diluted
97,999,629 
88,537,546 
96,831,520 
70,733,534 
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY (UNAUDITED) (USD $)
Total
Common Stock [Member]
Additional Paid-in Capital [Member]
Accumulated Deficit[Member]
Beginning Balance at Dec. 31, 2013
$ 53,980,890 
$ 95,815 
$ 119,410,777 
$ (65,525,702)
Beginning Balance, Shares at Dec. 31, 2013
 
95,814,565 
 
 
Stock-based compensation
1,006,762 
 
1,006,762 
 
Sale of common stock, net of issuance costs
18,570,543 
10,192 
18,560,351 
 
Sale of common stock, net of issuance costs, Shares
10,192,500 
10,192,500 
 
 
Note conversions
11,130,261 
5,574 
11,124,687 
 
Note conversion, Shares
5,573,831 
5,573,831 
 
 
Common stock issued for services
50,000 
20 
49,980 
 
Common stock issued for services, Shares
20,408 
20,408 
 
 
Net loss
(8,060,053)
 
 
(8,060,053)
Ending Balance at Sep. 30, 2014
$ 76,678,403 
$ 111,601 
$ 150,152,557 
$ (73,585,755)
Ending Balance, Shares at Sep. 30, 2014
 
111,601,304 
 
 
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED) (USD $)
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2014
Sep. 30, 2013
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
Net loss
$ (8,060,053)
$ (14,857,878)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:
 
 
Depreciation
223,499 
110,214 
Amortization of intangibles
2,638,441 
770,497 
Amortization of debt discount and deferred financing costs
2,998,403 
2,835,843 
Loss on extinguishment of debt
1,658,531 
 
Interest converted to common stock
105,261 
 
Loss on sale/disposition of property and equipment
 
5,227 
Equity in Quest Resource Management Group, LLC income
 
(667,316)
Provision for doubtful accounts
41,183 
26,988 
Stock-based compensation
1,123,827 
2,137,333 
Financing costs for senior convertible notes—related parties
 
1,465,000 
Gain on equity interest in Quest Resource Management Group, LLC
 
(23,449,372)
Impairment of goodwill
26,850,039 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
Accounts receivable
(7,228,939)
(2,045,004)
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
(163,112)
74,602 
Security deposits and other assets
(15,716)
66,488 
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
1,499,081 
3,449,110 
Deferred revenue and other current liabilities
76,785 
102,585 
Other long-term liabilities
21,755 
 
Net cash used in operating activities
(5,081,054)
(3,125,644)
Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
Purchase of property and equipment
(103,119)
(23,427)
Proceeds from sale of property and equipment
 
4,621 
Purchase of interest – Quest Resource Management Group, LLC
 
4,235,671 
Capitalized software development
(859,259)
 
Distributions received from Quest Resource Management Group, LLC
 
1,114,304 
Net cash (used in) provided by investing activities
(962,378)
5,331,169 
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
Proceeds from senior related party secured convertible note
 
1,000,000 
Proceeds from line of credit
2,500,000 
 
Proceeds from sale of capital stock, net of issuance costs
18,570,543 
 
Repayments of capital lease obligations
(14,601)
(61,283)
Repayment of senior convertible notes – related party
(11,000,000)
 
Net cash provided by financing activities
10,055,942 
938,717 
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents
4,012,510 
3,144,242 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
2,676,984 
485,728 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
6,689,494 
3,629,970 
Supplemental cash flow information:
 
 
Cash paid for interest
1,153,275 
434,076 
Supplemental non-cash flow activities:
 
 
Common stock issued for services and loan fees
50,000 
198,858 
Common stock issued for warrants – cashless exercise
 
21,698,338 
Common stock issued for purchase of Quest Resource Management Group, LLC
 
55,000,000 
Secured convertible notes – related party
 
22,000,000 
Discount to senior convertible note – related party
 
6,500,000 
Notes Payable [Member]
 
 
Supplemental non-cash flow activities:
 
 
Common stock issued for conversion of notes payable
$ 11,025,000 
$ 3,148,493 
The Company, Description of Business, and Future Liquidity Needs
The Company, Description of Business, and Future Liquidity Needs

1. The Company, Description of Business, and Future Liquidity Needs

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Quest Resource Holding Corporation (“QRHC”), formerly Infinity Resources Holdings Corp., and its subsidiaries, Earth911, Inc. (“Earth911”), Quest Resource Management Group, LLC (“Quest”), Landfill Diversion Innovations, LLC, and Youchange, Inc. (“YouChange”) (collectively, “QRHC”, the “Company”, “we”, “us”, or “our company”). On October 28, 2013, we changed our name to Quest Resource Holding Corporation, increased our shares of common stock authorized for issuance to 200,000,000, and changed our trading symbol to “QRHC.”

On July 16, 2013, we acquired the membership interests of Quest held by Quest Resource Group LLC (“QRG”), comprising 50% of Quest (the “Quest Interests”). Prior to July 16, 2013, our wholly owned subsidiary, Earth911, held the remaining 50% membership interest of Quest. Upon acquisition of the Quest Interests, we assigned the Quest Interests to Earth911 so that Earth911 now owns Quest, and Quest is now our indirect wholly owned subsidiary. We consolidated Quest in these financial statements for the periods ended September 30, 2014.

Operations – We are an environmental solutions company that serves as a single-source provider of full service recycling and waste stream management solutions, as well as an environmental program services and information provider. We offer innovative, cost-effective, one-stop reuse, recycling, and waste disposal management programs designed to provide regional and national customers with a single point of contact for managing a variety of recyclables and disposables. One customer accounted for 58% and 60% of revenue for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014, respectively.  We also own the Earth911.com website, offering original online environmental related content about reuse, recycling, and disposal of waste and recyclables, and we own a comprehensive online database of local recycling and proper disposal options. Our principal offices are located in Frisco, Texas.

Liquidity – During 2013, we restructured and relocated the operations of Earth911 and YouChange to reduce future operating expenses and streamline management. We expect the acquisition of the Quest Interests to provide increased cash flow from operations. In addition, we plan to increase working capital by increasing sales, maintaining efficient operating expenses, and through other initiatives.

On April 18, 2014, we issued an aggregate of 1,192,500 units (the “Units”) to accredited investors, for an aggregate purchase price of $2,385,000, with each Unit consisting of one share of our common stock and a warrant to purchase one share of our common stock for $2.00 per share. Each warrant may be exercised by the holder thereof, in such holder’s sole discretion, in whole or in part, any time prior to April 1, 2017.

On September 24, 2014, we issued an aggregate of 9,000,000 shares of our common stock at a price per share of $1.99, together with warrants to purchase 9,000,000 shares of our common stock at a price per warrant of $0.01, for a total of $2.00 for one share and one warrant, generating $18,000,000 in gross proceeds. We also granted to the underwriters a 45-day option to acquire up to 700,000 additional shares of common stock and/or additional warrants to acquire up to 700,000 shares of common stock. The warrants may be exercised for a period of five years at an exercise price of $2.50 per share.

Pro forma Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2013 Operating Results – As discussed above and in Note 7 to these financial statements, we previously accounted for Quest as an equity investment. On July 16, 2013, we acquired the remaining 50% membership interests of Quest and now hold 100% of the membership interests of Quest. The accompanying financial statements consolidate the results of operations of Quest for the periods ended September 30, 2014.

The following table summarizes our pro forma condensed consolidated operating results for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013, assuming Quest had been a wholly owned subsidiary and 100% of Quest’s operations were included in the relevant periods:

 

 

 

Pro Forma

 

 

Pro Forma

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

September 30,

 

 

Nine Months Ended

September 30,

 

 

 

2013

 

 

2013

 

 

 

(Unaudited)

 

 

(Unaudited)

 

Condensed consolidated operating statement information:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net sales

 

$

34,850,463

  

 

$

98,470,818

  

Gross profit

 

3,150,339

  

 

9,586,929

  

Loss from operations

 

(6,433,785

 

(9,347,991

Net loss

 

(9,159,331

 

(14,187,247

 

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Principals of Presentation, Consolidation, and Reclassifications

The condensed consolidated financial statements included herein have been prepared by us without audit, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), and should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2013. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted, as permitted by the SEC, although we believe the disclosures that are made are adequate to make the information presented herein not misleading.

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements reflect, in our opinion, all normal recurring adjustments necessary to present fairly our financial position at September 30, 2014, and the results of our operations and cash flows for the periods presented. We derived the December 31, 2013 condensed consolidated balance sheet data from audited financial statements, but did not include all disclosures required by GAAP. As Quest, Earth911, and YouChange are operating as ecology based green service companies, we did not deem segment reporting necessary.

Through July 16, 2013, Quest was deemed to be a separate operating company, and as such, there were no intercompany transactions that required elimination at that time. All other intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation, including transactions between QRHC and Quest subsequent to July 16, 2013. Certain reclassifications have been made to prior year balances to conform to the current year presentation. Interim results are subject to seasonal variations, and the results of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year.

Revenue Recognition

We recognize revenue only when all of the following criteria have been met:

·

persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists;

·

delivery has occurred or services have been rendered;

·

the fee for the arrangement is fixed or determinable; and

·

collectability is reasonably assured.

Persuasive Evidence of an Arrangement – We document all terms of an arrangement in a quote signed or confirmed by the customer prior to recognizing revenue.

Delivery Has Occurred or Services Have Been Performed – We perform all services or deliver all products prior to recognizing revenue. Services are deemed to be performed when the services are complete.

The Fee for the Arrangement is Fixed or Determinable – Prior to recognizing revenue, a customer’s fee is either fixed or determinable under the terms of the quote or accepted customer purchase order.

Collectability Is Reasonably Assured – We assess collectability on a customer by customer basis based on criteria outlined by management.

We provide businesses with management programs to reuse, recycle, and dispose of a wide variety of waste streams and recyclables generated by their business. We utilize third-party subcontractors to execute the collection, transport, and recycling or disposal of used motor oil, oil filters, scrap tires, cooking oil, and expired food products. We evaluate the criteria outlined in the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Subtopic 605-45, Revenue Recognition—Principal Agent Considerations, in determining whether it is appropriate to record the gross amount of service revenue and related costs or the net amount earned as management fees. Generally, when we are primarily obligated in a transaction, have latitude in establishing prices and selecting suppliers, have credit risk, or have several but not all of these indicators, we record revenue gross and record amounts collected from customers for sales tax on a net basis. In a situation in which we are not primarily obligated and amounts earned are determined using a fixed percentage, a fixed-payment schedule, or a combination of the two, we record the net amounts as management fees earned. Currently, we have no contracts accounted for as management fees.

Earth911 revenue primarily represents licensing fees that are recognized ratably over the term of the license. We derive some revenue from advertising contracts, which we recognize ratably over the term that the advertisement appears on our website.

Net Loss Per Share

We compute basic net loss per share by dividing net loss attributable to common stockholders by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. The calculation of basic loss per share gives retroactive effect to the recapitalization related to our reverse acquisition of Earth911. We have other potentially dilutive securities outstanding that are not shown in a diluted net loss per share calculation because their effect in both 2014 and 2013 would be anti-dilutive. These potentially dilutive securities, including options, warrants, and convertible promissory notes, totaled 17,122,532 and 14,090,282 shares at September 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively.

The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted loss per share:

 

 

  

For the Three Months Ended
September 30,

 

 

For the Nine Months Ended
September 30,

 

 

  

2014

 

 

2013

 

 

2014

 

 

2013

 

 

  

(Unaudited)

 

 

(Unaudited)

 

 

(Unaudited)

 

 

(Unaudited)

 

Net loss applicable to common stockholders—numerator for basic and diluted earnings per share

  

$

(4,744,886

 

$

(9,251,050

 

$

(8,060,053

 

$

(14,857,878

Weighted—average common shares outstanding—denominator for basic and diluted earnings per share

  

 

97,999,629

  

 

 

88,537,546

  

 

 

96,831,520

  

 

 

70,733,534

  

Net loss per share:

  

  

  

 

 

  

  

 

 

  

  

 

 

  

  

 

Basic and diluted

  

$

(0.05

 

$

(0.10

 

$

(0.08

 

$

(0.21

The following table sets forth the anti-dilutive securities excluded from diluted loss per share:

 

 

  

For the Nine Months Ended
September 30,

 

 

  

2014

 

  

2013

 

 

  

(Unaudited)

 

  

(Unaudited)

 

Anti-dilutive securities excluded from
diluted loss per share:

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

Stock options

  

 

4,831,532

  

  

 

3,090,282

  

Warrants

  

 

12,291,000

 

  

 

  

Convertible notes

  

 

  

  

 

11,000,000

  

 

  

 

17,122,532

  

  

 

14,090,282

  

 

Inventories

As of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, finished goods inventories were nil and $3,251, respectively, and consisted of composite heaters, with no reserve for inventory obsolescence at either date.

 

Property and Equipment,net,and other assets
Property and Equipment,net,and other assets

3. Property and Equipment, net, and other assets

At September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, property and equipment, net, and other assets consisted of the following:

 

 

  

September 30,

 

 

December 31,

 

 

  

2014

 

 

2013

 

 

  

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

Property and equipment, net of depreciation of $1,624,267 and $1,400,768 as of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, respectively

  

$

525,105

  

 

$

645,485

  

Security deposits and other assets

  

 

111,608

  

 

 

95,892

  

 

  

$

636,713

  

 

$

741,377

  

 

Goodwill and Intangible Assets
Goodwill and Intangible Assets

4. Goodwill and Intangible Assets

The components of goodwill and intangible assets are as follows:

 

September 30, 2014 (Unaudited)

  

Estimated
Useful Life

 

  

Gross Carrying
Amount

 

  

Accumulated
Amortization

 

  

Net

 

Finite lived intangible assets:

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

Customer relationships

  

 

5 years

  

  

$

12,720,000

  

  

$

3,074,000

  

  

$

9,646,000

  

Trademarks

  

 

7 years

  

  

 

6,230,000

  

  

 

1,075,417

  

  

 

5,154,583

  

Patents

  

 

7 years

  

  

 

230,683

  

  

 

230,683

  

  

 

  

Software

  

 

7 years

  

  

 

859,259

  

  

 

3,137

 

  

 

856,122

  

Customer lists

  

 

5 years

  

  

 

307,153

  

  

 

106,077

  

  

 

201,076

  

Total intangible assets

  

 

 

 

  

$

20,347,095

  

  

$

4,489,314

  

  

$

15,857,781

  

 

December 31, 2013

  

Estimated
Useful Life

 

  

Gross Carrying
Amount

 

  

Accumulated
Amortization

 

  

Net

 

Finite lived intangible assets:

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

Customer relationships

  

 

5 years

  

  

$

12,720,000

  

  

$

1,166,000

  

  

$

11,554,000

  

Trademarks

  

 

7 years

  

  

 

6,230,000

  

  

 

407,917

  

  

 

5,822,083

  

Patents

  

 

7 years

  

  

 

230,683

  

  

 

216,951

  

  

 

13,732

  

Customer lists

  

 

5 years

  

  

 

307,153

  

  

 

60,004

  

  

 

247,149

  

Total intangible assets

  

 

 

 

  

$

19,487,836

  

  

$

1,850,872

  

  

$

17,636,964

  

 

September 30, 2014 (Unaudited) and December 31, 2013

  

Estimated
Useful Life

 

  

Gross Carrying
Amount

 

 

Accumulated
Amortization

 

  

Net

 

Goodwill

  

 

Indefinite

  

  

$

58,337,290

 

  

  

                

 

  

$

58,337,290

  

We compute amortization using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets. The amortization expense related to intangible assets was $875,740 and $2,638,441 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014, respectively, with $770,497 of comparable expense for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2013. We have no indefinite-lived intangible assets other than goodwill. The goodwill is not deductible for tax purposes. As required by FASB ASC Topic 350, Intangibles – Goodwill and Other, we performed our goodwill impairment analysis in the third quarter with no impairment recorded.

Line of Credit
Line Of Credit

5. Line of Credit

On December 15, 2010, Quest entered into a Revolving Credit Note and Loan Agreement with Regions Bank (“Regions”), a national banking association. This agreement, as amended, provides Quest with a loan facility up to $10,000,000 for working capital with advances generally limited to 80% of eligible accounts receivable from Quest’s largest customer and 85% of all other eligible accounts receivable. The interest on the outstanding principal amount accrues daily and is payable monthly based on a fluctuating interest rate per annum, which is the base rate plus 1.50% (2.65% as of September 30, 2014). The base rate for any day is the greater of (a) the federal funds rate plus one-half of 1%, (b) Region’s published effective prime rate, or (c) the Eurodollar rate for such day based on an interest period of one month. To secure the amounts due under the agreement, Quest granted Regions a security interest in all of its assets. Quest had $5,250,000 outstanding and $4,750,000 available to be borrowed as of September 30, 2014.

During the nine months ended September 30, 2014, Quest entered into a Sixth Amendment to the Loan Agreement with Regions. The loan agreement was amended to, among other things, (i) add a $5.0 million accordion feature, (ii) increase the borrowing base, (iii) reduce the applicable margin for eurodollar rate loans by 1% per annum, (iv) add an unused fee of 0.25% per annum, (v) extend the maturity date to May 31, 2015, (vi) release the guaranty of our Chief Executive Officer previously executed in favor of Regions, (vii) add our company and our wholly owned subsidiary, Earth911, as guarantors, (viii) allow for permitted acquisitions, and (ix) delete two of the financial covenants and modify the other financial covenants in certain respects.  As of September 30, 2014, we were in compliance with the financial covenants.

In connection with the Sixth Amendment, on May 9, 2014, we and Earth911entered into a Guaranty (the “Guaranty”) for the benefit of Regions to guarantee the obligations of Quest under the loan agreement and other loan documents. In addition, on May 9, 2014, Earth911 entered into a Pledge Agreement with Regions, pursuant to which Earth911 pledged to Regions 50% of the membership interests in Quest held by Earth911 to secure the prompt and complete payment and performance of the obligations of Quest and the Guarantors under the loan agreement and other loan documents.

Long-Term Debt and Capital Lease Obligations
Long-Term Debt and Capital Lease Obligations

6. Long-Term Debt and Capital Lease Obligations

At September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, total long-term debt outstanding consisted of the following:

 

 

  

September 30,
2014

 

 

December 31,
2013

 

 

  

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

Secured convertible notes payable to related parties, 7% interest due monthly in arrears, due July 2016, repayment provisions discussed further below (net of discount of $4,656,934 as of December 31, 2013)

  

$

  

 

$

17,343,066

 

Capital lease obligations, imputed interest at 4.75%, with monthly payments of $1,507 through November 2016, secured by computer equipment

  

 

52,824

  

 

 

49,163

  

Total

  

 

52,824

  

 

 

17,392,229

  

Less: current maturities

  

 

(22,604

 

 

(16,096

Long-term portion

  

$

30,220

  

 

$

17,376,133

  

Convertible Secured Promissory Notes – Quest Acquisition – In connection with our acquisition of Quest on July 16, 2013, we issued convertible secured promissory notes with a total principal amount of $22,000,000 to the owners of QRG and related parties: the Chief Executive Officer of Quest and the former President of Quest. After the close of the transaction, the Chief Executive Officer of Quest became the President, Chief Executive Officer, and a member of the Board of Directors of our company. The convertible secured promissory notes (collectively, the “Sellers Notes”) were each secured by a first-priority security interest in a 25% membership interest held by Earth911 in Quest (comprising a total of 50% of the membership interests of Quest), as set forth in security and membership interest pledge agreements, by and between Earth911 and the sellers. The Sellers Notes accrued interest at a rate of 7% per annum and were payable on a monthly basis on the 5th day of the month beginning on September 5, 2013. The principal amount was due and payable in one installment on July 16, 2016.

The Sellers Notes were convertible at any time, in the sole discretion of the holders, into shares of our common stock at a price of $2.00 per share. In addition, the Sellers Notes were convertible, in our sole discretion, into shares of our common stock at a price of $2.00 per share at any time after (i) the two year anniversary of the Notes, (ii) the principal amount of each Sellers Note has been paid down by $5,000,000 as a result of the first capital raise, (iii) our common stock trades on the Nasdaq Stock Market, the New York Stock Exchange, or NYSE MKT, and (iv) our common stock has traded at four times the $2.00 conversion price, as adjusted for any stock splits, reverse stock splits, or both. Based on our share price at the time we entered into the Sellers Notes agreement, we recognized a beneficial conversion feature (“BCF”) of $5,500,000 and discounted the Sellers Notes.

On September 24, 2014, we repaid $11,000,000 of the Sellers Notes using proceeds from our public offering. Additionally, the holders converted the remaining $11,000,000 of Sellers Notes, plus accrued interest through September 24, 2014 of $101,260, into 5,550,630 shares of our common stock. In accordance with FASB ASC Topic 740-20, Debt with Conversion and Other Options, for the portion of the Sellers Notes retired through conversion to our common stock, the remaining unamortized BCF of $1,658,531 at the time of conversion is reflected as “Interest expense” in our condensed consolidated statement of operations.  Additionally, for the portion of the Sellers Notes repaid in cash, we did not allocate the consideration paid to the BCF, as we determined the intrinsic value was zero as of the extinguishment date, and we recorded the $1,658,531 difference between the carrying amount of the remaining Sellers Notes and the consideration paid as “Loss on extinguishment of debt” in our condensed consolidated statement of operations. Therefore, as of September 30, 2014, the unamortized discount on the Sellers Notes was nil. The amount of interest expense related to the Sellers Notes for the quarters ended September 30, 2014 and 2013 was $2,062,491 and $324,876, respectively. The amount of interest expense related to the amortization of the discount on the Sellers Notes for the quarters ended September 30, 2014 and 2013 was $431,569 and $381,387, respectively.

Stockbridge Senior Secured Convertible Note - On March 22, 2012, Earth911 entered into a securities purchase agreement with Stockbridge Enterprises, L.P., a related party (“Stockbridge”), pursuant to which Earth911 issued a senior secured convertible note (the “Convertible Note”) and four warrants to Stockbridge. All of the assets of Earth911 secured the Convertible Note. On each of October 10, 2012 and March 29, 2013, the terms of the note and the warrants were amended and additional warrants were issued to Stockbridge (the “Allonge” and the “Second Allonge”). The Convertible Note and warrants were also adjusted for the Earth911 Merger in October 2012. On July 16, 2013, Stockbridge elected to convert $3,000,000 in principal and $34,500 of accrued interest into 8,382,597 shares of our common stock.

The amended Convertible Note provided for up to $3,000,000 principal with a maturity date of October 1, 2015, which was extendable under certain circumstances. As of September 30, 2013, the full amount of the principal had been drawn. The annual interest rate was adjusted in October 2012 to 9.0% from the original 6.0%, and was due monthly in arrears. Reflecting the adjustment for the Earth911 Merger, the Convertible Note was convertible into shares of our common stock at $0.362 per share prior to the maturity date, subject to a downward formula-based adjustment for future issuances of common stock or stock equivalents under certain conditions whereby the issue price was lower than the conversion price in effect immediately prior to such issue or sale (the “Fixed Conversion Price”). As a result of the Earth911 Merger, a United States exchange listed our common stock, which was a Triggering Event under the Convertible Note; therefore the conversion price was the lower of the Fixed Conversion Price or the average closing bid price during the ten trading days immediately preceding the conversion date.

In connection with the Convertible Note, we issued five-year warrants that were subsequently adjusted for the Earth911 Merger and consisted of the following:

(i)

a warrant issued March 2012 to acquire up to 1,381,115 shares of our common stock, exercisable immediately upon execution of the Convertible Note (“Warrant 1-1”);

(ii)

three contingent warrants issued March 2012, exercisable only in the event that all outstanding principal and accrued interest on the Convertible Note was not paid in full at such dates, as follows: a warrant to acquire up to 345,278 shares of our common stock, exercisable at the conclusion of 42 months after the issuance date of the warrant (“Warrant 1-2”); a warrant to acquire up to 345,278 shares of our common stock, exercisable at the conclusion of 45 months after the issuance date of the warrant (“Warrant 1-3”); and a warrant to acquire up to 690,557 shares of our common stock, exercisable at the conclusion of 48 months after the issuance date of the warrant (“Warrant 1-4”);

(iii)

a warrant issued October 2012 upon execution of the Allonge to acquire up to 5,524,461 shares of our common stock, exercisable immediately (“Warrant 1-5”); and

(iv)

a warrant issued March 2013 upon execution of the Second Allonge to acquire up to 500,000 shares of our common stock, exercisable immediately (“Warrant 1-6”).

Warrant 1-1, Warrant 1-5, and Warrant 1-6 were exercisable at the lower of $0.37 per share or the average closing bid price during the ten trading days immediately preceding the exercise date.

Warrant 1-1, Warrant 1-5, and Warrant 1-6 were exercised in March 2013 as part of the Second Allonge using a cashless exercise formula.

If the contingent Warrant 1-2, Warrant 1-3, and Warrant 1-4 had become exercisable, the exercise price would have been the lower of $0.37 per share or the average closing bid price during the ten trading days immediately preceding the exercise date. The exercise price for all of the warrants was also subject to a downward formula-based adjustment for future issuances of common stock or stock equivalents under certain conditions whereby the issue price is lower than the exercise price in effect immediately prior to such issue or sale. These warrants were cancelled when the Convertible Note was converted on July 16, 2013.

In connection with the issuance of the Convertible Note, Warrant 1-1 and Warrant 1-5 were initially valued and accounted for as a warrant liability of $18,742,526 and allocated as a discount to the Convertible Note of $1,500,000 with the remainder of $17,242,526 expensed as a financing cost. See Note 9 regarding the valuations of the warrant liability.

On March 29, 2013, Stockbridge elected to exercise Warrant 1-1, Warrant 1-5, and Warrant 1-6 with exercisable rights in total to purchase 7,405,576 shares of our common stock at $0.37 per share under the cashless exercise option of the Second Allonge. The Company determined the net number of shares to issue using the “Cashless Exercise” formula, as amended and restated, as follows:

 

Net Number of Shares to Issue = 

(A x B) – (A x C)

 

             D

For purposes of the foregoing formula as of March 29, 2013:

A = 7,405,576, the total number of warrant shares with respect to which these warrants were then being exercised.

B = $3.30, the closing price of our common stock plus 10.0% on the date of exercise of the warrant.

C = $0.37, the warrant exercise price then in effect for the applicable warrant shares at the time of such exercise.

D = $3.00, the closing price of our common stock on the date of exercise of the warrant.

Based on the cashless exercise formula, on March 29, 2013, Warrant 1-1, Warrant 1-5, and Warrant 1-6 yielded a net number of shares to issue of 7,232,779 with a value of $21,698,338 based on the $3.00 closing price of the stock on the date of issue.

 

Investment in Quest Resource Management Group, LLC
Investment in Quest Resource Management Group, LLC

7. Investment in Quest Resource Management Group, LLC

Prior to July 16, 2013, we held a 50% ownership interest in Quest, which Earth911 acquired on August 21, 2008. On July 16, 2013, we acquired all of the Quest Interests, held by QRG, comprising 50% of the membership interests of Quest. The purchase price for the Quest Interests consisted of 22,000,000 shares of our common stock issued at a fair market value of $2.50 per share based on the closing price of the stock on the date of the transaction and the Sellers Notes in the aggregate principal amount of $22,000,000. We paid the total purchase price of $77,000,000 to the owners of QRG and related parties: the Chief Executive Officer of Quest and the former President of Quest. After the close of the transaction, the Chief Executive Officer of Quest became the President, Chief Executive Officer, and a member of the Board of Directors of our company. Subsequent to our purchase of the Quest Interests on July 16, 2013, we consolidated 100% of the operating activity of Quest into the operations of our company and reflected the adjustments for the ownership purchase and valuation of goodwill.

Concurrently with our acquisition of the Quest Interests, we assigned the Quest Interests to Earth911, our wholly owned subsidiary, which now holds 100% of Quest. We accounted for the acquisition of Quest under ASC Topic 805; thereby the acquisition accounting for the acquired Quest Interests and the step up in basis of the previously owned 50% interest resulted in the following total purchase price for Quest as follows:

 

 

Consideration paid for Quest Interests

  

$

77,000,000

  

Non-controlling interest in the acquiree at the acquisition date fair value

  

 

27,050,000

  

Total consideration

  

$

104,050,000

  

We primarily employed two methodologies that yielded substantially the same results to determine the fair value of our preexisting equity interest in Quest, which we re-measured as a non-controlling interest independent of the acquired controlling interest as of the effective date of the acquisition: (i) the amount at which the asset could be bought or sold in a current transaction between willing parties; and (ii) the present value of expected future cash flows of Quest; which are level 2 and level 3 inputs, respectively.

The purchase price allocation as of July 16, 2013 for the assets, liabilities, intangibles, and goodwill totaling $104,050,000 was as follows:

 

Net assets and liabilities

  

$

1,214,804

  

Customer relationships

  

 

12,720,000

  

Trademarks

  

 

6,230,000

  

Goodwill

  

 

83,885,196

  

 

  

$

104,050,000

  

In connection with the fair value adjustment to the investment in Quest due to the acquisition, we recorded in 2013 a gain on investment in Quest of $23,449,372, equal to the difference between the fair value and the carrying amount of the asset on the date of the acquisition. In addition, we recognized $26,850,039 of goodwill impairment based on our goodwill impairment testing. We determined that the carrying amount of the reporting unit exceeded the fair value and recorded a goodwill impairment charge. The impact of the goodwill impairment and the gain on investment was a net expense of $3,400,667, which was included in the operating loss for the year ended December 31, 2013.

The operating results of Quest for the relevant periods are presented below:

 

 

  

Three Months ended September 30,

 

 

Nine Months ended September 30,

 

 

  

2014

 

 

2013

 

 

2014

 

 

2013

 

 

  

(Unaudited)

 

 

(Unaudited)

 

 

(Unaudited)

 

 

(Unaudited)

 

Condensed operating statement information:

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net sales

  

$

46,800,862

  

 

$

34,561,241

  

 

$

127,099,843

  

 

$

97,466,094

  

Gross profit

  

3,671,070

  

 

2,870,821

  

 

10,136,866

  

 

8,740,229

  

Loss from operations

  

(110,011

 

(3,530,830

 

(178,206

 

(2,324,891

Net loss

  

(150,867

 

(3,558,472

 

(312,558

 

(2,400,609

 

Income Taxes
Income Taxes

8. Income Taxes

We compute income taxes using the asset and liability method in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 740, Income Taxes. Under the asset and liability method, we determine deferred income tax assets and liabilities based on the differences between the financial reporting and tax bases of assets and liabilities and measure them using currently enacted tax rates and laws. We provide a valuation allowance for the amount of deferred tax assets that, based on available evidence, are not expected to be realized. In our opinion, realization of our net operating loss carryforward is not reasonably assured as of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, and we have recorded a valuation allowance of $9,258,000 and $6,582,000, respectively, against deferred tax assets in excess of deferred tax liabilities in the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements. As of December 31, 2013, we had federal income tax net operating loss carryforwards of approximately $8,300,000, which expire at various dates beginning in 2032.

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments
Fair Value of Financial Instruments

9. Fair Value of Financial Instruments

Our financial instruments consist of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable, accrued liabilities, convertible notes payable, notes payable, and warrant liability. We do not believe that we are exposed to significant interest, currency, or credit risks arising from these financial instruments. With the exception of the warrant liability, the fair values of these financial instruments approximate their carrying values using Level 3 inputs, based on their short maturities or, for long-term debt, based on borrowing rates currently available to us for loans with similar terms and maturities.

On September 24, 2014, we issued an aggregate of 9,000,000 warrants to purchase shares of our common stock along with our issuance of 9,000,000 shares of common stock. We measured the warrants issued along with the common stock issuance during the quarter ended September 30, 2014 at fair value by applying the Black-Scholes-Merton option valuation model, which utilizes Level 3 inputs. The assumptions used in the Black-Scholes-Merton option valuation for the warrants are as follows: volatility of 89.2%; risk free interest rate of 0.8%; expected term of 2.5 years; and expected dividend yield of 0%. The grant date fair value of the initial warrant valuation described above was $0.76 per warrant. We base the risk free interest rate on U.S. Treasury rates with maturity dates approximating the expected term of the warrants. We base the historical volatility of a relevant sector index, which we have generated from companies that are publicly traded and do business within the industry in which we operate.

On May 7, 2014, we issued an aggregate of 200,000 warrants to purchase shares of our common stock in exchange for services rendered during the nine months ended September 30, 2014. We measured the warrants at fair value by applying the Black-Scholes-Merton option valuation model, which utilizes Level 3 inputs. The assumptions used in the Black-Scholes-Merton option valuation for the warrants are as follows: volatility of 97.6%; risk free interest rate of 0.9%; expected term of 3.0 years; and expected dividend yield of 0%. The grant date fair value of the initial warrant valuation described above was $1.61 per warrant. We base the risk free interest rate on U.S. Treasury rates with maturity dates approximating the expected term of the warrants. We base the historical volatility of a relevant sector index, which we have generated from companies that are publicly traded and do business within the industry in which we operate.

On April 18, 2014, we issued an aggregate of 1,441,000 warrants to purchase shares of our common stock along with our issuance of 1,192,500 shares of common stock. We measured the warrants issued along with the common stock issuance during the nine months ended September 30, 2014 at fair value by applying the Black-Scholes-Merton option valuation model, which utilizes Level 3 inputs. The assumptions used in the Black-Scholes-Merton option valuation for the warrants are as follows: volatility of 99.3%; risk free interest rate of 0.2%; expected term of 1.5 years; and expected dividend yield of 0%. The grant date fair value of the initial warrant valuation described above was $0.99 per warrant. We base the risk free interest rate on U.S. Treasury rates with maturity dates approximating the expected term of the warrants. We base the historical volatility of a relevant sector index, which we have generated from companies that are publicly traded and do business within the industry in which we operate.

We measured warrants issued in connection with the Stockbridge Senior Secured Convertible notes at fair value by applying the Black-Scholes-Merton option valuation model, which utilizes Level 3 inputs. The assumptions used in the Black-Scholes-Merton option valuation for the warrants are as follows: volatility of 66%; risk free interest rate of 1%; expected term of 5 years; and expected dividend yield of 0%. The grant date fair value of the initial warrant valuation described above was $2.56 per warrant. We base the risk free interest rate on U.S. Treasury rates with maturity dates approximating the expected term of the warrants. At the time of the initial warrant valuation, we were a private company and common stock transactions were too infrequent.  Therefore, we could not practicably estimate the expected volatility of our own stock. Accordingly, we have substituted the historical volatility of a relevant sector index, which we have generated from companies that are publicly traded and do business within the industry in which we operate.

We measured the March 29, 2013 fair value by utilizing the quoted market price for our common stock and the valuation for the cashless exercise of Warrant 1-1, Warrant 1-5, and Warrant 1-6 in March 2013, which are Level 1 and Level 2 inputs. These inputs of (i) an observable warrant exercise transaction and (ii) publicly traded market price provided a reasonable basis for valuation for the warrants as of March 29, 2013. Based on that valuation using the $3.00 closing market price and exercisable rights in total to purchase 6,905,576 shares of our common stock at $0.37 per share, Warrant 1-1 and Warrant 1-5 had a net number value of $20,233,338. Using the same valuation method, Warrant 1-6 had a net number value of $1,465,000 upon issuance on March 29, 2013. All three warrants were exercised on March 29, 2013. See Note 6 for further discussion regarding the cashless exercise of these warrants.

 

Stockholders' Equity
Stockholders' Equity

10. Stockholders’ Equity

Preferred StockOur authorized preferred stock includes 10,000,000 shares of preferred stock with a par value of $0.001, of which no shares have been issued or are outstanding.

Common Stock – Our authorized common stock includes 200,000,000 shares of common stock with a par value of $0.001 with 111,601,304 and 95,814,565 shares issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, respectively.

During the nine months ended September 30, 2014, we issued shares of common stock as follows:

 

 

  

Common Stock
Shares

 

  

Amount

 

Sale of common stock and warrants

  

 

10,192,500

  

  

$

18,570,543

  

Note and interest conversions

  

 

5,573,831

  

  

 

11,130,261

  

Common stock for services

  

 

20,408

  

  

 

50,000

  

 

  

 

15,786,739

  

  

$

29,750,804

  

Common Stock for Services – We issued 20,408 shares of common stock to consultants for $50,000 of services, of which $16,667 was expensed during the three months ended September 30, 2014 and $50,000 was expensed during the nine months ended September 30, 2014. We issued 69,017 shares of common stock to employees and consultants for $198,858 of services during the nine months ended September 30, 2013.

Warrants for Services – On May 7, 2014, we issued to a third party for services rendered an aggregate of 200,000 warrants to purchase one share of our common stock for $2.65 per share. Of the 200,000 warrants, 100,000 were exercisable immediately and the remaining become exercisable one year from the date of grant based on the achievement of performance conditions. We recorded stock-based compensation expense of $40,239 and $228,022 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 related to these warrants.

On May 28, 2014, we issued to a third party for services rendered an aggregate of 1,650,000 contingent warrants to purchase one share of our common stock for $4.31 per share. The warrants become exercisable at various times after achieving future performance conditions related to services and revenue targets for Earth911. As these warrants related to internally developed software, we recorded $106,633 to intangible assets for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 based on our assessment of the probability the third party would satisfy the first vesting condition.  Due to the uncertainty of attaining any of the remaining performance conditions, we did not recognize any additional activity for the remaining warrants for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014.

At September 30, 2014, we had outstanding exercisable warrants to purchase 10,541,000 shares of common stock and contingent warrants to purchase 1,750,000 shares of common stock.

 

Warrants Issued and Outstanding as of September 30, 2014

 

 

  

Date of

 

  

Exercise

 

  

Shares of

 

Description

  

Issuance

 

  

Expiration

 

  

Price

 

  

Common Stock

 

Exercisable Warrants

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

     Warrants

  

 

4/18/2014

  

  

 

4/1/2017

  

  

$

2.00

  

  

 

1,441,000

  

     Warrant

  

 

5/7/2014

  

  

 

5/7/2017

  

  

$

2.65

  

  

 

100,000

  

     Warrants

  

 

10/24/2014

  

  

 

10/24/2019

  

  

$

2.50

  

  

 

9,000,000

  

Total exercisable warrants

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

  

 

10,541,000

  

 

Contingent Warrants

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

     Warrant

  

 

5/7/2014

  

  

 

5/7/2017

  

  

$

2.65

  

  

 

100,000

  

     Warrant

  

 

5/28/2014

  

  

 

10/31/2016

  

  

$

4.31

  

  

 

450,000

  

     Warrants

  

 

5/28/2014

  

  

 

10/31/2018

  

  

$

4.31

  

  

 

1,200,000

  

Total contingent warrants

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

  

 

1,750,000

  

 

Total warrants issued and outstanding

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

  

 

12,291,000

  

Restricted Stock Units – During the nine months ended September 30, 2014, we granted restricted stock units representing 132,600 hypothetical shares of common stock under the 2012 Incentive Compensation Plan. The restricted stock units vest based on a combination of financial performance factors and continued service. The financial performance factors are based on the revenue generated by new business activity of one of our subsidiaries. All payouts of restricted stock units that vest will be exercisable immediately and will be paid in the form of common stock. While we do not anticipate issuing dividends, the restricted stock unit awards will not participate in any dividends prior to vesting.

We determined the fair value of the restricted stock unit awards granted based on the market value of our common stock on the date of grant, which was $3.75 per share. We assumed a forfeiture rate of 0%. We recorded $315,938 of stock-based compensation expense for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 related to these warrants due to the probability of the third party satisfying the first vesting condition.  Due to the uncertainty of attaining any of the remaining performance conditions, we recorded no additional stock-based compensation expense for the remaining performance conditions for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014.

Employee Stock Purchase Plan – On September 17, 2014, our stockholders approved the Quest Resource Holding Corporation 2014 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (the “ESPP”). As the ESPP will become effective on November 15, 2014, we did not record any activity for the nine months ended September 30, 2014.

Stock Options – Following is a summary of stock option activity for the nine month period ended September 30, 2014:

 

 

 

Stock Options

 

 

 

Number
of Shares

 

 

Exercise
Price Per
Share

 

 

Weighted-
Average
Exercise Price
Per Share

 

Outstanding at December 31, 2013

 

 

4,141,948

 

 

$

2.00 - 3.25

 

 

$

2.48

 

Granted

 

 

780,000

 

 

$

2.90 - 3.75

 

 

$

3.66

 

Canceled/Forfeited

 

 

(90,416

)

 

$

2.05 - 2.05

 

 

$

2.05

 

Outstanding at September 30, 2014

 

 

4,831,532

 

 

$

2.00 - 3.75

 

 

$

2.71

 

 

Related Party Transactions
Related Party Transactions

11. Related Party Transactions

Stockbridge Convertible Note – In March 2012, we issued the Convertible Note to Stockbridge, a related party. In connection with the issuance of the Convertible Note, we issued four warrants (Warrants1-1 through 1-4) in March 2012. On July 16, 2013, Stockbridge elected to convert $3,000,000 in principal and $34,500 of accrued interest of the Convertible Note into 8,382,597 shares of our common stock. With the conversion, the contingent Warrants 1-2, 1-3, and 1-4 were cancelled.

Allonge to the Convertible Note – In October 2012, we amended the Convertible Note. We increased the principal amount to $3,000,000 from the original $1,000,000 amount. We changed the maturity of the note to October 1, 2014. We changed the conversion rate of the Convertible Note to $.50 per common share prior to the maturity date and $.25 per common share after the maturity, subject to certain adjustments. In connection with the amendment, we issued Warrant 1-5 in October 2012 and issued 100,000 shares of our common stock.

Second Allonge to the Convertible Note – On March 29, 2013, the terms of the note and the warrants were amended and additional warrants were issued to Stockbridge. Under the amendment on March 29, 2013, Earth911 and Stockbridge entered into the Second Allonge, pursuant to which the parties agreed to (i) change all references to common stock, options, warrants, warrant shares, or convertible securities of Earth911 in the original note documents and the Allonge documents to our common stock, options, warrants, warrant shares, or convertible securities, respectively, and (ii) expand all references to a “Triggering Event” in the original note documents and the Allonge documents to include any exchanges on which our common stock may be listed or quoted for trading. The parties also (i) amended how the fair market value of our common stock on the date of exercise would be defined in a formula used to calculate the net number of shares that Stockbridge would receive upon a cashless exercise, (ii) extended the maturity date of the Convertible Note to October 1, 2015, (iii) revised the terms of Warrant 1-5 to apply the conversion rate from the shares of Earth911 to the number of shares of our common stock underlying Warrant 1-5 and the exercise price at which such shares would be issued upon the exercise date, and (iv) amended the exercisable dates of the contingent Warrant 1-2, the contingent Warrant 1-3, and the contingent Warrant 1-4 to be exercisable 42 months, 45 months, and 48 months, respectively, following the issuance date of the contingent warrants. Finally, Stockbridge retroactively agreed to waive its right to effect a partial conversion of the Convertible Note, with such waiver to be effective for a period of 12 months from October 17, 2012.

To effect the changes in the Second Allonge, we issued to Stockbridge an additional warrant to purchase 500,000 shares of our common stock (“Warrant 1-6”). Warrant 1-6 was exercisable at or after the date of the Second Allonge, and was in the same form as Warrant 1-5, as amended by the Second Allonge. Warrant 1-6 would expire five years from the date of issuance.

See Note 6 for a discussion of the Convertible Note and of the exercise of the related exercisable warrants in March 2013.

Acquisition of the Quest Interests – On July 16, 2013, we acquired all of the Quest Interests held by QRG, comprising 50% of the membership interests of Quest. The purchase price for the Quest Interests consisted of 22,000,000 shares of our common stock issued at a fair market value of $2.50 per share based on the closing price of the stock on the date of the transaction and the Sellers Notes as described in Note 6 in the aggregate principal amount of $22,000,000. The total purchase price of $77,000,000 was paid to the owners of QRG who at the time of the transaction were related parties: the Chief Executive Officer of Quest and the former President of Quest. After the close of the transaction, the Chief Executive Officer of Quest became the President, Chief Executive Officer, and a member of the Board of Directors of our company. As described in Note 6, on September 24, 2014, we paid $11,000,000 to the holders of the Sellers Notes and such holders converted the remaining $11,000,000 of principal, plus accrued interest through September 24, 2014 of $101,260, into 5,550,630 shares of our common stock. Unpaid interest related to the Sellers Notes at September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013 was nil and $132,878, respectively.

Material Subsequent Events
Material Subsequent Events

12. Material Subsequent Events

On October 20, 2014, the underwriters exercised the over-allotment option granted to them in connection with the previously announced public offering, which closed on September 24, 2014, as more fully discussed in Note 1. The underwriters exercised the over-allotment option with respect to warrants to purchase 700,000 shares of our common stock at a price per warrant of $0.01. The warrants may be exercised for a period of five years at an exercise price of $2.50 per share. We intend to use the net proceeds from any exercise of the warrants, if converted, for general corporate purposes.

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Policies)

Principals of Presentation, Consolidation, and Reclassifications

The condensed consolidated financial statements included herein have been prepared by us without audit, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), and should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2013. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted, as permitted by the SEC, although we believe the disclosures that are made are adequate to make the information presented herein not misleading.

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements reflect, in our opinion, all normal recurring adjustments necessary to present fairly our financial position at September 30, 2014, and the results of our operations and cash flows for the periods presented. We derived the December 31, 2013 condensed consolidated balance sheet data from audited financial statements, but did not include all disclosures required by GAAP. As Quest, Earth911, and YouChange are operating as ecology based green service companies, we did not deem segment reporting necessary.

Through July 16, 2013, Quest was deemed to be a separate operating company, and as such, there were no intercompany transactions that required elimination at that time. All other intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation, including transactions between QRHC and Quest subsequent to July 16, 2013. Certain reclassifications have been made to prior year balances to conform to the current year presentation. Interim results are subject to seasonal variations, and the results of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year.

Revenue Recognition

We recognize revenue only when all of the following criteria have been met:

·

persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists;

·

delivery has occurred or services have been rendered;

·

the fee for the arrangement is fixed or determinable; and

·

collectability is reasonably assured.

Persuasive Evidence of an Arrangement – We document all terms of an arrangement in a quote signed or confirmed by the customer prior to recognizing revenue.

Delivery Has Occurred or Services Have Been Performed – We perform all services or deliver all products prior to recognizing revenue. Services are deemed to be performed when the services are complete.

The Fee for the Arrangement is Fixed or Determinable – Prior to recognizing revenue, a customer’s fee is either fixed or determinable under the terms of the quote or accepted customer purchase order.

Collectability Is Reasonably Assured – We assess collectability on a customer by customer basis based on criteria outlined by management.

We provide businesses with management programs to reuse, recycle, and dispose of a wide variety of waste streams and recyclables generated by their business. We utilize third-party subcontractors to execute the collection, transport, and recycling or disposal of used motor oil, oil filters, scrap tires, cooking oil, and expired food products. We evaluate the criteria outlined in the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Subtopic 605-45, Revenue Recognition—Principal Agent Considerations, in determining whether it is appropriate to record the gross amount of service revenue and related costs or the net amount earned as management fees. Generally, when we are primarily obligated in a transaction, have latitude in establishing prices and selecting suppliers, have credit risk, or have several but not all of these indicators, we record revenue gross and record amounts collected from customers for sales tax on a net basis. In a situation in which we are not primarily obligated and amounts earned are determined using a fixed percentage, a fixed-payment schedule, or a combination of the two, we record the net amounts as management fees earned. Currently, we have no contracts accounted for as management fees.

Earth911 revenue primarily represents licensing fees that are recognized ratably over the term of the license. We derive some revenue from advertising contracts, which we recognize ratably over the term that the advertisement appears on our website.

Net Loss Per Share

We compute basic net loss per share by dividing net loss attributable to common stockholders by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. The calculation of basic loss per share gives retroactive effect to the recapitalization related to our reverse acquisition of Earth911. We have other potentially dilutive securities outstanding that are not shown in a diluted net loss per share calculation because their effect in both 2014 and 2013 would be anti-dilutive. These potentially dilutive securities, including options, warrants, and convertible promissory notes, totaled 17,122,532 and 14,090,282 shares at September 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively.

The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted loss per share:

 

 

  

For the Three Months Ended
September 30,

 

 

For the Nine Months Ended
September 30,

 

 

  

2014

 

 

2013

 

 

2014

 

 

2013

 

 

  

(Unaudited)

 

 

(Unaudited)

 

 

(Unaudited)

 

 

(Unaudited)

 

Net loss applicable to common stockholders—numerator for basic and diluted earnings per share

  

$

(4,744,886

 

$

(9,251,050

 

$

(8,060,053

 

$

(14,857,878

Weighted—average common shares outstanding—denominator for basic and diluted earnings per share

  

 

97,999,629

  

 

 

88,537,546

  

 

 

96,831,520

  

 

 

70,733,534

  

Net loss per share:

  

  

  

 

 

  

  

 

 

  

  

 

 

  

  

 

Basic and diluted

  

$

(0.05

 

$

(0.10

 

$

(0.08

 

$

(0.21

The following table sets forth the anti-dilutive securities excluded from diluted loss per share:

 

 

  

For the Nine Months Ended
September 30,

 

 

  

2014

 

  

2013

 

 

  

(Unaudited)

 

  

(Unaudited)

 

Anti-dilutive securities excluded from
diluted loss per share:

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

Stock options

  

 

4,831,532

  

  

 

3,090,282

  

Warrants

  

 

12,291,000

 

  

 

  

Convertible notes

  

 

  

  

 

11,000,000

  

 

  

 

17,122,532

  

  

 

14,090,282

  

 

Inventories

As of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, finished goods inventories were nil and $3,251, respectively, and consisted of composite heaters, with no reserve for inventory obsolescence at either date.

The Company, Description of Business, and Future Liquidity Needs (Tables)
Summarized Pro Forma Consolidated Operating Results

The following table summarizes our pro forma condensed consolidated operating results for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013, assuming Quest had been a wholly owned subsidiary and 100% of Quest’s operations were included in the relevant periods:

 

 

 

Pro Forma

 

 

Pro Forma

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

September 30,

 

 

Nine Months Ended

September 30,

 

 

 

2013

 

 

2013

 

 

 

(Unaudited)

 

 

(Unaudited)

 

Condensed consolidated operating statement information:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net sales

 

$

34,850,463

  

 

$

98,470,818

  

Gross profit

 

3,150,339

  

 

9,586,929

  

Loss from operations

 

(6,433,785

 

(9,347,991

Net loss

 

(9,159,331

 

(14,187,247

 

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Tables)

The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted loss per share:

 

 

  

For the Three Months Ended
September 30,

 

 

For the Nine Months Ended
September 30,

 

 

  

2014

 

 

2013

 

 

2014

 

 

2013

 

 

  

(Unaudited)

 

 

(Unaudited)

 

 

(Unaudited)

 

 

(Unaudited)

 

Net loss applicable to common stockholders—numerator for basic and diluted earnings per share

  

$

(4,744,886

 

$

(9,251,050

 

$

(8,060,053

 

$

(14,857,878

Weighted—average common shares outstanding—denominator for basic and diluted earnings per share

  

 

97,999,629

  

 

 

88,537,546

  

 

 

96,831,520

  

 

 

70,733,534

  

Net loss per share:

  

  

  

 

 

  

  

 

 

  

  

 

 

  

  

 

Basic and diluted

  

$

(0.05

 

$

(0.10

 

$

(0.08

 

$

(0.21

 

The following table sets forth the anti-dilutive securities excluded from diluted loss per share:

 

 

  

For the Nine Months Ended
September 30,

 

 

  

2014

 

  

2013

 

 

  

(Unaudited)

 

  

(Unaudited)

 

Anti-dilutive securities excluded from
diluted loss per share:

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

Stock options

  

 

4,831,532

  

  

 

3,090,282

  

Warrants

  

 

12,291,000

 

  

 

  

Convertible notes

  

 

  

  

 

11,000,000

  

 

  

 

17,122,532

  

  

 

14,090,282

  

 

Property and Equipment,net,and other assets (Tables)
Components Property and Equipment,net,and other assets

At September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, property and equipment, net, and other assets consisted of the following:

 

 

  

September 30,

 

 

December 31,

 

 

  

2014

 

 

2013

 

 

  

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

Property and equipment, net of depreciation of $1,624,267 and $1,400,768 as of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, respectively

  

$

525,105

  

 

$

645,485

  

Security deposits and other assets

  

 

111,608

  

 

 

95,892

  

 

  

$

636,713

  

 

$

741,377

  

 

Goodwill and Intangible Assets (Tables)

The components of goodwill and intangible assets are as follows:

 

September 30, 2014 (Unaudited)

  

Estimated
Useful Life

 

  

Gross Carrying
Amount

 

  

Accumulated
Amortization

 

  

Net

 

Finite lived intangible assets:

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

Customer relationships

  

 

5 years

  

  

$

12,720,000

  

  

$

3,074,000

  

  

$

9,646,000

  

Trademarks

  

 

7 years

  

  

 

6,230,000

  

  

 

1,075,417

  

  

 

5,154,583

  

Patents

  

 

7 years

  

  

 

230,683

  

  

 

230,683

  

  

 

  

Software

  

 

7 years

  

  

 

859,259

  

  

 

3,137

 

  

 

856,122

  

Customer lists

  

 

5 years

  

  

 

307,153

  

  

 

106,077

  

  

 

201,076

  

Total intangible assets

  

 

 

 

  

$

20,347,095

  

  

$

4,489,314

  

  

$

15,857,781

  

 

December 31, 2013

  

Estimated
Useful Life

 

  

Gross Carrying
Amount

 

  

Accumulated
Amortization

 

  

Net

 

Finite lived intangible assets:

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

Customer relationships

  

 

5 years

  

  

$

12,720,000

  

  

$

1,166,000

  

  

$

11,554,000

  

Trademarks

  

 

7 years

  

  

 

6,230,000

  

  

 

407,917

  

  

 

5,822,083

  

Patents

  

 

7 years

  

  

 

230,683

  

  

 

216,951

  

  

 

13,732

  

Customer lists

  

 

5 years

  

  

 

307,153

  

  

 

60,004

  

  

 

247,149

  

Total intangible assets

  

 

 

 

  

$

19,487,836

  

  

$

1,850,872

  

  

$

17,636,964

  

 

The components of goodwill and intangible assets are as follows:

 

September 30, 2014 (Unaudited) and December 31, 2013

  

Estimated
Useful Life

 

  

Gross Carrying
Amount

 

 

Accumulated
Amortization

 

  

Net

 

Goodwill

  

 

Indefinite

  

  

$

58,337,290

 

  

  

                

 

  

$

58,337,290

  

 

Long-Term Debt and Capital Lease Obligations (Tables)
Summary of Long-Term Debt

At September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, total long-term debt outstanding consisted of the following:

 

 

  

September 30,
2014

 

 

December 31,
2013

 

 

  

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

Secured convertible notes payable to related parties, 7% interest due monthly in arrears, due July 2016, repayment provisions discussed further below (net of discount of $4,656,934 as of December 31, 2013)

  

$

  

 

$

17,343,066

 

Capital lease obligations, imputed interest at 4.75%, with monthly payments of $1,507 through November 2016, secured by computer equipment

  

 

52,824

  

 

 

49,163

  

Total

  

 

52,824

  

 

 

17,392,229

  

Less: current maturities

  

 

(22,604

 

 

(16,096

Long-term portion

  

$

30,220

  

 

$

17,376,133

  

 

Investment in Quest Resource Management Group, LLC (Tables)

We accounted for the acquisition of Quest under ASC Topic 805; thereby the acquisition accounting for the acquired Quest Interests and the step up in basis of the previously owned 50% interest resulted in the following total purchase price for Quest as follows:

 

Consideration paid for Quest Interests

  

$

77,000,000

  

Non-controlling interest in the acquiree at the acquisition date fair value

  

 

27,050,000

  

Total consideration

  

$

104,050,000

  

 

The purchase price allocation as of July 16, 2013 for the assets, liabilities, intangibles, and goodwill totaling $104,050,000 was as follows:

 

Net assets and liabilities

  

$

1,214,804

  

Customer relationships

  

 

12,720,000

  

Trademarks

  

 

6,230,000

  

Goodwill

  

 

83,885,196

  

 

  

$

104,050,000

  

 

The operating results of Quest for the relevant periods are presented below:

 

 

  

Three Months ended September 30,

 

 

Nine Months ended September 30,

 

 

  

2014

 

 

2013

 

 

2014

 

 

2013

 

 

  

(Unaudited)

 

 

(Unaudited)

 

 

(Unaudited)

 

 

(Unaudited)

 

Condensed operating statement information:

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net sales

  

$

46,800,862

  

 

$

34,561,241

  

 

$

127,099,843

  

 

$

97,466,094

  

Gross profit

  

3,671,070

  

 

2,870,821

  

 

10,136,866

  

 

8,740,229

  

Loss from operations

  

(110,011

 

(3,530,830

 

(178,206

 

(2,324,891

Net loss

  

(150,867

 

(3,558,472

 

(312,558

 

(2,400,609

 

Stockholders' Equity (Tables)

During the nine months ended September 30, 2014, we issued shares of common stock as follows:

 

 

  

Common Stock
Shares

 

  

Amount

 

Sale of common stock and warrants

  

 

10,192,500

  

  

$

18,570,543

  

Note and interest conversions

  

 

5,573,831

  

  

 

11,130,261

  

Common stock for services

  

 

20,408

  

  

 

50,000

  

 

  

 

15,786,739

  

  

$

29,750,804

  

 

At September 30, 2014, we had outstanding exercisable warrants to purchase 10,541,000 shares of common stock and contingent warrants to purchase 1,750,000 shares of common stock.

 

Warrants Issued and Outstanding as of September 30, 2014

 

 

  

Date of

 

  

Exercise

 

  

Shares of

 

Description

  

Issuance

 

  

Expiration

 

  

Price

 

  

Common Stock

 

Exercisable Warrants

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

     Warrants

  

 

4/18/2014

  

  

 

4/1/2017

  

  

$

2.00

  

  

 

1,441,000

  

     Warrant

  

 

5/7/2014

  

  

 

5/7/2017

  

  

$

2.65

  

  

 

100,000

  

     Warrants

  

 

10/24/2014

  

  

 

10/24/2019

  

  

$

2.50

  

  

 

9,000,000

  

Total exercisable warrants

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

  

 

10,541,000

  

 

Contingent Warrants

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

     Warrant

  

 

5/7/2014

  

  

 

5/7/2017

  

  

$

2.65

  

  

 

100,000

  

     Warrant

  

 

5/28/2014

  

  

 

10/31/2016

  

  

$

4.31

  

  

 

450,000

  

     Warrants

  

 

5/28/2014

  

  

 

10/31/2018

  

  

$

4.31

  

  

 

1,200,000

  

Total contingent warrants

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

  

 

1,750,000

  

 

Total warrants issued and outstanding

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

  

 

12,291,000

  

 

Stock Options – Following is a summary of stock option activity for the nine month period ended September 30, 2014:

 

 

 

Stock Options

 

 

 

Number
of Shares

 

 

Exercise
Price Per
Share

 

 

Weighted-
Average
Exercise Price
Per Share

 

Outstanding at December 31, 2013

 

 

4,141,948

 

 

$

2.00 - 3.25

 

 

$

2.48

 

Granted

 

 

780,000

 

 

$

2.90 - 3.75

 

 

$

3.66

 

Canceled/Forfeited

 

 

(90,416

)

 

$

2.05 - 2.05

 

 

$

2.05

 

Outstanding at September 30, 2014

 

 

4,831,532

 

 

$

2.00 - 3.75

 

 

$

2.71

 

 

The Company, Description of Business, and Future Liquidity Needs - Additional Information (Detail) (USD $)
0 Months Ended 9 Months Ended 3 Months Ended 9 Months Ended
Sep. 24, 2014
May 28, 2014
May 7, 2014
Apr. 18, 2014
Jul. 16, 2013
Sep. 30, 2014
Mar. 29, 2014
Dec. 31, 2013
Oct. 28, 2013
Sep. 30, 2014
Revenue [Member]
Sep. 30, 2014
Revenue [Member]
Customer
Jul. 16, 2013
Quest Resource Management Group, LLC [Member]
Share Based Compensation Arrangement By Share Based Payment Award [Line Items]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Entity name changing effective date
 
 
 
 
 
Oct. 28, 2013 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Common stock, shares authorized
 
 
 
 
 
200,000,000 
 
200,000,000 
200,000,000 
 
 
 
Percentage of ownership interest acquired
 
 
 
 
50.00% 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Percentage of remaining ownership interest
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
50.00% 
Number of customer
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Percentage of revenue
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
58.00% 
60.00% 
 
Sale of common stock, Shares
 
 
 
1,192,500 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sale of common stock
 
 
 
$ 2,385,000 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Warrant to purchase common stock, per share
$ 2.00 
$ 4.31 
$ 2.65 
$ 2.00 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Common stock, shares issued
9,000,000 
 
 
1,192,500 
 
111,601,304 
 
95,814,565 
 
 
 
 
Warrants issued
9,000,000 
 
200,000 
1,441,000 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Common stock, stock price
$ 1.99 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Common stock at a price per warrant
0.01 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross proceeds from issuance of common stock and warrants
$ 18,000,000 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Additional shares of common stock
700,000 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Warrants issued to acquire common stock
700,000 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Acquired period of common stock
45 days 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Warrants exercised period
5 years 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Warrants exercise price
$ 2.50 
 
 
 
 
 
$ 0.37