VULCAN MATERIALS CO, 10-K filed on 2/26/2014
Annual Report
Document and Entity Information (USD $)
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2013
Feb. 12, 2014
Jun. 30, 2013
Document and Entity Information [Abstract]
 
 
 
Document Type
10-K 
 
 
Amendment Flag
false 
 
 
Document Period End Date
Dec. 31, 2013 
 
 
Document Fiscal Year Focus
2013 
 
 
Document Fiscal Period Focus
FY 
 
 
Trading Symbol
VMC 
 
 
Entity Registrant Name
Vulcan Materials CO 
 
 
Entity Central Index Key
0001396009 
 
 
Current Fiscal Year End Date
--12-31 
 
 
Entity Filer Category
Large Accelerated Filer 
 
 
Entity Voluntary Filers
No 
 
 
Entity Current Reporting Status
Yes 
 
 
Entity Well-known Seasoned Issuer
Yes 
 
 
Entity Common Stock, Shares Outstanding
 
130,564,191 
 
Entity Public Float
 
 
$ 6,270,045,869 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (USD $)
In Thousands, except Per Share data, unless otherwise specified
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2013
Dec. 31, 2012
Dec. 31, 2011
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME [Abstract]
 
 
 
Net sales
$ 2,628,696 
$ 2,411,243 
$ 2,406,909 
Delivery revenues
142,013 
156,067 
157,641 
Total revenues
2,770,709 
2,567,310 
2,564,550 
Cost of goods sold
2,201,816 
2,077,217 
2,123,040 
Delivery costs
142,013 
156,067 
157,641 
Cost of revenues
2,343,829 
2,233,284 
2,280,681 
Gross profit
426,880 
334,026 
283,869 
Selling, administrative and general expenses
259,427 
259,140 
289,993 
Gain on sale of property, plant & equipment and businesses, net
39,250 
68,455 
47,752 
Recovery from legal settlement
46,404 
Restructuring charges
(1,509)
(9,557)
(12,971)
Exchange offer costs
(43,380)
(2,227)
Other operating expense, net
(14,790)
(5,623)
(9,390)
Operating earnings
190,404 
84,781 
63,444 
Other nonoperating income, net
7,538 
6,727 
Interest income
943 
1,141 
3,444 
Interest expense
202,588 
213,067 
220,628 
Loss from continuing operations before income taxes
(3,703)
(120,418)
(153,738)
Provision for (benefit from) income taxes
 
 
 
Current
9,673 
1,913 
14,318 
Deferred
(34,132)
(68,405)
(92,801)
Total benefit from income taxes
(24,459)
(66,492)
(78,483)
Earnings (loss) from continuing operations
20,756 
(53,926)
(75,255)
Earnings on discontinued operations, net of income taxes (Note 2)
3,626 
1,333 
4,477 
Net earnings (loss)
24,382 
(52,593)
(70,778)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
 
 
 
Reclassification adjustment for cash flow hedges
2,992 
3,816 
7,151 
Adjustment for funded status of pension and postretirement benefit plans
111,883 
(24,454)
(54,366)
Amortization of pension and postretirement benefit plans actuarial loss and prior service cost
11,011 
11,965 
7,710 
Other comprehensive income (loss)
125,886 
(8,673)
(39,505)
Comprehensive earnings (loss)
$ 150,268 
$ (61,266)
$ (110,283)
Basic earnings (loss) per share
 
 
 
Continuing operations
$ 0.16 
$ (0.42)
$ (0.58)
Discontinued operations
$ 0.03 
$ 0.01 
$ 0.03 
Net earnings (loss)
$ 0.19 
$ (0.41)
$ (0.55)
Diluted earnings (loss) per share
 
 
 
Continuing operations
$ 0.16 
$ (0.42)
$ (0.58)
Discontinued operations
$ 0.03 
$ 0.01 
$ 0.03 
Net earnings (loss)
$ 0.19 
$ (0.41)
$ (0.55)
Weighted-average common shares outstanding
 
 
 
Basic
130,272 
129,745 
129,381 
Assuming dilution
131,467 
129,745 
129,381 
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (USD $)
In Thousands, unless otherwise specified
Dec. 31, 2013
Dec. 31, 2012
Assets
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$ 193,738 
$ 275,478 
Accounts and notes receivable
 
 
Customers, less allowance for doubtful accounts 2013 — $4,854; 2012 — $6,198
323,369 
277,539 
Other
16,252 
19,441 
Inventories
344,606 
335,022 
Current deferred income taxes
40,423 
40,696 
Prepaid expenses
22,549 
21,713 
Assets held for sale
10,559 
15,083 
Total current assets
951,496 
984,972 
Investments and long-term receivables
42,387 
42,081 
Property, plant & equipment, net
3,312,017 
3,159,185 
Goodwill
3,081,521 
3,086,716 
Other intangible assets, net
697,578 
692,532 
Other noncurrent assets
174,144 
161,113 
Total assets
8,259,143 
8,126,599 
Liabilities
 
 
Current maturities of long-term debt
170 
150,602 
Trade payables and accruals
139,345 
113,337 
Accrued salaries, wages and management incentives
72,675 
62,695 
Accrued interest
10,954 
11,424 
Other accrued liabilities
75,991 
97,552 
Liabilities of assets held for sale
801 
Total current liabilities
299,135 
436,411 
Long-term debt
2,522,243 
2,526,401 
Noncurrent deferred income taxes
701,075 
657,367 
Deferred management incentive and other compensation
23,657 
21,756 
Pension benefits
146,734 
303,036 
Other postretirement benefits
83,457 
103,134 
Asset retirement obligations
228,234 
150,072 
Deferred revenue
219,743 
73,583 
Other noncurrent liabilities
96,759 
93,777 
Total liabilities
4,321,037 
4,365,537 
Other commitments and contingencies (Note 12)
   
   
Equity
 
 
Common stock, $1 par value, Authorized 480,000 shares, Issued 130,200 and 129,721 shares, respectively
130,200 
129,721 
Capital in excess of par value
2,611,703 
2,580,209 
Retained earnings
1,295,834 
1,276,649 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(99,631)
(225,517)
Total equity
3,938,106 
3,761,062 
Total liabilities and equity
$ 8,259,143 
$ 8,126,599 
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (Parenthetical) (USD $)
In Thousands, except Share data, unless otherwise specified
Dec. 31, 2013
Dec. 31, 2012
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS [Abstract]
 
 
Customers, allowance for doubtful accounts
$ 4,854 
$ 6,198 
Common stock, par value
$ 1 
$ 1 
Common stock, shares authorized
480,000,000 
480,000,000 
Common stock, shares, issued
130,200,000 
129,721,000 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (USD $)
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2013
Dec. 31, 2012
Dec. 31, 2011
Operating Activities
 
 
 
Net earnings (loss)
$ 24,382,000 
$ (52,593,000)
$ (70,778,000)
Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash provided by operating activities
 
 
 
Depreciation, depletion, accretion and amortization
307,108,000 
331,959,000 
361,719,000 
Net gain on sale of property, plant & equipment and businesses
(50,978,000)
(78,654,000)
(58,808,000)
Contributions to pension plans
(4,855,000)
(4,509,000)
(4,892,000)
Share-based compensation
22,093,000 
17,474,000 
18,454,000 
Excess tax benefits from share-based compensation
(161,000)
(267,000)
(121,000)
Deferred tax provision (benefit)
(35,063,000)
(69,830,000)
(93,739,000)
Cost of debt purchase
19,153,000 
(Increase) decrease in assets before initial effects of business acquisitions and dispositions
 
 
 
Accounts and notes receivable
(42,260,000)
17,412,000 
5,035,000 
Inventories
(7,700,000)
(9,028,000)
(6,927,000)
Prepaid expenses
(765,000)
(117,000)
(1,354,000)
Other assets
12,374,000 
(29,043,000)
7,673,000 
Increase (decrease) in liabilities before initial effects of business acquisitions and dispositions
 
 
 
Accrued interest and income taxes
(10,937,000)
(15,709,000)
5,831,000 
Trade payables and other accruals
15,485,000 
27,091,000 
(27,871,000)
Proceeds from sale of future production, net of transaction costs (Note 19)
153,095,000 
73,583,000 
Other noncurrent liabilities
(26,602,000)
29,772,000 
5,707,000 
Other, net
1,283,000 
934,000 
9,961,000 
Net cash provided by operating activities
356,499,000 
238,475,000 
169,043,000 
Investing Activities
 
 
 
Purchases of property, plant & equipment
(275,380,000)
(93,357,000)
(98,912,000)
Proceeds from sale of property, plant & equipment
17,576,000 
80,829,000 
13,675,000 
Proceeds from sale of businesses, net of transaction costs
51,604,000 
21,166,000 
74,739,000 
Payment for businesses acquired, net of acquired cash
(89,951,000)
(10,531,000)
Other, net
(39,000)
1,761,000 
1,550,000 
Net cash provided by (used for) investing activities
(296,190,000)
10,399,000 
(19,479,000)
Financing Activities
 
 
 
Proceeds from line of credit
156,000,000 
Payment of current maturities of long-term debt & line of credit
(306,602,000)
(134,780,000)
(1,028,575,000)
Cost of debt purchase
(19,153,000)
Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt, net of discounts
1,100,000,000 
Debt issuance costs
(27,426,000)
Proceeds from settlement of interest rate swap agreements
23,387,000 
Proceeds from issuance of common stock
3,821,000 
4,936,000 
Dividends paid
(5,191,000)
(5,183,000)
(98,172,000)
Proceeds from exercise of stock options
9,762,000 
10,462,000 
3,615,000 
Excess tax benefits from share-based compensation
161,000 
267,000 
121,000 
Other, net
(1,000)
1,000 
Net cash used for financing activities
(142,049,000)
(129,235,000)
(41,266,000)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
(81,740,000)
119,639,000 
108,298,000 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year
275,478,000 
155,839,000 
47,541,000 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$ 193,738,000 
$ 275,478,000 
$ 155,839,000 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY (USD $)
Common Stock [Member]
Capital In Excess Of Par Value [Member]
Retained Earnings [Member]
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) [Member]
Total
Beginning balance at Dec. 31, 2010
$ 128,570,000 
$ 2,500,886,000 
$ 1,503,681,000 
$ (177,339,000)
$ 3,955,798,000 
Beginning balance (in shares) at Dec. 31, 2010
128,570,000 
 
 
 
 
Net earnings (loss)
(70,778,000)
(70,778,000)
Common stock issued
 
 
 
 
 
Acquisitions (in shares)
373,000 
 
 
 
 
Acquisitions
373,000 
18,347,000 
18,720,000 
401(k) Trustee (Note 13) (in shares)
111,000 
 
 
 
110,881 
401(k) Trustee (Note 13)
111,000 
4,634,000 
4,745,000 
Share-based compensation plans (in shares)
191,000 
 
 
 
 
Share-based compensation plans
191,000 
2,041,000 
2,232,000 
Share-based compensation expense
18,454,000 
18,454,000 
Excess tax benefits from share-based compensation
121,000 
121,000 
Accrued dividends on share-based compensation awards
257,000 
(257,000)
Cash dividends on common stock
(98,172,000)
(98,172,000)
Other comprehensive income (loss)
(39,505,000)
(39,505,000)
Other
2,000 
2,000 
Ending balance at Dec. 31, 2011
129,245,000 
2,544,740,000 
1,334,476,000 
(216,844,000)
3,791,617,000 
Ending balance (in shares) at Dec. 31, 2011
129,245,000 
 
 
 
 
Net earnings (loss)
(52,593,000)
(52,593,000)
Common stock issued
 
 
 
 
 
Acquisitions (in shares)
61,000 
 
 
 
 
Acquisitions
61,000 
(199,000)
(138,000)
401(k) Trustee (Note 13) (in shares)
 
 
 
 
Share-based compensation plans (in shares)
415,000 
 
 
 
 
Share-based compensation plans
415,000 
7,113,000 
7,528,000 
Share-based compensation expense
17,474,000 
17,474,000 
Excess tax benefits from share-based compensation
267,000 
267,000 
Reclass deferred compensation liability to equity (Note 13)
10,764,000 
10,764,000 
Accrued dividends on share-based compensation awards
51,000 
(51,000)
Cash dividends on common stock
(5,183,000)
(5,183,000)
Other comprehensive income (loss)
(8,673,000)
(8,673,000)
Other
(1,000)
(1,000)
Ending balance at Dec. 31, 2012
129,721,000 
2,580,209,000 
1,276,649,000 
(225,517,000)
3,761,062,000 
Ending balance (in shares) at Dec. 31, 2012
129,721,000 
 
 
 
 
Net earnings (loss)
24,382,000 
24,382,000 
Common stock issued
 
 
 
 
 
401(k) Trustee (Note 13) (in shares)
71,000 
 
 
 
71,208 
401(k) Trustee (Note 13)
71,000 
3,750,000 
3,821,000 
Share-based compensation plans (in shares)
408,000 
 
 
 
 
Share-based compensation plans
408,000 
5,485,000 
5,893,000 
Share-based compensation expense
22,093,000 
22,093,000 
Excess tax benefits from share-based compensation
161,000 
161,000 
Accrued dividends on share-based compensation awards
5,000 
(5,000)
Cash dividends on common stock
(5,191,000)
(5,191,000)
Other comprehensive income (loss)
125,886,000 
125,886,000 
Other
(1,000)
(1,000)
Ending balance at Dec. 31, 2013
$ 130,200,000 
$ 2,611,703,000 
$ 1,295,834,000 
$ (99,631,000)
$ 3,938,106,000 
Ending balance (in shares) at Dec. 31, 2013
130,200,000 
 
 
 
 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY (Parenthetical)
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2013
Dec. 31, 2012
Dec. 31, 2011
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY [Abstract]
 
 
 
Cash dividends on common stock, per share
$ 0.04 
$ 0.04 
$ 0.76 
SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

NOTE 1: SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

NATURE OF OPERATIONS

Vulcan Materials Company (the "Company," "Vulcan," "we," "our"), a New Jersey corporation, is the nation's largest producer of construction aggregates, primarily crushed stone, sand and gravel and a major producer of asphalt mix and ready-mixed concrete.

Due to the 2005 sale of our Chemicals business as described in Note 2, the operating results of the Chemicals business are presented as discontinued operations in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income.

PRINCIPLES OF CONSOLIDATION

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Vulcan Materials Company and all our majority or
wholly-owned subsidiary companies. All intercompany transactions and accounts have been eliminated in consolidation.

RESTRUCTURING CHARGES

Costs associated with restructuring our operations include severance and related charges to eliminate a specified number of employee positions, costs to relocate employees, contract cancellation costs and charges to vacate facilities and consolidate operations. Relocation and contract cancellation costs and charges to vacate facilities are recognized in the period the liability is incurred. Severance charges for employees who are required to render service beyond a minimum retention period, generally more than 60 days, are recognized ratably over the retention period; otherwise, the full severance charge is recognized on the date a detailed restructuring plan has been authorized by management and communicated to employees.

In 2011, we substantially completed the implementation of a multi-year project to replace our legacy information technology systems with new ERP and Shared Services platforms. These platforms are helping us streamline processes enterprise-wide and standardize administrative and support functions while providing enhanced flexibility to monitor and control costs. Leveraging this significant investment in technology allowed us to reduce overhead and administrative staff. Additionally, in December 2011, our Board of Directors approved a restructuring plan to consolidate our eight divisions into four regions as part of an ongoing effort to reduce overhead costs and increase operating efficiency. As a result of these two restructuring plans, we recognized $12,971,000 of severance and related charges in 2011. There were no significant charges related to these restructuring plans in 2012 and 2013.

In 2012, our Board approved a Profit Enhancement Plan that further leverages our streamlined management structure and substantially completed ERP and Shared Services platforms to achieve cost reductions and other earnings enhancements. During 2013 and 2012, respectively, we incurred $1,509,000 and $9,557,000 of costs (primarily project design, outside advisory and severance) related to the implementation of this plan. We do not expect to incur any future material charges related to this Profit Enhancement Plan.

EXCHANGE OFFER COSTS

In December 2011, Martin Marietta Materials, Inc. (Martin Marietta) commenced an unsolicited exchange offer for all outstanding shares of our common stock and indicated its intention to nominate a slate of directors to our Board. After careful consideration, including a thorough review of the offer with its financial and legal advisors, our Board unanimously determined that Martin Marietta’s offer was inadequate, substantially undervalued Vulcan,  was not in the best interests of Vulcan and its shareholders and had substantial risk.

In May 2012, the Delaware Chancery Court ruled and the Delaware Supreme Court affirmed that Martin Marietta had breached two confidentiality agreements between the companies, and enjoined Martin Marietta through September 15, 2012 from pursuing its exchange offer for our shares, prosecuting its proxy contest, or otherwise taking steps to acquire control of our shares or assets and from any further violations of the two confidentiality agreements between the parties. As a result of the court ruling, Martin Marietta withdrew its exchange offer and its board nominees.

In response to Martin Marietta’s actions,  we incurred legal,  professional and other costs as follows: 2012$43,380,000 and 2011$2,227,000. As of December 31, 2013, $43,107,000 of the incurred costs  was paid.

CASH EQUIVALENTS

We classify as cash equivalents all highly liquid securities with a maturity of three months or less at the time of purchase. The carrying amount of these securities approximates fair value due to their short-term maturities.

ACCOUNTS AND NOTES RECEIVABLE

Accounts and notes receivable from customers result from our extending credit to trade customers for the purchase of our products. The terms generally provide for payment within 30 days of being invoiced. On occasion, when necessary to conform to regional industry practices, we sell product under extended payment terms, which may result in either secured or unsecured short-term notes; or, on occasion, notes with durations of less than one year are taken in settlement of existing accounts receivable. Other accounts and notes receivable result from short-term transactions (less than one year) other than the sale of our products, such as interest receivable; insurance claims; freight claims; tax refund claims; bid deposits or rents receivable. Receivables are aged and appropriate allowances for doubtful accounts and bad debt expense are recorded. Bad debt expense for the years ended December 31 was as follows: 2013$602,000, 2012$2,505,000 and 2011$1,644,000. Write-offs of accounts receivables for the years ended December 31 were as follows: 2013$1,946,000, 2012$2,805,000 and 2011$2,651,000.

FINANCING RECEIVABLES

Financing receivables are included in accounts and notes receivable and/or investments and long-term receivables in the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets. Financing receivables are contractual rights to receive money on demand or on fixed or determinable dates. Trade receivables with normal credit terms are not considered financing receivables. Financing receivables were as follows: December 31, 2013$7,720,000 and December 31, 2012$8,609,000.  Both of these balances include a related-party (Vulcan Materials Company Foundation) receivable in the amount of $1,550,000 due in 2014. None of our financing receivables are individually significant. We evaluate the collectibility of financing receivables on a periodic basis or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate we may be exposed to credit losses. As of December 31, 2013 and 2012,  no  allowances were recorded for these receivables.

INVENTORIES

Inventories and supplies are stated at the lower of cost or market. We use the last-in, first-out (LIFO) method of valuation for most of our inventories because it results in a better matching of costs with revenues. Such costs include fuel, parts and supplies, raw materials, direct labor and production overhead. An actual valuation of inventory under the LIFO method can be made only at the end of each year based on the inventory levels and costs at that time. Accordingly, interim LIFO calculations are based on our estimates of expected year-end inventory levels and costs and are subject to the final year-end LIFO inventory valuation. Substantially all operating supplies inventory is carried at average cost. For additional information regarding our inventories see Note 3.

PROPERTY, PLANT & EQUIPMENT

Property, plant & equipment are carried at cost less accumulated depreciation, depletion and amortization. The cost of properties held under capital leases, if any, is equal to the lower of the net present value of the minimum lease payments or the fair value of the leased property at the inception of the lease.

Capitalized software costs of $10,321,000 and $10,855,000 are reflected in net property, plant & equipment as of December 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively. We capitalized software costs for the years ended December 31 as follows: 2013 — $1,695,000, 2012 — $408,000 and 2011 — $3,746,000. During the same periods, $2,230,000,  $2,463,000 and $2,520,000, respectively, of previously capitalized costs were depreciated. For additional information regarding our property, plant & equipment see Note 4.

 

REPAIR AND MAINTENANCE

Repair and maintenance costs generally are charged to operating expense as incurred. Renewals and betterments that add materially to the utility or useful lives of property, plant & equipment are capitalized and subsequently depreciated. Actual costs for planned major maintenance activities, related primarily to periodic overhauls on our oceangoing vessels, are capitalized and amortized to the next overhaul.

DEPRECIATION, DEPLETION, ACCRETION AND AMORTIZATION

Depreciation is generally computed by the straight-line method at rates based on the estimated service lives of the various classes of assets, which include machinery and equipment (3 to 30 years), buildings (10 to 20 years) and land improvements (7 to 20 years). Capitalized software costs are included in machinery and equipment and are depreciated on a straight-line basis beginning when the software project is substantially complete. Depreciation for our Newberry, Florida cement production facilities is computed by the unit-of-production method based on estimated output.

Cost depletion on depletable quarry land is computed by the unit-of-production method based on estimated recoverable units.

Accretion reflects the period-to-period increase in the carrying amount of the liability for asset retirement obligations. It is computed using the same credit-adjusted, risk-free rate used to initially measure the liability at fair value.

Leaseholds are amortized over varying periods not in excess of applicable lease terms or estimated useful lives.

Amortization of intangible assets subject to amortization is computed based on the estimated life of the intangible assets.
A significant portion of our intangible assets is contractual rights in place associated with zoning, permitting and other rights to access and extract aggregates reserves. Contractual rights in place associated with aggregates reserves are amortized using the unit-of-production method based on estimated recoverable units. Other intangible assets are amortized principally by the straight-line method.

Depreciation, depletion, accretion and amortization expense for the years ended December 31 is outlined below:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

in thousands

2013 

 

 

2012 

 

 

2011 

 

Depreciation, Depletion, Accretion and Amortization

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation

$      271,180 

 

 

$   301,146 

 

 

$   328,072 

 

Depletion

13,028 

 

 

10,607 

 

 

11,195 

 

Accretion

10,685 

 

 

7,956 

 

 

8,195 

 

Amortization of leaseholds

483 

 

 

381 

 

 

225 

 

Amortization of intangibles

11,732 

 

 

11,869 

 

 

14,032 

 

Total

$      307,108 

 

 

$   331,959 

 

 

$   361,719 

 

DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS

We periodically use derivative instruments to reduce our exposure to interest rate risk, currency exchange risk or price fluctuations on commodity energy sources consistent with our risk management policies. We do not use derivative financial instruments for speculative or trading purposes. Additional disclosures regarding our derivative instruments are presented in Note 5.

FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS

Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The fair value hierarchy prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value into three broad levels as described below:

Level 1: Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities
Level 2: Inputs that are derived principally from or corroborated by observable market data
Level 3: Inputs that are unobservable and significant to the overall fair value measurement

 

Our assets at December 31 subject to fair value measurement on a recurring basis are summarized below:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Level 1

in thousands

2013 

 

 

2012 

 

Fair Value Recurring

 

 

 

 

 

Rabbi Trust

 

 

 

 

 

  Mutual funds

$       15,255 

 

 

$     13,349 

 

  Equities

12,828 

 

 

9,843 

 

Total

$       28,083 

 

 

$     23,192 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Level 2

in thousands

2013 

 

 

2012 

 

Fair Value Recurring

 

 

 

 

 

Rabbi Trust

 

 

 

 

 

  Common/collective trust funds

$        1,244 

 

 

$       2,265 

 

Total

$        1,244 

 

 

$       2,265 

 

 

We have established two Rabbi Trusts for the purpose of providing a level of security for the employee nonqualified retirement and deferred compensation plans and for the directors' nonqualified deferred compensation plans. The fair values of these investments are estimated using a market approach. The Level 1 investments include mutual funds and equity securities for which quoted prices in active markets are available. Level 2 investments are stated at estimated fair value based on the underlying investments in those funds (short-term, highly liquid assets in commercial paper, short-term bonds and certificates of deposit).

Net trading gains (losses) of the Rabbi Trust investments were $4,398,000, $8,564,000 and $(3,292,000) for the years ended December 31, 2013,  2012 and 2011, respectively. The portions of the net trading gains (losses) related to investments still held by the Rabbi Trusts at December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011 were $4,234,000, $9,012,000 and $(3,370,000), respectively.

The carrying values of our cash equivalents, accounts and notes receivable, current maturities of long-term debt, short-term borrowings, trade payables and accruals, and all other current liabilities approximate their fair values because of the
short-term nature of these instruments. Additional disclosures for derivative instruments and interest-bearing debt are presented in Notes 5 and 6, respectively.

There were no assets or liabilities subject to fair value measurement on a nonrecurring basis in 2013. Assets that were subject to fair value measurement on a nonrecurring basis as of December 31, 2012 are summarized below:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2012

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Impairment

 

in thousands

 

 

 

 

 

 

Level 3

 

 

Charges

 

Fair Value Nonrecurring

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Assets held for sale

 

 

 

 

 

 

$     10,559 

 

 

$       1,738 

 

Totals

 

 

 

 

 

 

$     10,559 

 

 

$       1,738 

 

 

The fair values of the assets classified as held for sale were estimated based on the negotiated transaction values. The impairment charges represent the difference between the carrying value and the fair value less costs to sell of the assets.

 

GOODWILL AND GOODWILL IMPAIRMENT

Goodwill represents the excess of the cost of net assets acquired in business combinations over the fair value of the identifiable tangible and intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed in a business combination. Goodwill impairment exists when the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount. As of December 31, 2013, goodwill totaled $3,081,521,000 as compared to $3,086,716,000 at December 31, 2012. Total goodwill represents 37% of total assets at December 31, 2013 compared to 38% as of December 31, 2012.

Goodwill is tested for impairment annually, as of November 1, or more frequently whenever events or circumstances change that would more likely than not reduce the fair value of a reporting unit below its carrying amount. Goodwill is tested for impairment one level below our operating segments (reporting unit). We have identified 17 reporting units, of which 9 carry goodwill. We have the option of either assessing qualitative factors to determine whether it is more likely than not that the carrying value of our reporting units exceeds their respective fair value or proceeding directly to a two-step quantitative test.

The first step of the impairment test identifies potential impairment by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit to its carrying value, including goodwill. If the fair value of a reporting unit exceeds its carrying value, goodwill of the reporting unit is not considered impaired and the second step of the impairment test is not required. If the carrying value of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value, the second step of the impairment test is performed to measure the amount of impairment loss, if any.

The second step of the impairment test compares the implied fair value of the reporting unit goodwill with the carrying amount of that goodwill. The implied fair value of goodwill is determined by hypothetically allocating the fair value of the reporting unit to its identifiable assets and liabilities in a manner consistent with a business combination, with any excess fair value representing implied goodwill. If the carrying value of the reporting unit goodwill exceeds the implied fair value of that goodwill, an impairment loss is recognized in an amount equal to that excess.

We have four operating segments organized around our principal product lines: aggregates, concrete, asphalt mix and cement. Within these four operating segments, we have identified 17 reporting units based primarily on geographic location. The carrying value of each reporting unit is determined by assigning assets and liabilities, including goodwill, to those reporting units as of the measurement date. We estimate the fair values of the reporting units by considering the indicated fair values derived from both an income approach, which involves discounting estimated future cash flows, and a market approach, which involves the application of revenue and EBITDA multiples of comparable companies. We consider market factors when determining the assumptions and estimates used in our valuation models. To substantiate the fair values derived from these valuations, we reconcile the reporting unit fair values to our market capitalization.

We elected to perform the quantitative impairment test for all years presented. The results of the first step of the annual impairment tests performed as of November 1, 2013 and 2012 indicated that the fair values of all reporting units with goodwill substantially exceeded their carrying values. The results of the first step of the annual impairment tests performed as of November 1, 2011 indicated that the fair values of the reporting units with goodwill exceeded their carrying values. Accordingly, there were no charges for goodwill impairment in the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012 or 2011.

Determining the fair value of our reporting units involves the use of significant estimates and assumptions and considerable management judgment. We base our fair value estimates on assumptions we believe to be reasonable at the time, but such assumptions are subject to inherent uncertainty. Actual results may differ materially from those estimates. Changes in key assumptions or management judgment with respect to a reporting unit or its prospects, which may result from a change in market conditions, market trends, interest rates or other factors outside of our control, or significant underperformance relative to historical or projected future operating results, could result in a significantly different estimate of the fair value of our reporting units, which could result in an impairment charge in the future.

For additional information regarding goodwill see Note 18.

 

IMPAIRMENT OF LONG-LIVED ASSETS EXCLUDING GOODWILL

We evaluate the carrying value of long-lived assets, including intangible assets subject to amortization, when events and circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. As of December 31, 2013,  net property, plant & equipment represents 40% of total assets, while net other intangible assets represents 8% of total assets. The carrying value of long-lived assets is considered impaired when the estimated undiscounted cash flows from such assets are less than their carrying value. In that event, we recognize a loss equal to the amount by which the carrying value exceeds the fair value of the long-lived assets. Fair value is determined primarily by using a discounted cash flow methodology that requires considerable management judgment and long-term assumptions. Our estimate of net future cash flows is based on historical experience and assumptions of future trends, which may be different from actual results. We periodically review the appropriateness of the estimated useful lives of our long-lived assets.

We test long-lived assets for impairment at the lowest level for which identifiable cash flows are largely independent of the cash flows of other assets. As a result, our long-lived asset impairment test is at a significantly lower level than the level at which we test goodwill for impairment. In markets where we do not produce downstream products (e.g. ready-mixed concrete and asphalt mix), the lowest level of largely independent identifiable cash flows is at the individual aggregates operation or a group of aggregates operations collectively serving a local market. Conversely, in vertically integrated markets, the cash flows of our downstream and upstream businesses are not largely independently identifiable as the selling price of the upstream products (aggregates and cement) determines the profitability of the downstream business.

We recorded no asset impairments during 2013. During 2012, we recorded a $2,034,000 loss on impairment of long-lived assets related primarily to assets classified as held for sale (see Note 19). Long-lived asset impairments during 2011 were immaterial and related to property abandonments.

For additional information regarding long-lived assets and intangible assets see Notes 4 and 18.

COMPANY OWNED LIFE INSURANCE

We have Company Owned Life Insurance (COLI) policies for which the cash surrender values, loans outstanding and the net values included in other noncurrent assets in the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31 are as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

in thousands

2013 

 

 

2012 

 

Company Owned Life Insurance

 

 

 

 

 

Cash surrender value

$        44,586 

 

 

$     41,351 

 

Loans outstanding

44,566 

 

 

41,345 

 

Net value included in noncurrent assets

$               20 

 

 

$              6 

 

 

REVENUE RECOGNITION

Revenue is recognized at the time the selling price is fixed, the product's title is transferred to the buyer and collectibility of the sales proceeds is reasonably assured (typically occurs when finished products are shipped to the customer). Total revenues include sales of products to customers, net of any discounts and taxes, and third-party delivery revenues billed to customers. We bill our customers for transportation provided by third-party carriers for delivery of their purchased products.

 

DEFERRED REVENUE

We have entered into two transactions (September 2013 and December 2012) through which we sold a percentage of the future production from aggregates reserves at eight quarries (seven owned and one leased). These sales were structured as volumetric production payments (VPPs). We received net cash proceeds of $153,095,000 and $73,644,000 for the 2013 and 2012 transactions, respectively. Concurrently, we entered into marketing agreements with the purchaser through which we are designated the exclusive sales agent for the purchaser’s percentage of future production. Our consolidated total revenues for 2013 and 2012 exclude the proceeds from these VPP transactions. The proceeds were recorded as deferred revenue and are amortized to revenue  on a unit-of sales basis over the terms of the VPP transactions.

The common key terms of both VPP transactions are:

§

the purchaser has a nonoperating interest in reserves entitling them to a percentage of future production

§

there is no minimum annual or cumulative production or sales volume, nor any minimum sales price required

§

the purchaser has the right to take its percentage of future production in physical product, or receive the cash proceeds from the sale of its percentage of future production under the terms of a separate marketing agreement

§

the purchaser's percentage of future production is conveyed free and clear of future costs of production and sales

§

we retain full operational and marketing control of the specified quarries

§

we retain fee simple interest in the land as well as any residual values that may be realized upon the conclusion of mining

The key terms specific to the 2013 VPP transaction are:

§

terminate at the earlier to occur of September 30, 2051 or the sale of 250.8 million tons of aggregates from the specified quarries subject to the VPP; based on historical and projected sales volumes from the specified quarries, it is expected that 250.8 million tons will be sold prior to September 30, 2051

§

the purchaser's percentage of the maximum 250.8 million tons of future production is estimated, based on current sales volumes projections, to be 11.5% (approximately 29 million tons); the actual percentage may vary

The key terms specific to the 2012 VPP transaction are:

§

terminate at the earlier to occur of December 31, 2052 or the sale of 143.2 million tons of aggregates from the specified quarries subject to the VPP; based on historical and projected volumes from the specified quarries, it is expected that 143.2 million tons will be sold prior to December 31, 2052

§

the purchaser's percentage of the maximum 143.2 million tons of future production is estimated, based on current sales volumes projections, to be 10.5% (approximately 15 million tons); the actual percentage may vary

The impact to our net sales and gross margin related to the VPPs is outlined as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

in thousands

2013 

 

 

2012 

 

 

2011 

 

Revenue amortized from deferred revenue

$          1,996 

 

 

$            0 

 

 

$            0 

 

Purchaser's proceeds from sale of production

(6,197)

 

 

 

 

 

Decrease to net sales and gross profit

$         (4,201)

 

 

$            0 

 

 

$            0 

 

 

Based on expected aggregates sales from the specified quarries, we anticipate recognizing a range of $4,500,000 to $5,500,000 of deferred revenue in our 2014 Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income.

STRIPPING COSTS

In the mining industry, the costs of removing overburden and waste materials to access mineral deposits are referred to as stripping costs.

Stripping costs incurred during the production phase are considered costs of extracted minerals under our inventory costing system, inventoried, and recognized in cost of sales in the same period as the revenue from the sale of the inventory. The production stage is deemed to begin when the activities, including removal of overburden and waste material that may contain incidental saleable material, required to access the saleable product are complete. Stripping costs considered as production costs and included in the costs of inventory produced were $41,716,000 in 2013, $37,875,000 in 2012 and $40,049,000 in 2011.

 

Conversely, stripping costs incurred during the development stage of a mine (pre-production stripping) are excluded from our inventory cost. Pre-production stripping costs are capitalized and reported within other noncurrent assets in our accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets. Capitalized pre-production stripping costs are expensed over the productive life of the mine using the unit-of-production method. Pre-production stripping costs included in other noncurrent assets were $24,026,000 as of December 31, 2013 and $18,887,000 as of December 31, 2012.

OTHER COSTS

Costs are charged to earnings as incurred for the start-up of new plants and for normal recurring costs of mineral exploration and research and development. Research and development costs totaled $0 in 2013, $0 in 2012 and $1,109,000 in 2011, and are included in selling, administrative and general expenses in the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income.

SHARE-BASED COMPENSATION

We account for our share-based compensation awards using fair-value-based measurement methods. These result in the recognition of compensation expense for all share-based compensation awards, including stock options, based on their fair value as of the grant date. Compensation cost is recognized over the requisite service period.

We receive an income tax deduction for share-based compensation equal to the excess of the market value of our common stock on the date of exercise or issuance over the exercise price. Tax benefits resulting from tax deductions in excess of the compensation cost recognized (excess tax benefits) are classified as financing cash flows. The $161,000,  $267,000 and $121,000 in excess tax benefits classified as financing cash inflows for the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively, in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows relate to the exercise of stock options and issuance of shares under long-term incentive plans.

A summary of the estimated future compensation cost (unrecognized compensation expense) as of December 31, 2013 related to share-based awards granted to employees under our long-term incentive plans is presented below:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unrecognized

 

 

Expected

 

 

 

Compensation

 

 

Weighted-average

 

dollars in thousands

Expense

 

 

Recognition (Years)

 

Share-based Compensation

 

 

 

 

 

SOSARs 1

$          2,825 

 

 

1.6 

 

Performance and restricted shares

19,498 

 

 

2.6 

 

Total/weighted-average

$        22,323 

 

 

2.5 

 

 

 

 

1

Stock-Only Stock Appreciation Rights (SOSARs)

 

Pretax compensation expense related to our employee share-based compensation awards and related income tax benefits for the years ended December 31 are summarized below:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

in thousands

2013 

 

 

2012 

 

 

2011 

 

Employee Share-based Compensation Awards

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pretax compensation expense

$        20,187 

 

 

$     15,491 

 

 

$     17,537 

 

Income tax benefits

7,833 

 

 

6,011 

 

 

6,976 

 

 

For additional information regarding share-based compensation, see Note 11 under the caption Share-based Compensation Plans.

 

RECLAMATION COSTS

Reclamation costs resulting from normal use of long-lived assets are recognized over the period the asset is in use only if there is a legal obligation to incur these costs upon retirement of the assets. Additionally, reclamation costs resulting from normal use under a mineral lease are recognized over the lease term only if there is a legal obligation to incur these costs upon expiration of the lease. The obligation, which cannot be reduced by estimated offsetting cash flows, is recorded at fair value as a liability at the obligating event date and is accreted through charges to operating expenses. This fair value is also capitalized as part of the carrying amount of the underlying asset and depreciated over the estimated useful life of the asset. If the obligation is settled for other than the carrying amount of the liability, a gain or loss is recognized on settlement.

To determine the fair value of the obligation, we estimate the cost for a third party to perform the legally required reclamation tasks including a reasonable profit margin. This cost is then increased for both future estimated inflation and an estimated market risk premium related to the estimated years to settlement. Once calculated, this cost is discounted to fair value using present value techniques with a credit-adjusted, risk-free rate commensurate with the estimated years to settlement.

In estimating the settlement date, we evaluate the current facts and conditions to determine the most likely settlement date. If this evaluation identifies alternative estimated settlement dates, we use a weighted-average settlement date considering the probabilities of each alternative.

We review reclamation obligations at least annually for a revision to the cost or a change in the estimated settlement date. Additionally, reclamation obligations are reviewed in the period that a triggering event occurs that would result in either a revision to the cost or a change in the estimated settlement date. Examples of events that would trigger a change in the cost include a new reclamation law or amendment of an existing mineral lease. Examples of events that would trigger a change in the estimated settlement date include the acquisition of additional reserves or the closure of a facility.

The carrying value of these obligations was $228,234,000 as of December 31, 2013 and $150,072,000 as of December 31, 2012. For additional information regarding reclamation obligations (referred to in our financial statements as asset retirement obligations) see Note 17.

PENSION AND OTHER POSTRETIREMENT BENEFITS

Accounting for pension and postretirement benefits requires that we make significant assumptions regarding the valuation of benefit obligations and the performance of plan assets. The primary assumptions are as follows:

§

Discount Rate — The discount rate is used in calculating the present value of benefits, which is based on projections of benefit payments to be made in the future

§

Expected Return on Plan Assets — We project the future return on plan assets based principally on prior performance and our expectations for future returns for the types of investments held by the plan as well as the expected long-term asset allocation of the plan. These projected returns reduce the recorded net benefit costs

§

Rate of Compensation Increase — For salary-related plans only, we project employees' annual pay increases through 2015, which are used to project employees' pension benefits at retirement

§

Rate of Increase in the Per Capita Cost of Covered Healthcare Benefits — We project the expected increases in the cost of covered healthcare benefits

Accounting standards provide for the delayed recognition of differences between actual results and expected or estimated results. This delayed recognition of actual results allows for a smoothed recognition in earnings of changes in benefit obligations and plan performance over the working lives of the employees who benefit under the plans. The differences between actual results and expected or estimated results are recognized in full in other comprehensive income. Amounts recognized in other comprehensive income are reclassified to earnings in a systematic manner over the average remaining service period of active employees expected to receive benefits under the plan.

For additional information regarding pension and other postretirement benefits see Note 10.

 

ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE

Our environmental compliance costs include the cost of ongoing monitoring programs, the cost of remediation efforts and other similar costs. We expense or capitalize environmental costs consistent with our capitalization policy. We expense costs for an existing condition caused by past operations that do not contribute to future revenues. We accrue costs for environmental assessment and remediation efforts when we determine that a liability is probable and we can reasonably estimate the cost. At the early stages of a remediation effort, environmental remediation liabilities are not easily quantified due to the uncertainties of various factors. The range of an estimated remediation liability is defined and redefined as events in the remediation effort occur.

When we can estimate a range of probable loss, we accrue the most likely amount. In the event that no amount in the range of probable loss is considered most likely, the minimum loss in the range is accrued. As of December 31, 2013, the spread between the amount accrued and the maximum loss in the range for all sites for which a range can be reasonably estimated was $3,944,000. Accrual amounts may be based on technical cost estimations or the professional judgment of experienced environmental managers. Our Safety, Health and Environmental Affairs Management Committee routinely reviews cost estimates, including key assumptions, for accruing environmental compliance costs; however, a number of factors, including adverse agency rulings and encountering unanticipated conditions as remediation efforts progress, may cause actual results to differ materially from accrued costs.

For additional information regarding environmental compliance costs see Note 8.

CLAIMS AND LITIGATION INCLUDING SELF-INSURANCE

We are involved with claims and litigation, including items covered under our self-insurance program. We are self-insured for losses related to workers' compensation up to $2,000,000 per occurrence and automotive and general/product liability up to $3,000,000 per occurrence. We have excess coverage on a per occurrence basis beyond these retention levels.

Under our self-insurance program, we aggregate certain claims and litigation costs that are reasonably predictable based on our historical loss experience and accrue losses, including future legal defense costs, based on actuarial studies. Certain claims and litigation costs, due to their unique nature, are not included in our actuarial studies. We use both internal and outside legal counsel to assess the probability of loss, and establish an accrual when the claims and litigation represent a probable loss and the cost can be reasonably estimated. For matters not included in our actuarial studies, legal defense costs are accrued when incurred. The following table outlines our self-insurance program at December 31:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

dollars in thousands

2013 

 

 

2012 

 

Self-insurance Program

 

 

 

 

 

Self-insured liabilities (undiscounted)

$        50,538 

 

 

$     48,019 

 

Insured liabilities (undiscounted)

17,497 

 

 

15,054 

 

Discount rate

0.98% 

 

 

0.51% 

 

Amounts Recognized in Consolidated

 

 

 

 

 

 Balance Sheets

 

 

 

 

 

Investments and long-term receivables

$        16,917 

 

 

$     14,822 

 

Other accrued liabilities

(16,657)

 

 

(17,260)

 

Other noncurrent liabilities

(49,148)

 

 

(44,902)

 

Net liabilities (discounted)

$       (48,888)

 

 

$    (47,340)

 

 

Estimated payments (undiscounted) under our self-insurance program for the five years subsequent to December 31, 2013 are as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

in thousands

 

 

Estimated Payments under Self-insurance Program

 

 

2014

$        22,151 

 

2015

12,749 

 

2016

8,229 

 

2017

5,579 

 

2018

4,051 

 

 

Significant judgment is used in determining the timing and amount of the accruals for probable losses, and the actual liability could differ materially from the accrued amounts.

INCOME TAXES

We file various federal, state and foreign income tax returns, including some returns that are consolidated with subsidiaries. We account for the current and deferred tax effects of such returns using the asset and liability method. Significant judgments and estimates are required in determining our current and deferred tax assets and liabilities, which reflect our best assessment of the estimated future taxes we will pay.  These estimates are updated throughout the year to consider income tax return filings, our geographic mix of earnings, legislative changes and other relevant items.

We recognize deferred tax assets and liabilities based on the differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of assets and liabilities and the amounts used for income tax purposes. Deferred tax assets represent items to be used as a tax deduction or credit in future tax returns. Realization of the deferred tax assets ultimately depends on the existence of sufficient taxable income of the appropriate character in either the carryback or carryforward period.

Each quarter we analyze the likelihood that our deferred tax assets will be realized. A valuation allowance is recorded if, based on the weight of all available positive and negative evidence, it is more likely than not (a likelihood of more than 50%) that some portion, or all, of a deferred tax asset will not be realized. A summary of our deferred tax assets is included in Note 9.

On an annual basis, we perform a comprehensive analysis of all forms of positive and negative evidence based on year end results. During each interim period, we update our annual analysis for significant changes in the positive and negative evidence.

If we later determine that realization is more likely than not for deferred tax assets with a valuation allowance, the related valuation allowance will be reduced. Conversely, if we determine that it is more likely than not that we will not be able to realize a portion of our deferred tax assets, we will increase the valuation allowance.

U.S. income taxes are not provided on foreign earnings when such earnings are indefinitely reinvested offshore. At least annually, we evaluate our investment strategies for each foreign tax jurisdiction in which we operate to determine whether foreign earnings will be indefinitely reinvested offshore.

We recognize a tax benefit associated with an uncertain tax position when, in our judgment, it is more likely than not that the position will be sustained based upon the technical merits of the position. For a tax position that meets the more-likely-than-not recognition threshold, we initially and subsequently measure the income tax benefit as the largest amount that we judge to have a greater than 50% likelihood of being realized. Our liability associated with unrecognized tax benefits is adjusted periodically due to changing circumstances, such as the progress of tax audits, case law developments and new or emerging legislation. Such adjustments are recognized entirely in the period in which they are identified. Our income tax provision includes the net impact of changes in the liability for unrecognized tax  benefits.

The years open to tax examinations vary by jurisdiction. While it is often difficult to predict the final outcome or the timing of resolution of any particular tax matter, we believe our liability for unrecognized tax benefits is adequate. 

We consider an issue to be resolved at the earlier of the issue being “effectively settled,” settlement of an examination, or the expiration of the statute of limitations. Upon resolution, unrecognized tax benefits will be reversed as a discrete event.

Our liability for unrecognized tax  benefits is generally presented as noncurrent. However, if we anticipate paying cash within one year to settle an uncertain tax position, the liability is presented as current. We classify interest and penalties recognized on the liability for unrecognized tax benefits as income tax expense.

Our largest permanent item in computing both our taxable income and effective tax rate is the deduction allowed for statutory depletion. The impact of statutory depletion on the effective tax rate is presented in Note 9. The deduction for statutory depletion does not necessarily change proportionately to changes in pretax earnings.

 

COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

We report comprehensive income in our Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income and Consolidated Statements of Equity. Comprehensive income comprises two subsets: net earnings and other comprehensive income (OCI). OCI includes fair value adjustments to cash flow hedges, actuarial gains or losses and prior service costs related to pension and postretirement benefit plans.

For additional information regarding comprehensive income see Note 14.

EARNINGS PER SHARE (EPS)

We report two earnings per share numbers, basic and diluted. These are computed by dividing net earnings by the weighted-average common shares outstanding (basic EPS) or weighted-average common shares outstanding assuming dilution (diluted EPS), as set forth below:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

in thousands

2013 

 

 

2012 

 

 

2011 

 

Weighted-average common shares outstanding

130,272 

 

 

129,745 

 

 

129,381 

 

Dilutive effect of

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Stock options/SOSARs

461 

 

 

 

 

 

  Other stock compensation plans

734 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted-average common shares outstanding,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 assuming dilution

131,467 

 

 

129,745 

 

 

129,381 

 

 

All dilutive common stock equivalents are reflected in our earnings per share calculations. Antidilutive common stock equivalents are not included in our earnings per share calculations. In periods of loss, shares that otherwise would have been included in our diluted weighted-average common shares outstanding computation are excluded. These excluded shares for the years ended December 31 are as follows: 2012 — 617,000 and 2011 — 304,000.

The number of antidilutive common stock equivalents for which the exercise price exceeds the weighted-average market price for the years ended December 31 is as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

in thousands

2013 

 

 

2012 

 

 

2011 

 

Antidilutive common stock equivalents

2,895 

 

 

4,762 

 

 

5,845 

 

USE OF ESTIMATES IN THE PREPARATION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

The preparation of these financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and the related disclosures of contingent assets and contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements. We evaluate these estimates and judgments on an ongoing basis and base our estimates on historical experience, current conditions and various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. The results of these estimates form the basis for our judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities as well as identifying and assessing the accounting treatment with respect to commitments and contingencies. Actual results may differ materially from these estimates.

RECLASSIFICATIONS

Certain items previously reported in specific financial statement captions have been reclassified to conform with the 2013 presentation.

 

NEW ACCOUNTING STANDARDS

ACCOUNTING STANDARDS RECENTLY ADOPTED

2013 — NEW DISCLOSURE REQUIREMENT ON OFFSETTING ASSETS AND LIABILITIES    As of and for the interim period ended March 31, 2013, we adopted Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2011-11, “Disclosures About Offsetting Assets and Liabilities.” This ASU created new disclosure requirements about the nature of an entity’s rights of offset and related arrangements associated with its financial and derivative instruments. The scope of instruments covered under this ASU was further clarified in the January 2013 issuance of ASU 2013-01, “Balance Sheet (Topic 210): Clarifying the Scope of Disclosures about Offsetting Assets and Liabilities.” These new disclosures were designed to facilitate comparisons between financial statements prepared under U.S. GAAP and those prepared under International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). Our adoption of this standard had no material impact on our financial position, results of operations or liquidity.

2013 — AMENDMENTS ON INDEFINITE-LIVED INTANGIBLE ASSET IMPAIRMENT TESTING    As of and for the interim period ended March 31, 2013, we adopted ASU No. 2012-02, “Testing Indefinite-Lived Intangible Assets for Impairment.” This ASU amended the impairment testing guidance in Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 350-30, “General Intangibles Other Than Goodwill.” Under the amended guidance, an entity has the option of performing a qualitative assessment when testing an indefinite-lived intangible asset for impairment. Further testing would be required only if, on the basis of the qualitative factors, an entity determines that the fair value of the intangible asset is more likely than not (a likelihood of more than 50%) less than the carrying amount. Additionally, this ASU revised the examples of events and circumstances that an entity should consider when determining if an interim impairment test is required. Our adoption of this standard had no material impact on our financial position, results of operations or liquidity.

2013/2012 — PRESENTATION OF OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME    As of the annual period ended December 31, 2011, we adopted ASU No. 2011-05, "Presentation of Comprehensive Income." This standard eliminated the option to present components of other comprehensive income (OCI) as part of the statement of equity. The amendments in this standard required that all nonowner changes in equity be presented either in a single continuous statement of comprehensive income or in two separate but consecutive statements. In December 2011, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued ASU No. 2011-12, “Deferral of the Effective Date for Amendments to the Presentation of Reclassifications of Items Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income in ASU No. 2011-05.” ASU No. 2011-12 indefinitely deferred the requirement in ASU No. 2011-05 to present reclassification adjustments out of accumulated other comprehensive income by component in the Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income. In February 2013, the FASB issued ASU No. 2013-02, “Reporting of Amounts Reclassified Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income.” ASU 2013-02 finalized the requirements of ASU 2011-05 that ASU 2011-12 deferred, clarifying how to report the effect of significant reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive income. Our accompanying Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income conform to the presentation requirements of these standards.

ACCOUNTING STANDARDS PENDING ADOPTION

GUIDANCE ON FINANCIAL STATEMENT PRESENTATION OF UNRECOGNIZED TAX BENEFIT  In July 2013, the FASB issued ASU 2013-11, "Presentation of an Unrecognized Tax Benefit When a Net Operating Loss Carryforward, a Similar Tax Loss, or a Tax Credit Carryforward Exists" which provides explicit presentation guidelines. Under this ASU, an unrecognized tax benefit, or portion thereof, should be presented in the financial statements as a reduction to a deferred tax asset for a net operating loss carryforward, a similar tax loss, or a tax credit carryforward except when specific conditions are met as outlined in the ASU. When these specific conditions are met, the unrecognized tax benefit should be presented in the financial statements as a liability and should not be combined with deferred tax assets. This ASU is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2013, and should be applied prospectively to all unrecognized tax benefits that exist at the effective date. Both early adoption and retrospective application are permitted. We will adopt this standard as of and for the interim period ending March 31, 2014. We do not expect the adoption of this standard to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

 

GUIDANCE ON THE LIQUIDATION BASIS OF ACCOUNTING  In April 2013, the FASB issued ASU 2013-07, “Liquidation Basis of Accounting” which provides guidance on when and how to apply the liquidation basis of accounting and on what to disclose. This ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2013, with early adoption permitted, and should be applied prospectively from the date liquidation is imminent. We do not expect the adoption of this standard to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

GUIDANCE FOR OBLIGATIONS RESULTING FROM JOINT AND SEVERAL LIABILITY ARRANGEMENTS  In February 2013, the FASB issued ASU 2013-04, "Obligations Resulting from Joint and Several Liability Arrangements for Which the Total Amount of the Obligation Is Fixed at the Reporting Date" which provides guidance for the recognition, measurement and disclosure of such obligations that are within the scope of the ASU. Obligations within the scope of this ASU include debt arrangements, other contractual obligations and settled litigation and judicial rulings. Under this ASU, an entity (1) recognizes such obligations at the inception of the arrangement, (2) measures such obligations as the sum of (a) the amount the reporting entity agreed to pay on the basis of its arrangement among its co-obligors and (b) any additional amount the reporting entity expects to pay on behalf of its co-obligors and (3) discloses the nature and amount of such obligations as well as other information about those obligations. This ASU is effective for all prior periods in fiscal years beginning on or after December 15, 2013, with retrospective application required. We will adopt this standard as of and for the interim period ending March 31, 2014. We do not expect the adoption of this standard to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

TANGIBLE PROPERTY REGULATIONS  In September 2013, the Internal Revenue Service issued final tangible property regulations. These regulations apply to amounts paid to acquire, produce or improve tangible property, as well as dispose of such property and are effective for tax years beginning on or after January 1, 2014. We have considered the effect of these tax law changes to our deferred tax assets and liabilities and do not expect their implementation to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

 

 

DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS
DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS

NOTE 2: DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS

In 2005, we sold substantially all the assets of our Chemicals business to Basic Chemicals, a subsidiary of Occidental Chemical Corporation. In addition to the initial cash proceeds, Basic Chemicals was required to make payments under two earn-out agreements subject to certain conditions. During 2007, we received the final payment under the ECU (electrochemical unit) earn-out, bringing cumulative cash receipts to its $150,000,000 cap.

Proceeds under the second earn-out agreement are based on the performance of the hydrochlorocarbon product HCC-240fa (commonly referred to as 5CP) from the closing of the transaction through December 31, 2012 (5CP earn-out). The primary determinant of the value for this earn-out is the level of growth in 5CP sales volume.

During 2013, we received the final payment under the 5CP earn-out of $13,031,000 related to performance during 2012. During 2012 and 2011, we received payments of $11,369,000 and $12,284,000, respectively, under the 5CP earn-out related to the respective years 2011 and 2010. Through December 31, 2013, we have received a total of $79,391,000 under the 5CP earn-out, a total of $46,290,000 in excess of the receivable recorded on the date of disposition.

We were liable for a cash transaction bonus payable annually (2009 – 2013) to certain former key Chemicals employees based on the prior year’s 5CP earn-out results. Payments for the transaction bonus were $1,303,000 in 2013, $1,137,000 in 2012 and $1,228,000 in 2011. We have paid a total of $5,071,000 of these transaction bonuses through December 31, 2013.

 

The financial results of the Chemicals business are classified as discontinued operations in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for all periods presented. There were no net sales or revenues from discontinued operations for the years presented. Results from discontinued operations are as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

in thousands

2013 

 

 

2012 

 

 

2011 

 

Discontinued Operations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pretax loss

$       (5,744)

 

 

$     (8,017)

 

 

$     (3,669)

 

Gain on disposal, net of transaction bonus

11,728 

 

 

10,232 

 

 

11,056 

 

Income tax provision

(2,358)

 

 

(882)

 

 

(2,910)

 

Earnings on discontinued operations,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 net of income taxes

$        3,626 

 

 

$       1,333 

 

 

$       4,477 

 

 

The 2013 and 2012 pretax losses from discontinued operations of $5,744,000 and $8,017,000 were due primarily to general and product liability costs, including legal defense costs, and environmental remediation costs associated with our former Chemicals business. The 2011 pretax loss from discontinued operations of $3,669,000 includes a $7,575,000 pretax gain recognized on recovery from an insurer in lawsuits involving perchloroethylene (perc). This gain was offset by general and product liability costs, including legal defense costs, and environmental remediation costs.

 

 

INVENTORIES
INVENTORIES

NOTE 3: INVENTORIES

Inventories at December 31 are as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

in thousands

2013 

 

 

2012 

 

Inventories

 

 

 

 

 

Finished products  1

$      270,603 

 

 

$     262,886 

 

Raw materials

29,996 

 

 

27,758 

 

Products in process

6,613 

 

 

5,963 

 

Operating supplies and other

37,394 

 

 

38,415 

 

Total

$      344,606 

 

 

$     335,022 

 

 

 

 

1

Includes inventories encumbered by the purchaser's percentage of volumetric production payments (see Note 1, Deferred Revenue), as follows: December 31, 2013 — $4,492 thousand and December 31, 2012 — $8,726 thousand.

 

In addition to the inventory balances presented above, as of December 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012, we have $27,331,000 and $35,477,000, respectively, of inventory classified as long-term assets (Other noncurrent assets) as we do not expect to sell the inventory within one year. Inventories valued under the LIFO method total $268,674,000 at December 31, 2013 and $267,591,000 at December 31, 2012. During 2013,  2012 and 2011, inventory reductions resulted in liquidations of LIFO inventory layers carried at lower costs prevailing in prior years as compared to current-year costs. The effect of the LIFO liquidation on 2013 results was to decrease cost of goods sold by $1,310,000 and increase net earnings by $802,000.The effect of the LIFO liquidation on 2012 results was to decrease cost of goods sold by $1,124,000 and increase net earnings by $688,000.The effect of the LIFO liquidation on 2011 results was to decrease cost of goods sold by $1,288,000 and increase net earnings by $776,000.  

Estimated current cost exceeded LIFO cost at December 31, 2013 and 2012 by $184,409,000 and $150,654,000, respectively. We use the LIFO method of valuation for most of our inventories as it results in a better matching of costs with revenues. We provide supplemental income disclosures to facilitate comparisons with companies not on LIFO. The supplemental income calculation is derived by tax-effecting the change in the LIFO reserve for the periods presented. If all inventories valued at LIFO cost had been valued under the methods (substantially average cost) used prior to the adoption of the LIFO method, the approximate effect on net earnings would have been an increase of $20,812,000 in 2013, an increase of $5,990,000 in 2012 and an increase of $10,050,000 in 2011.

 

 

PROPERTY, PLANT & EQUIPMENT
PROPERTY, PLANT & EQUIPMENT

 

 

NOTE 4: PROPERTY, PLANT & EQUIPMENT

Balances of major classes of assets and allowances for depreciation, depletion and amortization at December 31 are as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

in thousands

2013 

 

 

2012 

 

Property, Plant & Equipment

 

 

 

 

 

Land and land improvements

$    2,295,087 

 

 

$  2,120,999 

 

Buildings

149,982 

 

 

149,575 

 

Machinery and equipment

4,248,100 

 

 

4,195,165 

 

Leaseholds

11,692 

 

 

10,546 

 

Deferred asset retirement costs

151,973 

 

 

129,397 

 

Construction in progress

76,768 

 

 

60,935 

 

Total, gross

$    6,933,602 

 

 

$  6,666,617 

 

Less allowances for depreciation, depletion

 

 

 

 

 

 and amortization

3,621,585 

 

 

3,507,432 

 

Total, net

$    3,312,017 

 

 

$  3,159,185 

 

 

Capitalized interest costs with respect to qualifying construction projects and total interest costs incurred before recognition of the capitalized amount for the years ended December 31 are as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

in thousands

2013 

 

 

2012 

 

 

2011 

 

Capitalized interest cost

$          1,089 

 

 

$        2,716 

 

 

$        2,675 

 

Total interest cost incurred before recognition

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 of the capitalized amount

203,677 

 

 

215,783 

 

 

223,303 

 

 

 

DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS
DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS

 

 

NOTE 5: DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS

During the normal course of operations, we are exposed to market risks including fluctuations in interest rates, foreign currency exchange rates and commodity pricing. From time to time, and consistent with our risk management policies, we use derivative instruments to hedge against these market risks. We do not utilize derivative instruments for trading or other speculative purposes.

The accounting for gains and losses that result from changes in the fair value of derivative instruments depends on whether the derivatives have been designated and qualify as hedging instruments and the type of hedging relationship. The interest rate swap agreements described below were designated as either cash flow hedges or fair value hedges. The changes in fair value of our interest rate swap cash flow hedges are recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income (AOCI) and are reclassified into interest expense in the same period the hedged items affect earnings. The changes in fair value of our interest rate swap fair value hedges are recorded as interest expense consistent with the change in the fair value of the hedged items attributable to the risk being hedged.

CASH FLOW HEDGES

We have used interest rate swap agreements designated as cash flow hedges to minimize the variability in cash flows of liabilities or forecasted transactions caused by fluctuations in interest rates. During 2007, we entered into fifteen forward starting interest rate swap agreements for a total stated amount of $1,500,000,000. Upon the 2007 and 2008 issuances of the related fixed-rate debt, we terminated and settled these forward starting swaps for cash payments of $89,777,000. Amounts in AOCI are being amortized to interest expense over the term of the related debt. This amortization was reflected in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the years ended December 31 are as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

in thousands

Location on Statement

 

2013 

 

 

2012 

 

 

2011 

 

Cash Flow Hedges

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loss reclassified from AOCI

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 (effective portion)

Interest expense

 

$       (5,077)

 

 

$       (6,314)

 

 

$    (11,657)

 

 

For the 12-month period ending December 31, 2014, we estimate that $4,827,000 of the pretax loss in AOCI will be reclassified to earnings.

FAIR VALUE HEDGES

We have used interest rate swap agreements designated as fair value hedges to minimize exposure to changes in the fair value of fixed-rate debt that results from fluctuations in the benchmark interest rates for such debt. In June 2011, we issued $500,000,000 of 6.50% fixed-rate notes due in 2016. Concurrently, we entered into interest rate swap agreements in the stated amount of $500,000,000. Under these agreements, we paid 6-month LIBOR plus a spread of 4.05% and received a fixed interest rate of 6.50%. Additionally, in June 2011, we entered into interest rate swap agreements on our $150,000,000 of 10.125% fixed-rate notes due in 2015. Under these agreements, we paid 6-month LIBOR plus a spread of 8.03% and received a fixed interest rate of 10.125%. In August 2011, we terminated and settled these interest rate swap agreements for $25,382,000 of cash proceeds. The $23,387,000 forward component of the settlement (cash proceeds less $1,995,000 of accrued interest) was added to the carrying value of the related debt and is being amortized as a reduction to interest expense over the remaining lives of the related debt using the effective interest method. This amortization was reflected in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

in thousands

2013 

 

 

2012 

 

 

2011 

 

Deferred Gain on Settlement

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amortized to earnings as a reduction to interest expense

$        4,334 

 

 

$        4,052 

 

 

$        1,291 

 

 

 

 

DEBT
DEBT

NOTE 6: DEBT

Debt at December 31 is summarized as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

in thousands

2013 

 

 

2012 

 

 

Long-term Debt

 

 

 

 

 

 

6.30% notes due 2013 1

$                  0 

 

 

$      140,413 

 

 

10.125% notes due 2015 2

151,897 

 

 

152,718 

 

 

6.50% notes due 2016 3

511,627 

 

 

515,060 

 

 

6.40% notes due 2017 4

349,907 

 

 

349,888 

 

 

7.00% notes due 2018 5

399,772 

 

 

399,731 

 

 

10.375% notes due 2018 6

248,843 

 

 

248,676 

 

 

7.50% notes due 2021 7

600,000 

 

 

600,000 

 

 

7.15% notes due 2037 8

239,561 

 

 

239,553 

 

 

Medium-term notes

6,000 

 

 

16,000 

 

 

Industrial revenue bond

14,000 

 

 

14,000 

 

 

Other notes

806 

 

 

964 

 

 

Total long-term debt including current maturities

$    2,522,413 

 

 

$   2,677,003 

 

 

Less current maturities

170 

 

 

150,602 

 

 

Total long-term debt

$    2,522,243 

 

 

$   2,526,401 

 

 

Estimated fair value of long-term debt

$    2,820,399 

 

 

$   2,766,835 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

Includes decreases for unamortized discounts, as follows: December 31, 2012 — $30 thousand.

2

Includes an increase for the unamortized portion of the deferred gain realized upon the August 2011 settlement of interest rate swaps, as follows: December 31, 2013 — $2,082 thousand and December 31, 2012 — $2,983 thousand. Additionally, includes decreases for unamortized discounts as follows: December 31, 2013 — $185 thousand and December 31, 2012 — $265 thousand. The effective interest rate for these notes is 9.59%.

3

Includes an increase for the unamortized portion of the deferred gain realized upon the August 2011 settlement of interest rate swaps, as follows: December 31, 2013 — $11,627 thousand and December 31, 2012 — $15,060 thousand. The effective interest rate for these notes is 6.02%.

4

Includes decreases for unamortized discounts, as follows: December 31, 2013 — $93 thousand and December 31, 2012 — $112 thousand. The effective interest rate for these notes is 7.41%.

5

Includes decreases for unamortized discounts, as follows: December 31, 2013 — $228 thousand and December 31, 2012 — $269 thousand. The effective interest rate for these notes is 7.87%.

6

Includes decreases for unamortized discounts, as follows: December 31, 2013 — $1,157 thousand and December 31, 2012 — $1,324 thousand. The effective interest rate for these notes is 10.62%.

7

The effective interest rate for these notes is 7.75%.

8

Includes decreases for unamortized discounts, as follows: December 31, 2013 — $627 thousand and December 31, 2012 — $635 thousand. The effective interest rate for these notes is 8.05%.

 

Our long-term debt is presented in the table above net of unamortized discounts from par and unamortized deferred gains realized upon settlement of interest rate swaps. Discounts, deferred gains and debt issuance costs are being amortized using the effective interest method over the respective terms of the notes.

The estimated fair value of long-term debt presented in the table above was determined by averaging the asking price quotes for the notes. The fair value estimates were based on Level 2 information (as defined in Note 1, caption Fair Value Measurements) available to us as of the respective balance sheet dates. Although we are not aware of any factors that would significantly affect the estimated fair value amounts, such amounts have not been comprehensively revalued since those dates.

Scheduled debt payments during 2013 included $10,000,000 in January to retire the 8.70% medium-term note and $140,444,000 in June to retire the 6.30% notes. Scheduled debt payments during 2012 included $134,557,000 in November to retire the remaining portion of the 5.60% notes.

 

In December 2011, we entered into a $600,000,000 bank line of credit expiring on December 15, 2016. In March 2013, we proactively amended this line of credit to reduce its capacity to $500,000,000 and extend its term to March 12, 2018. The line of credit is secured by certain domestic accounts receivable and inventory. Borrowing capacity fluctuates with the level of eligible accounts receivable and inventory and may be less than $500,000,000 at any point in time. As of December 31, 2013, our available borrowing capacity was $382,588,000 (net of the $53,393,000 backing for standby letters of credit).

Borrowings under the line of credit bear interest at a rate determined at the time of borrowing equal to the lower of LIBOR plus a margin ranging from 1.50% to 2.00% based on the level of utilization, or an alternative rate derived from the lender’s prime rate. Borrowings on our line of credit are classified as short-term due to our intent to repay within twelve months. As of December 31, 2013, the applicable margin for LIBOR based borrowing was 1.75%.

In June 2011, we issued $1,100,000,000 of long-term notes in two series, as follows: $500,000,000 of 6.50% notes due in 2016 and $600,000,000 of 7.50% notes due in 2021. These notes were issued principally to:

§

repay and terminate our $450,000,000 floating-rate term loan due in 2015

§

fund the purchase through a tender offer of $165,443,000 of our outstanding 5.60% notes due in 2012 and $109,556,000 of our outstanding 6.30% notes due in 2013

§

repay $275,000,000 outstanding under our revolving credit facility, and

§

for general corporate purposes

The terminated $450,000,000 floating-rate term loan due in 2015 was established in July 2010 in order to repay the $100,000,000 outstanding balance of our floating-rate term loan due in 2011 and all outstanding commercial paper. Unamortized deferred financing costs of $2,423,000 were recognized in June 2011 as a component of interest expense upon the termination of this floating-rate term loan.

The June 2011 purchases of the 5.60% and 6.30% notes cost $294,533,000, including a $19,534,000 premium above the $274,999,000 face value of the notes. This premium primarily reflects the trading price of the notes at the time of purchase relative to par value. Additionally, $4,711,000 of expense associated with a proportional amount of unamortized discounts, deferred financing costs and amounts accumulated in OCI was recognized in 2011 upon the partial termination of the notes. The combined expense of $24,245,000 was recognized as a component of interest expense for the year 2011.

In February 2009, we issued $400,000,000 of long-term notes in two related series, as follows: $150,000,000 of 10.125% notes due in 2015 and $250,000,000 of 10.375% notes due in 2018. These notes were issued principally to repay borrowings outstanding under our short- and long-term debt obligations.

The 2008 and 2007 debt issuances described below relate primarily to funding the November 2007 acquisition of Florida Rock and replaced a portion of the short-term borrowings we incurred to initially fund the cash portion of the acquisition.

In June 2008 we issued $650,000,000 of long-term notes in two series, as follows: $250,000,000 of 6.30% notes due in 2013 and $400,000,000 of 7.00% notes due in 2018. The 6.30% notes due in 2013 were partially terminated in June 2011 with a tender offer (as described above) and the remaining $140,444,000 paid in June 2013 as scheduled.

In December 2007, we issued $1,225,000,000 of long-term notes in four series, as follows: $325,000,000 of floating-rate notes due in 2010,  $300,000,000 of 5.60% notes due in 2012,  $350,000,000 of 6.40% notes due in 2017 and $250,000,000 of 7.15% notes due in 2037.  The floating-rate notes were paid in December 2010 as scheduled. The 5.60% notes due in 2012 were partially terminated in June 2011 with a tender offer (as described above) and the remaining $134,557,000 paid in November 2012 as scheduled.

During 1991, we issued $81,000,000 of medium-term notes ranging in maturity from 3 to 30 years, with interest rates from 7.59% to 8.85%. The $6,000,000 in medium-term notes outstanding as of December 31, 2013 has a weighted-average maturity of 7.7 years with a weighted-average interest rate of 8.88%.

The industrial revenue bond was assumed in November 2007 with the acquisition of Florida Rock. This variable-rate
tax-exempt bond matures in November 2022 and is backed by a standby letter of credit.

Other notes of $806,000 as of December 31, 2013 were issued at various times to acquire land or businesses or were assumed in business acquisitions.

 

The total scheduled (principal and interest) debt payments, excluding draws, if any, on the line of credit, for the five years subsequent to December 31, 2013 are as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

in thousands

Total

 

 

Principal

 

 

Interest

 

Debt Payments (excluding the line of credit)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2014

$      187,010 

 

 

$           170 

 

 

$    186,840 

 

2015

336,981 

 

 

150,137 

 

 

186,844 

 

2016

671,779 

 

 

500,130 

 

 

171,649 

 

2017

489,279 

 

 

350,138 

 

 

139,141 

 

2018

752,754 

 

 

650,022 

 

 

102,732 

 

 

In January 2014, we initiated a tender offer to purchase $500,000,000 of outstanding debt as described in Note 21.

The line of credit contains limitations on liens, indebtedness, guarantees, acquisitions and divestitures, and certain restricted payments. Restricted payments include dividends to our shareholders. There is no dollar limit or percent of retained earnings limit on restricted payments. However, we must have cash and borrowing capacity, after the restricted payment is made, of at least $150,000,000 (or $105,000,000 if our fixed charge coverage ratio is above 1.00:1.00). The minimum fixed charge coverage ratio is applicable only if usage exceeds 90% of the lesser of $500,000,000 and the borrowing capacity derived from the sum of eligible accounts receivable and inventory. 

 

 

OPERATING LEASES
OPERATING LEASES

NOTE 7: OPERATING LEASES

Rental expense from continuing operations under nonmineral operating leases for the years ended December 31, exclusive of rental payments made under leases of one month or less, is summarized as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

in thousands

2013 

 

 

2012 

 

 

2011 

 

Operating Leases

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Minimum rentals

$        40,151 

 

 

$       36,951 

 

 

$       34,701 

 

Contingent rentals (based principally on usage)

44,111 

 

 

32,705 

 

 

29,882 

 

Total

$        84,262 

 

 

$       69,656 

 

 

$       64,583 

 

 

Future minimum operating lease payments under all leases with initial or remaining noncancelable lease terms in excess of one year, exclusive of mineral leases, as of December 31, 2013 are payable as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

in thousands

 

 

Future Minimum Operating Lease Payments

 

 

2014

$        28,539 

 

2015

26,903 

 

2016

25,106 

 

2017

22,055 

 

2018

20,129 

 

Thereafter

133,091 

 

Total

$      255,823 

 

 

Lease agreements frequently include renewal options and require that we pay for utilities, taxes, insurance and maintenance expense. Options to purchase are also included in some lease agreements.

 

 

ACCRUED ENVIRONMENTAL REMEDIATION COSTS
ACCRUED ENVIRONMENTAL REMEDIATION COSTS

NOTE 8: ACCRUED ENVIRONMENTAL REMEDIATION COSTS

Our Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31 include accrued environmental remediation costs (primarily measured on an undiscounted basis) as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

in thousands

2013 

 

 

2012 

 

Accrued Environmental Remediation Costs

 

 

 

 

 

Continuing operations

$          5,505 

 

 

$        5,666 

 

Retained from former Chemicals business

5,178 

 

 

5,792 

 

Total

$        10,683 

 

 

$      11,458 

 

 

The long-term portion of the accruals noted above is included in other noncurrent liabilities in the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets and amounted to $7,134,000 at December 31, 2013 and $7,299,000 at December 31, 2012. The short-term portion of these accruals is included in other accrued liabilities in the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets.

The accrued environmental remediation costs in continuing operations relate primarily to the former Florida Rock, Tarmac, and CalMat facilities acquired in 2007, 2000 and 1999, respectively. The balances noted above for Chemicals relate to retained environmental remediation costs from the 2003 sale of the Performance Chemicals business and the 2005 sale of the Chloralkali business.

 

 

INCOME TAXES
INCOME TAXES

NOTE 9: INCOME TAXES

The components of earnings (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes are as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

in thousands

2013 

 

 

2012 

 

 

2011 

 

Earnings (Loss) from Continuing

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Operations before Income Taxes