GENWORTH FINANCIAL INC, 10-Q filed on 4/29/2016
Quarterly Report
Document and Entity Information
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2016
Apr. 21, 2016
Document Information [Line Items]
 
 
Document Type
10-Q 
 
Amendment Flag
false 
 
Document Period End Date
Mar. 31, 2016 
 
Document Fiscal Year Focus
2016 
 
Document Fiscal Period Focus
Q1 
 
Trading Symbol
GNW 
 
Entity Registrant Name
GENWORTH FINANCIAL INC 
 
Entity Central Index Key
0001276520 
 
Current Fiscal Year End Date
--12-31 
 
Entity Filer Category
Large Accelerated Filer 
 
Entity Common Stock, Shares Outstanding
 
498,470,047 
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (USD $)
In Millions, unless otherwise specified
Mar. 31, 2016
Dec. 31, 2015
Assets
 
 
Fixed maturity securities available-for-sale, at fair value
$ 60,290 
$ 58,197 
Equity securities available-for-sale, at fair value
431 
310 
Commercial mortgage loans
6,179 
6,170 
Restricted commercial mortgage loans related to securitization entities
155 
161 
Policy loans
1,565 
1,568 
Other invested assets
2,923 
2,309 
Restricted other invested assets related to securitization entities, at fair value
422 
413 
Total investments
71,965 
69,128 
Cash and cash equivalents
4,043 
5,965 
Accrued investment income
720 
653 
Deferred acquisition costs
4,235 
4,398 
Intangible assets and goodwill
291 
357 
Reinsurance recoverable
17,587 
17,245 
Other assets
577 
520 
Deferred tax asset
155 
Separate account assets
7,624 
7,883 
Assets held for sale
131 
127 
Total assets
107,173 
106,431 
Liabilities and equity
 
 
Future policy benefits
36,776 
36,475 
Policyholder account balances
26,354 
26,209 
Liability for policy and contract claims
8,177 
8,095 
Unearned premiums
3,378 
3,308 
Other liabilities ($42 and $46 of other liabilities are related to securitization entities)
3,596 
3,004 
Borrowings related to securitization entities ($85 and $81 are at fair value)
173 
179 
Non-recourse funding obligations
310 
1,920 
Long-term borrowings
4,232 
4,570 
Deferred tax liability
449 
24 
Separate account liabilities
7,624 
7,883 
Liabilities held for sale
131 
127 
Total liabilities
91,200 
91,794 
Commitments and contingencies
   
   
Equity:
 
 
Class A common stock, $0.001 par value; 1.5 billion shares authorized; 587 million and 586 million shares issued as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively; 498 million shares outstanding as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015
Additional paid-in capital
11,952 
11,949 
Net unrealized investment gains (losses):
 
 
Net unrealized gains (losses) on securities not other-than-temporarily impaired
2,043 
1,236 
Net unrealized gains (losses) on other-than-temporarily impaired securities
14 
18 
Net unrealized investment gains (losses)
2,057 1
1,254 1
Derivatives qualifying as hedges
2,302 2
2,045 2
Foreign currency translation and other adjustments
(174)
(289)
Total accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
4,185 
3,010 
Retained earnings
617 
564 
Treasury stock, at cost (88 million shares as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015)
(2,700)
(2,700)
Total Genworth Financial, Inc.'s stockholders' equity
14,055 
12,824 
Noncontrolling interests
1,918 
1,813 
Total equity
15,973 
14,637 
Total liabilities and equity
$ 107,173 
$ 106,431 
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (Parenthetical) (USD $)
In Millions, except Share data, unless otherwise specified
Mar. 31, 2016
Dec. 31, 2015
Other liabilities, securitization entities
$ 42 
$ 46 
Borrowings related to securitization entities, fair value
$ 85 
$ 81 
Class A common stock, par value
$ 0.001 
$ 0.001 
Class A common stock, shares authorized
1,500,000,000 
1,500,000,000 
Class A common stock, shares issued
587,000,000 
586,000,000 
Class A common stock, shares outstanding
498,000,000 
498,000,000 
Treasury stock, shares
88,000,000 
88,000,000 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income (USD $)
In Millions, except Per Share data, unless otherwise specified
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2016
Mar. 31, 2015
Revenues:
 
 
Premiums
$ 794 
$ 1,143 
Net investment income
789 
781 
Net investment gains (losses)
(19)
(16)
Policy fees and other income
221 
227 
Total revenues
1,785 
2,135 
Benefits and expenses:
 
 
Benefits and other changes in policy reserves
860 
1,192 
Interest credited
177 
180 
Acquisition and operating expenses, net of deferrals
394 
267 
Amortization of deferred acquisition costs and intangibles
99 
95 
Interest expense
105 
107 
Total benefits and expenses
1,635 
1,841 
Income before income taxes
150 
294 
Provision for income taxes
23 
91 
Income from continuing operations
127 
203 
Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of taxes
(19)
Net income
108 
204 
Less: net income attributable to noncontrolling interests
55 
50 
Net income available to Genworth Financial, Inc.'s common stockholders
53 
154 
Income from continuing operations available to Genworth Financial, Inc.'s common stockholders per common share:
 
 
Basic
$ 0.14 
$ 0.31 
Diluted
$ 0.14 
$ 0.31 
Net income available to Genworth Financial, Inc.'s common stockholders per common share:
 
 
Basic
$ 0.11 
$ 0.31 
Diluted
$ 0.11 
$ 0.31 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding:
 
 
Basic
498.0 
497.0 
Diluted
499.4 
498.9 
Supplemental disclosures:
 
 
Total other-than-temporary impairments
(11)
(3)
Portion of other-than-temporary impairments included in other comprehensive income (loss)
Net other-than-temporary impairments
(11)
(3)
Other investments gains (losses)
(8)
(13)
Net investment gains (losses)
$ (19)
$ (16)
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (USD $)
In Millions, unless otherwise specified
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2016
Mar. 31, 2015
Net income
$ 108 
$ 204 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of taxes:
 
 
Net unrealized gains (losses) on securities not other-than-temporarily impaired
807 
323 
Net unrealized gains (losses) on other-than-temporarily impaired securities
(4)
Derivatives qualifying as hedges
257 1
177 1
Foreign currency translation and other adjustments
216 
(370)
Total other comprehensive income (loss)
1,276 
132 
Total comprehensive income (loss)
1,384 
336 
Less: comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests
156 
(64)
Total comprehensive income (loss) available to Genworth Financial, Inc.'s common stockholders
$ 1,228 
$ 400 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity (USD $)
In Millions, unless otherwise specified
Total
Common stock
Additional paid-in capital
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
Retained earnings
Treasury stock, at cost
Total Genworth Financial, Inc.'s stockholders' equity
Noncontrolling interests
Balances at Dec. 31, 2014
$ 16,797 
$ 1 
$ 11,997 
$ 4,446 
$ 1,179 
$ (2,700)
$ 14,923 
$ 1,874 
Comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
204 
154 
154 
50 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of taxes
132 
246 
246 
(114)
Total comprehensive income (loss)
336 
 
 
 
 
 
400 
(64)
Dividends to noncontrolling interests
(54)
(54)
Stock-based compensation expense and exercises and other
Balances at Mar. 31, 2015
17,081 
11,998 
4,692 
1,333 
(2,700)
15,324 
1,757 
Balances at Dec. 31, 2015
14,637 
11,949 
3,010 
564 
(2,700)
12,824 
1,813 
Comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
108 
53 
53 
55 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of taxes
1,276 
1,175 
1,175 
101 
Total comprehensive income (loss)
1,384 
 
 
 
 
 
1,228 
156 
Dividends to noncontrolling interests
(52)
(52)
Stock-based compensation expense and exercises and other
Balances at Mar. 31, 2016
$ 15,973 
$ 1 
$ 11,952 
$ 4,185 
$ 617 
$ (2,700)
$ 14,055 
$ 1,918 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (USD $)
In Millions, unless otherwise specified
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2016
Mar. 31, 2015
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
Net income
$ 108 
$ 204 
Less (income) loss from discontinued operations, net of taxes
19 
(1)
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash from operating activities:
 
 
Gain on sale of subsidiary
(20)
Amortization of fixed maturity securities discounts and premiums and limited partnerships
(38)
(21)
Net investment losses (gains)
19 
16 
Charges assessed to policyholders
(191)
(196)
Acquisition costs deferred
(50)
(86)
Amortization of deferred acquisition costs and intangibles
99 
95 
Deferred income taxes
25 
Net increase (decrease) in trading securities, held-for-sale investments and derivative instruments
21 
18 
Stock-based compensation expense
(3)
Change in certain assets and liabilities:
 
 
Accrued investment income and other assets
(159)
(25)
Insurance reserves
36 
443 
Current tax liabilities
(8)
(9)
Other liabilities, policy and contract claims and other policy-related balances
406 
202 
Cash from operating activities-held for sale
(38)
Net cash from operating activities
256 
624 
Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
Fixed maturity securities
840 
1,089 
Commercial mortgage loans
192 
198 
Restricted commercial mortgage loans related to securitization entities
13 
Proceeds from sales of investments:
 
 
Fixed maturity and equity securities
905 
418 
Purchases and originations of investments:
 
 
Fixed maturity and equity securities
(2,042)
(1,802)
Commercial mortgage loans
(200)
(247)
Other invested assets, net
34 
(89)
Policy loans, net
10 
Cash from investing activities-held for sale
54 
Net cash from investing activities
(255)
(366)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
Deposits to universal life and investment contracts
571 
630 
Withdrawals from universal life and investment contracts
(517)
(527)
Redemption of non-recourse funding obligations
(1,620)
(13)
Repayment and repurchase of long-term debt
(326)
Repayment of borrowings related to securitization entities
(10)
(11)
Dividends paid to noncontrolling interests
(52)
(54)
Other, net
13 
37 
Cash from financing activities-held for sale
(27)
Net cash from financing activities
(1,941)
35 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents (includes $- and $(4) related to businesses held for sale)
31 
(53)
Net change in cash and cash equivalents
(1,909)
240 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
5,993 
4,918 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
4,084 
5,158 
Less cash and cash equivalents held for sale at end of period
41 
221 
Cash and cash equivalents of continuing operations at end of period
$ 4,043 
$ 4,937 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Parenthetical) (USD $)
In Millions, unless otherwise specified
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2016
Mar. 31, 2015
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents related to businesses held for sale
$ 0 
$ (4)
Formation of Genworth and Basis of Presentation
Formation of Genworth and Basis of Presentation

(1) Formation of Genworth and Basis of Presentation

Genworth Holdings, Inc. (“Genworth Holdings”) (formerly known as Genworth Financial, Inc.) was incorporated in Delaware in 2003 in preparation for an initial public offering of Genworth common stock, which was completed on May 28, 2004. On April 1, 2013, Genworth Holdings completed a holding company reorganization pursuant to which Genworth Holdings became a direct, 100% owned subsidiary of a new public holding company that it had formed. The new public holding company was incorporated in Delaware on December 5, 2012, in connection with the reorganization, and was renamed Genworth Financial, Inc. (“Genworth Financial”) upon the completion of the reorganization.

The accompanying unaudited condensed financial statements include on a consolidated basis the accounts of Genworth Financial and the affiliate companies in which it holds a majority voting interest or where it is the primary beneficiary of a variable interest entity (“VIE”). All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

References to “Genworth,” the “Company,” “we” or “our” in the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements and these notes thereto are, unless the context otherwise requires, to Genworth Financial on a consolidated basis.

We operate our business through the following five operating segments:

 

    U.S. Mortgage Insurance. In the United States, we offer mortgage insurance products predominantly insuring prime-based, individually underwritten residential mortgage loans (“flow mortgage insurance”). We selectively provide mortgage insurance on a bulk basis (“bulk mortgage insurance”) with essentially all of our bulk writings being prime-based.

 

    Canada Mortgage Insurance. We offer flow mortgage insurance and also provide bulk mortgage insurance that aids in the sale of mortgages to the capital markets and helps lenders manage capital and risk in Canada.

 

    Australia Mortgage Insurance. In Australia, we offer flow mortgage insurance and selectively provide bulk mortgage insurance that aids in the sale of mortgages to the capital markets and helps lenders manage capital and risk.

 

    U.S. Life Insurance. We offer long-term care insurance products as well as service traditional life insurance and fixed annuity products in the United States.

 

    Runoff. The Runoff segment includes the results of non-strategic products which are no longer actively sold. Our non-strategic products primarily include our variable annuity, variable life insurance, institutional, corporate-owned life insurance and other accident and health insurance products. Institutional products consist of: funding agreements, funding agreements backing notes and guaranteed investment contracts. We no longer offer retail and group variable annuities but continue to service our existing blocks of business.

In addition to our five operating business segments, we also have Corporate and Other activities which include debt financing expenses that are incurred at the Genworth Holdings level, unallocated corporate income and expenses, eliminations of inter-segment transactions and the results of other businesses that are managed outside of our operating segments, including certain smaller international mortgage insurance businesses and discontinued operations.

 

On December 1, 2015, we completed the sale of our lifestyle protection insurance business, which had previously been designated as a non-core business. Prior to its sale, our lifestyle protection insurance business was reported as discontinued operations and its financial position, results of operations and cash flows were separately reported for all periods presented. All prior periods reflected herein have been re-presented on this basis. See note 12 for additional information.

On October 27, 2015, we announced that Genworth Mortgage Insurance Company (“GMICO”), our wholly-owned indirect subsidiary, entered into an agreement to sell our European mortgage insurance business. As the held-for-sale criteria were satisfied during the fourth quarter of 2015, our European mortgage insurance business, included in Corporate and Other activities, has been reported as held for sale and its financial position is separately reported for all periods presented. All prior periods reflected herein have been re-presented on this basis. See note 12 for additional information.

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements are unaudited and have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”) and rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Preparing financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect reported amounts and related disclosures. Actual results could differ from those estimates. These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include all adjustments (including normal recurring adjustments) considered necessary by management to present a fair statement of the financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented. The results reported in these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should not be regarded as necessarily indicative of results that may be expected for the entire year. The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements included herein should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and related notes contained in our 2015 Annual Report on Form 10-K. Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current year presentation.

We have revised our condensed consolidated statement of cash flows previously reported in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the three months ended March 31, 2015 to reflect a correction related to the calculation of the change in reinsurance recoverable that impacted the lines “insurance reserves” and “other liabilities, policy and contract claims and other policy-related balances.” As a result, the change in insurance reserves decreased by $171 million and the change in other liabilities, policy and contract claims and other policy-related balances increased by $171 million. The revisions had no impact on net cash flows from operating activities or the total change in cash and cash equivalents within our condensed consolidated statement of cash flows. Additionally, there was no impact on our unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheet or unaudited condensed consolidated statement of income.

Accounting Changes
Accounting Changes

(2) Accounting Changes

Accounting Pronouncement Recently Adopted

On January 1, 2016, we adopted new accounting guidance related to consolidation. The new guidance primarily impacts limited partnerships and similar legal entities, evaluation of fees paid to a decision maker as a variable interest, the effect of fee arrangements and related parties on the primary beneficiary determination and certain investment funds. The adoption of this new guidance did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

 

Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted

In March 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the “FASB”) issued new accounting guidance related to the accounting for stock compensation. The guidance primarily simplifies the accounting for employee share-based payment transactions, including a new requirement to record all of the income tax effects at settlement or expiration through the income statement, classification of awards as either equity or liabilities, and classification on the statement of cash flows. The guidance is effective for us on January 1, 2017, with early adoption permitted. We are in the process of determining the impact from this guidance on our consolidated financial statements.

In March 2016, the FASB issued new accounting guidance related to transition to the equity method of accounting. The guidance eliminates the retrospective application of the equity method of accounting when obtaining significant influence over a previously held investment. The guidance requires that an entity that has an available-for-sale equity security that becomes qualified for the equity method of accounting recognize through earnings the unrealized holding gain or loss in accumulated other comprehensive income at the date the investment becomes qualified for use of the equity method. The guidance is effective for us on January 1, 2017, with early adoption permitted. We do not expect any significant impact from this guidance on our consolidated financial statements.

In March 2016, the FASB issued new accounting guidance related to the assessment of contingent put and call options in debt instruments. The guidance clarifies the requirements for assessing whether contingent call (put) options that can accelerate the payment of principal on debt instruments are clearly and closely related to their debt hosts. An entity performing the assessment under the amendments in this update is required to assess the embedded call (put) options solely in accordance with the four-step decision sequence. The guidance is effective for us on January 1, 2017, with early adoption permitted. We are in the process of determining the impact from this guidance on our consolidated financial statements.

In March 2016, the FASB issued new accounting guidance related to the effect of derivative contract novations on existing hedge accounting relationships. The guidance clarifies that a change in the counterparty to a derivative instrument that has been designated as the hedging instrument does not, in and of itself, require dedesignation of that hedging relationship provided that all other hedge accounting criteria continue to be met. The guidance is effective for us on January 1, 2017, with early adoption permitted. This guidance is consistent with our accounting for derivative contract novations and, accordingly, we do not expect any impact on our consolidated financial statements.

In February 2016, the FASB issued new accounting guidance related to the accounting for leases. The new guidance generally requires lessees to recognize both a right-to-use asset and a corresponding liability on the balance sheet. The guidance is effective for us on January 1, 2019, with early adoption permitted. We are still in the process of evaluating the impact this guidance will have on our consolidated financial statements.

Earnings (Loss) Per Share
Earnings (Loss) Per Share

(3) Earnings (Loss) Per Share

Basic and diluted earnings (loss) per share are calculated by dividing each income (loss) category presented below by the weighted-average basic and diluted common shares outstanding for the periods indicated:

 

     Three months ended
March 31,
 

(Amounts in millions, except per share amounts)

   2016      2015  

Weighted-average shares used in basic earnings (loss) per common share calculations

     498.0        497.0  

Potentially dilutive securities:

     

Stock options, restricted stock units and stock appreciation rights

     1.4        1.9  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Weighted-average shares used in diluted earnings (loss) per common share calculations

     499.4        498.9  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Income from continuing operations:

     

Income from continuing operations

   $ 127      $ 203  

Less: income from continuing operations attributable to noncontrolling interests

     55        50  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Income from continuing operations available to Genworth Financial, Inc.’s common stockholders

   $ 72      $ 153  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Basic per common share

   $ 0.14      $ 0.31  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Diluted per common share

   $ 0.14      $ 0.31  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Income (loss) from discontinued operations:

     

Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of taxes

   $ (19    $ 1  

Less: income from discontinued operations, net of taxes, attributable to noncontrolling interests

     —          —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of taxes, available to Genworth Financial, Inc.’s common stockholders

   $ (19    $ 1  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Basic per common share

   $ (0.04    $ —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Diluted per common share

   $ (0.04    $ —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net income:

     

Income from continuing operations

   $ 127      $ 203  

Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of taxes

     (19      1  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net income

     108        204  

Less: net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

     55        50  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net income available to Genworth Financial, Inc.’s common stockholders

   $ 53      $ 154  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Basic per common share

   $ 0.11      $ 0.31  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Diluted per common share

   $ 0.11      $ 0.31  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
Investments
Investments

(4) Investments

(a) Net Investment Income

Sources of net investment income were as follows for the periods indicated:

 

     Three months ended
March 31,
 

(Amounts in millions)

   2016      2015  

Fixed maturity securities—taxable

   $ 641      $ 632  

Fixed maturity securities—non-taxable

     3        3  

Commercial mortgage loans

     81        85  

Restricted commercial mortgage loans related to securitization entities

     2        4  

Equity securities

     5        4  

Other invested assets

     38        40  

Restricted other invested assets related to securitization entities

     2        1  

Policy loans

     35        33  

Cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments

     5        3  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Gross investment income before expenses and fees

     812        805  

Expenses and fees

     (23      (24
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net investment income

   $ 789      $ 781  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

(b) Net Investment Gains (Losses)

The following table sets forth net investment gains (losses) for the periods indicated:

 

     Three months ended
March 31,
 

(Amounts in millions)

   2016      2015  

Available-for-sale securities:

     

Realized gains

   $ 16      $ 15  

Realized losses

     (23      (12
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net realized gains (losses) on available-for-sale securities

     (7      3  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Impairments:

     

Total other-than-temporary impairments

     (11      (3

Portion of other-than-temporary impairments included in other comprehensive income (loss)

     —          —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net other-than-temporary impairments

     (11      (3
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Trading securities

     28        6  

Commercial mortgage loans

     1        2  

Net gains (losses) related to securitization entities

     8        8  

Derivative instruments (1)

     (38      (32
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net investment gains (losses)

   $ (19    $ (16
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1)  See note 5 for additional information on the impact of derivative instruments included in net investment gains (losses).

 

We generally intend to hold securities in unrealized loss positions until they recover. However, from time to time, our intent on an individual security may change, based upon market or other unforeseen developments. In such instances, we sell securities in the ordinary course of managing our portfolio to meet diversification, credit quality, yield and liquidity requirements. If a loss is recognized from a sale subsequent to a balance sheet date due to these unexpected developments, the loss is recognized in the period in which we determined that we have the intent to sell the securities or it is more likely than not that we will be required to sell the securities prior to recovery. The aggregate fair value of securities sold at a loss during the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 was $240 million and $139 million, respectively, which was approximately 91% and 93%, respectively, of book value.

The following represents the activity for credit losses recognized in net income on debt securities where an other-than-temporary impairment was identified and a portion of other-than-temporary impairments was included in other comprehensive income (loss) (“OCI”) as of and for the three months ended March 31:

 

(Amounts in millions)

   2016      2015  

Beginning balance

   $ 64      $ 83  

Reductions:

     

Securities sold, paid down or disposed

     (1      (5
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Ending balance

   $ 63      $ 78  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

(c) Unrealized Investment Gains and Losses

Net unrealized gains and losses on available-for-sale investment securities reflected as a separate component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) were as follows as of the dates indicated:

 

(Amounts in millions)

   March 31, 2016      December 31, 2015  

Net unrealized gains (losses) on investment securities:

     

Fixed maturity securities

   $ 4,767      $ 3,140  

Equity securities

     (23      (10
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Subtotal

     4,744        3,130  

Adjustments to deferred acquisition costs, present value of future profits, sales inducements and benefit reserves

     (1,439      (1,070

Income taxes, net

     (1,153      (711
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net unrealized investment gains (losses)

     2,152        1,349  

Less: net unrealized investment gains (losses) attributable to noncontrolling interests

     95        95  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net unrealized investment gains (losses) attributable to Genworth Financial, Inc.

   $ 2,057      $ 1,254  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

The change in net unrealized gains (losses) on available-for-sale investment securities reported in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) was as follows as of and for the three months ended March 31:

 

(Amounts in millions)

   2016      2015  

Beginning balance

   $ 1,254      $ 2,453  

Unrealized gains (losses) arising during the period:

     

Unrealized gains (losses) on investment securities

     1,596        943  

Adjustment to deferred acquisition costs

     (142      (98

Adjustment to present value of future profits

     (34      (20

Adjustment to sales inducements

     (19      (15

Adjustment to benefit reserves

     (174      (323

Provision for income taxes

     (436      (162
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Change in unrealized gains (losses) on investment securities

     791        325  

Reclassification adjustments to net investment (gains) losses, net of taxes of $(6) and $—

     12        —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Change in net unrealized investment gains (losses)

     803        325  

Less: change in net unrealized investment gains (losses) attributable to noncontrolling interests

     —          30  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Ending balance

   $ 2,057      $ 2,748  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(d) Fixed Maturity and Equity Securities

As of March 31, 2016, the amortized cost or cost, gross unrealized gains (losses) and fair value of our fixed maturity and equity securities classified as available-for-sale were as follows:

 

          Gross unrealized gains     Gross unrealized losses        

(Amounts in millions)

  Amortized
cost or
cost
    Not other-than-
temporarily
impaired
    Other-than-
temporarily
impaired
    Not other-than-
temporarily
impaired
    Other-than-
temporarily
impaired
    Fair
value
 

Fixed maturity securities:

           

U.S. government, agencies and government-sponsored enterprises

  $ 5,389     $ 1,135     $ —       $     $ —       $ 6,524  

State and political subdivisions

    2,272       262       —         (17     —         2,517  

Non-U.S. government

    1,944       138       —         (2     —         2,080  

U.S. corporate:

           

Utilities

    3,752       530       —         (13     —         4,269  

Energy

    2,193       85       —         (114     —         2,164  

Finance and insurance

    5,357       476       10       (28     —         5,815  

Consumer—non-cyclical

    3,838       522       —         (6     —         4,354  

Technology and communications

    2,147       175       —         (22     —         2,300  

Industrial

    1,165       82       —         (22     —         1,225  

Capital goods

    1,801       254       —         (5     —         2,050  

Consumer—cyclical

    1,568       135       —         (11     —         1,692  

Transportation

    1,035       105       —         (8     —         1,132  

Other

    362       29       —         (3     —         388  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total U.S. corporate

    23,218       2,393       10       (232     —         25,389  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Non-U.S. corporate:

           

Utilities

    1,038       56       —         (10     —         1,084  

Energy

    1,459       48       —         (70     —         1,437  

Finance and insurance

    2,471       154       —         (6     —         2,619  

Consumer—non-cyclical

    735       36       —         (5     —         766  

Technology and communications

    994       59       —         (14     —         1,039  

Industrial

    1,047       32       —         (45     —         1,034  

Capital goods

    594       31       —         (15     —         610  

Consumer—cyclical

    538       10       —         (4     —         544  

Transportation

    561       62       —         (3     —         620  

Other

    2,669       224       —         (17     —         2,876  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total non-U.S. corporate

    12,106       712       —         (189     —         12,629  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Residential mortgage-backed

    4,716       403       9       (6     —         5,122  

Commercial mortgage-backed

    2,588       133       3       (10     (1     2,713  

Other asset-backed

    3,381       12       1       (78     —         3,316  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total fixed maturity securities

    55,614       5,188       23       (534     (1     60,290  

Equity securities

    461       12       —         (42     —         431  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total available-for-sale securities

  $ 56,075     $ 5,200     $ 23     $ (576   $ (1   $ 60,721  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

As of December 31, 2015, the amortized cost or cost, gross unrealized gains (losses) and fair value of our fixed maturity and equity securities classified as available-for-sale were as follows:

 

          Gross unrealized gains     Gross unrealized losses        

(Amounts in millions)

  Amortized
cost or
cost
    Not other-than-
temporarily
impaired
    Other-than-
temporarily
impaired
    Not other-than-
temporarily
impaired
    Other-than-
temporarily
impaired
    Fair
value
 

Fixed maturity securities:

           

U.S. government, agencies and government-sponsored enterprises

  $ 5,487     $ 732     $ —       $ (16   $ —       $ 6,203  

State and political subdivisions

    2,287       181       —         (30     —         2,438  

Non-U.S. government

    1,910       110       —         (5     —         2,015  

U.S. corporate:

           

Utilities

    3,355       364       —         (26     —         3,693  

Energy

    2,560       103       —         (162     —         2,501  

Finance and insurance

    5,268       392       15       (43     —         5,632  

Consumer—non-cyclical

    3,755       371       —         (30     —         4,096  

Technology and communications

    2,108       123       —         (38     —         2,193  

Industrial

    1,164       53       —         (44     —         1,173  

Capital goods

    1,774       188       —         (12     —         1,950  

Consumer—cyclical

    1,602       95       —         (22     —         1,675  

Transportation

    1,023       75       —         (12     —         1,086  

Other

    385       22       —         (5     —         402  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total U.S. corporate

    22,994       1,786       15       (394     —         24,401  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Non-U.S. corporate:

           

Utilities

    815       37       —         (9     —         843  

Energy

    1,700       64       —         (78     —         1,686  

Finance and insurance

    2,327       152       2       (8     —         2,473  

Consumer—non-cyclical

    746       24       —         (18     —         752  

Technology and communications

    978       36       —         (26     —         988  

Industrial

    1,063       19       —         (96     —         986  

Capital goods

    602       19       —         (17     —         604  

Consumer—cyclical

    522       8       —         (4     —         526  

Transportation

    559       52       —         (6     —         605  

Other

    2,574       187       —         (25     —         2,736  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total non-U.S. corporate

    11,886       598       2       (287     —         12,199  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Residential mortgage-backed

    4,777       330       11       (17     —         5,101  

Commercial mortgage-backed

    2,492       84       3       (20     —         2,559  

Other asset-backed

    3,328       11       1       (59     —         3,281  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total fixed maturity securities

    55,161       3,832       32       (828     —         58,197  

Equity securities

    325       8       —         (23     —         310  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total available-for-sale securities

  $ 55,486     $ 3,840     $ 32     $ (851   $ —       $ 58,507  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

The following table presents the gross unrealized losses and fair values of our investment securities, aggregated by investment type and length of time that individual investment securities have been in a continuous unrealized loss position, as of March 31, 2016:

 

    Less than 12 months     12 months or more     Total  

(Dollar amounts in millions)

  Fair
value
    Gross
unrealized
losses
    Number of
securities
    Fair
value
    Gross
unrealized
losses 
(1)
    Number of
securities
    Fair
value
    Gross
unrealized
losses 
(1)
    Number of
securities
 

Description of Securities

                 

Fixed maturity securities:

                 

State and political subdivisions

  $ —       $ —         —       $ 202     $ (17     19     $ 202     $ (17     19  

Non-U.S. government

    93       (2     17       —         —          —         93       (2     17  

U.S. corporate

    2,610       (141     344       1,203       (91     167       3,813       (232     511  

Non-U.S. corporate

    1,665       (87     209       700       (102     102       2,365       (189     311  

Residential mortgage-backed

    349       (2     48       104       (4     35       453       (6     83  

Commercial mortgage-backed

    331       (8     58       113       (3     23       444       (11     81  

Other asset-backed

    1,741       (36     320       368       (42     63       2,109       (78     383  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Subtotal, fixed maturity securities

    6,789       (276     996       2,690       (259     409       9,479       (535     1,405  

Equity securities

    136       (25     170       59       (17     29       195       (42     199  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total for securities in an unrealized loss position

  $ 6,925     $ (301     1,166     $ 2,749     $ (276     438     $ 9,674     $ (577     1,604  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

% Below cost—fixed maturity securities:

                 

<20% Below cost

  $ 6,677     $ (229     974     $ 2,410     $ (127     362     $ 9,087     $ (356     1,336  

20%-50% Below cost

    110       (44     19       272       (120     43       382       (164     62  

>50% Below cost

    2       (3     3       8       (12     4       10       (15     7  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total fixed maturity securities

    6,789       (276     996       2,690       (259     409       9,479       (535     1,405  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

% Below cost—equity securities:

                 

<20% Below cost

    83       (7     152       12       —          6       95       (7     158  

20%-50% Below cost

    53       (18     18       47       (17     23       100       (35     41  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total equity securities

    136       (25     170       59       (17     29       195       (42     199  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total for securities in an unrealized loss position

  $ 6,925     $ (301     1,166     $ 2,749     $ (276     438     $ 9,674     $ (577     1,604  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Investment grade

  $ 5,974     $ (207     892     $ 2,362     $ (172     357     $ 8,336     $ (379     1,249  

Below investment grade (2)

    951       (94     274       387       (104     81       1,338       (198     355  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total for securities in an unrealized loss position

  $ 6,925     $ (301     1,166     $ 2,749     $ (276     438     $ 9,674     $ (577     1,604  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1)  Amounts included $1 million of unrealized losses on other-than-temporarily impaired securities.
(2)  Amounts that have been in a continuous unrealized loss position for 12 months or more included $1 million of unrealized losses on other-than-temporarily impaired securities.

 

The following table presents the gross unrealized losses and fair values of our corporate securities, aggregated by investment type and length of time that individual investment securities have been in a continuous unrealized loss position, based on industry, as of March 31, 2016:

 

    Less than 12 months     12 months or more     Total  

(Dollar amounts in millions)

  Fair
value
    Gross
unrealized
losses
    Number of
securities
    Fair
value
    Gross
unrealized
losses
    Number of
securities
    Fair
value
    Gross
unrealized
losses
    Number of
securities
 

Description of Securities

                 

U.S. corporate:

                 

Utilities

  $ 214     $ (9     31     $ 101     $ (4     16     $ 315     $ (13     47  

Energy

    961       (83     131       171       (31     27       1,132       (114     158  

Finance and insurance

    489       (9     55       322       (19     41       811       (28     96  

Consumer—non-cyclical

    128       (2     16       124       (4     20       252       (6     36  

Technology and communications

    268       (13     36       133       (9     18       401       (22     54  

Industrial

    195       (12     24       102       (10     17       297       (22     41  

Capital goods

    52       (2     11       61       (3     8       113       (5     19  

Consumer—cyclical

    173       (7     22       102       (4     12       275       (11     34  

Transportation

    83       (2     15       78       (6     7       161       (8     22  

Other

    47       (2     3       9       (1     1       56       (3     4  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Subtotal, U.S. corporate securities

    2,610       (141     344       1,203       (91     167       3,813       (232     511  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Non-U.S. corporate:

                 

Utilities

    122       (7     18       31       (3     4       153       (10     22  

Energy

    420       (38     43       129       (32     23       549       (70     66  

Finance and insurance

    244       (2     37       81       (4     11       325       (6     48  

Consumer—non-cyclical

    88       (2     8       95       (3     9       183       (5     17  

Technology and communications

    160       (5     14       45       (9     8       205       (14     22  

Industrial

    282       (19     42       163       (26     23       445       (45     65  

Capital goods

    68       (5     10       41       (10     7       109       (15     17  

Consumer—cyclical

    94       (4     10       —         —         —         94       (4     10  

Transportation

    77       (2     11       21       (1     3       98       (3     14  

Other

    110       (3     16       94       (14     14       204       (17     30  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Subtotal, non-U.S. corporate securities

    1,665       (87     209       700       (102     102       2,365       (189     311  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total for corporate securities in an unrealized loss position

  $ 4,275     $ (228     553     $ 1,903     $ (193     269     $ 6,178     $ (421     822  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

As indicated in the tables above, the majority of the securities in a continuous unrealized loss position for less than 12 months were investment grade and less than 20% below cost. These unrealized losses were primarily attributable to increased market volatility, mostly concentrated in our corporate securities. For securities that have been in a continuous unrealized loss position for less than 12 months, the average fair value percentage below cost was approximately 4% as of March 31, 2016.

Fixed Maturity Securities In A Continuous Unrealized Loss Position For 12 Months Or More

Of the $127 million of unrealized losses on fixed maturity securities in a continuous unrealized loss for 12 months or more that were less than 20% below cost, the weighted-average rating was “BBB” and approximately 81% of the unrealized losses were related to investment grade securities as of March 31, 2016. These unrealized losses were predominantly attributable to corporate securities including fixed rate securities purchased in a lower rate environment and variable rate securities purchased in a higher rate and lower spread environment. The average fair value percentage below cost for these securities was approximately 5% as of March 31, 2016. See below for additional discussion related to fixed maturity securities that have been in a continuous unrealized loss position for 12 months or more with a fair value that was more than 20% below cost.

 

The following tables present the concentration of gross unrealized losses and fair values of fixed maturity securities that were more than 20% below cost and in a continuous unrealized loss position for 12 months or more by asset class as of March 31, 2016:

 

    Investment Grade  
    20% to 50%     Greater than 50%  

(Dollar amounts in millions)

  Fair
value
    Gross
unrealized
losses
    % of total
gross
unrealized
losses
    Number of
securities
    Fair
value
    Gross
unrealized
losses
    % of total
gross
unrealized
losses
    Number of
securities
 

Fixed maturity securities:

               

State and political subdivisions

  $ 9     $ (3     1     1     $ —       $ —         —       —    

U.S. corporate:

               

Energy

    15       (7     1       2       —         —         —         —    

Finance and insurance

    10       (5     1       1       —         —         —         —    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total U.S. corporate

    25       (12     2       3       —         —         —         —    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Non-U.S. corporate:

               

Energy

    19       (7     1       2       —         —         —         —    

Industrial

    17       (6     1       2       —         —         —         —    

Other

    6       (1     —         1       —         —         —         —    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total non-U.S. corporate

    42       (14     2       5       —         —         —         —    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Structured securities:

               

Other asset-backed

    64       (27     5       4       —         —         —         —    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total structured securities

    64       (27     5       4       —         —         —         —    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

  $ 140     $ (56     10     13     $ —       $ —         —       —    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
    Below Investment Grade  
    20% to 50%     Greater than 50%  

(Dollar amounts in millions)

  Fair
value
    Gross
unrealized
losses
    % of total
gross
unrealized
losses
    Number of
securities
    Fair
value
    Gross
unrealized
losses
    % of total
gross
unrealized
losses
    Number of
securities
 

Fixed maturity securities:

               

U.S. corporate:

               

Energy

  $ 18     $ (7     1     5     $ —       $ —         —       —    

Finance and insurance

    7       (3     1        1       —         —         —          —    

Technology and communications

    6       (2     —          2       —         —         —          —    

Industrial

    6       (3     1        1       —         —         —          —    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total U.S. corporate

    37       (15     3       9       —         —         —         —    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Non-U.S. corporate:

               

Utilities

    3       (2     —         1       —         —         —         —    

Energy

    45       (22     4       9       —         —         —         —    

Technology and communications

    —         —         —         —         3       (6     1       2  

Industrial

    21       (11     2       6       —         —         —         —    

Capital goods

    3       (2     —         1       5       (6     1       2  

Other

    15       (5     1       3       —         —         —         —    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total non-U.S. corporate

    87       (42     7       20       8       (12     2       4  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Structured securities:

               

Other asset-backed

    8       (7     1       1       —         —         —         —    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total structured securities

    8       (7     1       1       —         —         —         —    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

  $ 132     $ (64     11      30     $ 8     $ (12         4  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

For all securities in an unrealized loss position, we expect to recover the amortized cost based on our estimate of the amount and timing of cash flows to be collected. We do not intend to sell nor do we expect that we will be required to sell these securities prior to recovering our amortized cost. See below for further discussion of gross unrealized losses by asset class.

Non-U.S. corporate

As indicated above, $68 million of gross unrealized losses were related to non-U.S. corporate fixed maturity securities that have been in an unrealized loss position for more than 12 months and were more than 20% below cost. Of the total unrealized losses for non-U.S. corporate fixed maturity securities, $29 million, or 43%, related to the energy sector and $17 million, or 25%, related to the industrial sector. Reduced overseas demand for oil and metals has led to a decline in commodities pricing, adversely impacting the fair value of these securities.

We expect that our investments in non-U.S. corporate securities will continue to perform in accordance with our expectations about the amount and timing of estimated cash flows. Although we do not anticipate such events, it is reasonably possible that issuers of our investments in non-U.S. corporate securities may perform worse than current expectations. Such events may lead us to recognize write-downs within our portfolio of non-U.S. corporate securities in the future.

Structured Securities

Of the $34 million of unrealized losses related to structured securities that have been in an unrealized loss position for 12 months or more and were more than 20% below cost, none related to other-than-temporarily impaired securities where the unrealized losses represented the portion of the other-than-temporary impairment recognized in OCI. The extent and duration of the unrealized loss position on our structured securities was primarily due to credit spreads that have widened since acquisition. Additionally, the fair value of certain structured securities has been impacted from high risk premiums being incorporated into the valuation as a result of the amount of potential losses that may be absorbed by the security in the event of additional deterioration in the U.S. economy.

While we consider the length of time each security had been in an unrealized loss position, the extent of the unrealized loss position and any significant declines in fair value subsequent to the balance sheet date in our evaluation of impairment for each of these individual securities, the primary factor in our evaluation of impairment is the expected performance for each of these securities. Our evaluation of expected performance is based on the historical performance of the associated securitization trust as well as the historical performance of the underlying collateral. Our examination of the historical performance of the securitization trust included consideration of the following factors for each class of securities issued by the trust: (i) the payment history, including failure to make scheduled payments; (ii) current payment status; (iii) current and historical outstanding balances; (iv) current levels of subordination and losses incurred to date; and (v) characteristics of the underlying collateral. Our examination of the historical performance of the underlying collateral included: (i) historical default rates, delinquency rates, voluntary and involuntary prepayments and severity of losses, including recent trends in this information; (ii) current payment status; (iii) loan to collateral value ratios, as applicable; (iv) vintage; and (v) other underlying characteristics such as current financial condition.

We use our assessment of the historical performance of both the securitization trust and the underlying collateral for each security, along with third-party sources, when available, to develop our best estimate of cash flows expected to be collected. These estimates reflect projections for future delinquencies, prepayments, defaults and losses for the assets that collateralize the securitization trust and are used to determine the expected cash flows for our security, based on the payment structure of the trust. Our projection of expected cash flows is primarily based on the expected performance of the underlying assets that collateralize the securitization trust and is not directly impacted by the rating of our security. While we consider the rating of the security as an indicator of the financial condition of the issuer, this factor does not have a significant impact on our expected cash flows for each security. In limited circumstances, our expected cash flows include expected payments from reliable financial guarantors where we believe the financial guarantor will have sufficient assets to pay claims under the financial guarantee when the cash flows from the securitization trust are not sufficient to make scheduled payments. We then discount the expected cash flows using the effective yield of each security to determine the present value of expected cash flows.

Based on this evaluation, the present value of expected cash flows was greater than or equal to the amortized cost for each security. Accordingly, we determined that the unrealized losses on each of our structured securities represented temporary impairments as of March 31, 2016.

Despite the considerable analysis and rigor employed on our structured securities, it is reasonably possible that the underlying collateral of these investments may perform worse than current market expectations. Such events may lead to adverse changes in cash flows on our holdings of structured securities and future write-downs within our portfolio of structured securities.

 

The following table presents the gross unrealized losses and fair values of our investment securities, aggregated by investment type and length of time that individual investment securities have been in a continuous unrealized loss position, as of December 31, 2015:

 

    Less than 12 months     12 months or more     Total  

(Dollar amounts in millions)

  Fair
value
    Gross
unrealized
losses
    Number of
securities
    Fair
value
    Gross
unrealized
losses
    Number of
securities
    Fair
value
    Gross
unrealized
losses
    Number of
securities
 

Description of Securities

                 

Fixed maturity securities:

                 

U.S. government, agencies and government-sponsored enterprises

  $ 883     $ (16     32     $ —       $ —          —       $ 883     $ (16     32  

State and political subdivisions

    464       (15     81       163       (15     17       627       (30     98  

Non-U.S. government

    366       (5     49       —         —          —         366       (5     49  

U.S. corporate

    5,836       (332     817       466       (62     83       6,302       (394     900  

Non-U.S. corporate

    3,016       (170     400       486       (117     87       3,502       (287     487  

Residential mortgage-backed

    756       (10     88       103       (7     38       859       (17     126  

Commercial mortgage-backed

    780       (19     116       39       (1     13       819       (20     129  

Other asset-backed

    1,944       (22     349       336       (37     55       2,280       (59     404  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Subtotal, fixed maturity securities

    14,045       (589     1,932       1,593       (239     293       15,638       (828     2,225  

Equity securities

    153       (23     64       —         —          —         153       (23     64  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total for securities in an unrealized loss position

  $ 14,198     $ (612     1,996     $ 1,593     $ (239     293     $ 15,791     $ (851     2,289  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

% Below cost—fixed maturity securities:

                 

<20% Below cost

  $ 13,726     $ (472     1,877     $ 1,259     $ (78     238     $ 14,985     $ (550     2,115  

20%-50% Below cost

    319       (116     54       316       (139     50       635       (255     104  

>50% Below cost

    —         (1     1       18       (22     5       18       (23     6  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total fixed maturity securities

    14,045       (589     1,932       1,593       (239     293       15,638       (828     2,225  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

% Below cost—equity securities:

                 

<20% Below cost

    133       (18     56       —         —          —         133       (18     56  

20%-50% Below cost

    20       (5     8       —         —          —         20       (5     8  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total equity securities

    153       (23     64       —         —          —         153       (23     64  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total for securities in an unrealized loss position

  $ 14,198     $ (612     1,996     $ 1,593     $ (239     293     $ 15,791     $ (851     2,289  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Investment grade

  $ 13,342     $ (524     1,834     $ 1,245     $ (135     225     $ 14,587     $ (659     2,059  

Below investment grade

    856       (88     162       348       (104     68       1,204       (192     230  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total for securities in an unrealized loss position

  $ 14,198     $ (612     1,996     $ 1,593     $ (239     293     $ 15,791     $ (851     2,289  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

The following table presents the gross unrealized losses and fair values of our corporate securities, aggregated by investment type and length of time that individual investment securities have been in a continuous unrealized loss position, based on industry, as of December 31, 2015:

 

    Less than 12 months     12 months or more     Total  

(Dollar amounts in millions)

  Fair
value
    Gross
unrealized
losses
    Number of
securities
    Fair
value
    Gross
unrealized
losses
    Number of
securities
    Fair
value
    Gross
unrealized
losses
    Number of
securities
 

Description of Securities

                 

U.S. corporate:

                 

Utilities

  $ 485     $ (25     74     $ 14     $ (1     7     $ 499     $ (26     81  

Energy

    1,162       (134     163       131       (28     22       1,293       (162     185  

Finance and insurance

    1,142       (35     160       94       (8     15       1,236       (43     175  

Consumer—non-cyclical

    836       (26     107       51       (4     10       887       (30     117  

Technology and communications

    658       (36     95       23       (2     5       681       (38     100  

Industrial

    476       (33     64       44       (11     9       520       (44     73  

Capital goods

    293       (10     48       26       (2     4       319       (12     52  

Consumer—cyclical

    427       (18     60       63       (4     10       490       (22     70  

Transportation

    273       (10     38       20       (2     1       293       (12     39  

Other

    84       (5     8       —         —         —         84       (5     8  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Subtotal, U.S. corporate securities

    5,836       (332     817       466       (62     83       6,302       (394     900  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Non-U.S. corporate:

                 

Utilities

    130       (6     20       32       (3     6       162       (9     26  

Energy

    589       (48     71       127       (30     20       716       (78     91  

Finance and insurance

    478       (7     77       30       (1     8       508       (8     85  

Consumer—non-cyclical

    261       (14     27       37       (4     4       298       (18     31  

Technology and communications

    324       (15     37       33       (11     9       357       (26     46  

Industrial

    495       (54     67       110       (42     18       605       (96     85  

Capital goods

    154       (8     22       41       (9     9       195       (17     31  

Consumer—cyclical

    155       (4     20       —         —         —         155       (4     20  

Transportation

    147       (6     17       —         —         —         147       (6     17  

Other

    283       (8     42       76       (17     13       359       (25     55  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Subtotal, non-U.S. corporate securities

    3,016       (170     400       486       (117     87       3,502       (287     487  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total for corporate securities in an unrealized loss position

  $ 8,852     $ (502     1,217     $ 952     $ (179     170     $ 9,804     $ (681     1,387  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

The scheduled maturity distribution of fixed maturity securities as of March 31, 2016 is set forth below. Actual maturities may differ from contractual maturities because issuers of securities may have the right to call or prepay obligations with or without call or prepayment penalties.

 

(Amounts in millions)

   Amortized
cost or cost
     Fair
value
 

Due one year or less

   $ 1,861      $ 1,879  

Due after one year through five years

     10,268        10,730  

Due after five years through ten years

     11,505        11,964  

Due after ten years

     21,295        24,566  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Subtotal

     44,929        49,139  

Residential mortgage-backed

     4,716        5,122  

Commercial mortgage-backed

     2,588        2,713  

Other asset-backed

     3,381        3,316  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 55,614      $ 60,290  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

As of March 31, 2016, $8,405 million of our investments (excluding mortgage-backed and asset-backed securities) were subject to certain call provisions.

As of March 31, 2016, securities issued by finance and insurance, utilities and consumer—non-cyclical industry groups represented approximately 22%, 14% and 13%, respectively, of our domestic and foreign corporate fixed maturity securities portfolio. No other industry group comprised more than 10% of our investment portfolio.

As of March 31, 2016, we did not hold any fixed maturity securities in any single issuer, other than securities issued or guaranteed by the U.S. government, which exceeded 10% of stockholders’ equity.

(e) Commercial Mortgage Loans

Our mortgage loans are collateralized by commercial properties, including multi-family residential buildings. The carrying value of commercial mortgage loans is stated at original cost net of principal payments, amortization and allowance for loan losses.

We diversify our commercial mortgage loans by both property type and geographic region. The following tables set forth the distribution across property type and geographic region for commercial mortgage loans as of the dates indicated:

 

     March 31, 2016     December 31, 2015  

(Amounts in millions)

   Carrying
value
     % of
total
    Carrying
value
     % of
total
 

Property type:

          

Retail

   $ 2,118        34   $ 2,116        34

Industrial

     1,582        25       1,562        25  

Office

     1,527        25       1,516        24  

Apartments

     445        7       465        8  

Mixed use

     233        4       234        4  

Other

     291        5       294        5  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Subtotal

     6,196        100     6,187        100
     

 

 

      

 

 

 

Unamortized balance of loan origination fees and costs

     (2        (2   

Allowance for losses

     (15        (15   
  

 

 

      

 

 

    

Total

   $ 6,179        $ 6,170     
  

 

 

      

 

 

    
     March 31, 2016     December 31, 2015  
     Carrying      % of     Carrying      % of  

(Amounts in millions)

   value      total     value      total  

Geographic region:

          

Pacific

   $ 1,589        26   $ 1,581        26

South Atlantic

     1,557        25       1,574        25  

Middle Atlantic

     874        14       890        14  

Mountain

     571        9       585        10  

West North Central

     455        8       416        7  

East North Central

     382        6       386        6  

West South Central

     304        5       294        5  

New England

     269        4       268        4  

East South Central

     195        3       193        3  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Subtotal

     6,196        100     6,187        100
     

 

 

      

 

 

 

Unamortized balance of loan origination fees and costs

     (2        (2   

Allowance for losses

     (15        (15   
  

 

 

      

 

 

    

Total

   $ 6,179        $ 6,170     
  

 

 

      

 

 

    

The following tables set forth the aging of past due commercial mortgage loans by property type as of the dates indicated:

 

    March 31, 2016  

(Amounts in millions)

  31 - 60 days
past due
    61- 90 days
past due
    Greater than
90 days past
due
    Total
past due
    Current     Total  

Property type:

           

Retail

  $ —       $ —       $ —       $ —       $ 2,118     $ 2,118  

Industrial

    14       —         —         14       1,568       1,582  

Office

    —         —         5       5       1,522       1,527  

Apartments

    —         —         —         —         445       445  

Mixed use

    —         —         —         —         233       233  

Other

    —         —         —         —         291       291  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total recorded investment

  $ 14     $ —       $ 5     $ 19     $ 6,177     $ 6,196  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

% of total commercial mortgage loans

    —       —       —       —       100     100
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
    December 31, 2015  

(Amounts in millions)

  31 - 60 days
past due
    61 - 90 days
past due
    Greater than
90 days past
due
    Total
past due
    Current     Total  

Property type:

           

Retail

  $ —       $ —       $ —       $ —       $ 2,116     $ 2,116  

Industrial

    —         —         —         —         1,562       1,562  

Office

    6       —         5       11       1,505       1,516  

Apartments

    —         —         —         —         465       465  

Mixed use

    —         —         —         —         234       234  

Other

    —         —         —         —         294       294  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total recorded investment

  $ 6     $ —       $ 5     $ 11     $ 6,176     $ 6,187  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

% of total commercial mortgage loans

    —       —       —       —       100     100
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

As of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, we had no commercial mortgage loans that were past due for more than 90 days and still accruing interest. We also did not have any commercial mortgage loans that were past due for less than 90 days on non-accrual status as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015.

We evaluate the impairment of commercial mortgage loans on an individual loan basis. As of March 31, 2016, our commercial mortgage loans greater than 90 days past due included loans with appraised values in excess of the recorded investment and the current recorded investment of these loans was expected to be recoverable.

During the three months ended March 31, 2016 and the year ended December 31, 2015, we modified or extended 5 and 21 commercial mortgage loans, respectively, with a total carrying value of $43 million and $110 million, respectively. All of these modifications or extensions were based on current market interest rates, did not result in any forgiveness in the outstanding principal amount owed by the borrower and were not considered troubled debt restructurings.

The following table sets forth the allowance for credit losses and recorded investment in commercial mortgage loans as of or for the periods indicated:

 

     Three months ended  
     March 31,  

(Amounts in millions)

   2016      2015  

Allowance for credit losses:

     

Beginning balance

   $ 15      $ 22  

Charge-offs

     —          (3

Recoveries

     —          —    

Provision

     —          1  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Ending balance

   $ 15      $ 20  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Ending allowance for individually impaired loans

   $ —        $ —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Ending allowance for loans not individually impaired that were evaluated collectively for impairment

   $ 15      $ 20  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Recorded investment:

     

Ending balance

   $ 6,196      $ 6,170  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Ending balance of individually impaired loans

   $ 19      $ 18  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Ending balance of loans not individually impaired that were evaluated collectively for impairment

   $ 6,177      $ 6,152  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

As of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, we had an individually impaired commercial mortgage loan included within the office property type with a recorded investment of $5 million, an unpaid principal balance of $6 million and charge-offs of $1 million, which were recorded in the third quarter of 2015. As of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, we had an individually impaired commercial mortgage loan included within the industrial property type with a recorded investment of $14 million, an unpaid principal balance of $15 million and charge-offs of $1 million, which were recorded in the first quarter of 2014. As of December 31, 2015, this loan had interest income of $1 million.

 

In evaluating the credit quality of commercial mortgage loans, we assess the performance of the underlying loans using both quantitative and qualitative criteria. Certain risks associated with commercial mortgage loans can be evaluated by reviewing both the loan-to-value and debt service coverage ratio to understand both the probability of the borrower not being able to make the necessary loan payments as well as the ability to sell the underlying property for an amount that would enable us to recover our unpaid principal balance in the event of default by the borrower. The average loan-to-value ratio is based on our most recent estimate of the fair value for the underlying property which is evaluated at least annually and updated more frequently if necessary to better indicate risk associated with the loan. A lower loan-to-value indicates that our loan value is more likely to be recovered in the event of default by the borrower if the property was sold. The debt service coverage ratio is based on “normalized” annual net operating income of the property compared to the payments required under the terms of the loan. Normalization allows for the removal of annual one-time events such as capital expenditures, prepaid or late real estate tax payments or non-recurring third-party fees (such as legal, consulting or contract fees). This ratio is evaluated at least annually and updated more frequently if necessary to better indicate risk associated with the loan. A higher debt service coverage ratio indicates the borrower is less likely to default on the loan. The debt service coverage ratio should not be used without considering other factors associated with the borrower, such as the borrower’s liquidity or access to other resources that may result in our expectation that the borrower will continue to make the future scheduled payments.

The following tables set forth the loan-to-value of commercial mortgage loans by property type as of the dates indicated:

 

     March 31, 2016  

(Amounts in millions)

   0% - 50%     51% - 60%     61% - 75%     76% - 100%     Greater
than 100% (1)
    Total  

Property type:

            

Retail

   $ 765     $ 395     $ 866     $ 83     $ 9      $ 2,118  

Industrial

     565       446       502       65       4        1,582  

Office

     499       301       645       68       14        1,527  

Apartments

     178       64       193       10       —          445  

Mixed use

     57       47       125       4       —          233  

Other

     61       62       168       —          —          291  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total recorded investment

   $ 2,125     $ 1,315     $ 2,499     $ 230     $ 27      $ 6,196  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

% of total

     34     21     40     4     1     100
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted-average debt service coverage ratio

     2.16       1.83       1.56       1.08       0.45        1.80  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1)  Included $27 million of loans in good standing, where borrowers continued to make timely payments, with a total weighted-average loan-to-value of 119%.

 

     December 31, 2015  

(Amounts in millions)

   0% - 50%     51% - 60%     61% - 75%     76% - 100%     Greater
than 100% (1)
    Total  

Property type:

            

Retail

   $ 785     $ 417     $ 800     $ 103     $ 11      $ 2,116  

Industrial

     515       478       499       65       5        1,562  

Office

     493       341       580       83       19        1,516  

Apartments

     196       66       182       21       —          465  

Mixed use

     56       48       124       3       3        234  

Other

     54       55       185       —         —          294  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total recorded investment

   $ 2,099     $ 1,405     $ 2,370     $ 275     $ 38      $ 6,187  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

% of total

     34     23     38     4     1     100
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted-average debt service coverage ratio

     2.13       1.82       1.57       1.12       0.55        1.79  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1)  Included $38 million of loans in good standing, where borrowers continued to make timely payments, with a total weighted-average loan-to-value of 123%.

The following tables set forth the debt service coverage ratio for fixed rate commercial mortgage loans by property type as of the dates indicated:

 

     March 31, 2016  

(Amounts in millions)

   Less than 1.00     1.00 - 1.25     1.26 - 1.50     1.51 - 2.00     Greater
than 2.00
    Total  

Property type:

            

Retail

   $ 66     $ 226     $ 435     $ 880     $ 511     $ 2,118  

Industrial

     85       180       214       697       406       1,582  

Office

     72       105       195       804       351       1,527  

Apartments

     4       38       70       201       132       445  

Mixed use

     3       12       28       134       56       233  

Other

     —         58       145       59       29       291  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total recorded investment

   $ 230     $ 619     $ 1,087     $ 2,775     $ 1,485     $ 6,196  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

% of total

     4     10     17     45     24     100
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted-average loan-to-value

     74     64     60     57     43     56
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     December 31, 2015  

(Amounts in millions)

   Less than 1.00     1.00 - 1.25     1.26 - 1.50     1.51 - 2.00     Greater
than 2.00
    Total  

Property type:

            

Retail

   $ 67     $ 221     $ 433     $ 882     $ 513     $ 2,116  

Industrial

     94       181       208       672       407       1,562