GREIF INC, 10-Q filed on 6/9/2016
Quarterly Report
Document and Entity Information
6 Months Ended
Apr. 30, 2016
Jun. 6, 2016
Class A Common Stock [Member]
Jun. 6, 2016
Class B Common Stock [Member]
Document Information [Line Items]
 
 
 
Document Type
10-Q 
 
 
Amendment Flag
false 
 
 
Document Period End Date
Apr. 30, 2016 
 
 
Document Fiscal Year Focus
2016 
 
 
Document Fiscal Period Focus
Q2 
 
 
Trading Symbol
GEF 
 
 
Entity Registrant Name
GREIF INC 
 
 
Entity Central Index Key
0000043920 
 
 
Current Fiscal Year End Date
--10-31 
 
 
Entity Filer Category
Large Accelerated Filer 
 
 
Entity Common Stock, Shares Outstanding
 
25,781,791 
22,009,725 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income (USD $)
3 Months Ended 6 Months Ended
Apr. 30, 2016
Apr. 30, 2015
Apr. 30, 2016
Apr. 30, 2015
Net sales
$ 839,600,000 
$ 915,900,000 
$ 1,611,000,000 
$ 1,818,200,000 
Cost of products sold
665,900,000 
734,800,000 
1,286,000,000 
1,483,200,000 
Gross profit
173,700,000 
181,100,000 
325,000,000 
335,000,000 
Selling, general and administrative expenses
94,500,000 
108,500,000 
187,700,000 
220,300,000 
Restructuring charges
5,400,000 
7,300,000 
7,700,000 
10,500,000 
Timberland gains
(24,300,000)
(24,300,000)
Non-cash asset impairment charges
1,700,000 
4,500,000 
40,800,000 
4,700,000 
Gain on disposal of properties, plants and equipment, net
(7,900,000)
(700,000)
(8,800,000)
(2,300,000)
(Gain) loss on disposal of businesses, net
(2,800,000)
10,400,000 
(2,800,000)
9,600,000 
Operating profit
82,800,000 
51,100,000 
100,400,000 
116,500,000 
Interest expense, net
19,900,000 
18,200,000 
38,400,000 
37,800,000 
Other expense, net
1,700,000 
2,500,000 
4,700,000 
2,600,000 
Income before income tax expense and equity earnings of unconsolidated affiliates, net
61,200,000 
30,400,000 
57,300,000 
76,100,000 
Income tax expense
28,700,000 
9,600,000 
34,700,000 
27,100,000 
Equity earnings (losses) of unconsolidated affiliates, net of tax
(300,000)
(300,000)
Net income
32,500,000 
20,500,000 
22,600,000 
48,700,000 
Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
(1,100,000)
300,000 
(2,300,000)
2,200,000 
Net income attributable to Greif, Inc.
$ 31,400,000 
$ 20,800,000 
$ 20,300,000 
$ 50,900,000 
Class A Common Stock [Member]
 
 
 
 
Basic earnings per share attributable to Greif, Inc. common shareholders:
 
 
 
 
EPS Basic
$ 0.53 
$ 0.35 
$ 0.35 
$ 0.87 
Diluted earnings per share attributable to Greif, Inc. common shareholders:
 
 
 
 
EPS Diluted
$ 0.53 
$ 0.35 
$ 0.35 
$ 0.87 
Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding:
 
 
 
 
Basic
25,761,733 
25,678,393 
25,729,623 
25,643,139 
Diluted
25,766,609 
25,688,653 
25,733,924 
25,652,796 
Cash dividends declared per common share:
 
 
 
 
Cash dividends per share
$ 0.42 
$ 0.42 
$ 0.84 
$ 0.84 
Class B Common Stock [Member]
 
 
 
 
Basic earnings per share attributable to Greif, Inc. common shareholders:
 
 
 
 
EPS Basic
$ 0.80 
$ 0.53 
$ 0.51 
$ 1.29 
Diluted earnings per share attributable to Greif, Inc. common shareholders:
 
 
 
 
EPS Diluted
$ 0.80 
$ 0.53 
$ 0.51 
$ 1.29 
Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding:
 
 
 
 
Basic
22,100,000 
22,100,000 
22,100,000 
22,100,000 
Diluted
22,100,000 
22,100,000 
22,100,000 
22,100,000 
Cash dividends declared per common share:
 
 
 
 
Cash dividends per share
$ 0.63 
$ 0.63 
$ 1.25 
$ 1.25 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss) (USD $)
In Millions, unless otherwise specified
3 Months Ended 6 Months Ended
Apr. 30, 2016
Apr. 30, 2015
Apr. 30, 2016
Apr. 30, 2015
Statement of Comprehensive Income [Abstract]
 
 
 
 
Net income
$ 32.5 
$ 20.5 
$ 22.6 
$ 48.7 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation
46.3 
(40.5)
18.0 
(115.1)
Net reclassification of cash flow hedges to earnings
 
 
 
0.1 
Minimum pension liabilities, net
(1.3)
0.9 
0.6 
6.4 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
45.0 
(39.6)
18.6 
(108.6)
Comprehensive income (loss)
77.5 
(19.1)
41.2 
(59.9)
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests
4.1 
(10.1)
1.7 
(26.1)
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Greif, Inc.
$ 73.4 
$ (9.0)
$ 39.5 
$ (33.8)
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (USD $)
In Millions, unless otherwise specified
Apr. 30, 2016
Oct. 31, 2015
Current assets
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$ 89.6 
$ 106.2 
Trade accounts receivable, less allowance of $9.4 in 2016 and $11.8 in 2015
404.8 
403.7 
Inventories
290.3 
297.0 
Deferred tax assets
 
25.4 
Assets held for sale
9.3 
16.9 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
134.1 
159.3 
Total current assets
928.1 
1,008.5 
Long-term assets
 
 
Goodwill
798.8 
807.1 
Other intangible assets, net of amortization
125.7 
132.7 
Deferred tax assets
13.2 
7.8 
Assets held by special purpose entities
50.9 
50.9 
Other long-term assets
92.5 
91.0 
Total long-term assets
1,081.1 
1,089.5 
Properties, plants and equipment
 
 
Timber properties, net of depletion
278.5 
277.1 
Land
105.4 
106.3 
Buildings
409.6 
410.4 
Machinery and equipment
1,470.1 
1,457.9 
Capital projects in progress
90.1 
78.0 
Properties, plants and equipment, gross
2,353.7 
2,329.7 
Accumulated depreciation
(1,155.7)
(1,112.0)
Properties, plants and equipment, net
1,198.0 
1,217.7 
Total assets
3,207.2 
3,315.7 
Current liabilities
 
 
Accounts payable
326.0 
355.3 
Accrued payroll and employee benefits
72.4 
83.5 
Restructuring reserves
12.7 
21.3 
Current portion of long-term debt
317.7 
30.7 
Short-term borrowings
59.4 
40.7 
Deferred tax liabilities
 
2.4 
Liabilities held for sale
1.0 
1.8 
Other current liabilities
119.5 
111.3 
Total current liabilities
908.7 
647.0 
Long-term liabilities
 
 
Long-term debt
777.0 
1,116.2 
Deferred tax liabilities
192.7 
214.9 
Pension liabilities
143.7 
141.1 
Postretirement benefit obligations
13.9 
14.9 
Liabilities held by special purpose entities
43.3 
43.3 
Contingent liabilities and environmental reserves
9.3 
8.2 
Other long-term liabilities
82.7 
70.2 
Total long-term liabilities
1,262.6 
1,608.8 
Commitments and Contingencies (Note 13)
   
   
Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest (Note 18)
35.4 
 
Equity
 
 
Common stock, without par value
141.1 
139.1 
Treasury stock, at cost
(135.6)
(130.6)
Retained earnings
1,334.9 
1,384.5 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss:
 
 
-foreign currency translation
(238.0)
(256.6)
-minimum pension liabilities
(120.2)
(120.8)
Total Greif, Inc. equity
982.2 
1,015.6 
Noncontrolling interests
18.3 
44.3 
Total equity
1,000.5 
1,059.9 
Total liabilities and equity
$ 3,207.2 
$ 3,315.7 
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (Parenthetical) (USD $)
In Millions, unless otherwise specified
Apr. 30, 2016
Oct. 31, 2015
Statement of Financial Position [Abstract]
 
 
Allowance of trade accounts receivable
$ 9.4 
$ 11.8 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (USD $)
In Millions, unless otherwise specified
6 Months Ended
Apr. 30, 2016
Apr. 30, 2015
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
Net income
$ 22.6 
$ 48.7 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:
 
 
Depreciation, depletion and amortization
64.3 
69.3 
Timberland gains
 
(24.3)
Non-cash asset impairment charges
40.8 
4.7 
Gain on disposals of properties, plants and equipment, net
(8.8)
(2.3)
(Gain) Loss on disposals of businesses, net
(2.8)
9.6 
Unrealized foreign exchange (gain) loss
5.0 
(4.0)
Deferred income tax expense
(4.1)
(2.6)
Other, net
(0.6)
(0.3)
Increase (decrease) in cash from changes in certain assets and liabilities:
 
 
Trade accounts receivable
(12.6)
14.5 
Inventories
(0.8)
(11.7)
Deferred purchase price on sold receivables
(15.2)
(0.6)
Accounts payable
(12.7)
(82.2)
Restructuring reserves
(8.7)
6.4 
Pension and postretirement benefit liabilities
(0.8)
(6.0)
Other, net
(7.9)
(45.7)
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities
57.7 
(26.5)
Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
Acquisitions of companies, net of cash acquired
(0.4)
(0.4)
Collection of subordinated note receivable
44.2 
 
Purchases of properties, plants and equipment
(44.8)
(69.8)
Purchases of and investments in timber properties
(3.5)
(25.4)
Purchases of properties, plants and equipment with insurance proceeds
(3.6)
 
Proceeds from the sale of properties, plants, equipment and other assets
3.8 
39.2 
Proceeds from the sale of businesses
23.6 
12.5 
Proceeds from insurance recoveries
6.6 
 
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
25.9 
(43.9)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt
564.2 
366.0 
Payments on long-term debt
(593.6)
(323.5)
Proceeds from short-term borrowings, net
6.1 
29.2 
Proceeds from trade accounts receivable credit facility
14.8 
111.9 
Payments on trade accounts receivable credit facility
(36.1)
(75.2)
Dividends paid to Greif, Inc. shareholders
(49.3)
(49.2)
Dividends paid to noncontrolling interests
(1.3)
(1.6)
Exercise of stock options
 
0.2 
Acquisitions of treasury stock
(5.2)
 
Purchases of redeemable noncontrolling interest
(0.8)
 
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
(101.2)
57.8 
Effects of exchange rates on cash
1.0 
(5.1)
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
(16.6)
(17.7)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
106.2 
85.1 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$ 89.6 
$ 67.4 
Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

NOTE 1 — BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Basis of Presentation

The condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) instructions to Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and include all of the information and disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) for interim financial reporting. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make certain estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual amounts could differ from those estimates.

The Company’s fiscal year begins on November 1 and ends on October 31 of the following year. Any references to the year 2016 or 2015, or to any quarter of those years, relates to the fiscal year or quarter, as the case may be, ended in that year.

The information furnished herein reflects all adjustments which are, in the opinion of management, necessary for a fair presentation of the condensed consolidated balance sheets as of April 30, 2016 and October 31, 2015, the condensed consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income (loss) for the three and six months ended April 30, 2016 and 2015 and the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows for the six month periods ended April 30, 2016 and 2015 of Greif, Inc. and its subsidiaries (the “Company”). The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Greif, Inc., all wholly-owned and consolidated subsidiaries and investments in limited liability companies, partnerships and joint ventures in which it has controlling influence or is the primary beneficiary. Non-majority owned entities include investments in limited liability companies, partnerships and joint ventures in which the Company does not have controlling influence and are accounted for using either the equity or cost method, as appropriate.

The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements included in the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (this “Form 10-Q”) should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for its fiscal year ended October 31, 2015 (the “2015 Form 10-K”).

Recently Issued Accounting Standards

In April 2015, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2015-03, “Interest: Imputation of Interest (Subtopic 835-30).” The objective of this update is to simplify the presentation of debt issuance costs in the financial statements. Under this ASU, the Company would present such costs in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the related debt liability rather than as an asset; amortization of the costs is reported as interest expense. This ASU is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2015. The Company would apply the new guidance retrospectively to all prior periods (i.e., the balance sheet for each period would be adjusted). This ASU requires the Company to “disclose in the first fiscal year after the entity’s adoption date, and in the interim periods within the first fiscal year, the following: (1) the nature and reason for the change in accounting principle; (2) the transition method; (3) a description of the prior-period information that has been retrospectively adjusted; and (4) the effect of the change on the financial statement line item (that is, the debt issuance costs asset and the debt liability).” The Company is expected to adopt this guidance beginning on November 1, 2016 and the adoption of this new guidance is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s financial position, results of operations, comprehensive income (loss) or cash flows, other than the related disclosures.

In February 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-02, “Consolidation (Topic 810): Amendments to the Consolidation Analysis,” which makes changes to both the variable interest model and voting interest model and eliminates the indefinite deferral of FASB Statement No. 167, included in ASU 2010-10, for certain investment funds. All reporting entities that hold a variable interest in other legal entities will need to re-evaluate their consolidation conclusions as well as disclosure requirements. This ASU is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2015 and early adoption is permitted, including any interim period. The Company is in the process of determining the potential impact of adopting this guidance on its financial position, results of operations, comprehensive income (loss), cash flows, and disclosures.

 

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606),” which supersedes the revenue recognition requirements in Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 605, Revenue Recognition. This ASU is based on the principle that revenue is recognized to depict the transfer of goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The ASU also requires additional disclosure about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from customer contracts, including significant judgments and changes in judgments and assets recognized from costs incurred to obtain or fulfill a contract. The update is effective in fiscal year 2019 using one of two retrospective application methods. The Company is in the process of determining the potential impact of adopting this guidance on its financial position, results of operations, comprehensive income (loss), cash flows and disclosures.

In August 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-15, “Presentation of Financial Statements-Going Concern: Disclosure of Uncertainties about an Entity’s Ability to Continue as Going Concern.” The objective of this update is to reduce the diversity in the timing and content of footnote disclosures related to going concern. The amendments require management to assess an entity’s ability to continue as a going concern by incorporating and expanding upon certain principles that are currently in U.S. auditing standards. This update applies to all entities that would be required to disclose information about their potential inability to continue as a going concern when “substantial doubt” about their ability to continue as a going concern exists. The Company will be required to evaluate “relevant conditions and events that are known and reasonably knowable at the date that the financial statements are issued.” The Company will have to document its consideration of this ASU, but not because the Company believes there is substantial doubt about its ability to continue as a going concern. The Company is expected to adopt this guidance beginning November 1, 2017, and the adoption of the new guidance is not expected to impact the Company’s financial position, results of operations, comprehensive income (loss) or cash flows, other than the related disclosures.

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, “Leases (Topic 842),” which amends the lease accounting and disclosure requirements in ASC 842, Leases. The objective of this update is to increase transparency and comparability among organizations recognizing lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet and disclosing key information about lease arrangements. This ASU will require the recognition of lease assets and lease liabilities for those leases classified as operating leases under previous GAAP. The update is effective in fiscal year 2020 using a modified retrospective approach. The Company is in the process of determining the potential impact of adopting this guidance on its financial position, results of operations, comprehensive income (loss), cash flows and disclosures.

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-09, “Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting,” which simplifies several aspects of the accounting for employee share-based payment transaction. This ASU is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016 and early adoption is permitted, including any interim period. The Company is in the process of determining the potential impact of adopting this guidance on its financial position, results of operations, comprehensive income (loss), cash flows, and disclosures.

Newly Adopted Accounting Standards

In November 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-17, “Balance Sheet Classification of Deferred Tax Items.” The ASU amends ASC 740-10-45-4, which now states that in a classified statement of financial position, an entity must classify deferred tax liabilities and assets as noncurrent amounts. The ASU also supersedes ASC 740-10-45-5, which required the valuation allowance for a particular tax jurisdiction to be allocated between current and noncurrent deferred tax assets for that tax jurisdiction on a pro rata basis. For public companies, this ASU is effective for periods beginning after December 15, 2016. The Company elected to adopt the new guidance beginning February 1, 2016 prospectively, resulting in deferred tax liabilities and assets being classified as noncurrent on the Company’s balance sheet. Prior periods were not retrospectively adjusted. The adoption did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial position, results of operations, comprehensive income (loss) or cash flows. Refer to Note 11 herein for additional disclosures regarding the adoption of this new guidance.

Acquisitions and Divestitures
Acquisitions and Divestitures

NOTE 2 — ACQUISITIONS AND DIVESTITURES

The Company completed three divestitures and no material acquisitions for the six months ended April 30, 2016. The divestitures were of nonstrategic businesses in the Rigid Industrial Packaging & Services segment. The gain on the disposal of businesses was $2.8 million for the six months ended April 30, 2016. Proceeds from divestitures were $23.6 million. Additionally, the Company recorded notes receivable of $2.4 million for the sale of two of the businesses sold in the second quarter 2016, which are expected to be collected in the fourth quarter of 2017. Proceeds from divestitures completed in fiscal year 2015 and collected during the six months ended April 30, 2016 were $0.9 million. The Company has $4.4 million of notes receivable recorded from the sale of businesses, ranging in remaining term from six months to seventeen months.

The Company completed seven divestitures and no material acquisitions for the six months ended April 30, 2015. The divestitures were of nonstrategic businesses, five in the Rigid Industrial Packaging & Services segment and two in the Flexible Products & Services segment. The loss on disposal of businesses was $9.6 million for the six months ended April 30, 2015. Proceeds from divestitures were $12.5 million.

Sale of Non-United States Accounts Receivable
Sale of Non-United States Accounts Receivable

NOTE 3 — SALE OF NON-UNITED STATES ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE

On April 27, 2012, Cooperage Receivables Finance B.V. (the “Main SPV”) and Greif Coordination Center BVBA, an indirect wholly owned subsidiary of Greif, Inc. (“Seller”), entered into the Nieuw Amsterdam Receivables Purchase Agreement (the “European RPA”) with affiliates of a major international bank (the “Purchasing Bank Affiliates”). On April 20, 2015, the Main SPV and Seller amended and extended the term of the existing European RPA. Under the European RPA, as amended, the number of entities participating in the agreement have decreased to now include only the following entities: Greif Belgium BVBA; EarthMinded Benelux N.V. (formerly Pack2pack Rumbeke N.V.); Greif Nederland B.V.; Greif Italia S.p.A.; Greif Plastics Italy Srl (formerly Fustiplast S.p.A.); Greif France S.A.S.; Greif Packaging Spain S.A.; Greif Germany GmbH; Greif Plastics Germany GmbH (formerly Fustiplast GmbH); and Greif Portugal S.A. Additionally, the terms have been amended to decrease the maximum amount of receivables that may be sold and outstanding under the European RPA at any time to €100 million ($113.2 million as of April 30, 2016). Under the terms of the European RPA, the Company has the ability to loan excess cash to the Purchasing Bank Affiliates in the form of a subordinated loan receivable. As of October 31, 2015, the Company had loaned $44.2 million of excess cash back to the Purchasing Bank Affiliates. During the six months ended April 30, 2016, the Company collected the full balance of the subordinated note receivable.

Under the terms of the European RPA, the Company has agreed to sell trade receivables meeting certain eligibility requirements that the Seller had purchased from other of our indirect wholly-owned subsidiaries under a factoring agreement. The structure of the transactions provide for a legal true sale, on a revolving basis, of the receivables transferred from our various subsidiaries to the respective banks and their affiliates. The purchaser funds an initial purchase price of a certain percentage of eligible receivables based on a formula, with the initial purchase price approximating 75 percent to 90 percent of eligible receivables. The remaining deferred purchase price is settled upon collection of the receivables. At the balance sheet reporting dates, we remove from accounts receivable the amount of proceeds received from the initial purchase price since they meet the applicable criteria of ASC 860, “Transfers and Servicing,” and we continue to recognize the deferred purchase price in accounts receivable. The receivables are sold on a non-recourse basis with the total funds in the servicing collection accounts pledged to the banks between settlement dates.

In October 2007, Greif Singapore Pte. Ltd., an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of Greif, Inc., entered into the Singapore Receivable Purchase Agreement (the “Singapore RPA”) with a major international bank. The maximum amount of aggregate receivables that may be financed under the Singapore RPA is 15.0 million Singapore Dollars ($11.1 million as of April 30, 2016).

 

The table below contains certain information related to the Company’s accounts receivables programs (Dollars in millions):

 

     Three months
ended April 30,
     Six months ended
April 30,
 
     2016      2015      2016      2015  

European RPA

           

Gross accounts receivable sold to third party financial institution

   $ 162.3       $ 195.2       $ 303.3       $ 386.7   

Cash received for accounts receivable sold under the programs

     143.5         173.0         268.5         342.4   

Deferred purchase price related to accounts receivable sold

     18.6         22.2         34.4         44.3   

Loss associated with the programs

     0.2         0.4         0.5         0.9   

Expenses associated with the programs

     —           —           —           —     

Singapore RPA

           

Gross accounts receivable sold to third party financial institution

   $ 10.4       $ 12.8       $ 21.1       $ 24.4   

Cash received for accounts receivable sold under the program

     10.4         12.8         21.1         24.4   

Deferred purchase price related to accounts receivable sold

     —           —           —           —     

Loss associated with the program

     —           —           —           —     

Expenses associated with the program

     —           —           —           —     

Total RPAs

           

Gross accounts receivable sold to third party financial institution

   $ 172.7       $ 208.0       $ 324.4       $ 411.1   

Cash received for accounts receivable sold under the program

     153.9         185.8         289.6         366.8   

Deferred purchase price related to accounts receivable sold

     18.6         22.2         34.4         44.3   

Loss associated with the program

     0.2         0.4         0.5         0.9   

Expenses associated with the program

     —           —           —           —     

The table below contains certain information related to the Company’s accounts receivables programs and the impact it has on the condensed consolidated balance sheets (Dollars in millions):

 

     April 30,
2016
     October 31,
2015
 

European RPA

     

Accounts receivable sold to and held by third party financial institution

   $ 118.4       $ 114.8   

Uncollected deferred purchase price related to accounts receivable sold

     20.9         —     

Deferred purchase price liability related to accounts receivable sold

     —           (1.5

Singapore RPA

     

Accounts receivable sold to and held by third party financial institution

   $ 4.1       $ 4.0   

Uncollected deferred purchase price related to accounts receivable sold

     —           —     

Total RPAs

     

Accounts receivable sold to and held by third party financial institution

   $ 122.5       $ 118.8   

Uncollected deferred purchase price related to accounts receivable sold

     20.9         —     

Deferred purchase price liability related to accounts receivable sold

     —           (1.5

The deferred purchase price related to the accounts receivable sold is reflected as prepaid expenses and other current assets or other current liabilities on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet and was initially recorded at an amount which approximates its fair value due to the short-term nature of these items. The cash received initially and the deferred purchase price relate to the sale or ultimate collection of the underlying receivables and are not subject to significant other risks given their short nature; therefore, the Company reflects all cash flows under the accounts receivable sales programs as operating cash flows on the Company’s consolidated statements of cash flows.

Additionally, the Company performs collections and administrative functions on the receivables sold, similar to the procedures it uses for collecting all of its receivables, including receivables that are not sold under the European RPA and the Singapore RPA. The servicing liability for these receivables is not material to the consolidated financial statements.

Inventories
Inventories

NOTE 4 — INVENTORIES

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market and are summarized as follows (Dollars in millions):

 

     April 30,
2016
     October 31,
2015
 

Finished Goods

   $ 91.1       $ 88.0   

Raw materials

     185.6         190.7   

Work-in-process

     13.6         18.3   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 290.3       $ 297.0   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Assets and Liabilities Held for Sale and Disposals of Properties, Plants and Equipment, Net,and Timberland and Gains
Assets and Liabilities Held for Sale and Disposals of Properties, Plants and Equipment, Net,and Timberland and Gains

NOTE 5 — ASSETS AND LIABILITIES HELD FOR SALE AND DISPOSALS OF PROPERTIES, PLANTS AND EQUIPMENT, NET, AND TIMBERLAND GAINS

The following table presents assets and liabilities classified as held for sale as of April 30, 2016 and October 31, 2015 (Dollars in millions):

 

     April 30,
2016
     October 31,
2015
 

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 0.5       $ —     

Trade accounts receivable, less allowance

     1.7         2.3   

Inventories

     1.6         1.6   

Properties, plants and equipment, net

     5.2         8.1   

Other assets

     0.3         4.9   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Assets held for sale

     9.3         16.9   

Accounts payable

     0.7         1.8   

Other liabilities

     0.3         —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Liabilities held for sale

     1.0         1.8   

As of April 30, 2016, there were two asset groups within the Rigid Industrial Packaging & Services segment and two asset groups in the Flexible Products & Services segment classified as assets and liabilities held for sale. The assets and liabilities held for sale are being marketed for sale, and it is the Company’s intention to complete the sales of these assets and liabilities within the next twelve months.

As of October 31, 2015, there were four asset groups in the Rigid Industrial Packaging & Services segment and one asset group in the Flexible Products & Services segment classified as assets and liabilities held for sale.

For the three months ended April 30, 2016, the Company recorded a gain on disposal of properties, plants and equipment, net of $7.9 million. This included insurance recoveries that resulted in gains of $6.4 million in the Rigid Industrial Packaging & Services segment, disposals of assets in the Flexible Products & Services segment classified as held for sale that resulted in gains of $0.8 million, sales of surplus properties in the Land Management segment that resulted in gains of $0.2 million, and other net gains totaling an additional $0.5 million.

For the six months ended April 30, 2016, the Company recorded a gain on disposal of properties, plants and equipment, net of $8.8 million. This included insurance recoveries that resulted in gains of $6.4 million in the Rigid Industrial Packaging & Services segment, disposals of assets in the Flexible Products & Services segment classified as held for sale that resulted in gains of $0.9 million, sales of surplus properties in the Land Management segment that resulted in gains of $0.8 million and other net gains totaling an additional $0.7 million.

For the three months ended April 30, 2015, the Company recorded a gain on disposal of properties, plants and equipment, net of $0.7 million. This included sales of surplus properties in the Land Management segment that resulted in gains of $0.9 million and other net losses totaling an additional $0.2 million.

For the six months ended April 30, 2015, the Company recorded a gain on disposal of properties, plants and equipment, net of $2.3 million. This included sales of surplus properties in the Land Management segment that resulted in gains of $1.3 million, a disposal of an asset in the Rigid Industrial Packaging & Services segment that resulted in a gain of $0.9 million and other net gains totaling an additional $0.1 million.

For the three and six months ended April 30, 2016, the Company recorded no gains relating to the sale of timberland. For the three and six months ended April 30, 2015, the Company recorded immaterial gains and gains of $24.3 million, respectively.

Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets
Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets

NOTE 6 — GOODWILL AND OTHER INTANGIBLE ASSETS

The following table summarizes the changes in the carrying amount of goodwill by segment for the six month period ended April 30, 2016 (Dollars in millions):

 

     Rigid
Industrial
Packaging
& Services
     Paper
Packaging
& Services
     Total  

Balance at October 31, 2015

   $ 747.6       $ 59.5       $ 807.1   

Goodwill acquired

     —           —           —     

Goodwill allocated to divestitures and businesses held for sale (1)

     3.4         —           3.4   

Goodwill adjustments

     —           —           —     

Goodwill Impairment charge

     (21.0         (21.0

Currency translation

     9.3         —           9.3   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance at April 30, 2016

   $ 739.3       $ 59.5       $ 798.8   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) Goodwill previously allocated to divestitures and businesses held for sale that was impaired during the first quarter of 2016.

As of April 30, 2016 and October 31, 2015, the accumulated goodwill impairment loss was $50.3 million in the Flexible Products & Services segment.

The following table summarizes the carrying amount of net other intangible assets by class as of April 30, 2016 and October 31, 2015 (Dollars in millions):

 

     Gross
Intangible
Assets
     Accumulated
Amortization
     Net
Intangible
Assets
 

April 30, 2016:

        

Indefinite lived:

        

Trademarks and patents

   $ 13.2       $ —         $ 13.2   

Definite lived:

        

Customer relationships

     179.9         86.6         93.3   

Trademarks and patents

     12.3         4.4         7.9   

Non-compete agreements

     1.9         1.7         0.2   

Other

     24.5         13.4         11.1   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 231.8       $ 106.1       $ 125.7   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

October 31, 2015:

        

Indefinite lived:

        

Trademarks and patents

   $ 13.1       $ —         $ 13.1   

Definite lived:

        

Customer relationships

     180.7         81.7         99.0   

Trademarks and patents

     12.4         4.2         8.2   

Non-compete agreements

     4.9         4.5         0.4   

Other

     24.2         12.2         12.0   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 235.3       $ 102.6       $ 132.7   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Amortization expense for the three months ended April 30, 2016 and 2015 was $4.3 million and $4.6 million, respectively. Amortization expense for the six months ended April 30, 2016 and 2015 was $8.5 million and $9.4 million, respectively. Amortization expense for the next five years is expected to be $16.8 million in 2016, $16.1 million in 2017, $15.7 million in 2018, $15.6 million in 2019 and $15.1 million in 2020.

Definite lived intangible assets for the periods presented are subject to amortization and are being amortized using the straight-line method over periods that are contractually, legally determined, or over the period a market participant would benefit from the asset.

Restructuring Charges
Restructuring Charges

NOTE 7 — RESTRUCTURING CHARGES

The following is a reconciliation of the beginning and ending restructuring reserve balances for the six month period ended April 30, 2016 (Dollars in millions):

 

     Employee
Separation
Costs
     Other
Costs
     Total  

Balance at October 31, 2015

   $ 14.7       $ 6.6       $ 21.3   

Costs incurred and charged to expense

     5.3         2.4         7.7   

Costs paid or otherwise settled

     (10.7      (5.6      (16.3
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance at April 30, 2016

   $ 9.3       $ 3.4       $ 12.7   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The focus for restructuring activities in 2016 is to continue to rationalize operations and close underperforming assets throughout all segments. During the three months ended April 30, 2016, the Company recorded restructuring charges of $5.4 million, which compares to $7.3 million of restructuring charges recorded during the three months ended April 30, 2015. The restructuring activity for the three months ended April 30, 2016 consisted of $4.3 million in employee separation costs and $1.1 million in other restructuring costs, primarily consisting of professional fees incurred for services specifically associated with employee separation and relocation. During the six months ended April 30, 2016, the Company recorded restructuring charges of $7.7 million, which compares to $10.5 million of restructuring charges recorded during the six months ended April 30, 2015. The restructuring activity for the six months ended April 30, 2016 consisted of $5.3 million in employee separation costs and $2.4 million in other restructuring costs, primarily consisting of professional fees incurred for services specifically associated with employee separation and relocation.

The following is a reconciliation of the total amounts expected to be incurred from approved restructuring plans or plans that are being formulated and have not been announced as of the date of this Form 10-Q. Remaining amounts expected to be incurred are $14.2 million as of April 30, 2016 compared to $14.7 million as of October 31, 2015. The change was due to the formulation of new plans during the period offset by the realization of expenses from plans formulated in prior periods. (Dollars in millions):

 

     Total
Amounts
Expected to
be Incurred
     Amounts expensed
during the six
month period ended
April 30, 2016
     Amounts
Remaining
to be Incurred
 

Rigid Industrial Packaging & Services

        

Employee separation costs

   $ 11.2       $ 3.0       $ 8.2   

Other restructuring costs

     3.9         1.3         2.6   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     15.1         4.3         10.8   

Flexible Products & Services

        

Employee separation costs

     4.8         2.3         2.5   

Other restructuring costs

     1.4         1.1         0.3   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     6.2         3.4         2.8   

Paper Packaging & Services

        

Employee separation costs

     —           —           —     

Other restructuring costs

     0.6         —           0.6   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     0.6         —           0.6   
   $ 21.9       $ 7.7       $ 14.2   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
Consolidation of Variable Interest Entities
Consolidation of Variable Interest Entities

NOTE 8 — CONSOLIDATION OF VARIABLE INTEREST ENTITIES

The Company evaluates whether an entity is a variable interest entity (“VIE”) whenever reconsideration events occur and performs reassessments of all VIEs quarterly to determine if the primary beneficiary status is appropriate. The Company consolidates VIEs for which it is the primary beneficiary. If the Company is not the primary beneficiary and an ownership interest is held, the VIE is accounted for under the equity or cost methods of accounting, as appropriate. The primary beneficiary is the variable interest that has the power to direct the activities of the VIE that most significantly impact the VIE’s economic performance; and the obligation to absorb the expected losses and/or the right to receive the expected returns of the VIE.

Significant Nonstrategic Timberland Transactions

In 2005, the Company sold certain timber properties to Plum Creek Timberlands, L.P. (“Plum Creek”) in a series of transactions that included the creation of two separate legal entities that are now consolidated as separate VIEs. One is an indirect subsidiary of Plum Creek (the “Buyer SPE”), and the other is STA Timber LLC, an indirect wholly owned subsidiary of the Company (“STA Timber”). As of April 30, 2016 and October 31, 2015, consolidated assets of Buyer SPE consisted of $50.9 million of restricted bank financial instruments which are expected to be held to maturity. For both of the three month periods ended April 30, 2016 and 2015, Buyer SPE recorded interest income of $0.6 million. For both of the six month periods ended April 30, 2016 and 2015, Buyer SPE recorded interest income of $1.2 million.

As of April 30, 2016 and October 31, 2015, STA Timber had consolidated long-term debt of $43.3 million. For both of the three month periods ended April 30, 2016 and 2015, STA Timber recorded interest expense of $0.6 million. For both of the six month periods ended April 30, 2016 and 2015, STA timber recorded interest expense of $1.2 million. The intercompany borrowing arrangement between the two VIEs is eliminated in consolidation. STA Timber is exposed to credit-related losses in the event of nonperformance by an issuer of a deed of guarantee in the transaction.

Flexible Packaging Joint Venture

On September 29, 2010, Greif, Inc. and its indirect subsidiary Greif International Holding Supra C.V. (“Greif Supra”) formed a joint venture (referred to herein as the “Flexible Packaging JV” or “FPS VIE”) with Dabbagh Group Holding Company Limited and one of its subsidiaries, originally National Scientific Company Limited and now Gulf Refined Packaging for Industrial Packaging Company LTD. The Flexible Packaging JV owns the operations in the Flexible Products & Services segment. The Flexible Packaging JV has been consolidated into the operations of the Company as of its formation date of September 29, 2010.

The Flexible Packaging JV is deemed to be a VIE since the total equity investment at risk is not sufficient to permit the legal entity to finance its activities without additional subordinated financial support. The major factors that led to the conclusion that the Company was the primary beneficiary of this VIE was that (1) the Company has the power to direct the most significant activities due to its ability to direct the operating decisions of the FPS VIE, which power is derived from the significant CEO discretion over the operations of the FPS VIE combined with the Company’s sole and exclusive right to appoint the CEO of the FPS VIE, and (2) the significant variable interest through the Company’s equity interest in the FPS VIE.

All entities contributed to the Flexible Packaging JV were existing businesses acquired by Greif Supra that were reorganized under Greif Flexibles Asset Holding B.V. and Greif Flexibles Trading Holding B.V. (“Asset Co.” and “Trading Co.”), respectively.

 

The following table presents the Flexible Packaging JV total net assets (Dollars in millions):

 

     April 30,
2016
     October 31,
2015
 

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 10.0       $ 14.5   

Trade accounts receivable, less allowance of $3.0 in 2016 and $3.2 in 2015

     48.9         47.5   

Inventories

     38.5         44.7   

Properties, plants and equipment, net

     41.2         43.1   

Other assets

     41.1         36.8   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Assets

     179.7         186.6   

Accounts payable

     29.5         27.9   

Other liabilities

     51.6         50.6   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Liabilities

     81.1         78.5   

Net losses attributable to the noncontrolling interest in the Flexible Packaging JV for the three months ended April 30, 2016 and 2015 were $1.6 million and $3.0 million, respectively; and for the six months ended April 30, 2016 and 2015, net losses attributable to noncontrolling interest were $2.6 million and $6.3 million, respectively.

Non-United States Accounts Receivable VIE

As further described in Note 3, Cooperage Receivables Finance B.V. is a party to the European RPA. Cooperage Receivables Finance B.V. is deemed to be a VIE since this entity is not able to satisfy its liabilities without the financial support from the Company. While this entity is a separate and distinct legal entity from the Company and no ownership interest in this entity is held by the Company, the Company is the primary beneficiary because it has (1) the power to direct the activities of the VIE that most significantly impact the VIE’s economic performance, and (2) the obligation to absorb losses of the VIE that could potentially be significant to the VIE. As a result, Cooperage Receivables Finance B.V. has been consolidated into the operations of the Company.

Long-Term Debt
Long-Term Debt

NOTE 9 — LONG-TERM DEBT

Long-term debt is summarized as follows (Dollars in millions):

 

     April 30,
2016
     October 31,
2015
 

Amended Credit Agreement

   $ 193.7       $ 217.4   

Senior Notes due 2017

     300.4         300.7   

Senior Notes due 2019

     246.9         246.0   

Senior Notes due 2021

     224.5         219.4   

Amended Receivables Facility

     126.3         147.6   

Other debt

     2.9         15.8   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     1,094.7         1,146.9   

Less current portion

     (317.7      (30.7
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Long-term debt

   $ 777.0       $ 1,116.2   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Amended Credit Agreement

On December 19, 2012, the Company and two of its international subsidiaries amended and restated the Company’s existing $1.0 billion senior secured credit agreement with a syndicate of financial institutions (the “Amended Credit Agreement”). The total available borrowing under this facility was $721.4 million as of April 30, 2016, which has been reduced by $14.4 million for outstanding letters of credit, all of which is available without violating covenants.

 

The Amended Credit Agreement contains financial covenants that require the Company to maintain a certain leverage ratio and an interest coverage ratio. The leverage ratio generally requires that at the end of any fiscal quarter the Company will not permit the ratio of (a) the Company’s total consolidated indebtedness, to (b) the Company’s consolidated net income plus depreciation, depletion and amortization, interest expense (including capitalized interest), and income taxes, and minus certain extraordinary gains and non-recurring gains (or plus certain extraordinary losses and non-recurring losses) and plus or minus certain other items for the preceding twelve months (“adjusted EBITDA”) to be greater than 4.00 to 1. The interest coverage ratio generally requires that at the end of any fiscal quarter the Company will not permit the ratio of (a) the Company’s consolidated adjusted EBITDA to (b) the Company’s consolidated interest expense to the extent paid or payable, to be less than 3.00 to 1, during the preceding twelve month period (the “Interest Coverage Ratio Covenant”).

As of April 30, 2016, $193.7 million was outstanding under the Amended Credit Agreement. The current portion of the Amended Credit Agreement was $17.3 million and the long-term portion was $176.4 million. The weighted average interest rate on the Amended Credit Agreement was 1.98% for the six months ended April 30, 2016. The actual interest rate on the Amended Credit Agreement was 2.29% as of April 30, 2016.

Senior Notes due 2017

On February 9, 2007, the Company issued $300.0 million of 6.75% Senior Notes due February 1, 2017. Interest on these Senior Notes is payable semi-annually. These Senior Notes were reclassified to current portion of long-term debt on the condensed consolidated balance sheet as of April 30, 2016.

Senior Notes due 2019

On July 28, 2009, the Company issued $250.0 million of 7.75% Senior Notes due August 1, 2019. Interest on these Senior Notes is payable semi-annually.

Senior Notes due 2021

On July 15, 2011, Greif, Inc.’s wholly-owned subsidiary, Greif Nevada Holdings, Inc., S.C.S. (formerly Greif Luxembourg Finance S.C.A.) issued € 200.0 million of 7.375% Senior Notes due July 15, 2021. These Senior Notes are fully and unconditionally guaranteed on a senior basis by Greif, Inc. Interest on these Senior Notes is payable semi-annually.

United States Trade Accounts Receivable Credit Facility

On September 31, 2013, the Company amended and restated its existing receivables facility in the United States to establish a $170.0 million United States Trade Accounts Receivable Credit Facility (the “Amended Receivables Facility”) with a financial institution. On December 1, 2015, the Amended Receivables facility was amended to reduce the amount of available proceeds from $170 million to $150 million.

Financial Instruments and Fair Value Measurements
Financial Instruments and Fair Value Measurements

NOTE 10 — FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS AND FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS

Recurring Fair Value Measurements

The following table presents the fair value for those assets and (liabilities) measured on a recurring basis as of April 30, 2016 and October 31, 2015 (Dollars in millions):

 

     April 30, 2016      
     Fair Value Measurement      
     Level 1      Level 2     Level 3      Total    

Balance sheet Location

Foreign exchange hedges

   $ —         $ 0.1      $ —         $ 0.1      Prepaid expenses and other current assets

Foreign exchange hedges

     —           (0.2     —           (0.2   Other current liabilities

Insurance annuity**

     —           —          20.6         20.6      Other long-term assets
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

Total*

   $ —         $ (0.1   $ 20.6       $ 20.5     
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   
     October 31, 2015      
     Fair Value Measurement      
     Level 1      Level 2     Level 3      Total    

Balance sheet Location

Foreign exchange hedges

   $ —         $ 0.3      $ —         $ 0.3      Prepaid expenses and other current assets

Foreign exchange hedges

     —           (0.2     —           (0.2   Other current liabilities

Insurance annuity**

     —           —          20.1         20.1      Other long-term assets
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

Total*

   $ —         $ 0.1      $ 20.1       $ 20.2     
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

* The carrying amounts of cash and cash equivalents, trade accounts receivable, accounts payable, current liabilities and short-term borrowings as of April 30, 2016 and October 31, 2015 approximate their fair values because of the short-term nature of these items and are not included in this table.
** The change in fair value of the insurance annuity is primarily due to changes in foreign currency exchange rates.

Foreign Exchange Hedges

The Company conducts business in various international currencies and is subject to risks associated with changing foreign exchange rates. The Company’s objective is to reduce volatility associated with foreign exchange rate changes. Accordingly, from time to time, the Company enters into various contracts that change in value as foreign exchange rates change to protect the value of certain existing foreign currency assets and liabilities, commitments and anticipated foreign currency cash flows.

As of April 30, 2016, the Company had outstanding foreign currency forward contracts in the notional amount of $119.4 million ($129.9 million as of October 31, 2015). Adjustments to fair value are recognized in earnings, offsetting the impact of the hedged item. The assumptions used in measuring fair value of foreign exchange hedges are considered level 2 inputs, which were based on observable market pricing for similar instruments, principally foreign exchange futures contracts. Gains recorded under fair value contracts were $0.2 million for the three months ended April 30, 2016. Losses recorded under fair value contracts were $1.2 million for the three months ended April 30, 2015; and were $0.3 million and $6.8 million for the six months ended April 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

Other financial instruments

The fair values of the Company’s Amended Credit Agreement and the Amended Receivables Facility do not materially differ from carrying value as the Company’s cost of borrowing is variable and approximates current borrowing rates. The fair values of the Company’s long-term obligations are estimated based on either the quoted market prices for the same or similar issues or the current interest rates offered for the debt of the same remaining maturities, which are considered level 2 inputs in accordance with ASC Topic 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures.

 

The following table presents the estimated fair values of the Company’s senior notes and the assets held by special purpose entities (Dollars in millions):

 

     April 31,
2016
     October 31,
2015
 

Senior Notes due 2017

     

Estimated fair value

   $ 311.3       $ 314.8   

Senior Notes due 2019

     

Estimated fair value

     282.5         280.6   

Senior Notes due 2021

     

Estimated fair value

     265.0         258.7   

Assets held by special purpose entities

     

Estimated fair value

     54.7         54.4   

Non-Recurring Fair Value Measurements

Long-Lived Assets

The Company recognized asset impairment charges of $1.7 million during the three months ended April 30, 2016 and $4.5 million for the three months ended April 30, 2015. As a result of the Company measuring long-lived assets at fair value on a non-recurring basis, during the three months ended April 30, 2016, the Company recorded impairment charges of $1.1 million related to properties, plants and equipment, net, in the Rigid Industrial Packaging & Services segment. The Company recognized asset impairment charges of $40.8 million and $4.7 million during the six months ended April 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively. As a result of the Company measuring long-lived assets at fair value on a non-recurring basis, during the six months ended April 30, 2016, the Company recorded impairment charges of $3.8 million related to properties, plants and equipment, net, in the Rigid Industrial Packaging & Services segment, $1.5 million related to a cost method investment in the Paper Packaging & Services segment, and $0.8 million of properties, plants and equipment, net, in the Flexible Products & Services segment.

The assumptions used in measuring fair value of long-lived assets are considered level 3 inputs, which include bids received from third parties, recent purchase offers, market comparable information and discounted cash flows based on assumptions that market participants would use.

Assets and Liabilities Held for Sale

The assumptions used in measuring fair value of assets and liabilities held for sale are considered level 3 inputs, which include recent purchase offers, market comparables and/or data obtained from commercial real estate brokers. During the six month period ended April 30, 2016, two asset groups were reclassified to assets and liabilities held for sale, resulting in a $20.1 million impairment to net realizable value. Included in the asset impairment, was $8.5 million of goodwill allocated to the business classified as held for sale. During the six month period ended April 30, 2016, one asset group classified as held for sale as of October 31, 2015, was remeasured to net realizable value, resulting in an impairment of $14.0 million. Included in the asset impairment, was $11.9 million of goodwill allocated to the business classified as held for sale. The three asset groups were sold during the three month period ended April 30, 2016, resulting in additional goodwill allocated to the divestment of $0.6 million.

 

The following table presents quantitative information about the significant unobservable inputs used to determine the fair value of the impairment of long-lived assets held and used and net assets held for sale for the six months ended April 30, 2016.

 

     Quantitative Information about Level 3
Fair Value Measurements
 
     Fair Value of
Impairment
     Valuation
Technique
   Unobservable
Input
   Range of
Input
Values
 
     (in millions)                   

April 30, 2016

           

Impairment of Net Assets Held for Sale

   $ 34.7       Broker Quote/
Indicative Bids
   Indicative Bids      N/A   

Impairment of Long Lived Assets

   $ 6.1       Sales Value    Sales Value      N/A   

April 30, 2015

           

Impairment of Net Assets Held for Sale

   $ 2.7       Broker Quote/
Indicative Bids
   Indicative Bids      N/A   

Impairment of Long Lived Assets

   $ 1.5       Sales Value    Sales Value      N/A   

Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets

On an annual basis or whenever events or circumstances indicate impairment may have occurred, the Company performs impairment tests for goodwill and long lived intangible assets as defined under ASC 350, “Intangibles-Goodwill and Other.” The Company concluded that no such impairment existed as of April 30, 2016.

Income Taxes
Income Taxes

NOTE 11 — INCOME TAXES

Income tax expense for the quarter was computed in accordance with ASC 740-270. Under this method, losses from jurisdictions for which a valuation allowance has been provided have not been included in the amount to which the ASC 740-270 rate was applied. Income tax expense of the Company fluctuates primarily due to changes in income mix by jurisdiction, changes in losses from jurisdictions for which a valuation allowance has been provided and the impact of discrete items in the respective quarter.

Income tax expense was $28.7 million and $9.6 million for the three months ended April 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively. Income tax expense was $34.7 million and $27.1 million for the six months ended April 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

As of April 30, 2016, the Company had not recognized U.S. deferred income taxes on the undistributed earnings from certain non-U.S. subsidiaries. The Company’s intention is to reinvest these earnings indefinitely outside of the U.S., or to repatriate the earnings only when it is tax-efficient to do so. Therefore, no U.S. tax provision has been accrued related to the repatriation of these earnings. It is not practicable to estimate the amount of any additional taxes that may be payable on the undistributed earnings given the various alternatives the Company could employ should the Company decide to repatriate those earnings in the future.

Post Retirement Benefit Plans
Post Retirement Benefit Plans

NOTE 12 — POST RETIREMENT BENEFIT PLANS

The components of net periodic pension cost include the following (Dollars in millions):

 

     Three months
ended April 30,
     Six months ended
April 30,
 
     2016      2015      2016      2015  

Service cost

   $ 3.1       $ 4.2       $ 6.2       $ 8.3   

Interest cost

     5.6         7.1         11.2         14.2   

Expected return on plan assets

     (8.3      (8.5      (16.6      (16.9

Amortization of prior service cost, initial net asset and net actuarial gain

     2.9         3.6         5.8         7.3   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net periodic pension costs

   $ 3.3       $ 6.4       $ 6.6       $ 12.9   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The Company made $6.2 million in pension contributions in the six months ended April 30, 2016. The Company estimates $12.5 million of pension contributions for the twelve months ended October 31, 2016.

The components of net periodic cost for postretirement benefits include the following (Dollars in millions):

 

     Three months
ended April 30,
     Six months
ended April 30,
 
     2016      2015      2016      2015  

Service cost

   $ —         $ —         $ —         $ —     

Interest cost

     0.1         0.2         0.2         0.4   

Amortization of prior service cost and recognized actuarial gain

     (0.4      (0.4      (0.8      (0.8
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net periodic benefit for postretirement benefits

   $ (0.3    $ (0.2    $ (0.6    $ (0.4
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
Contingent Liabilities and Environmental Reserves
Contingent Liabilities and Environmental Reserves

NOTE 13 — CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND ENVIRONMENTAL RESERVES

Litigation-related Liabilities

The Company may become involved in litigation and regulatory matters incidental to its business, including governmental investigations, enforcement actions, personal injury claims, product liability, employment health and safety matters, commercial disputes, intellectual property matters, disputes regarding environmental clean-up costs, litigation in connection with acquisitions and divestitures, and other matters arising out of the normal conduct of its business. The Company intends to vigorously defend itself in such litigation. The Company does not believe that the outcome of any pending litigation will have a material adverse effect on its condensed consolidated financial statements.

The Company may accrue for contingencies related to litigation and regulatory matters if it is probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated. Because litigation is inherently unpredictable and unfavorable resolutions can occur, assessing contingencies is highly subjective and requires judgments about future events. The Company reviews contingencies at least quarterly to determine whether its accruals are adequate. The amount of ultimate loss may differ from these estimates.

Environmental Reserves

As of April 30, 2016 and October 31, 2015, environmental reserves of $9.3 million and $8.2 million, respectively, were recorded on an undiscounted basis. These reserves are principally based on environmental studies and cost estimates provided by third parties, but also take into account management estimates. The estimated liabilities are reduced to reflect the anticipated participation of other potentially responsible parties in those instances where it is probable that such parties are legally responsible and financially capable of paying their respective shares of relevant costs. For sites that involve formal actions subject to joint and several liabilities, these actions have formal agreements in place to apportion the liability. As of April 30, 2016 and October 31, 2015, environmental reserves of the Company included $4.4 million and $4.3 million, respectively, for various European drum facilities acquired from Blagden and Van Leer; $1.9 million and $2.0 million, respectively, for its various container life cycle management and recycling facilities acquired in 2011 and 2010; $1.1 million and $0.1 million for remediation of a site no longer owned by the Company; and $1.9 million and $1.8 million for various other facilities around the world.

The Company’s exposure to adverse developments with respect to any individual site is not expected to be material. Although environmental remediation could have a material effect on results of operations if a series of adverse developments occur in a particular quarter or year, the Company believes that the chance of a series of adverse developments occurring in the same quarter or year is remote. Future information and developments will require the Company to continually reassess the expected impact of these environmental matters.

Earnings Per Share
Earnings Per Share

NOTE 14 — EARNINGS PER SHARE

The Company has two classes of common stock and redeemable noncontrolling interests and, as such, applies the “two-class method” of computing earnings per share (“EPS”) as prescribed in ASC 260, “Earnings Per Share.” In accordance with this guidance, earnings are allocated in the same fashion as dividends would be distributed. Under the Company’s articles of incorporation, any distribution of dividends in any year must be made in proportion of one cent a share for Class A Common Stock to one and one-half cents a share for Class B Common Stock, which results in a 40% to 60% split to Class A and B shareholders, respectively. In accordance with this, earnings are allocated first to Class A and Class B Common Stock to the extent that dividends are actually paid and the remainder is allocated assuming all of the earnings for the period have been distributed in the form of dividends.

The Company calculates EPS as follows:

 

Basic Class A EPS

     =      

40% * Average Class A Shares Outstanding

   *   

Undistributed Net Income

     +       Class A Dividends Per Share
      40% * Average Class A Shares Outstanding + 60% * Average Class B Shares Outstanding       Average Class A Shares      

Diluted Class A EPS

     =      

40% * Average Class A Shares Outstanding

   *   

Undistributed Net Income

     +       Class A Dividends Per Share
      40% * Average Class A Shares Outstanding + 60% * Average Class B Shares Outstanding       Average Diluted Class A      

Basic Class B EPS

     =      

60% * Average Class B Shares Outstanding

   *   

Undistributed Net Income

     +       Class B Dividends Per Share
      40% * Average Class A Shares Outstanding + 60% * Average Class B Shares Outstanding       Average Class B Share      

 

* Diluted Class B EPS calculation is identical to Basic Class B calculation

The following table provides EPS information for each period, respectively:

 

     Three months
ended April 30,
     Six months ended
April 30,
 
     2016      2015      2016      2015  

Numerator for basic and diluted EPS

           

Net income attributable to Greif, Inc.

   $ 31.4       $ 20.8       $ 20.3       $ 50.9   

Cash dividends

     (24.8      (24.7      (49.3      (49.2
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Undistributed net (loss) income attributable to Greif, Inc.

   $ 6.6       $ (3.9    $ (29.0    $ 1.7   

The Class A Common Stock has no voting rights unless four quarterly cumulative dividends upon the Class A Common Stock are in arrears. The Class B Common Stock has full voting rights. There is no cumulative voting for the election of directors.

Common stock repurchases

The Company’s Board of Directors has authorized the purchase of up to four million shares of Class A Common Stock or Class B Common Stock or any combination of the foregoing. In April 2016, the Stock Repurchase Committee authorized the Company to repurchase 110,241 shares of Class B Common Stock as part of the program and those shares were repurchased during the quarter. There have been no other shares repurchased under this program from November 1, 2014 through April 30, 2016. As of April 30, 2016, the Company had repurchased 3,294,513 shares, including 1,425,452 shares of Class A Common Stock and 1,869,061 shares of Class B Common Stock.

 

The following table summarizes the Company’s Class A and Class B common and treasury shares as of the specified dates:

 

     Authorized
Shares
     Issued
Shares
     Outstanding
Shares
     Treasury
Shares
 

April 30, 2016:

           

Class A Common Stock

     128,000,000         42,281,920         25,776,791         16,505,129   

Class B Common Stock

     69,120,000         34,560,000         22,009,725         12,550,275   

October 31, 2015:

           

Class A Common Stock

     128,000,000         42,281,920         25,693,564         16,588,356   

Class B Common Stock

     69,120,000         34,560,000         22,119,966         12,440,034   

The following is a reconciliation of the shares used to calculate basic and diluted earnings per share:

 

     Three months ended April 30,      Six months ended April 30,  
     2016      2015      2016      2015  

Class A Common Stock:

           

Basic shares

     25,761,733         25,678,393         25,729,623         25,643,139   

Assumed conversion of stock options

     4,876         10,260         4,301         9,657   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Diluted shares

     25,766,609         25,688,653         25,733,924         25,652,796   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Class B Common Stock:

           

Basic and diluted shares

     22,108,942         22,119,966         22,114,454         22,119,966   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

Equity Earnings of Unconsolidated Affiliates, Net of Tax and Net (Income) Loss Attributable to Noncontrolling Interests
Equity Earnings of Unconsolidated Affiliates, Net of Tax and Net (Income) Loss Attributable to Noncontrolling Interests

NOTE 15 –- EQUITY EARNINGS OF UNCONSOLIDATED AFFILIATES, NET OF TAX AND NET (INCOME) LOSS ATTRIBUTABLE TO NONCONTROLLING INTERESTS

Equity earnings of unconsolidated affiliates, net of tax

Equity earnings of unconsolidated affiliates, net of tax represent the Company’s share of earnings of affiliates in which the Company does not exercise control and has a 20 percent or more voting interest. Investments in such affiliates are accounted for using the equity method of accounting. The Company has an equity interest in one such affiliate as of April 30, 2016. The Company had an equity interest in two such affiliates as of April 30, 2015. If the fair value of an investment in an affiliate is below its carrying value and the difference is deemed to be other than temporary, the difference between the fair value and the carrying value is charged to earnings. There were no equity earnings of unconsolidated affiliates, net of tax for the three and six months ended April 30, 2016. Equity earnings (losses) of unconsolidated affiliates, net of tax for the three and six months ended April 30, 2015 were ($0.3) million. There were no dividends received from the Company’s equity method affiliates for the three and six months ended April 30, 2016 and 2015.

Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests

Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests represent the portion of earnings or losses from the operations of the Company’s consolidated subsidiaries attributable to unrelated third party equity owners. Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests for the three months ended April 30, 2016 and 2015 was ($1.1) million and $0.3 million, respectively. Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests for the six months ended April 30, 2016 and 2015 was ($2.3) million and $2.2 million, respectively.

Equity and Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Equity and Comprehensive Income (Loss)

NOTE 16 — EQUITY AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

The following table summarizes the changes of equity from October 31, 2015 to April 30, 2016 (Dollars in millions, shares in thousands):

 

     Capital Stock      Treasury Stock     Retained
Earnings
    Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
    Greif,
Inc.
Equity
    Non
controlling
interests
    Total
Equity
 
     Common
Shares
    Amount      Treasury
Shares
    Amount            

As of October 31, 2015

     47,814      $ 139.1         29,028      $ (130.6   $ 1,384.5      $ (377.4   $ 1,015.6      $ 44.3      $ 1,059.9   

Net income

              20.3          20.3        2.3        22.6   

Other comprehensive income (loss):

                   

- foreign currency translation

                18.6        18.6        (0.6     18.0   

- minimum pension liability adjustment, net of income tax expense

                0.6        0.6          0.6   
               

 

 

     

 

 

 

Comprehensive income (loss)

                  39.5          41.2   
               

 

 

     

 

 

 

Out of period mark to redemption value of redeemable noncontrolling interest

              (19.8       (19.8       (19.8

Current period mark to redemption value of redeemable noncontrolling interest

              (2.0       (2.0       (2.0

Reclassification of redeemable noncontrolling interest

              1.2          1.2        (22.8     (21.6

Net income allocated to redeemable noncontrolling interests

                    (2.4     (2.4

Other

                  —          (0.3     (0.3

Dividends paid to Greif, Inc. shareholders

              (49.3       (49.3       (49.3

Dividends to noncontrolling interests

                    (2.2     (2.2

Treasury shares acquired

     (110        110        (5.2         (5.2       (5.2

Restricted stock executives and directors

     42        1.0         (42     0.1            1.1          1.1   

Long-term incentive shares issued

     41        1.0         (41     0.1            1.1          1.1   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

As of April 30, 2016

     47,787      $ 141.1         29,055      $ (135.6   $ 1,334.9      $ (358.2   $ 982.2      $ 18.3      $ 1,000.5   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The following table summarizes the changes of equity from October 31, 2014 to April 30, 2015 (Dollars in millions, shares in thousands):

 

     Capital Stock      Treasury Stock     Retained
Earnings
    Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
    Greif,
Inc.
Equity
    Non
controlling
interests
    Total
Equity
 
     Common
Shares
     Amount      Treasury
Shares
    Amount            

As of October 31, 2014

     47,724       $ 135.5         29,118      $ (130.7   $ 1,411.7      $ (274.4   $ 1,142.1      $ 81.1      $ 1,223.2   

Net income

               50.9          50.9        (2.2     48.7   

Other comprehensive income (loss):

                    

- foreign currency translation

                 (91.2     (91.2     (23.9     (115.1

- Net reclassification of cash flow hedges to earnings, net of immaterial income tax benefit

                 0.1        0.1          0.1   

- minimum pension liability adjustment, net of income tax benefit of $2.4 million

                 6.4        6.4          6.4   
                

 

 

     

 

 

 

Comprehensive income (loss)

                   (33.8       (59.9
                

 

 

     

 

 

 

Acquisition of noncontrolling interest and other

               (0.4       (0.4     (13.4     (13.8

Dividends paid to Greif, Inc. shareholders

               (49.2       (49.2       (49.2

Stock options exercised

     10         0.2         (10     —              0.2          0.2   

Restricted stock executives and directors

     26         1.1         (26     —              1.1          1.1   

Long-term incentive shares issued

     49         2.0         (49     0.1            2.1          2.1   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

As of April 30, 2015

     47,809       $ 138.8         29,033      $ (130.6   $ 1,413.0      $ (359.1   $ 1,062.1      $ 41.6      $ 1,103.7   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

The following table provides the rollforward of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) for the six months ended April 30, 2016 (Dollars in millions):

 

     Foreign
Currency
Translation
     Minimum
Pension
Liability
Adjustment
     Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
 

Balance as of October 31, 2015

   $ (256.6    $ (120.8    $ (377.4

Other Comprehensive Income Before Reclassifications

     18.6         0.6         19.2   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Current-period Other Comprehensive Income

     18.6         0.6         19.2   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance as of April 30, 2016

   $ (238.0    $ (120.2    $ (358.2
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The following table provides the rollforward of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) for the six months ended April 30, 2015 (Dollars in millions):

 

     Foreign
Currency
Translation
     Cash
Flow
Hedges
     Minimum
Pension
Liability
Adjustment
     Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
 

Balance as of October 31, 2014

   $ (144.5    $ (0.1    $ (129.8    $ (274.4

Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) Before Reclassifications

     (91.2      —           6.4         (84.8

Amounts reclassified from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss

     —           0.1         —           0.1   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Current-period Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

     (91.2      0.1         6.4         (84.7
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance as of April 30, 2015

   $ (235.7    $ —         $ (123.4    $ (359.1
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The components of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) above are presented net of tax, as applicable.

Business Segment Information
Business Segment Information

NOTE 17 — BUSINESS SEGMENT INFORMATION

The Company has five operating segments, which are aggregated into four reportable business segments: Rigid Industrial Packaging & Services; Paper Packaging & Services; Flexible Products & Services; and Land Management.

The Company’s reportable business segments offer different products and services. The accounting policies of the reportable business segments are substantially the same as those described in the “Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies” note in the 2015 Form 10-K. The measure of segment profitability that is used by the Company is operating profit.

 

The following segment information is presented for the periods indicated (Dollars in millions):

 

     Three months
ended April 30,
     Six months ended
April 30,
 
     2016      2015      2016      2015  

Net sales

           

Rigid Industrial Packaging & Services

   $ 589.6       $ 666.6       $ 1,124.5       $ 1,316.3   

Paper Packaging & Services

     167.2         160.4         325.6         319.6   

Flexible Products & Services

     76.2         82.0         149.1         170.1   

Land Management

     6.6         6.9         11.8         12.2   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total net sales

   $ 839.6       $ 915.9       $ 1,611.0       $ 1,818.2   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Operating profit (loss):

           

Rigid Industrial Packaging & Services

   $ 59.2       $ 25.8       $ 56.6       $ 46.0   

Paper Packaging & Services

     24.2         27.1         45.4         55.2   

Flexible Products & Services

     (2.9      (5.3      (6.0      (14.1

Land Management

     2.3         3.5         4.4         29.4   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total operating profit

   $ 82.8       $ 51.1       $ 100.4       $ 116.5   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Depreciation, depletion and amortization expense:

           

Rigid Industrial Packaging & Services

   $ 21.1       $ 24.2       $ 42.9       $ 48.4   

Paper Packaging & Services

     7.9         7.3         15.6         14.7   

Flexible Products & Services

     2.0         2.1         4.1         4.4   

Land Management

     1.0         1.1         1.7         1.8   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total depreciation, depletion and amortization expense

   $ 32.0       $ 34.7       $ 64.3       $ 69.3   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The following table presents net sales to external customers by geographic area (Dollars in millions):

 

     Three months
ended April 30,
     Six months ended
April 30,
 
     2016      2015      2016      2015  

Net sales:

           

United States

   $ 406.3       $ 428.2       $ 778.7       $ 838.2   

Europe, Middle East and Africa

     310.8         322.8         587.0         642.2   

Asia Pacific and other Americas

     122.5         164.9         245.3         337.8   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total net sales

   $ 839.6       $ 915.9       $ 1,611.0       $ 1,818.2   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The following table presents total assets by segment and total properties, plants and equipment, net by geographic area (Dollars in millions):

 

     April 30,
2016
     October 31,
2015
 

Assets:

     

Rigid Industrial Packaging & Services

   $ 1,991.9       $ 2,043.3   

Paper Packaging & Services

     444.8         444.0   

Flexible Products & Services

     184.4         187.0   

Land Management

     338.1         335.2   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total segments

     2,959.2         3,009.5   

Corporate and other

     248.0         306.2   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 3,207.2       $ 3,315.7   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Properties, plants and equipment, net:

     

United States

   $ 719.6       $ 734.1   

Europe, Middle East and Africa

     338.0         335.4   

Asia Pacific and other Americas

     140.4         148.2   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total properties, plants and equipment, net

   $ 1,198.0       $ 1,217.7   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests
Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests

NOTE 18 —REDEEMABLE NONCONTROLLING INTERESTS

During the first quarter of 2016, the Company identified errors related to the accounting for and presentation related to various noncontrolling interests of consolidated entities. The Company has concluded that the errors are not material to any prior period, the current period, or to the trend in earnings and, as such, has presented the error corrections as an out-of-period reclassification in the current condensed consolidated financial statements.

Mandatorily Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests

The terms of the joint venture agreement for one joint venture within the Rigid Industrial Packaging & Services segment include mandatory redemption by the Company, in cash, of the noncontrolling interest holders’ equity at a formulaic price after the expiration of a lockout period specific to each noncontrolling interest holder. The redemption features cause the interest to be classified as a mandatorily redeemable instrument under the accounting guidance and included at the current redemption value each period in long-term or short-term liabilities of the Company, as applicable. The impact of marking to redemption value at each period end is recorded in interest expense.

During the second quarter of 2016, the Company purchased the interest of one of the mandatorily redeemable noncontrolling interest holders that notified the Company of the exercise of its option requiring the Company to purchase its equity for the redemption price of $0.8 million. One remaining partner has the ability to require the Company to redeem its equity in 2017 and the Company has a contractual obligation to redeem the outstanding equity interests of each remaining partner in 2021 and 2022, respectively, and therefore, such redemption values of $9.4 million are included in other long-term liabilities in these condensed consolidated financial statements.

The following table provides the rollforward of the mandatorily redeemable noncontrolling interest for the six months ended April 30, 2016 (Dollars in millions):

 

     Mandatorily
Redeemable
Noncontrolling
Interest
 

Balance as of October 31, 2015

   $ —     

Reclassification of book value of noncontrolling interest

     10.4   

Out-of period reversal of cumulative income allocated to noncontrolling interest

     (1.2

Out-of period mark to redemption value

     0.1   

Current period mark to redemption value

     0.9   

Repurchase of redeemable shareholder interest

     (0.8
  

 

 

 

Balance as of April 30, 2016

   $ 9.4   
  

 

 

 

Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests

Redeemable noncontrolling interests related to one joint venture within the Paper Packaging & Services segment and two joint ventures within the Rigid Industrial Packaging & Services segment are held by the respective noncontrolling interest owners. The holders of these interests share in the profits and losses of these entities on a pro rata basis with the Company. However, the noncontrolling interest owners have the right to put all or a portion of those noncontrolling interests to the Company at a formulaic price after a set period of time, specific to each agreement.

 

Redeemable noncontrolling interests are reflected in the condensed consolidated balance sheets at redemption value. The following table provides the rollforward of the redeemable noncontrolling interest for the six months ended April 30, 2016 (Dollars in millions):

 

     Redeemable
Noncontrolling
Interest
 

Balance as of October 31, 2015

   $ —     

Reclassification of book value of noncontrolling interest

     12.4   

Out-of period mark to redemption value*

     19.8   

Current period mark to redemption value

     2.0   

Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest share of Income/(Loss) and other

     2.4   

Contributions from /(Dividends to) redeemable noncontolling interest and other

     (1.2
  

 

 

 

Balance as of April 30, 2016

   $ 35.4   
  

 

 

 

 

* The out-of-period mark to redemption value amounts were charged to retained earnings in the first quarter of 2016.

In the first quarter of 2016, one of the redeemable noncontrolling interest holders notified the Company of the intention to exercise its option to require the Company to purchase its equity interest. The redemption price for that equity interest is $5.8 million and is reflected currently in redeemable noncontrolling interests in the condensed consolidated financial statements and is expected to be paid in the third quarter 2016.

Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Policies)

Basis of Presentation

The condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) instructions to Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and include all of the information and disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) for interim financial reporting. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make certain estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual amounts could differ from those estimates.

The Company’s fiscal year begins on November 1 and ends on October 31 of the following year. Any references to the year 2016 or 2015, or to any quarter of those years, relates to the fiscal year or quarter, as the case may be, ended in that year.

The information furnished herein reflects all adjustments which are, in the opinion of management, necessary for a fair presentation of the condensed consolidated balance sheets as of April 30, 2016 and October 31, 2015, the condensed consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income (loss) for the three and six months ended April 30, 2016 and 2015 and the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows for the six month periods ended April 30, 2016 and 2015 of Greif, Inc. and its subsidiaries (the “Company”). The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Greif, Inc., all wholly-owned and consolidated subsidiaries and investments in limited liability companies, partnerships and joint ventures in which it has controlling influence or is the primary beneficiary. Non-majority owned entities include investments in limited liability companies, partnerships and joint ventures in which the Company does not have controlling influence and are accounted for using either the equity or cost method, as appropriate.

The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements included in the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (this “Form 10-Q”) should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for its fiscal year ended October 31, 2015 (the “2015 Form 10-K”).

Recently Issued Accounting Standards

In April 2015, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2015-03, “Interest: Imputation of Interest (Subtopic 835-30).” The objective of this update is to simplify the presentation of debt issuance costs in the financial statements. Under this ASU, the Company would present such costs in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the related debt liability rather than as an asset; amortization of the costs is reported as interest expense. This ASU is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2015. The Company would apply the new guidance retrospectively to all prior periods (i.e., the balance sheet for each period would be adjusted). This ASU requires the Company to “disclose in the first fiscal year after the entity’s adoption date, and in the interim periods within the first fiscal year, the following: (1) the nature and reason for the change in accounting principle; (2) the transition method; (3) a description of the prior-period information that has been retrospectively adjusted; and (4) the effect of the change on the financial statement line item (that is, the debt issuance costs asset and the debt liability).” The Company is expected to adopt this guidance beginning on November 1, 2016 and the adoption of this new guidance is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s financial position, results of operations, comprehensive income (loss) or cash flows, other than the related disclosures.

In February 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-02, “Consolidation (Topic 810): Amendments to the Consolidation Analysis,” which makes changes to both the variable interest model and voting interest model and eliminates the indefinite deferral of FASB Statement No. 167, included in ASU 2010-10, for certain investment funds. All reporting entities that hold a variable interest in other legal entities will need to re-evaluate their consolidation conclusions as well as disclosure requirements. This ASU is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2015 and early adoption is permitted, including any interim period. The Company is in the process of determining the potential impact of adopting this guidance on its financial position, results of operations, comprehensive income (loss), cash flows, and disclosures.

 

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606),” which supersedes the revenue recognition requirements in Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 605, Revenue Recognition. This ASU is based on the principle that revenue is recognized to depict the transfer of goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The ASU also requires additional disclosure about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from customer contracts, including significant judgments and changes in judgments and assets recognized from costs incurred to obtain or fulfill a contract. The update is effective in fiscal year 2019 using one of two retrospective application methods. The Company is in the process of determining the potential impact of adopting this guidance on its financial position, results of operations, comprehensive income (loss), cash flows and disclosures.

In August 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-15, “Presentation of Financial Statements-Going Concern: Disclosure of Uncertainties about an Entity’s Ability to Continue as Going Concern.” The objective of this update is to reduce the diversity in the timing and content of footnote disclosures related to going concern. The amendments require management to assess an entity’s ability to continue as a going concern by incorporating and expanding upon certain principles that are currently in U.S. auditing standards. This update applies to all entities that would be required to disclose information about their potential inability to continue as a going concern when “substantial doubt” about their ability to continue as a going concern exists. The Company will be required to evaluate “relevant conditions and events that are known and reasonably knowable at the date that the financial statements are issued.” The Company will have to document its consideration of this ASU, but not because the Company believes there is substantial doubt about its ability to continue as a going concern. The Company is expected to adopt this guidance beginning November 1, 2017, and the adoption of the new guidance is not expected to impact the Company’s financial position, results of operations, comprehensive income (loss) or cash flows, other than the related disclosures.

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, “Leases (Topic 842),” which amends the lease accounting and disclosure requirements in ASC 842, Leases. The objective of this update is to increase transparency and comparability among organizations recognizing lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet and disclosing key information about lease arrangements. This ASU will require the recognition of lease assets and lease liabilities for those leases classified as operating leases under previous GAAP. The update is effective in fiscal year 2020 using a modified retrospective approach. The Company is in the process of determining the potential impact of adopting this guidance on its financial position, results of operations, comprehensive income (loss), cash flows and disclosures.

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-09, “Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting,” which simplifies several aspects of the accounting for employee share-based payment transaction. This ASU is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016 and early adoption is permitted, including any interim period. The Company is in the process of determining the potential impact of adopting this guidance on its financial position, results of operations, comprehensive income (loss), cash flows, and disclosures.

Newly Adopted Accounting Standards

In November 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-17, “Balance Sheet Classification of Deferred Tax Items.” The ASU amends ASC 740-10-45-4, which now states that in a classified statement of financial position, an entity must classify deferred tax liabilities and assets as noncurrent amounts. The ASU also supersedes ASC 740-10-45-5, which required the valuation allowance for a particular tax jurisdiction to be allocated between current and noncurrent deferred tax assets for that tax jurisdiction on a pro rata basis. For public companies, this ASU is effective for periods beginning after December 15, 2016. The Company elected to adopt the new guidance beginning February 1, 2016 prospectively, resulting in deferred tax liabilities and assets being classified as noncurrent on the Company’s balance sheet. Prior periods were not retrospectively adjusted. The adoption did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial position, results of operations, comprehensive income (loss) or cash flows. Refer to Note 11 herein for additional disclosures regarding the adoption of this new guidance.

Sale of Non-United States Accounts Receivable (Tables)
Company's Accounts Receivables Programs

The table below contains certain information related to the Company’s accounts receivables programs (Dollars in millions):

 

     Three months
ended April 30,
     Six months ended
April 30,
 
     2016      2015      2016      2015  

European RPA

           

Gross accounts receivable sold to third party financial institution

   $ 162.3       $ 195.2       $ 303.3       $ 386.7   

Cash received for accounts receivable sold under the programs

     143.5         173.0         268.5         342.4   

Deferred purchase price related to accounts receivable sold

     18.6         22.2         34.4         44.3   

Loss associated with the programs

     0.2         0.4         0.5         0.9   

Expenses associated with the programs

     —           —           —           —     

Singapore RPA

           

Gross accounts receivable sold to third party financial institution

   $ 10.4       $ 12.8       $ 21.1       $ 24.4   

Cash received for accounts receivable sold under the program

     10.4         12.8         21.1         24.4   

Deferred purchase price related to accounts receivable sold

     —           —           —           —     

Loss associated with the program

     —           —           —           —     

Expenses associated with the program

     —           —           —           —     

Total RPAs

           

Gross accounts receivable sold to third party financial institution

   $ 172.7       $ 208.0       $ 324.4       $ 411.1   

Cash received for accounts receivable sold under the program

     153.9         185.8         289.6         366.8   

Deferred purchase price related to accounts receivable sold

     18.6         22.2         34.4         44.3   

Loss associated with the program

     0.2         0.4         0.5         0.9   

Expenses associated with the program

     —           —           —           —     

The table below contains certain information related to the Company’s accounts receivables programs and the impact it has on the condensed consolidated balance sheets (Dollars in millions):

 

     April 30,
2016
     October 31,
2015
 

European RPA

     

Accounts receivable sold to and held by third party financial institution

   $ 118.4       $ 114.8   

Uncollected deferred purchase price related to accounts receivable sold

     20.9         —     

Deferred purchase price liability related to accounts receivable sold

     —           (1.5

Singapore RPA

     

Accounts receivable sold to and held by third party financial institution

   $ 4.1       $ 4.0   

Uncollected deferred purchase price related to accounts receivable sold

     —           —     

Total RPAs

     

Accounts receivable sold to and held by third party financial institution

   $ 122.5       $ 118.8   

Uncollected deferred purchase price related to accounts receivable sold

     20.9         —     

Deferred purchase price liability related to accounts receivable sold

     —           (1.5

Inventories (Tables)
Summarization of Inventories

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market and are summarized as follows (Dollars in millions):

 

     April 30,
2016
     October 31,
2015
 

Finished Goods

   $ 91.1       $ 88.0   

Raw materials

     185.6         190.7   

Work-in-process

     13.6         18.3   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 290.3       $ 297.0   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
Assets and Liabilities Held for Sale and Disposals of Properties, Plants and Equipment, Net,and Timberland and Gains (Tables)
Summary of Assets and Liabilities Classified as Held For Sale

The following table presents assets and liabilities classified as held for sale as of April 30, 2016 and October 31, 2015 (Dollars in millions):

 

     April 30,
2016
     October 31,
2015
 

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 0.5       $ —     

Trade accounts receivable, less allowance

     1.7         2.3   

Inventories

     1.6         1.6   

Properties, plants and equipment, net

     5.2         8.1   

Other assets

     0.3         4.9   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Assets held for sale

     9.3         16.9   

Accounts payable

     0.7         1.8   

Other liabilities

     0.3         —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Liabilities held for sale

     1.0         1.8   

Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets (Tables)

The following table summarizes the changes in the carrying amount of goodwill by segment for the six month period ended April 30, 2016 (Dollars in millions):

 

     Rigid
Industrial
Packaging
& Services
     Paper
Packaging
& Services
     Total  

Balance at October 31, 2015

   $ 747.6       $ 59.5       $ 807.1   

Goodwill acquired

     —           —           —     

Goodwill allocated to divestitures and businesses held for sale (1)

     3.4         —           3.4   

Goodwill adjustments

     —           —           —     

Goodwill Impairment charge

     (21.0         (21.0

Currency translation

     9.3         —           9.3   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance at April 30, 2016

   $ 739.3       $ 59.5       $ 798.8   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) Goodwill previously allocated to divestitures and businesses held for sale that was impaired during the first quarter of 2016.

The following table summarizes the carrying amount of net other intangible assets by class as of April 30, 2016 and October 31, 2015 (Dollars in millions):

 

     Gross
Intangible
Assets
     Accumulated
Amortization
     Net
Intangible
Assets
 

April 30, 2016:

        

Indefinite lived:

        

Trademarks and patents

   $ 13.2       $ —         $ 13.2   

Definite lived:

        

Customer relationships

     179.9         86.6         93.3   

Trademarks and patents

     12.3         4.4         7.9   

Non-compete agreements

     1.9         1.7         0.2   

Other

     24.5         13.4         11.1   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 231.8       $ 106.1       $ 125.7   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

October 31, 2015:

        

Indefinite lived:

        

Trademarks and patents

   $ 13.1       $ —         $ 13.1   

Definite lived:

        

Customer relationships

     180.7         81.7         99.0   

Trademarks and patents

     12.4         4.2         8.2   

Non-compete agreements

     4.9         4.5         0.4   

Other

     24.2         12.2         12.0   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 235.3       $ 102.6       $ 132.7   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
Restructuring Charges (Tables)

The following is a reconciliation of the beginning and ending restructuring reserve balances for the six month period ended April 30, 2016 (Dollars in millions):

 

     Employee
Separation
Costs
     Other
Costs
     Total  

Balance at October 31, 2015

   $ 14.7       $ 6.6       $ 21.3   

Costs incurred and charged to expense

     5.3         2.4         7.7   

Costs paid or otherwise settled

     (10.7      (5.6      (16.3
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance at April 30, 2016

   $ 9.3       $ 3.4       $ 12.7   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The following is a reconciliation of the total amounts expected to be incurred from approved restructuring plans or plans that are being formulated and have not been announced as of the date of this Form 10-Q. Remaining amounts expected to be incurred are $14.2 million as of April 30, 2016 compared to $14.7 million as of October 31, 2015. The change was due to the formulation of new plans during the period offset by the realization of expenses from plans formulated in prior periods. (Dollars in millions):

 

     Total
Amounts
Expected to
be Incurred
     Amounts expensed
during the six
month period ended
April 30, 2016
     Amounts
Remaining
to be Incurred
 

Rigid Industrial Packaging & Services

        

Employee separation costs

   $ 11.2       $ 3.0       $ 8.2   

Other restructuring costs

     3.9         1.3         2.6   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     15.1         4.3         10.8   

Flexible Products & Services

        

Employee separation costs

     4.8         2.3         2.5   

Other restructuring costs

     1.4         1.1         0.3   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     6.2         3.4         2.8   

Paper Packaging & Services

        

Employee separation costs

     —           —           —     

Other restructuring costs

     0.6         —           0.6   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     0.6         —           0.6   
   $ 21.9       $ 7.7       $ 14.2   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
Consolidation of Variable Interest Entities (Tables)
Total Net Assets of Flexible Packaging JV

The following table presents the Flexible Packaging JV total net assets (Dollars in millions):

 

     April 30,
2016
     October 31,
2015
 

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 10.0       $ 14.5   

Trade accounts receivable, less allowance of $3.0 in 2016 and $3.2 in 2015

     48.9         47.5   

Inventories

     38.5         44.7   

Properties, plants and equipment, net

     41.2         43.1   

Other assets

     41.1         36.8   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Assets

     179.7         186.6   

Accounts payable

     29.5         27.9   

Other liabilities

     51.6         50.6   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Liabilities

     81.1         78.5   
Long-Term Debt (Tables)
Summary of Long-Term Debt

Long-term debt is summarized as follows (Dollars in millions):

 

     April 30,
2016
     October 31,
2015
 

Amended Credit Agreement

   $ 193.7       $ 217.4   

Senior Notes due 2017

     300.4         300.7   

Senior Notes due 2019

     246.9         246.0   

Senior Notes due 2021

     224.5         219.4   

Amended Receivables Facility

     126.3         147.6   

Other debt

     2.9         15.8   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     1,094.7         1,146.9   

Less current portion

     (317.7      (30.7
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Long-term debt

   $ 777.0       $ 1,116.2   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
Financial Instruments and Fair Value Measurements (Tables)

The following table presents the fair value for those assets and (liabilities) measured on a recurring basis as of April 30, 2016 and October 31, 2015 (Dollars in millions):

 

     April 30, 2016      
     Fair Value Measurement      
     Level 1      Level 2     Level 3      Total    

Balance sheet Location

Foreign exchange hedges

   $ —         $ 0.1      $ —         $ 0.1      Prepaid expenses and other current assets

Foreign exchange hedges

     —           (0.2     —           (0.2   Other current liabilities

Insurance annuity**

     —           —          20.6         20.6      Other long-term assets
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

Total*

   $ —         $ (0.1   $ 20.6       $ 20.5     
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   
     October 31, 2015      
     Fair Value Measurement      
     Level 1      Level 2     Level 3      Total    

Balance sheet Location

Foreign exchange hedges

   $ —         $ 0.3      $ —         $ 0.3      Prepaid expenses and other current assets

Foreign exchange hedges

     —           (0.2     —           (0.2   Other current liabilities

Insurance annuity**

     —           —          20.1         20.1      Other long-term assets
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

Total*

   $ —         $ 0.1      $ 20.1       $ 20.2     
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

* The carrying amounts of cash and cash equivalents, trade accounts receivable, accounts payable, current liabilities and short-term borrowings as of April 30, 2016 and October 31, 2015 approximate their fair values because of the short-term nature of these items and are not included in this table.
** The change in fair value of the insurance annuity is primarily due to changes in foreign currency exchange rates.

The following table presents the estimated fair values of the Company’s senior notes and the assets held by special purpose entities (Dollars in millions):

 

     April 31,
2016
     October 31,
2015
 

Senior Notes due 2017

     

Estimated fair value

   $ 311.3       $ 314.8   

Senior Notes due 2019

     

Estimated fair value

     282.5         280.6   

Senior Notes due 2021

     

Estimated fair value

     265.0         258.7   

Assets held by special purpose entities

     

Estimated fair value

     54.7         54.4   

The following table presents quantitative information about the significant unobservable inputs used to determine the fair value of the impairment of long-lived assets held and used and net assets held for sale for the six months ended April 30, 2016.

 

     Quantitative Information about Level 3
Fair Value Measurements
 
     Fair Value of
Impairment
     Valuation
Technique
   Unobservable
Input
   Range of
Input
Values
 
     (in millions)                   

April 30, 2016

           

Impairment of Net Assets Held for Sale

   $ 34.7       Broker Quote/
Indicative Bids
   Indicative Bids      N/A   

Impairment of Long Lived Assets

   $ 6.1       Sales Value    Sales Value      N/A   

April 30, 2015

           

Impairment of Net Assets Held for Sale

   $ 2.7       Broker Quote/
Indicative Bids
   Indicative Bids      N/A   

Impairment of Long Lived Assets

   $ 1.5       Sales Value    Sales Value      N/A   
Post Retirement Benefit Plans (Tables)

The components of net periodic pension cost include the following (Dollars in millions):

 

     Three months
ended April 30,
     Six months ended
April 30,
 
     2016      2015      2016      2015  

Service cost

   $ 3.1       $ 4.2       $ 6.2       $ 8.3   

Interest cost

     5.6         7.1         11.2         14.2   

Expected return on plan assets

     (8.3      (8.5      (16.6      (16.9

Amortization of prior service cost, initial net asset and net actuarial gain

     2.9         3.6         5.8         7.3   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net periodic pension costs

   $ 3.3       $ 6.4       $ 6.6       $ 12.9   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The components of net periodic cost for postretirement benefits include the following (Dollars in millions):

 

     Three months
ended April 30,
     Six months
ended April 30,
 
     2016      2015      2016      2015  

Service cost

   $ —         $ —         $ —         $ —     

Interest cost

     0.1         0.2         0.2         0.4   

Amortization of prior service cost and recognized actuarial gain

     (0.4      (0.4      (0.8      (0.8
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net periodic benefit for postretirement benefits

   $ (0.3    $ (0.2    $ (0.6    $ (0.4
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
Earnings Per Share (Tables)

The Company calculates EPS as follows:

 

Basic Class A EPS

     =      

40% * Average Class A Shares Outstanding

   *   

Undistributed Net Income

     +       Class A Dividends Per Share
      40% * Average Class A Shares Outstanding + 60% * Average Class B Shares Outstanding       Average Class A Shares      

Diluted Class A EPS

     =      

40% * Average Class A Shares Outstanding

   *   

Undistributed Net Income

     +       Class A Dividends Per Share
      40% * Average Class A Shares Outstanding + 60% * Average Class B Shares Outstanding       Average Diluted Class A      

Basic Class B EPS

     =      

60% * Average Class B Shares Outstanding

   *   

Undistributed Net Income

     +       Class B Dividends Per Share
      40% * Average Class A Shares Outstanding + 60% * Average Class B Shares Outstanding       Average Class B Share      

 

* Diluted Class B EPS calculation is identical to Basic Class B calculation

The following table provides EPS information for each period, respectively:

 

     Three months
ended April 30,
     Six months ended
April 30,
 
     2016      2015      2016      2015  

Numerator for basic and diluted EPS

           

Net income attributable to Greif, Inc.

   $ 31.4       $ 20.8       $ 20.3       $ 50.9   

Cash dividends

     (24.8      (24.7      (49.3      (49.2
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Undistributed net (loss) income attributable to Greif, Inc.

   $ 6.6       $ (3.9    $ (29.0    $ 1.7   

The following table summarizes the Company’s Class A and Class B common and treasury shares as of the specified dates:

 

     Authorized
Shares
     Issued
Shares
     Outstanding
Shares
     Treasury
Shares
 

April 30, 2016:

           

Class A Common Stock

     128,000,000         42,281,920         25,776,791         16,505,129   

Class B Common Stock

     69,120,000         34,560,000         22,009,725         12,550,275   

October 31, 2015:

           

Class A Common Stock

     128,000,000         42,281,920         25,693,564         16,588,356   

Class B Common Stock

     69,120,000         34,560,000         22,119,966         12,440,034   

The following is a reconciliation of the shares used to calculate basic and diluted earnings per share:

 

     Three months ended April 30,      Six months ended April 30,  
     2016      2015      2016      2015  

Class A Common Stock:

           

Basic shares

     25,761,733         25,678,393         25,729,623         25,643,139   

Assumed conversion of stock options

     4,876         10,260         4,301         9,657   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Diluted shares

     25,766,609         25,688,653         25,733,924         25,652,796   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Class B Common Stock:

           

Basic and diluted shares

     22,108,942         22,119,966         22,114,454         22,119,966   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
Equity and Comprehensive Income (Loss) (Tables)

The following table summarizes the changes of equity from October 31, 2015 to April 30, 2016 (Dollars in millions, shares in thousands):

 

     Capital Stock      Treasury Stock     Retained
Earnings
    Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
    Greif,
Inc.
Equity
    Non
controlling
interests
    Total
Equity
 
     Common
Shares
    Amount      Treasury
Shares
    Amount            

As of October 31, 2015

     47,814      $ 139.1         29,028      $ (130.6   $ 1,384.5      $ (377.4   $ 1,015.6      $ 44.3      $ 1,059.9   

Net income

              20.3          20.3        2.3        22.6   

Other comprehensive income (loss):

                   

- foreign currency translation

                18.6        18.6        (0.6     18.0   

- minimum pension liability adjustment, net of income tax expense

                0.6        0.6          0.6   
               

 

 

     

 

 

 

Comprehensive income (loss)

                  39.5          41.2   
               

 

 

     

 

 

 

Out of period mark to redemption value of redeemable noncontrolling interest

              (19.8       (19.8       (19.8

Current period mark to redemption value of redeemable noncontrolling interest

              (2.0       (2.0       (2.0

Reclassification of redeemable noncontrolling interest

              1.2          1.2        (22.8     (21.6

Net income allocated to redeemable noncontrolling interests

                    (2.4     (2.4

Other

                  —          (0.3     (0.3

Dividends paid to Greif, Inc. shareholders

              (49.3       (49.3       (49.3

Dividends to noncontrolling interests

                    (2.2     (2.2

Treasury shares acquired

     (110        110        (5.2         (5.2       (5.2

Restricted stock executives and directors

     42        1.0         (42     0.1            1.1          1.1   

Long-term incentive shares issued

     41        1.0         (41     0.1            1.1          1.1   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

As of April 30, 2016

     47,787      $ 141.1         29,055      $ (135.6   $ 1,334.9      $ (358.2   $ 982.2      $ 18.3      $ 1,000.5   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The following table summarizes the changes of equity from October 31, 2014 to April 30, 2015 (Dollars in millions, shares in thousands):

 

     Capital Stock      Treasury Stock     Retained
Earnings
    Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
    Greif,
Inc.
Equity
    Non
controlling
interests
    Total
Equity
 
     Common
Shares
     Amount      Treasury
Shares
    Amount            

As of October 31, 2014

     47,724       $ 135.5         29,118      $ (130.7   $ 1,411.7      $ (274.4   $ 1,142.1      $ 81.1      $ 1,223.2   

Net income

               50.9          50.9        (2.2     48.7   

Other comprehensive income (loss):

                    

- foreign currency translation

                 (91.2     (91.2     (23.9     (115.1

- Net reclassification of cash flow hedges to earnings, net of immaterial income tax benefit

                 0.1        0.1          0.1   

- minimum pension liability adjustment, net of income tax benefit of $2.4 million

                 6.4        6.4          6.4   
                

 

 

     

 

 

 

Comprehensive income (loss)

                   (33.8       (59.9
                

 

 

     

 

 

 

Acquisition of noncontrolling interest and other

               (0.4       (0.4     (13.4     (13.8

Dividends paid to Greif, Inc. shareholders

               (49.2       (49.2       (49.2

Stock options exercised

     10         0.2         (10     —              0.2          0.2   

Restricted stock executives and directors

     26         1.1         (26     —              1.1          1.1   

Long-term incentive shares issued

     49         2.0         (49     0.1            2.1          2.1   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

As of April 30, 2015

     47,809       $ 138.8         29,033      $ (130.6   $ 1,413.0      $ (359.1   $ 1,062.1      $ 41.6      $ 1,103.7   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The following table provides the rollforward of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) for the six months ended April 30, 2016 (Dollars in millions):

 

     Foreign
Currency
Translation
     Minimum
Pension
Liability
Adjustment
     Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
 

Balance as of October 31, 2015

   $ (256.6    $ (120.8    $ (377.4

Other Comprehensive Income Before Reclassifications

     18.6         0.6         19.2   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Current-period Other Comprehensive Income

     18.6         0.6         19.2   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance as of April 30, 2016

   $ (238.0    $ (120.2    $ (358.2
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The following table provides the rollforward of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) for the six months ended April 30, 2015 (Dollars in millions):

 

     Foreign
Currency
Translation
     Cash
Flow
Hedges
     Minimum
Pension
Liability
Adjustment
     Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
 

Balance as of October 31, 2014

   $ (144.5    $ (0.1    $ (129.8    $ (274.4

Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) Before Reclassifications

     (91.2      —           6.4         (84.8

Amounts reclassified from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss

     —           0.1         —           0.1   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Current-period Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

     (91.2      0.1         6.4         (84.7
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance as of April 30, 2015

   $ (235.7    $ —         $ (123.4    $ (359.1
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
Business Segment Information (Tables)

The following segment information is presented for the periods indicated (Dollars in millions):

 

     Three months
ended April 30,
     Six months ended
April 30,
 
     2016      2015      2016      2015  

Net sales

           

Rigid Industrial Packaging & Services

   $ 589.6       $ 666.6       $ 1,124.5       $ 1,316.3   

Paper Packaging & Services

     167.2         160.4         325.6         319.6   

Flexible Products & Services

     76.2         82.0         149.1         170.1   

Land Management

     6.6         6.9         11.8         12.2   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total net sales

   $ 839.6       $ 915.9       $ 1,611.0       $ 1,818.2   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Operating profit (loss):

           

Rigid Industrial Packaging & Services

   $ 59.2       $ 25.8       $ 56.6       $ 46.0   

Paper Packaging & Services

     24.2         27.1         45.4         55.2   

Flexible Products & Services

     (2.9      (5.3      (6.0      (14.1

Land Management

     2.3         3.5         4.4         29.4   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total operating profit

   $ 82.8       $ 51.1       $ 100.4       $ 116.5   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Depreciation, depletion and amortization expense:

           

Rigid Industrial Packaging & Services

   $ 21.1       $ 24.2       $ 42.9       $ 48.4   

Paper Packaging & Services

     7.9         7.3         15.6         14.7   

Flexible Products & Services

     2.0         2.1         4.1         4.4   

Land Management

     1.0         1.1         1.7         1.8   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total depreciation, depletion and amortization expense

   $ 32.0       $ 34.7       $ 64.3       $ 69.3   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The following table presents net sales to external customers by geographic area (Dollars in millions):

 

     Three months
ended April 30,
     Six months ended
April 30,
 
     2016      2015      2016      2015  

Net sales:

           

United States

   $ 406.3       $ 428.2       $ 778.7       $ 838.2   

Europe, Middle East and Africa

     310.8         322.8         587.0         642.2   

Asia Pacific and other Americas

     122.5         164.9         245.3         337.8   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total net sales

   $ 839.6       $ 915.9       $ 1,611.0       $ 1,818.2   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The following table presents total assets by segment and total properties plants, and equipment, net by geographic area (Dollars in millions):

 

     April 30,
2016
     October 31,
2015
 

Assets:

     

Rigid Industrial Packaging & Services

   $ 1,991.9       $ 2,043.3   

Paper Packaging & Services

     444.8         444.0   

Flexible Products & Services

     184.4         187.0   

Land Management

     338.1         335.2   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total segments

     2,959.2         3,009.5   

Corporate and other

     248.0         306.2   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 3,207.2       $ 3,315.7   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Properties, plants and equipment, net:

     

United States

   $ 719.6       $ 734.1   

Europe, Middle East and Africa

     338.0         335.4   

Asia Pacific and other Americas

     140.4         148.2   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total properties, plants and equipment, net

   $ 1,198.0       $ 1,217.7   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests (Tables)

The following table provides the rollforward of the redeemable noncontrolling interest for the six months ended April 30, 2016 (Dollars in millions):

 

     Redeemable
Noncontrolling
Interest
 

Balance as of October 31, 2015

   $ —     

Reclassification of book value of noncontrolling interest

     12.4   

Out-of period mark to redemption value*

     19.8   

Current period mark to redemption value

     2.0   

Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest share of Income/(Loss) and other

     2.4   

Contributions from /(Dividends to) redeemable noncontolling interest and other

     (1.2
  

 

 

 

Balance as of April 30, 2016

   $ 35.4   
  

 

 

 

 

* The out-of-period mark to redemption value amounts were charged to retained earnings in the first quarter of 2016.

The following table provides the rollforward of the mandatorily redeemable noncontrolling interest for the six months ended April 30, 2016 (Dollars in millions):

 

     Mandatorily
Redeemable
Noncontrolling
Interest
 

Balance as of October 31, 2015

   $ —     

Reclassification of book value of noncontrolling interest

     10.4   

Out-of period reversal of cumulative income allocated to noncontrolling interest

     (1.2

Out-of period mark to redemption value

     0.1   

Current period mark to redemption value

     0.9   

Repurchase of redeemable shareholder interest

     (0.8
  

 

 

 

Balance as of April 30, 2016

   $ 9.4   
  

 

 

 
Acquisitions and Divestitures - Additional Information (Detail) (USD $)
In Millions, unless otherwise specified
3 Months Ended 6 Months Ended
Apr. 30, 2016
Apr. 30, 2015
Apr. 30, 2016
Acquisition
Divestiture
Apr. 30, 2015
Divestiture
Acquisition
Business Acquisition [Line Items]
 
 
 
 
Number of divestitures
 
 
Number of acquisitions
 
 
Gain (loss) on divestitures
$ 2.8 
$ (10.4)
$ 2.8 
$ (9.6)
Proceeds from divestitures
 
 
23.6 
12.5 
Notes receivables related to sale of business
4.4 
 
4.4 
 
Terms related to sale of business
 
 
Six months to seventeen months 
 
2015 Divestitures [Member]
 
 
 
 
Business Acquisition [Line Items]
 
 
 
 
Proceeds from divestitures
 
 
0.9 
 
2016 Divestitures [Member]