GREIF INC, 10-Q filed on 3/3/2014
Quarterly Report
Document and Entity Information
3 Months Ended
Jan. 31, 2014
Feb. 26, 2014
Class A Common Stock [Member]
Feb. 26, 2014
Class B Common Stock [Member]
Document Information [Line Items]
Document Type
10-Q
Amendment Flag
false
Document Period End Date
Jan. 31, 2014
Document Fiscal Year Focus
2014
Document Fiscal Period Focus
Q1
Entity Registrant Name
GREIF INC
Entity Central Index Key
0000043920
Current Fiscal Year End Date
--10-31
Entity Filer Category
Large Accelerated Filer
Entity Common Stock, Shares Outstanding
25,539,457
22,119,966
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME(USD $)
In Millions, except Per Share data, unless otherwise specified
3 Months Ended
Jan. 31, 2014
Jan. 31, 2013
Net sales
$1,034.4
$1,008.6
Cost of products sold
847.8
821.9
Gross profit
186.6
186.7
Selling, general and administrative expenses
121.5
122.6
Restructuring charges
2.6
1.3
Timberland gains
(8.7)
0
(Gain) on disposal of properties, plants and equipment, net
(0.8)
(1.2)
Operating profit
72.0
64.0
Interest expense, net
20.4
21.6
Debt extinguishment charges
1.3
Other expense, net
4.6
3.1
Income before income tax expense and equity earnings of unconsolidated affiliates, net
47.0
38.0
Income tax expense
16.5
13.2
Equity earnings of unconsolidated affiliates, net of tax
0.1
0.1
Net income
30.6
24.9
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests
(1.1)
(1.3)
Net income attributable to Greif, Inc.
$29.5
$23.6
Class A Common Stock [Member]
Basic earnings per share attributable to Greif, Inc. common shareholders:
EPS Basic
$0.51
$0.41
Diluted earnings per share attributable to Greif, Inc. common shareholders:
EPS Diluted
$0.51
$0.41
Class B Common Stock [Member]
Basic earnings per share attributable to Greif, Inc. common shareholders:
EPS Basic
$0.75
$0.60
Diluted earnings per share attributable to Greif, Inc. common shareholders:
EPS Diluted
$0.75
$0.60
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME(USD $)
In Millions, unless otherwise specified
3 Months Ended
Jan. 31, 2014
Jan. 31, 2013
Statement Of Income And Comprehensive Income [Abstract]
Net income
$30.6
$24.9
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:
Foreign currency translation
(33.1)
15.9
Reclassification of cash flow hedges to earnings, net of tax
0.2
0.1
Unrealized gain (loss) on cash flow hedges, net of tax
(0.1)
0.1
Minimum pension liabilities, net of tax
(0.3)
(0.4)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
(33.3)
15.7
Comprehensive income (loss)
(2.7)
40.6
Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests
0.5
5.6
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Greif, Inc.
$(3.2)
$35.0
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS(USD $)
In Millions, unless otherwise specified
Jan. 31, 2014
Oct. 31, 2013
Current assets
Cash and cash equivalents
$82.0
$78.1
Trade accounts receivable, less allowance of $12.9 in 2014 and $13.5 in 2013
465.5
481.9
Inventories
398.1
375.3
Deferred tax assets
21.3
22.2
Net assets held for sale
0.2
1.5
Current portion related party notes and advances receivable
3.0
2.8
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
144.4
132.2
Total current assets
1,114.5
1,094.0
Long-term assets
Goodwill
1,028.9
1,003.5
Other intangible assets, net of amortization
187.5
180.8
Deferred tax assets
29.9
28.0
Related party notes receivable
12.1
12.6
Assets held by special purpose entities
50.9
50.9
Other long-term assets
118.7
114.1
Total long-term assets
1,428.0
1,389.9
Properties, plants and equipment
Timber properties, net of depletion
219.5
215.2
Land
144.5
141.5
Buildings
490.4
496.7
Machinery and equipment
1,511.0
1,523.7
Capital projects in progress
139.9
128.7
Properties, plants and equipment, gross
2,505.3
2,505.8
Accumulated depreciation
(1,115.5)
(1,107.5)
Properties, plants and equipment, net
1,389.8
1,398.3
Total assets
3,932.3
3,882.2
Current liabilities
Accounts payable
365.8
431.3
Accrued payroll and employee benefits
75.8
103.0
Restructuring reserves
4.0
3.0
Current portion of long-term debt
12.5
10.0
Short-term borrowings
94.3
64.1
Deferred tax liabilities
7.9
11.5
Other current liabilities
170.5
178.8
Total current liabilities
730.8
801.7
Long-term liabilities
Long-term debt
1,345.8
1,207.2
Deferred tax liabilities
251.0
238.1
Pension liabilities
82.4
82.5
Postretirement benefit obligations
17.6
18.5
Liabilities held by special purpose entities
43.3
43.3
Other long-term liabilities
86.8
92.9
Total long-term liabilities
1,826.9
1,682.5
Shareholders' equity
Common stock, without par value
132.3
129.4
Treasury stock, at cost
(130.9)
(131.0)
Retained earnings
1,448.9
1,443.8
Accumulated other comprehensive loss:
- foreign currency translation
(95.8)
(63.3)
- interest rate and other cash flow hedges
(0.5)
(0.6)
- minimum pension liabilities
(95.4)
(95.1)
Total Greif, Inc. shareholders' equity
1,258.6
1,283.2
Noncontrolling interests
116.0
114.8
Total shareholders' equity
1,374.6
1,398.0
Total liabilities and shareholders' equity
$3,932.3
$3,882.2
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (Parenthetical)(USD $)
In Millions, unless otherwise specified
Jan. 31, 2014
Oct. 31, 2013
Statement Of Financial Position [Abstract]
Allowance of trade accounts receivable
$12.9
$13.5
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS(USD $)
In Millions, unless otherwise specified
3 Months Ended
Jan. 31, 2014
Jan. 31, 2013
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net income
$30.6
$24.9
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation, depletion and amortization
39.1
39.5
Asset impairments
0.2
0.1
Unrealized foreign exchange (gain) loss
(2.2)
4.7
Deferred income taxes
1.9
0.3
Gain on disposals of properties, plants and equipment, net
(9.5)
(1.2)
Equity earnings of affiliates
(0.1)
(0.1)
Other, net
(0.4)
1.0
Increase (decrease) in cash from changes in certain assets and liabilities:
Trade accounts receivable
(3.3)
13.5
Inventories
(39.3)
(10.3)
Deferred purchase price on sold receivables
(9.7)
(32.6)
Accounts payable
(50.7)
(78.9)
Restructuring reserves
1.1
(1.3)
Pension and postretirement benefit liabilities
(0.6)
3.5
Other, net
(19.9)
(31.9)
Net cash used in operating activities
(62.8)
(68.8)
Cash flows from investing activities:
Acquisitions of companies, net of cash acquired
(52.3)
Purchases of properties, plants and equipment
(34.5)
(28.5)
Purchases of timber properties
(8.0)
Proceeds from the sale of properties, plants, equipment and other assets
14.8
1.0
Payments on notes receivable with related party, net
0.4
0.1
Net cash used in investing activities
(79.6)
(27.4)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt
395.4
464.9
Payments on long-term debt
(263.3)
(350.8)
Proceeds from short-term borrowings, net
31.9
5.6
Proceeds from trade accounts receivable credit facility, net
11.0
3.2
Dividends paid
(24.4)
(24.4)
Exercise of stock options
0.1
Fees paid for amended credit agreement
(3.4)
Net cash provided by financing activities
150.7
95.1
Effects of exchange rates on cash
(4.4)
1.0
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
3.9
(0.1)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
78.1
91.5
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$82.0
$91.4
Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

NOTE 1 — BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Basis of Presentation

The information furnished herein reflects all adjustments which are, in the opinion of management, necessary for a fair presentation of the consolidated balance sheets as of January 31, 2014 and October 31, 2013, the consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income for the three months ended January 31, 2014 and 2013 and the consolidated statements of cash flows for the three month periods ended January 31, 2014 and 2013 of Greif, Inc. and its subsidiaries (the “Company”). The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Greif, Inc., all wholly-owned and majority-owned subsidiaries and investments in limited liability companies, partnerships and joint ventures in which it has controlling influence. Non-majority owned entities include investments in limited liability companies, partnerships and joint ventures in which the Company does not have controlling influence.

The unaudited consolidated financial statements included in the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (this “Form 10-Q”) should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for its fiscal year ended October 31, 2013 (the “2013 Form 10-K”). Note 1 of the “Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements” from the 2013 Form 10-K is specifically incorporated in this Form 10-Q by reference. In the opinion of management, all adjustments necessary for fair presentation of the consolidated financial statements have been included and are of a normal and recurring nature.

The consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) instructions to Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and include all of the information and disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) for interim financial reporting. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make certain estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual amounts could differ from those estimates.

The Company’s fiscal year begins on November 1 and ends on October 31 of the following year. Any references to the year 2014 or 2013, or to any quarter of those years, relates to the fiscal year or quarter, as the case may be, ended in that year.

The Company presents various fair value disclosures in Notes 3 and 10 to these Consolidated Financial Statements.

Newly Adopted Accounting Standards

In December 2011, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2011-11 “Balance Sheet: Disclosures about Offsetting Assets and Liabilities.” Subsequently, in January 2013, the FASB issued updated guidance in ASU 2013-01 “Balance Sheet: Clarifying the Scope of Disclosures about Offsetting Assets and Liabilities.” The balance sheet offsetting disclosures were limited in scope to derivatives, repurchase agreements, and securities lending transactions to the extent they are offset in the financial statements or subject to an enforceable master netting arrangement or similar arrangement. The Company adopted the new guidance beginning on November 1, 2013, and the adoption of the new guidance did not impact the Company’s financial position, results of operations, comprehensive income or cash flows, other than the related disclosures.

In February 2013, the FASB issued ASU 2013-02 “Comprehensive Income: Reporting of Amounts Reclassified Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income.” The objective of this update is to improve the reporting of reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive income. The amendments in this update seek to attain that objective by requiring an entity to report the effect of significant reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive income on the respective line items in net income if the amount being reclassified is required under GAAP to be reclassified in its entirety to net income. For other amounts that are not required under GAAP to be reclassified in their entirety to net income in the same reporting period, an entity is required to cross-reference other disclosures required under GAAP that provide additional detail about those amounts. This would be the case when a portion of the amount reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income is reclassified to a balance sheet account instead of directly to income or expense in the same reporting period. The Company adopted the new guidance beginning on November 1, 2013, and the adoption of the new guidance did not impact the Company’s financial position, results of operations, comprehensive income or cash flows, other than the related disclosures.

 

Recently Issued Accounting Standards

As of January 31, 2014, the FASB has issued ASU’s through 2014-05. The Company has reviewed each recently issued ASU and the adoption of each ASU that is applicable to the Company is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s financial position, results of operations, comprehensive income or cash flows, other than the related disclosures.

In March 2013, the FASB issued ASU 2013-05 “Foreign Currency Matters: Parent’s Accounting for the Cumulative Translation Adjustment upon Derecognition of Certain Subsidiaries or Groups of Assets within a Foreign Entity or an Investment in a Foreign Entity.” The objective of this update is to resolve the diversity in practice about whether Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 810-10 or ASC 830-30 applies to the release of the cumulative translation adjustment into net income when a parent either sells a part or all of its investment in a foreign entity or no longer holds a controlling financial interest in a subsidiary or group of assets that is a nonprofit activity or a business (other than a sale of in substance real estate or conveyance of oil and gas rights) within a foreign entity. The Company is expected to adopt the new guidance beginning November 1, 2014, and the impact of the adoption of the new guidance will be evaluated when an acquisition or divestiture occurs with respect to the Company’s financial position, results of operations, comprehensive income, cash flows and disclosures.

In July 2013, the FASB issued ASU 2013-11 “Income Taxes: Presentation of an Unrecognized Tax Benefit When a Net Operating Loss Carryforward, a Similar Tax Loss, or a Tax Credit Carryforward Exists.” The objective of this update is to eliminate the diversity in practice in the presentation of unrecognized tax benefits when a net operating loss carryforward, a similar tax loss or a tax credit carryforward exists. The amendments in this update seek to attain that objective by requiring an entity to present an unrecognized tax benefit in the financial statements as a reduction to a deferred tax asset for those instances described above, except in certain situations discussed in the update. The Company is expected to adopt the new guidance beginning on November 1, 2014 and the adoption of the new guidance is not expected to impact the Company’s financial position, results of operations, comprehensive income or cash flows, other than the related disclosures.

Acquisitions, Divestitures and Other Significant Transactions
Acquisitions, Divestitures and Other Significant Transactions

NOTE 2 — ACQUISITIONS, DIVESTITURES AND OTHER SIGNIFICANT TRANSACTIONS

The following table summarizes the Company’s acquisition activity in 2014 and 2013 (Dollars in millions):

 

Segment

   # of
Acquisitions
     Purchase Price,
net of Cash
     Tangible Assets,
net
     Intangible
Assets
     Goodwill  

Total 2014 Acquisitions

     2       $ 52.3         2.5         13.8         34.2   

Total 2013 Acquisitions

     —         $ —           —           —           —     

 

Note: Purchase price, net of cash acquired, represents cash paid in the period of each acquisition and does not include assumed debt, subsequent payments for deferred purchase adjustments or earn-out provisions.

The Company completed two acquisitions and no material divestitures for the three months ended January 31, 2014. One acquisition was in the Rigid Industrial Packaging & Services segment in November and the other acquisition was in the Paper Packaging segment in November. The rigid industrial packaging acquisition is expected to complement the Company’s existing product lines and provide growth opportunities and economies of scale. The paper packaging acquisition was made in part to obtain technologies, equipment, and customer lists.

The Company completed no acquisitions and no material divestitures for the three months ended January 31, 2013.

The Company has allocated purchase price as of the dates of acquisition based upon its understanding, obtained during due diligence and through other sources, of the fair value of the acquired assets and assumed liabilities. If additional information is obtained about these assets and liabilities within the measurement period (not to exceed one year from the date of acquisition), including through asset appraisals and learning more about the newly acquired business, the Company may refine its estimates of fair value to allocate the purchase price more accurately; however, any such revisions are not expected to be significant.

Pro Forma Information

In accordance with ASU 2010-29, “Disclosure of Supplementary Pro Forma Information for Business Combination,” the Company has considered the effect of the 2014 acquisitions in the consolidated statements of income for each period presented. The revenue and operating profit of the 2014 acquisitions included in the Company’s consolidated statements of income totaled $6.0 million and $0.9 million for the three months ended January 31, 2014. All of the 2014 acquisitions were of companies not listed on a stock exchange or not otherwise publicly traded or not required to provide public financial information. Pro forma results of operations for the periods ending January 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively, were not materially different from reported results and, consequently, are not presented.

Sale of Non-United States Accounts Receivable
Sale of Non-United States Accounts Receivable

NOTE 3 — SALE OF NON-UNITED STATES ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE

On April 27, 2012, Cooperage Receivables Finance B.V. (the “Main SPV”) and Greif Coordination Center BVBA, an indirect wholly owned subsidiary of Greif, Inc. (“Seller”), entered into the Nieuw Amsterdam Receivables Purchase Agreement (the “European RPA”) with affiliates of a major international bank (the “Purchasing Bank Affiliates”). Under the European RPA, the Seller has agreed to sell trade accounts receivables that meet certain eligibility requirements that Seller had purchased from other indirect wholly owned subsidiaries of Greif, Inc. under discounted receivables purchase agreements and related agreements. These other indirect wholly owned subsidiaries of Greif, Inc. include Greif Belgium BVBA, Pack2pack Rumbeke N.V., Pack2pack Zwolle B.V., Greif Nederland B.V., Pack2pack Halsteren B.V., Greif Italia S.p.A., Fustiplast S.p.A., Greif France S.A.S., Pack2pack Lille S.A.S., Greif Packaging Spain S.A., Greif UK Ltd., Greif Germany GmbH, Fustiplast GmbH, Pack2pack Mendig GmbH, Greif Portugal S.A., Greif Sweden Aktiebolag, Greif Packaging Sweden Aktiebolag and Greif Norway A.S. (the “Selling Subsidiaries”). Under the terms of a Performance and Indemnity Agreement, the performance obligations of the Selling Subsidiaries under the transaction documents have been guaranteed by Greif, Inc. The European RPA may be amended from time to time to add additional subsidiaries of Greif, Inc. The maximum amount of receivables that may be sold and outstanding under the European RPA at any time is €145 million ($198.2 million as of January 31, 2014). A significant portion of the proceeds from this trade receivables facility was used to pay the obligations under a previous trade receivables facility, which was then terminated, and to pay expenses incurred in connection with this transaction. The future proceeds from this facility will be available for working capital and general corporate purposes.

In October 2007, Greif Singapore Pte. Ltd., an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of Greif, Inc., entered into the Singapore Receivable Purchase Agreement (the “Singapore RPA”) with a major international bank. The maximum amount of aggregate receivables that may be financed under the Singapore RPA is 15.0 million Singapore Dollars ($11.8 million as of January 31, 2014).

In May 2009, Greif Malaysia Sdn Bhd., an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of Greif, Inc., entered into the Malaysian Receivables Purchase Agreement (the “Malaysian Agreement”) with Malaysian banks. The maximum amount of the aggregate receivables that may be financed under the Malaysian Agreement is 15.0 million Malaysian Ringgits ($4.5 million as of January 31, 2014).

These transactions are structured to provide for legal true sales, on a revolving basis, of the receivables transferred from the various Greif, Inc. subsidiaries to the respective banks and affiliates. Under the European RPA, the Singapore RPA and the Malaysian Agreement, the banks and affiliates fund an initial purchase price of a certain percentage of eligible receivables based on a formula with the initial purchase price approximating 75 percent to 90 percent of eligible receivables. The remaining deferred purchase price is settled upon collection of the receivables; although under the European RPA, the Seller provides a subordinated loan to the Main SPV, which is used to fund the remaining purchase price owed to the Selling Subsidiaries. The repayment of the subordinated loan to the Seller is paid from the collections of the receivables. As of the balance sheet reporting dates, the Company removes from accounts receivable the amount of cash proceeds received from the initial purchase price since they meet the applicable criteria of ASC 860, “Transfers and Servicing”, and continues to recognize the deferred purchase price within other current assets on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet as of the time the receivables are initially sold; accordingly the difference between the carrying amount and the fair value of the assets sold are included as a loss on sale in the consolidated statements of income within other expense, net. The receivables are sold on a non-recourse basis with the total funds in the servicing collection accounts pledged to the banks between settlement dates.

 

The tables below contain information related to the Company’s accounts receivables programs (Dollars in millions):

 

     Three months ended
January 31,
 
     2014      2013  

European RPA

     

Gross accounts receivable sold to third party financial institution

   $ 243.5       $ 242.2   

Cash received for accounts receivable sold under the programs

     215.4         214.7   

Deferred purchase price related to accounts receivable sold

     28.1         27.5   

Loss associated with the programs

     0.7         0.7   

Expenses associated with the programs

     —           —     

Singapore RPA

     

Gross accounts receivable sold to third party financial institution

   $ 15.0       $ 17.2   

Cash received for accounts receivable sold under the program

     15.0         17.2   

Deferred purchase price related to accounts receivable sold

     —           —     

Loss associated with the program

     —           —     

Expenses associated with the program

     0.1         0.1   

Malaysian Agreement

     

Gross accounts receivable sold to third party financial institution

   $ 0.8       $ 5.3   

Cash received for accounts receivable sold under the program

     0.8         5.3   

Deferred purchase price related to accounts receivable sold

     —           —     

Loss associated with the program

     —           —     

Expenses associated with the program

     —           —     

Total RPAs and Agreement

     

Gross accounts receivable sold to third party financial institution

   $ 259.3       $ 264.7   

Cash received for accounts receivable sold under the program

     231.2         237.2   

Deferred purchase price related to accounts receivable sold

     28.1         27.5   

Loss associated with the program

     0.7         0.7   

Expenses associated with the program

     0.1         0.1   

 

     January 31,      October 31,  
     2014      2013  

European RPA

     

Accounts receivable sold to and held by third party financial institution

   $ 160.1       $ 179.0   

Uncollected deferred purchase price related to accounts receivable sold

     21.2         11.5   

Singapore RPA

     

Accounts receivable sold to and held by third party financial institution

   $ 5.7       $ 4.4   

Uncollected deferred purchase price related to accounts receivable sold

     —           —     

Malaysian Agreement

     

Accounts receivable sold to and held by third party financial institution

   $ 0.3       $ 4.5   

Uncollected deferred purchase price related to accounts receivable sold

     —           —     

Total RPAs and Agreement

     

Accounts receivable sold to and held by third party financial institution

   $ 166.1       $ 187.9   

Uncollected deferred purchase price related to accounts receivable sold

   $ 21.2       $ 11.5   

The deferred purchase price related to the accounts receivable sold is reflected as prepaid and other current assets on the Company’s consolidated balance sheets and was initially recorded at an amount which approximates its fair value due to the short-term nature of these items. The cash received initially and the deferred purchase price relate to the sale or ultimate collection of the underlying receivables and are not subject to significant other risks given their short nature; therefore, the Company reflects all cash flows under the accounts receivable sales programs as operating cash flows on the Company’s consolidated statements of cash flows.

Additionally, the Company performs collections and administrative functions on the receivables sold similar to the procedures it uses for collecting all of its receivables, including receivables that are not sold under the European RPA, the Singapore RPA and the Malaysian Agreement. The servicing liability for these receivables is not material to the consolidated financial statements.

Inventories
Inventories

NOTE 4 — INVENTORIES

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market and are summarized as follows (Dollars in millions):

 

     January 31,
2014
     October 31,
2013
 

Finished Goods

   $ 100.4       $ 98.5   

Raw materials

     263.8         240.4   

Work-in-process

     33.9         36.4   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 398.1       $ 375.3   
  

 

 

    

 

 

Net Assets Held for Sales and Disposals of Property, Plant and Equipment, Net
Net Assets Held for Sales and Disposals of Property, Plant and Equipment, Net

NOTE 5 — NET ASSETS HELD FOR SALE AND DISPOSALS OF PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT, NET

As of January 31, 2014, there was one asset group in the Flexible Products & Services segment with assets held for sale. As of October 31, 2013, there were two asset groups in the Flexible Products & Services segment with assets held for sale. During the three months ended January 31, 2014, one of those asset groups classified as held for sale was disposed. The net assets held for sale are being marketed for sale and it is the Company’s intention to complete the sales of these assets within the upcoming year.

For the three months ended January 31, 2014, the Company recorded a gain on disposal of property, plant and equipment, net of $0.8 million. There were sales of higher and better use (“HBU”) and surplus properties (for a description of Land Management segment property classifications, see Note 18) which resulted in gains of $1.4 million in the Land Management segment, a disposal of property in the Paper Packaging segment that resulted in a gain of $0.8 million, a disposal of an equity method investment in the Rigid Industrial Packaging & Services segment that resulted in a loss of $1.7 million and sales of other miscellaneous equipment which resulted in aggregate gains of $0.3 million. None of these were previously classified as held for sale.

For the three months ended January 31, 2014, the Company recorded a gain of $8.7 million relating to the sale of timberland. For the three months ended January 31, 2013, there were no sales of timberland.

Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets
Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets

NOTE 6 — GOODWILL AND OTHER INTANGIBLE ASSETS

The following table summarizes the changes in the carrying amount of goodwill by segment for the three month period ended January 31, 2014 (Dollars in millions):

 

     Rigid Industrial
Packaging &
Services
    Flexible Products &
Services
    Paper Packaging      Land Management      Total  

Balance at October 31, 2013

   $ 867.3      $ 76.3      $ 59.9       $ —         $ 1,003.5   

Goodwill acquired

     34.2        —          —           —           34.2   

Goodwill adjustments

     —          —          —           —           —     

Currency translation

     (8.2     (0.6     —           —           (8.8
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance at January 31, 2014

   $ 893.3      $ 75.7      $ 59.9       $ —         $ 1,028.9   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Goodwill increased by $25.4 million for the three month period ended January 31, 2014. The increase in goodwill was attributable to $34.2 million related to an acquisition in the Rigid Industrial Packaging & Services segment partially offset by $8.8 million related to currency fluctuations.

The Company reviews goodwill by reporting unit and indefinite-lived intangible assets for impairment as required by ASC 350, “Intangibles—Goodwill and Other”, either annually in the fourth quarter or whenever events and circumstances indicate impairment may have occurred. A reporting unit is the operating segment, or a business one level below that operating segment if discrete financial information is prepared and regularly reviewed by segment management.

The Company concluded that no impairment or impairment indicators exist as of January 31, 2014.

 

The following table summarizes the carrying amount of net intangible assets by class as of January 31, 2014 and October 31, 2013 (Dollars in millions):

 

     Gross Intangible Assets      Accumulated
Amortization
     Net Intangible
Assets
 

October 31, 2013:

        

Trademark and patents

   $ 31.1       $ 4.3       $ 26.8   

Non-compete agreements

     14.6         12.6         2.0   

Customer relationships

     205.6         69.4         136.2   

Other

     23.5         7.7         15.8   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 274.8       $ 94.0       $ 180.8   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

January 31, 2014:

        

Trademark and patents

   $ 31.8       $ 4.5       $ 27.3   

Non-compete agreements

     14.6         12.8         1.8   

Customer relationships

     216.0         72.7         143.3   

Other

     23.3         8.2         15.1   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 285.7       $ 98.2       $ 187.5   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Gross intangible assets increased by $10.9 million for the three month period ended January 31, 2014. The increase in gross intangible assets was attributable to $13.8 million in preliminary purchase price allocations related to the two acquisitions completed in 2014, offset by a $3.3 million decrease related to currency fluctuations and a $0.4 million increase related to other adjustments. Amortization expense for the three months ended January 31, 2014 and 2013 was $5.2 million and $5.0 million, respectively. Amortization expense for the next five years is expected to be $20.9 million in 2014, $20.2 million in 2015, $19.6 million in 2016, $18.8 million in 2017 and $18.3 million in 2018.

All intangible assets for the periods presented are subject to amortization and are being amortized using the straight-line method over periods that are contractually or legally determined or through purchase price accounting, except for $22.4 million related to the Tri-Sure trademark and trade names related to Blagden Express, Closed-loop, Box Board and Fustiplast, all of which have indefinite lives.

Restructuring Charges
Restructuring Charges

NOTE 7 — RESTRUCTURING CHARGES

The following is a reconciliation of the beginning and ending restructuring reserve balances for the three month period ended January 31, 2014 (Dollars in millions):

 

     Cash Charges     Non-cash
Charges
       
     Employee
Separation
Costs
    Other
Costs
    Asset
Impairments
    Total  

Balance at October 31, 2013

   $ 1.8      $ 1.2      $ —        $ 3.0   

Costs incurred and charged to expense

     2.4        —          0.2        2.6   

Costs paid or otherwise settled

     (1.3     (0.1     (0.2     (1.6
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at January 31, 2014

   $ 2.9      $ 1.1      $ —        $ 4.0   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The focus for restructuring activities in 2014 continues to be on the rationalization of operations and addressing underperforming assets in Rigid Industrial Packaging & Services. During the three months ended January 31, 2014, the Company recorded restructuring charges of $2.6 million, which compares to $1.3 million of restructuring charges during the three months ended January 31, 2013. The restructuring activity for the three months ended January 31, 2014 consisted of $2.4 million in employee separation costs and $0.2 million in asset impairments.

 

The following is a reconciliation of the total amounts expected to be incurred from open restructuring plans or plans that are being formulated and have not been announced as of the date of this Form 10-Q. Remaining amounts expected to be incurred were $9.7 million and $6.6 million as of January 31, 2014 and October 31, 2013, respectively. The increase was due to the formulation of new plans during the period offset by the realization of expenses from plans formulated in prior periods. (Dollars in millions):

 

     Amounts Expected to be
Incurred
     Amounts expensed during
the three month period
ended January 31, 2014
     Amounts Remaining to
be Incurred
 

Rigid Industrial Packaging & Services

        

Employee separation costs

   $ 5.8       $ 2.3       $ 3.5   

Asset impairments

     0.2         0.2         —     

Other restructuring costs

     4.5         —           4.5   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     10.5         2.5         8.0   

Flexible Products & Services

        

Employee separation costs

     0.3         0.1         0.2   

Asset impairments

     —           —           —     

Other restructuring costs

     1.5         —           1.5   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     1.8         0.1         1.7   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 12.3       $ 2.6       $ 9.7   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

Variable Interest Entities
Variable Interest Entities

NOTE 8 — VARIABLE INTEREST ENTITIES

The Company evaluates whether an entity is a variable interest entity (“VIE”) whenever reconsideration events occur and performs reassessments of all VIE’s quarterly to determine if the primary beneficiary status is appropriate. The Company consolidates VIE’s for which it is the primary beneficiary. If the Company is not the primary beneficiary and an ownership interest is held, the VIE is accounted for under the equity or cost methods of accounting, as appropriate. When assessing the determination of the primary beneficiary, the Company considers all relevant facts and circumstances, including: the power to direct the activities of the VIE that most significantly impact the VIE’s economic performance and the obligation to absorb the expected losses and/or the right to receive the expected returns of the VIE.

Significant Nonstrategic Timberland Transactions

On March 28, 2005, Soterra LLC (a wholly owned subsidiary) entered into two real estate purchase and sale agreements with Plum Creek Timberlands, L.P. (“Plum Creek”) to sell approximately 56,000 acres of timberland and related assets located primarily in Florida for an aggregate sales price of approximately $90 million, subject to closing adjustments. In connection with the closing of one of these agreements, Soterra LLC sold approximately 35,000 acres of timberland and associated assets in Florida, Georgia and Alabama for $51.0 million, resulting in a pretax gain of $42.1 million, on May 23, 2005. The purchase price was paid in the form of cash and a $50.9 million purchase note payable (the “Purchase Note”) by an indirect subsidiary of Plum Creek (the “Buyer SPE”). Soterra LLC contributed the Purchase Note to STA Timber LLC (“STA Timber”), one of the Company’s indirect wholly owned subsidiaries. The Purchase Note is secured by a Deed of Guarantee issued by Bank of America, N.A., London Branch, in an amount not to exceed $52.3 million (the “Deed of Guarantee”), as a guarantee of the due and punctual payment of principal and interest on the Purchase Note.

The Company completed the second phase of these transactions in the first quarter of 2006. In this phase, the Company sold 15,300 acres of timberland holdings in Florida for $29.3 million in cash, resulting in a pre-tax gain of $27.4 million. The final phase of this transaction, approximately 5,700 acres sold for $9.7 million in the second quarter of 2006 which resulted in a pre-tax gain of $9.0 million.

On May 31, 2005, STA Timber issued in a private placement its 5.20% Senior Secured Notes due August 5, 2020 (the “Monetization Notes”) in the principal amount of $43.3 million. In connection with the sale of the Monetization Notes, STA Timber entered into note purchase agreements with the purchasers of the Monetization Notes (the “Note Purchase Agreements”) and related documentation. The Monetization Notes are secured by a pledge of the Purchase Note and the Deed of Guarantee. The Monetization Notes may be accelerated in the event of a default in payment or a breach of the other obligations set forth therein or in the Note Purchase Agreements or related documents, subject in certain cases to any applicable cure periods, or upon the occurrence of certain insolvency or bankruptcy related events. The Monetization Notes are subject to a mechanism that may cause them, subject to certain conditions, to be extended to November 5, 2020. The proceeds from the sale of the Monetization Notes were primarily used for the repayment of indebtedness. Greif, Inc. and its other subsidiaries have not extended any form of guaranty of the principal or interest on the Monetization Notes. Accordingly, Greif, Inc. and its other subsidiaries will not become directly or contingently liable for the payment of the Monetization Notes at any time.

The Buyer SPE is deemed to be a VIE since assets of the Buyer SPE are not able to satisfy the liabilities of the Buyer SPE. The Buyer SPE is a separate and distinct legal entity from the Company and no ownership interest in the Buyer SPE is held by the Company, but the Company is the primary beneficiary because it has (1) the power to direct the activities of the VIE that most significantly impact the VIE’s economic performance, and (2) the obligation to absorb losses of the VIE that could potentially be significant to the VIE or the right to receive benefits from the VIE that could potentially be significant to the VIE. As a result, Buyer SPE has been consolidated into the operations of the Company.

As of January 31, 2014 and October 31, 2013, assets of the Buyer SPE consisted of $50.9 million of restricted bank financial instruments. For both of the three month periods ended January 31, 2014 and 2013, the Buyer SPE recorded interest income of $0.6 million.

As of January 31, 2014 and October 31, 2013, STA Timber had long-term debt of $43.3 million. For both of the three month periods ended January 31, 2014 and 2013, STA Timber recorded interest expense of $0.6 million. STA Timber is exposed to credit-related losses in the event of nonperformance by the issuer of the Deed of Guarantee.

Flexible Packaging Joint Venture

On September 29, 2010, Greif, Inc. and its indirect subsidiary Greif International Holding Supra C.V. (“Greif Supra”) formed a joint venture (referred to herein as the “Flexible Packaging JV”) with Dabbagh Group Holding Company Limited and its subsidiary National Scientific Company Limited (“NSC”). The Flexible Packaging JV owns the operations in the Flexible Products & Services segment, with the exception of the North American multi-wall bag business. The Flexible Packaging JV has been consolidated into the operations of the Company as of its formation date of September 29, 2010.

The Flexible Packaging JV is deemed to be a VIE since the total equity investment at risk is not sufficient to permit the legal entity to finance its activities without additional subordinated financial support. The Company is the primary beneficiary because it has (1) the power to direct the activities of the VIE that most significantly impact the VIE’s economic performance, and (2) the obligation to absorb losses of the VIE that could potentially be significant to the VIE or the right to receive benefits from the VIE that could potentially be significant to the VIE.

The economic and business purpose underlying the Flexible Packaging JV is to establish a global industrial flexible products enterprise through a series of targeted acquisitions and major investments in plant, machinery and equipment. All entities contributed to the Flexible Packaging JV were existing businesses acquired by Greif Supra and that were reorganized under Greif Flexibles Asset Holding B.V. and Greif Flexibles Trading Holding B.V. (“Asset Co.” and “Trading Co.”), respectively. The Flexible Packaging JV also includes Global Textile Company LLC (“Global Textile”), which owns and operates a fabric hub in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia that commenced operations in the fourth quarter of 2012. The Company has 51 percent ownership in Trading Co. and 49 percent ownership in Asset Co. and Global Textile. However, Greif Supra and NSC have equal economic interests in the Flexible Packaging JV, notwithstanding the actual ownership interests in the various legal entities.

All investments, loans and capital contributions are to be shared equally by Greif Supra and NSC and each partner originally committed to contribute capital of up to $150 million and obtain third party financing for up to $150 million as required.

 

The following table presents the Flexible Packaging JV total net assets (Dollars in millions):

 

October 31, 2013

   Asset Co.     Global Textile      Trading Co.      Flexible Packaging JV  

Total assets

   $ 155.5      $ 44.9       $ 163.6       $ 364.0   

Total liabilities

     209.8        1.2         57.3         268.3   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net assets

   $ (54.3   $ 43.7       $ 106.3       $ 95.7   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

January 31, 2014

   Asset Co.     Global Textile      Trading Co.      Flexible Packaging JV  

Total assets

   $ 137.9      $ 55.8       $ 168.0       $ 361.7   

Total liabilities

     217.8        2.3         56.8         276.9   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net assets

   $ (79.9   $ 53.5       $ 111.2       $ 84.8   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

As of January 31, 2014 and October 31, 2013, Asset Co. had outstanding advances to NSC for $0.6 million which are being used to fund certain costs incurred in Saudi Arabia in respect of the fabric hub. These advances are recorded within the current portion related party notes and advances receivable on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet since they are expected to be repaid within the next twelve months. As of January 31, 2014 and October 31, 2013, Asset Co. and Trading Co. held short term loans payable to NSC for $12.6 million and $12.7 million, respectively, recorded within short-term borrowings on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet. These loans are interest bearing and are used to fund certain operational requirements.

Net loss attributable to the noncontrolling interest in the Flexible Packaging JV for the three months ended January 31, 2014 and 2013 were $1.4 million and $0.7 million, respectively.

Non-United States Accounts Receivable VIE

As further described in Note 3, Cooperage Receivables Finance B.V. is a party to the European RPA. Cooperage Receivables Finance B.V. is deemed to be a VIE since this entity is not able to satisfy its liabilities without the financial support from the Company. While this entity is a separate and distinct legal entity from the Company and no ownership interest in this entity is held by the Company, the Company is the primary beneficiary because it has (1) the power to direct the activities of the VIE that most significantly impact the VIE’s economic performance, and (2) the obligation to absorb losses of the VIE that could potentially be significant to the VIE. As a result, Cooperage Receivables Finance B.V. has been consolidated into the operations of the Company.

Long-Term Debt
Long-Term Debt

NOTE 9 — LONG-TERM DEBT

Long-term debt is summarized as follows (Dollars in millions):

 

     January 31, 2014     October 31, 2013  

Amended Credit Agreement

   $ 357.6      $ 222.9   

Senior Notes due 2017

     301.6        301.8   

Senior Notes due 2019

     244.5        244.4   

Senior Notes due 2021

     270.8        272.9   

Amended Receivables Facility

     151.0        140.0   

Other long-term debt

     32.8        35.2   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
     1,358.3        1,217.2   

Less current portion

     (12.5     (10.0
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Long-term debt

   $ 1,345.8      $ 1,207.2   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Credit Agreement

On December 19, 2012, the Company and two of its international subsidiaries amended and restated the Company’s existing $1.0 billion senior secured credit agreement with a syndicate of financial institutions (the “Amended Credit Agreement”). The Amended Credit Agreement provides the Company with an $800 million revolving multicurrency credit facility and a $200 million term loan, both expiring in December 2017, with an option to add $250 million to the facilities with the agreement of the lenders. The $200 million term loan is scheduled to amortize by the payment of principal in the amount of $2.5 million each quarter-end for the first eight quarters, beginning January 2013, the payment of $5.0 million each quarter-end for the next twelve quarters and the payment of the remaining balance on the maturity date. The revolving credit facility under the Amended Credit Agreement is available to fund ongoing working capital and capital expenditure needs, for general corporate purposes and to finance acquisitions. Interest is based on a Eurodollar rate or a base rate that resets periodically plus an agreed upon margin amount. The total available borrowing under this facility was $614.0 million as of January 31, 2014, which has been reduced by $15.9 million for outstanding letters of credit.

The Amended Credit Agreement contains financial covenants that require the Company to maintain a certain leverage ratio and an interest coverage ratio. The leverage ratio generally requires that at the end of any fiscal quarter the Company will not permit the ratio of (a) the Company’s total consolidated indebtedness, to (b) the Company’s consolidated net income plus depreciation, depletion and amortization, interest expense (including capitalized interest), income taxes, and minus certain extraordinary gains and non-recurring gains (or plus certain extraordinary losses and non-recurring losses) and plus or minus certain other items for the preceding twelve months (“adjusted EBITDA”) to be greater than 4.00 to 1. The interest coverage ratio generally requires that at the end of any fiscal quarter the Company will not permit the ratio of (a) the Company’s consolidated adjusted EBITDA to (b) the Company’s consolidated interest expense to the extent paid or payable, to be less than 3.00 to 1, during the preceding twelve month period (the “Interest Coverage Ratio Covenant”). As of January 31, 2014, the Company was in compliance with these covenants.

The terms of the Amended Credit Agreement limit the Company’s ability to make “restricted payments,” which include dividends and purchases, redemptions and acquisitions of the Company’s equity interests. The repayment of amounts borrowed under the Amended Credit Agreement are secured by a security interest in the personal property of Greif, Inc. and certain of the Company’s United States subsidiaries, including equipment and inventory and certain intangible assets, as well as a pledge of the capital stock of substantially all of the Company’s United States subsidiaries. The repayment of amounts borrowed under the Amended Credit Agreement is also secured, in part, by capital stock of the non-U.S. subsidiaries that are parties to the Amended Credit Agreement. However, in the event that the Company receives and maintains an investment grade rating from either Moody’s Investors Service, Inc. or Standard & Poor’s Corporation, the Company may request the release of such collateral. The payment of outstanding principal under the Amended Credit Agreement and accrued interest thereon may be accelerated and become immediately due and payable upon the Company’s default in its payment or other performance obligations or its failure to comply with the financial and other covenants in the Amended Credit Agreement, subject to applicable notice requirements and cure periods as provided in the Amended Credit Agreement.

During the three months ended January 31, 2014, the Company recorded no debt extinguishment charges. During the three months ended January 31, 2013, the Company recorded debt extinguishment charges of $1.3 million resulting from the write off of unamortized deferred financing costs associated with the 2010 Credit Agreement (as defined below). Financing costs associated with the Amended Credit Agreement totaling $3.4 million have been capitalized and included in other long term assets.

On October 29, 2010, the Company obtained a $1.0 billion senior secured credit facility pursuant to an Amended and Restated Credit Agreement with a syndicate of financial institutions (the “2010 Credit Agreement”). The 2010 Credit Agreement provided for a $750 million revolving multicurrency credit facility and a $250 million term loan, both expiring October 29, 2015, with an option to add $250 million to the facilities with the agreement of the lenders. The $250 million term loan was scheduled to amortize by $3.1 million each quarter-end for the first eight quarters, $6.3 million each quarter-end for the next eleven quarters and the remaining balance due on the maturity date. The 2010 agreement was replaced by the Amended Credit Agreement.

The Amended Credit Agreement is available to fund ongoing working capital and capital expenditure needs, for general corporate purposes and to finance acquisitions. Interest under the Amended Credit Agreement is based on a Eurodollar rate or a base rate that resets periodically plus a calculated margin amount. As of January 31, 2014, $357.6 million was outstanding under the Amended Credit Agreement. The current portion of the Amended Credit Agreement was $12.5 million and the long-term portion was $345.1 million. The weighted average interest rate on the Amended Credit Agreement was 1.76% for the three months ended January 31, 2014. The actual interest rate on the Amended Credit Agreement was 1.52% as of January 31, 2014.

Senior Notes due 2017

On February 9, 2007, the Company issued $300.0 million of 6.75% Senior Notes due February 1, 2017. Interest on these Senior Notes is payable semi-annually. Proceeds from the issuance of these Senior Notes were principally used to fund the purchase of previously outstanding 8.875% Senior Subordinated Notes in a tender offer and for general corporate purposes.

The Indenture pursuant to which these Senior Notes were issued contains certain covenants. As of January 31, 2014, the Company was in compliance with these covenants.

 

Senior Notes due 2019

On July 28, 2009, the Company issued $250.0 million of 7.75% Senior Notes due August 1, 2019. Interest on these Senior Notes is payable semi-annually. Proceeds from the issuance of these Senior Notes were principally used for general corporate purposes, including the repayment of amounts outstanding under the Company’s revolving multicurrency credit facility, without any permanent reduction of the commitments thereunder.

The Indenture pursuant to which these Senior Notes were issued contains certain covenants. As of January 31, 2014, the Company was in compliance with these covenants.

Senior Notes due 2021

On July 15, 2011, Greif, Inc.’s wholly-owned subsidiary Greif Nevada Holdings, Inc., S.C.S. (formerly Greif Luxembourg Finance S.C.A), issued €200.0 million of 7.375% Senior Notes due July 15, 2021. These Senior Notes are fully and unconditionally guaranteed on a senior basis by Greif, Inc. Interest on these Senior Notes is payable semi-annually. A portion of the proceeds from the issuance of these Senior Notes was used to repay non-U.S. borrowings under the 2010 Credit Agreement, without any permanent reduction of the commitments thereunder, and the remaining proceeds are available for general corporate purposes, including the financing of acquisitions.

The Indenture pursuant to which these Senior Notes were issued contains certain covenants. As of January 31, 2014, the Company was in compliance with these covenants.

United States Trade Accounts Receivable Credit Facility

On September 30, 2013, the Company amended and restated its existing receivables financing facility to establish a $170 million United States Trade Accounts Receivable Credit Facility (the “Amended Receivables Facility”) with a financial institution. The Amended Receivables Facility matures in September 2016. In addition, the Company can terminate the Amended Receivables Facility at any time upon five days prior written notice. The Amended Receivables Facility is secured by certain of the Company’s trade accounts receivable in the United States and bears interest at a variable rate based on the London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) or an applicable base rate, plus a margin, or a commercial paper rate plus a margin. Interest is payable on a monthly basis and the principal balance is payable upon termination of the Amended Receivables Facility. The Amended Receivables Facility also contains certain covenants and events of default, including a requirement that the Company maintain a certain interest coverage ratio. The interest coverage ratio generally requires that at the end of any fiscal quarter the Company will not permit the Interest Coverage Ratio Covenant to be less than 3.00 to 1 during the applicable trailing twelve-month period. Proceeds of the Amended Receivables Facility are available for working capital and general corporate purposes. As of January 31, 2014, the Company was in compliance with this covenants.

Until September 30, 2013, the Company had a U.S. trade accounts receivable credit facility with a financial institution (the “Prior Receivables Facility”). The Prior Receivables Facility was amended on September 19, 2011, which decreased the amount available to the borrowers from $135.0 million to $130.0 million and extended the termination date of the commitment to September 19, 2014. The Prior Receivables Facility was secured by certain of the Company’s trade accounts receivable in the United States and bore interest at a variable rate based on the applicable base rate or other agreed-upon rate plus a margin amount. In addition, the Prior Receivables Facility was terminable at any time upon five days prior written notice. A significant portion of the initial proceeds from the Prior Receivables Facility was used to pay the obligations under the previous trade accounts receivable credit facility, which was terminated. The remaining proceeds were and will be used to pay certain fees, costs and expenses incurred in connection with the Prior Receivables Facility and for working capital and general corporate purposes. The agreement for the Prior Receivables Facility contained financial covenants that required the Company to maintain the same leverage ratio and fixed charge ratio as set forth in the 2010 Credit Agreement. On December 19, 2012, this leverage ratio was deleted and the interest coverage ratio set forth in the Amended Credit Agreement was included. On September 30, 2013, the Prior Receivables Facility was terminated and replaced with the Amended Receivables Facility.

Greif Receivables Funding LLC (“GRF”), an indirect subsidiary of the Company, has participated in the purchase and transfer of receivables in connection with these credit facilities and is included in the Company’s consolidated financial statements. However, because GRF is a separate and distinct legal entity from the Company and its other subsidiaries, the assets of GRF are not available to satisfy the liabilities and obligations of the Company and its other subsidiaries. This entity purchases and services the Company’s trade accounts receivable that were subject to the Prior Receivables Facility and that are subject to the Amended Receivables Facility.

 

Other

In addition to the amounts borrowed under the Amended Credit Agreement and proceeds from the Senior Notes and the Amended Receivables Facility, as of January 31, 2014, the Company had outstanding other debt of $127.1 million, comprised of $32.8 million in long-term debt and $94.3 million in short-term borrowings, compared to other debt outstanding of $99.3 million, comprised of $35.2 million in long-term debt and $64.1 million in short-term borrowings, as of October 31, 2013.

As of January 31, 2014, the current portion of the Company’s long-term debt was $12.5 million. Annual maturities, including the current portion, of long-term debt under the Company’s various financing arrangements were $7.5 million in 2014, $52.8 million in 2015, $171.0 million in 2016, $321.6 million in 2017, $290.1 million in 2018 and $515.3 million thereafter.

As of January 31, 2014 and October 31, 2013, the Company had deferred financing fees and debt issuance costs of $12.6 million and $13.4 million, respectively, which are included in other long-term assets.

Financial Instruments and Fair Value Measurements
Financial Instruments and Fair Value Measurements

NOTE 10 — FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS AND FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS

Financial Instruments

The Company uses derivatives from time to time to mitigate partially the effect of exposure to interest rate movements, exposure to currency fluctuations and energy cost fluctuations. Under ASC 815, “Derivatives and Hedging”, all derivatives are to be recognized as assets or liabilities on the balance sheet and measured at fair value. Changes in the fair value of derivatives are recognized in either net income or in other comprehensive income, depending on the designated purpose of the derivative.

While the Company may be exposed to credit losses in the event of nonperformance by the counterparties to its derivative financial instrument contracts, its counterparties are established banks and financial institutions with high credit ratings. The Company has no reason to believe that such counterparties will not be able to fully satisfy their obligations under these contracts.

During the next twelve months, the Company expects to reclassify into earnings a net loss from accumulated other comprehensive income of approximately $0.5 million after tax at the time the underlying hedge transactions are realized.

ASC 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures” defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value in GAAP and expands disclosures about fair value measurements for financial and non-financial assets and liabilities. Additionally, this guidance established a three-level fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs used to measure fair value. This hierarchy requires entities to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs.

The three levels of inputs used to measure fair values are as follows:

 

    Level 1 – Observable inputs such as unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities.

 

    Level 2 – Observable inputs other than quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities.

 

    Level 3 – Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets and liabilities.

 

Recurring Fair Value Measurements

The following table presents the fair value for those assets and (liabilities) measured on a recurring basis as of January 31, 2014 (Dollars in millions):

 

     October 31, 2013      
     Fair Value Measurement     Balance sheet
     Level 1      Level 2     Level 3      Total     Location

Interest rate derivatives

   $ —         $ (0.9   $ —         $ (0.9   Other long-term liabilities

Foreign exchange hedges

     —           0.3        —           0.3      Prepaid expenses and other current assets

Foreign exchange hedges

     —           (1.0     —           (1.0   Other current liabilities
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

Total*

   $ —         $ (1.6   $ —         $ (1.6  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   
     January 31, 2014      
     Fair Value Measurement     Balance sheet
     Level 1      Level 2     Level 3      Total     Location

Interest rate derivatives

   $ —         $ (0.7   $ —         $ (0.7   Other long-term liabilities

Foreign exchange hedges

     —           0.7        —           0.7      Prepaid expenses and other current assets

Foreign exchange hedges

     —           (0.9     —           (0.9   Other current liabilities
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

Total*

   $ —         $ (0.9   $ —         $ (0.9  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

* The carrying amounts of cash and cash equivalents, trade accounts receivable, accounts payable, current liabilities and short-term borrowings as of January 31, 2014 approximate their fair values because of the short-term nature of these items and are not included in this table.

Interest Rate Derivatives

The Company has interest rate swap agreements with various maturities through December 2014. These interest rate swap agreements are used to manage the Company’s fixed and floating rate debt mix, specifically the Amended Credit Agreement. The assumptions used in measuring fair value of these interest rate derivatives are considered level 2 inputs, which were based on interest from the counterparties based upon the LIBOR and interest paid based upon a designated fixed rate over the life of the swap agreements. These derivative instruments are designated and qualify as cash flow hedges. Accordingly, the effective portion of the gain or loss on these derivative instruments is reported as a component of other comprehensive income and reclassified into earnings in the same line item associated with the forecasted transaction and in the same period during which the hedged transaction affects earnings. The ineffective portion of the gain or loss on the derivative instrument is recognized in earnings immediately.

The Company has two interest rate derivatives (floating to fixed swap agreements designated as cash flow hedges) with a total notional amount of $150 million. Under these swap agreements, the Company receives interest based upon a variable interest rate from the counterparties (weighted average of 0.17% as of January 31, 2014 and 0.17% as of October 31, 2013) and pays interest based upon a fixed interest rate (weighted average of 0.75% as of January 31, 2014 and 0.75% as of October 31, 2013). Losses reclassified to earnings under these contracts were $0.2 million and $0.2 million for the three months ended January 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively. These losses were recorded within the consolidated statements of income as interest expense, net. The fair value of these contracts was $0.5 million and $0.6 million recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income as of January 31, 2014 and October 31, 2013, respectively.

Foreign Exchange Hedges

The Company conducts business in various international currencies and is subject to risks associated with changing foreign exchange rates. The Company’s objective is to reduce volatility associated with foreign exchange rate changes. Accordingly, the Company enters into various contracts that change in value as foreign exchange rates change to protect the value of certain existing foreign currency assets and liabilities, commitments and anticipated foreign currency cash flows.

As of January 31, 2014, the Company had outstanding foreign currency forward contracts in the notional amount of $129.5 million ($137.6 million as of October 31, 2013). At January 31, 2014, these derivative instruments were designated and qualified as fair value hedges. Adjustments to fair value for fair value hedges are recognized in earnings, offsetting the impact of the hedged item. The assumptions used in measuring fair value of foreign exchange hedges are considered level 2 inputs, which were based on observable market pricing for similar instruments, principally foreign exchange futures contracts. (Gains) losses recorded under fair value contracts were $2.1 million and ($1.7) million for the three months ended January 31, 2014 and 2013.

Energy Hedges

The Company is exposed to changes in the price of certain commodities. The Company’s objective is to reduce volatility associated with forecasted purchases of these commodities to allow management of the Company to focus its attention on business operations. Accordingly, the Company may enter into derivative contracts to manage the price risk associated with certain of these forecasted purchases.

 

From time to time, the Company has entered into certain cash flow hedges to mitigate its exposure to cost fluctuations in natural gas prices. Under these hedge agreements, the Company agreed to purchase natural gas at a fixed price. There were no energy hedges in effect as of January 31, 2014 or October 31, 2013.

Other financial instruments

The fair values of the Company’s Amended Credit Agreement and the Amended Receivables Facility do not materially differ from carrying value as the Company’s cost of borrowing is variable and approximates current borrowing rates. The fair values of the Company’s long-term obligations are estimated based on either the quoted market prices for the same or similar issues or the current interest rates offered for the debt of the same remaining maturities, which are considered level 2 inputs in accordance with ASC Topic 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures.

The following table presents the estimated fair value compared to the carrying amount for the Company’s Senior Notes (Dollars in millions):

 

     January 31, 2014      October 31, 2013  

Senior Notes due 2017

     

Estimated fair value

   $ 332.4       $ 334.5   

Carrying amount

     301.6         301.8   

Senior Notes due 2019

     

Estimated fair value

     282.6         289.9   

Carrying amount

     244.5         244.4   

Senior Notes due 2021

     

Estimated fair value

     321.9         317.9   

Carrying amount

     270.8         272.4   

Non Recurring Fair Value Measurements

Long-Lived Assets

The Company may close manufacturing facilities during the next few years as part of restructuring plans to rationalize costs and realize benefits of synergies. The assumptions used in measuring fair value of long-lived assets are considered level 2 inputs, which include bids received from third parties, recent purchase offers, market comparables and future cash flows. The Company recorded restructuring-related expenses for the three month period ended January 31, 2014 and 2013 of $0.2 million and $0.1 million, respectively.

During the three month period ended January 31, 2014 and 2013, the Company recognized no impairment charges.

Net Assets Held for Sale

The assumptions used in measuring fair value of net assets held for sale are considered level 2 inputs, which include recent purchase offers, market comparables and/or data obtained from commercial real estate brokers. During the three month period ended January 31, 2014, the Company has not recorded additional impairment related to assets which were previously classified as net assets held for sale. As of October 31, 2013 the Company recorded $4.6 million of impairment related to assets which were previously classified as net assets held for sale.

 

Goodwill and Long Lived Intangible Assets

On an annual basis or whenever events or circumstances indicate impairment may have occurred, the Company performs impairment tests for goodwill and long lived intangible assets as defined under ASC 350, “Intangibles-Goodwill and Other.” The Company concluded that no impairment existed as of January 31, 2014 or October 31, 2013.

Pension Plan Assets

On an annual basis the Company compares the asset holdings of the pension plan to targets established by the Company. The pension plan assets are categorized as either equity securities, debt securities, fixed income securities, insurance annuities, or other assets, which are considered level 1, level 2 and level 3 fair value measurements. The typical asset holdings include:

 

    Mutual funds: Valued at the Net Asset Value “NAV” available daily in an observable market.

 

    Common collective trusts: Unit value calculated based on the observable NAV of the underlying investment.

 

    Pooled separate accounts: Unit value calculated based on the observable NAV of the underlying investment.

 

    Government and corporate debt securities: Valued based on readily available inputs such as yield or price of bonds of comparable quality, coupon, maturity and type.

 

    Insurance Annuity: Value is derived based on the value of the corresponding liability.
Stock-Based Compensation
Stock-Based Compensation

NOTE 11 — STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION

Stock-based compensation is accounted for in accordance with ASC 718, “Compensation – Stock Compensation,” which requires companies to estimate the fair value of share-based awards on the date of grant using an option-pricing model. The value of the portion of the award that is ultimately expected to vest is recognized as an expense in the Company’s consolidated statements of income over the requisite service periods. The Company uses the straight-line single option method of expensing stock options to recognize compensation expense in its consolidated statements of income for all share-based awards. Because share-based compensation expense is based on awards that are ultimately expected to vest, share-based compensation expense will be reduced to account for estimated forfeitures. ASC 718 requires forfeitures to be estimated at the time of grant and revised, if necessary, in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates. No stock options were granted in 2014 or 2013. For any options granted in the future, compensation expense will be based on the grant date fair value estimated in accordance with the provisions of ASC 718.

Income Taxes
Income Taxes

NOTE 12 — INCOME TAXES

Income tax expense was $16.5 million for the first quarter of 2014 compared with $13.2 million for the first quarter of 2013. The increase was due to higher income. The company’s effective tax rate was 35.1 percent for the first quarter of 2014 versus 34.7 percent for the first quarter of 2013. The higher 2014 effective tax rate reflects the impact of a shift in global earnings mix to countries with higher tax rates.

The Company has estimated the reasonably possible net change in its unrecognized tax benefits through January 31, 2015 under ASC 740, “Income Taxes”. The Company’s estimate is based on expected settlements, payments of uncertain tax positions and lapses of applicable statutes of limitations. The estimated net decrease in unrecognized tax benefits for the next 12 months ranges from $0 to $22 million. Actual results may differ materially from this estimate.

Retirement Plans and Postretirement Health Care and Life Insurance Benefits
Retirement Plans and Postretirement Health Care and Life Insurance Benefits

NOTE 13 — RETIREMENT PLANS AND POSTRETIREMENT HEALTH CARE AND LIFE INSURANCE BENEFITS

The components of net periodic pension cost include the following (Dollars in millions):

 

     Three months ended  
     January 31,  
     2014     2013  

Service cost

   $ 3.9      $ 4.2   

Interest cost

     7.4        6.9   

Expected return on plan assets

     (8.5     (8.1

Amortization of prior service cost, initial net asset and net actuarial gain

     2.7        4.2   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net periodic pension costs

   $ 5.5      $ 7.2   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

The Company made $3.3 million in pension contributions in the three months ended January 31, 2014. The Company estimates $13.2 million of pension contributions for the twelve months ended October 31, 2014.

The components of net periodic cost for postretirement benefits include the following (Dollars in millions):

 

     Three months ended  
     January 31,  
     2014     2013  

Service cost

   $ —        $ —     

Interest cost

     0.2        0.2   

Amortization of prior service cost and recognized actuarial gain

     (0.4     (0.4
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net periodic benefit for postretirement benefits

   $ (0.2   $ (0.2
  

 

 

   

 

 

Contingent Liabilities
Contingent Liabilities

NOTE 14 — CONTINGENT LIABILITIES

Litigation-related Liabilities

The Company may become involved from time-to-time in litigation and regulatory matters incidental to its business, including governmental investigations, enforcement actions, personal injury claims, product liability, employment health and safety matters, commercial disputes, intellectual property matters, disputes regarding environmental clean-up costs, litigation in connection with acquisitions and divestitures, and other matters arising out of the normal conduct of its business. The Company intends to vigorously defend itself in such litigation. The Company does not believe that the outcome of any pending litigation will have a material adverse effect on its consolidated financial statements.

Environmental Reserves

As of January 31, 2014 and October 31, 2013, environmental reserves of $26.5 million and $26.8 million, respectively, were included in other long-term liabilities and were recorded on an undiscounted basis. These reserves are principally based on environmental studies and cost estimates provided by third parties, but also take into account management estimates. The estimated liabilities are reduced to reflect the anticipated participation of other potentially responsible parties in those instances where it is probable that such parties are legally responsible and financially capable of paying their respective shares of relevant costs. For sites that involve formal actions subject to joint and several liabilities, these actions have formal agreements in place to apportion the liability. As of January 31, 2014 and October 31, 2013, environmental reserves of the Company included $13.8 million and $13.8 million, respectively, for its blending facility in Chicago, Illinois, $7.5 million and $7.7 million, respectively, for various European drum facilities acquired from Blagden and Van Leer; $2.3 million and $2.3 million, respectively, for its various container life cycle management and recycling facilities acquired in 2011 and 2010, and $2.9 million and $3.0 million for various other facilities around the world.

The Company’s exposure to adverse developments with respect to any individual site is not expected to be material. Although environmental remediation could have a material effect on results of operations if a series of adverse developments occur in a particular quarter or year, the Company believes that the chance of a series of adverse developments occurring in the same quarter or year is remote. Future information and developments will require the Company to continually reassess the expected impact of these environmental matters.

Earnings Per Share
Earnings Per Share

NOTE 15 —EARNINGS PER SHARE

The Company has two classes of common stock and, as such, applies the “two-class method” of computing earnings per share (“EPS”) as prescribed in ASC 260, “Earnings Per Share.” In accordance with this guidance, earnings are allocated first to Class A and Class B Common Stock to the extent that dividends are actually paid and the remainder allocated assuming all of the earnings for the period have been distributed in the form of dividends.

The Company calculates Class A EPS as follows: (i) multiply 40 percent times the average Class A shares outstanding, then divide that amount by the product of 40 percent of the average Class A shares outstanding plus 60 percent of the average Class B shares outstanding to get a percentage, (ii) undistributed net income divided by the average Class A shares outstanding, (iii) multiply item (i) by item (ii), (iv) add item (iii) to the Class A cash dividend. Diluted shares are factored into the Class A calculation.

The Company calculates Class B EPS as follows: (i) multiply 60 percent times the average Class B shares outstanding, then divide that amount by the product of 40 percent of the average Class A shares outstanding plus 60 percent of the average Class B shares outstanding to get a percentage, (ii) undistributed net income divided by the average Class B shares outstanding, (iii) multiply item (i) by item (ii), (iv) add item (iii) to the Class B cash dividend. Class B diluted EPS is identical to Class B basic EPS.

The following table provides EPS information for each period, respectively:

 

     Three months ended  
     January 31,  
     2014      2013  

Numerator for basic and diluted EPS

     

Net income attributable to Greif, Inc.

   $ 29.5       $ 23.6   

Cash dividends

     24.4         24.4   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Undistributed net income attributable to Greif, Inc.

   $ 5.1       $ (0.8

Denominator for basic EPS

     

Class A common stock

     25.5         25.3   

Class B common stock

     22.1         22.1   

Denominator for diluted EPS

     

Class A common stock

     25.5         25.4   

Class B common stock

     22.1         22.1   

EPS Basic

     

Class A common stock

   $ 0.51       $ 0.41   

Class B common stock

   $ 0.75       $ 0.60   

EPS Diluted

     

Class A common stock

   $ 0.51       $ 0.41   

Class B common stock

   $ 0.75       $ 0.60   

Dividends per share

     

Class A common stock

   $ 0.42       $ 0.42   

Class B common stock

   $ 0.62       $ 0.62   

Class A Common Stock is entitled to cumulative dividends of one cent a share per year after which Class B Common Stock is entitled to non-cumulative dividends up to a half-cent a share per year. Further distribution in any year must be made in proportion of one cent a share for Class A Common Stock to one and a half cents a share for Class B Common Stock. The Class A Common Stock has no voting rights unless four quarterly cumulative dividends upon the Class A Common Stock are in arrears. The Class B Common Stock has full voting rights. There is no cumulative voting for the election of directors.

 

Common stock repurchases

The Company’s Board of Directors has authorized the purchase of up to four million shares of Class A Common Stock or Class B Common Stock or any combination of the foregoing. During the three months ended January 31, 2014 and 2013, the Company repurchased no shares of Class A or Class B Common Stock, respectively. As of January 31, 2014, the Company had repurchased 3,184,272 shares, including 1,425,452 shares of Class A Common Stock and 1,758,820 shares of Class B Common Stock, under this program, all of which were repurchased in prior years. The total cost of the shares repurchased from November 1, 2012 through January 31, 2014 was approximately $0.1 million.

The following table summarizes the Company’s Class A and Class B common and treasury shares as of the specified dates:

 

     Authorized Shares      Issued Shares      Outstanding
Shares
     Treasury Shares  

October 31, 2013:

           

Class A Common Stock

     128,000,000         42,281,920         25,456,724         16,825,196   

Class B Common Stock

     69,120,000         34,560,000         22,119,966         12,440,034   

January 31, 2014:

           

Class A Common Stock

     128,000,000         42,281,920         25,517,398         16,764,522   

Class B Common Stock

     69,120,000         34,560,000         22,119,966         12,440,034   

The following is a reconciliation of the shares used to calculate basic and diluted earnings per share:

 

     Three months ended  
     January 31,  
     2014      2013  

Class A Common Stock:

     

Basic shares

     25,470,354         25,316,395   

Assumed conversion of stock options

     24,993         63,352   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Diluted shares

     25,495,347         25,379,747   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Class B Common Stock:

     

Basic and diluted shares

     22,119,966         22,119,966   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

No stock options were antidilutive for the three month periods ended January 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively.

Equity Earnings of Unconsolidated Affiliates, Net of Tax and Net Income Attributable to Noncontrolling Interests
Equity Earnings of Unconsolidated Affiliates, Net of Tax and Net Income Attributable to Noncontrolling Interests

NOTE 16 – EQUITY EARNINGS OF UNCONSOLIDATED AFFILIATES, NET OF TAX AND NET INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO NONCONTROLLING INTERESTS

Equity of unconsolidated affiliates, net of tax

Equity earnings of unconsolidated affiliates, net of tax represent the Company’s share of earnings of affiliates in which the Company does not exercise control and has a 20 percent or more voting interest. Investments in such affiliates are accounted for using the equity method of accounting. If the fair value of an investment in an affiliate is below its carrying value and the difference is deemed to be other than temporary, the difference between the fair value and the carrying value is charged to earnings. The Company has an equity interest in four such affiliates. Equity earnings of unconsolidated affiliates, net of tax for the three months ended January 31, 2014 and 2013 were $0.1 million and $0.1 million, respectively. Dividends received from the Company’s equity method affiliates for the three months ended January 31, 2014 were $0.2 million and were immaterial for the three months ended January 31, 2013. The Company has made loans to an entity deemed a VIE and accounted for as an unconsolidated equity investment. These loans bear interest at various interest rates. The original principal balance of these loans was $22.2 million. As of January 31, 2014, these loans had an outstanding balance of $13.9 million.

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests represent the portion of earnings or losses from the operations of the Company’s consolidated subsidiaries attributable to unrelated third party equity owners that were deducted from net income to arrive at net income attributable to the Company. Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests for the three months ended January 31, 2014 and 2013 was $1.1 million and $1.3 million, respectively.

Shareholders Equity and Comprehensive Income
Shareholders Equity and Comprehensive Income

NOTE 17 — SHAREHOLDERS EQUITY AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

The following table summarizes the changes of Shareholders’ Equity from October 31, 2013 to January 31, 2014 (Dollars in millions, shares in thousands):

 

    Capital Stock     Treasury Stock                 Accumulated
Other
       
    Common
Shares
    Amount     Treasury
Shares
    Amount     Retained
Earnings
    Noncontrolling
interests
    Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
    Shareholders’
Equity
 

As of October 31, 2013

    47,577      $ 129.4        29,265      $ (131.0   $ 1,443.8      $ 114.8      $ (159.0   $ 1,398.0   

Net income

            29.5        1.1          30.6   

Other comprehensive income (loss):

               

- foreign currency translation

              (0.6     (32.5     (33.1

- Reclassification of cash flow hedges to earnings, net of income tax benefit of $0.1 million

                0.2        0.2   

- Unrealized loss on cash flow hedges, net of immaterial income tax expense

                (0.1     (0.1

- minimum pension liability adjustment, net of income tax benefit of $0.1 million

                (0.3     (0.3
               

 

 

 

Comprehensive income

                  (2.7
               

 

 

 

Noncontrolling interests and other

              0.7          0.7   

Dividends paid

            (24.4         (24.4

Stock options exercised

    4        0.1        (4     —                0.1   

Long-term incentive shares issued

    56        2.8        (56     0.1              2.9   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

As of January 31, 2014

    47,637      $ 132.3        29,205      $ (130.9   $ 1,448.9      $ 116.0      $ (191.7   $ 1,374.6   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The following table provides the rollforward of accumulated other comprehensive income for the three months ended January 31, 2014 (Dollars in millions):

 

     Foreign
Currency
Translation
    Cash
Flow
Hedges
    Minimum
Pension
Liability
Adjustment
    Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
 

Balance as of October 31, 2013

   $ (63.3   $ (0.6   $ (95.1   $ (159.0

Other Comprehensive Loss Before Reclassifications

     (32.5     (0.1     (0.3   $ (32.9

Amounts reclassified from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss

     —          0.2        —        $ 0.2   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Current-period Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

     (32.5     0.1        (0.3     (32.7
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance as of January 31, 2014

   $ (95.8   $ (0.5   $ (95.4   $ (191.7
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The following table provides the rollforward of accumulated other comprehensive income for the three months ended January 31, 2013 (Dollars in millions):

 

     Foreign
Currency
Translation
    Cash
Flow
Hedges
    Minimum
Pension
Liability
Adjustment
    Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
 

Balance as of October 31, 2012

   $ (69.1   $ (0.9   $ (126.0   $ (196.0

Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) Before Reclassifications

     11.6        0.1        (0.4     11.3   

Amounts reclassified from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss

     —          0.1        —          0.1   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Current-period Other Comprehensive Income

     11.6        0.2        (0.4     11.4   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance as of January 31, 2013

   $ (57.5   $ (0.7   $ (126.4   $ (184.6
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

The components of accumulated other comprehensive income above are presented net of tax, as applicable.

The following table provides amounts reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income for the three months ended January 31 (Dollars in millions):

 

Details about Accumulated Other

Comprehensive Income Components

   Ammount Reclassified from
Accumulated Other
Comprehensive Loss
     Location on
Consolidated
Statements of Income
     2014      2013       

Cash Flow Hedges

   $ 0.2       $ 0.1       Other expense, net
  

 

 

    

 

 

    
   $ 0.2       $ 0.1       Net income
Business Segment Information
Business Segment Information

NOTE 18 — BUSINESS SEGMENT INFORMATION

The Company has five operating segments, which are aggregated into four reportable business segments: Rigid Industrial Packaging & Services; Paper Packaging; Flexible Products & Services; and Land Management.

Operations in the Rigid Industrial Packaging & Services segment involve the production and sale of rigid industrial packaging products, such as steel, fibre and plastic drums, rigid intermediate bulk containers, closure systems for industrial packaging products, transit protection products, water bottles and reconditioned containers, and services, such as container life cycle services, blending, filling and other packaging services, logistics and warehousing. The Company’s rigid industrial packaging products are sold to customers in industries such as chemicals, paints and pigments, food and beverage, petroleum, industrial coatings, agricultural, pharmaceutical and mineral, among others.

Operations in the Paper Packaging segment involve the production and sale of containerboard, corrugated sheets, corrugated containers and other corrugated products to customers in North America. The Company’s corrugated container products are used to ship such diverse products as home appliances, small machinery, grocery products, automotive components, books and furniture, as well as numerous other applications.

Operations in the Flexible Products & Services segment involve the production and sale of flexible intermediate bulk containers and related services on a global basis and the sale of multiwall bag products in North America. The Company’s flexible intermediate bulk containers are constructed from a polypropylene-based woven fabric that is produced at its fully integrated production sites, as well as sourced from strategic regional suppliers. Flexible products are sold globally and service customers and market segments similar to those in the Company’s Rigid Industrial Packaging & Services segment. Additionally, the Company’s flexible products significantly expand its presence in the agricultural and food industries, among others. The Company’s multiwall bag products are used to ship a wide range of industrial and consumer products, such as seed, fertilizers, chemicals, concrete, flour, sugar, feed, pet foods, popcorn, charcoal and salt, primarily for the agricultural, chemical, building products and food industries.

Operations in the Land Management segment involve the management and sale of timber and special use properties from approximately 246,400 acres of timber properties in the southeastern United States, which are actively managed, and 10,300 acres of timber properties in Canada. Land Management’s operations focus on the active harvesting and regeneration of the Company’s United States timber properties to achieve sustainable long-term yields. While timber sales are subject to fluctuations, the Company seeks to maintain a consistent cutting schedule, within the limits of market and weather conditions. The Company also sells, from time to time, timberland and special use properties, which consists of surplus properties, HBU properties, and development properties.

In order to maximize the value of timber property, the Company continues to review its current portfolio and explore the development of certain of these properties in Canada and the United States. This process has led the Company to characterize property as follows:

 

    Surplus property, meaning land that cannot be efficiently or effectively managed by the Company, whether due to parcel size, lack of productivity, location, access limitations or for other reasons.

 

    HBU property, meaning land that in its current state has a higher market value for uses other than growing and selling timber.

 

    Development property, meaning HBU land that, with additional investment, may have a significantly higher market value than its HBU market value.

 

    Timberland, meaning land that is best suited for growing and selling timber.

The disposal of surplus and HBU property is reported in the consolidated statements of income under “gain on disposals of properties, plants and equipment, net” and the sale of development property is reported under “net sales” and “cost of products sold.” All HBU, development and surplus property is used by the Company to productively grow and sell timber until sold.

Whether timberland has a higher value for uses other than growing and selling timber is a determination based upon several variables, such as proximity to population centers, anticipated population growth in the area, the topography of the land, aesthetic considerations, including access to water, the condition of the surrounding land, availability of utilities, markets for timber and economic considerations both nationally and locally. Given these considerations, the characterization of land is not a static process, but requires an ongoing review and re-characterization as circumstances change.

The Company’s reportable business segments offer different products and services. The accounting policies of the reportable business segments are substantially the same as those described in the “Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies” note in the 2013 Form 10-K.

The following segment information is presented for the periods indicated (Dollars in millions):

 

     Three months ended  
     January 31,  
     2014      2013  

Net sales

     

Rigid Industrial Packaging & Services

   $ 712.3       $ 704.4   

Paper Packaging

     202.7         184.2   

Flexible Products & Services

     113.2         111.4   

Land Management

     6.2         8.6   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total net sales

   $ 1,034.4       $ 1,008.6   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Operating profit:

     

Rigid Industrial Packaging & Services

   $ 29.5       $ 31.5   

Paper Packaging

     30.0         27.7   

Flexible Products & Services

     0.8         0.6   

Land Management

     11.7         4.2   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total operating profit

   $ 72.0       $ 64.0   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Depreciation, depletion and amortization expense:

     

Rigid Industrial Packaging & Services

   $ 27.4       $ 26.9   

Paper Packaging

     7.2         8.0   

Flexible Products & Services

     3.7         3.5   

Land Management

     0.8         1.1   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total depreciation, depletion and amortization expense

   $ 39.1       $ 39.5   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

The following table presents net sales to external customers by geographic area (Dollars in millions):

 

     Three months ended
January 31,
 
     2014      2013  

Net sales:

     

North America

   $ 500.4       $ 476.1   

Europe, Middle East and Africa

     375.0         370.6   

Asia Pacific and Latin America

     159.0         161.9   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total net sales

   $ 1,034.4       $ 1,008.6   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

The following table presents total assets by segment and geographic area (Dollars in millions):

 

     January 31,
2014
     October 31,
2013
 

Assets:

     

Rigid Industrial Packaging & Services

   $ 2,453.1       $ 2,441.6   

Paper Packaging

     416.7         413.3   

Flexible Products & Services

     363.2         367.3   

Land Management

     286.2         280.7   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total segments

     3,519.2         3,502.9   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Corporate and other

     413.1         379.3   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 3,932.3       $ 3,882.2   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Assets:

     

North America

   $ 1,883.5       $ 1,818.2   

Europe, Middle East and Africa

     1,518.1         1,517.4   

Asia Pacific and Latin America

     530.7         546.6   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 3,932.3       $ 3,882.2   
  

 

 

    

 

 

Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Policies)

Basis of Presentation

The information furnished herein reflects all adjustments which are, in the opinion of management, necessary for a fair presentation of the consolidated balance sheets as of January 31, 2014 and October 31, 2013, the consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income for the three months ended January 31, 2014 and 2013 and the consolidated statements of cash flows for the three month periods ended January 31, 2014 and 2013 of Greif, Inc. and its subsidiaries (the “Company”). The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Greif, Inc., all wholly-owned and majority-owned subsidiaries and investments in limited liability companies, partnerships and joint ventures in which it has controlling influence. Non-majority owned entities include investments in limited liability companies, partnerships and joint ventures in which the Company does not have controlling influence.

The unaudited consolidated financial statements included in the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (this “Form 10-Q”) should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for its fiscal year ended October 31, 2013 (the “2013 Form 10-K”). Note 1 of the “Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements” from the 2013 Form 10-K is specifically incorporated in this Form 10-Q by reference. In the opinion of management, all adjustments necessary for fair presentation of the consolidated financial statements have been included and are of a normal and recurring nature.

The consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) instructions to Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and include all of the information and disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) for interim financial reporting. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make certain estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual amounts could differ from those estimates.

The Company’s fiscal year begins on November 1 and ends on October 31 of the following year. Any references to the year 2014 or 2013, or to any quarter of those years, relates to the fiscal year or quarter, as the case may be, ended in that year.

The Company presents various fair value disclosures in Notes 3 and 10 to these Consolidated Financial Statements.

Newly Adopted Accounting Standards

In December 2011, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2011-11 “Balance Sheet: Disclosures about Offsetting Assets and Liabilities.” Subsequently, in January 2013, the FASB issued updated guidance in ASU 2013-01 “Balance Sheet: Clarifying the Scope of Disclosures about Offsetting Assets and Liabilities.” The balance sheet offsetting disclosures were limited in scope to derivatives, repurchase agreements, and securities lending transactions to the extent they are offset in the financial statements or subject to an enforceable master netting arrangement or similar arrangement. The Company adopted the new guidance beginning on November 1, 2013, and the adoption of the new guidance did not impact the Company’s financial position, results of operations, comprehensive income or cash flows, other than the related disclosures.

In February 2013, the FASB issued ASU 2013-02 “Comprehensive Income: Reporting of Amounts Reclassified Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income.” The objective of this update is to improve the reporting of reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive income. The amendments in this update seek to attain that objective by requiring an entity to report the effect of significant reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive income on the respective line items in net income if the amount being reclassified is required under GAAP to be reclassified in its entirety to net income. For other amounts that are not required under GAAP to be reclassified in their entirety to net income in the same reporting period, an entity is required to cross-reference other disclosures required under GAAP that provide additional detail about those amounts. This would be the case when a portion of the amount reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income is reclassified to a balance sheet account instead of directly to income or expense in the same reporting period. The Company adopted the new guidance beginning on November 1, 2013, and the adoption of the new guidance did not impact the Company’s financial position, results of operations, comprehensive income or cash flows, other than the related disclosures.

Recently Issued Accounting Standards

As of January 31, 2014, the FASB has issued ASU’s through 2014-05. The Company has reviewed each recently issued ASU and the adoption of each ASU that is applicable to the Company is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s financial position, results of operations, comprehensive income or cash flows, other than the related disclosures.

In March 2013, the FASB issued ASU 2013-05 “Foreign Currency Matters: Parent’s Accounting for the Cumulative Translation Adjustment upon Derecognition of Certain Subsidiaries or Groups of Assets within a Foreign Entity or an Investment in a Foreign Entity.” The objective of this update is to resolve the diversity in practice about whether Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 810-10 or ASC 830-30 applies to the release of the cumulative translation adjustment into net income when a parent either sells a part or all of its investment in a foreign entity or no longer holds a controlling financial interest in a subsidiary or group of assets that is a nonprofit activity or a business (other than a sale of in substance real estate or conveyance of oil and gas rights) within a foreign entity. The Company is expected to adopt the new guidance beginning November 1, 2014, and the impact of the adoption of the new guidance will be evaluated when an acquisition or divestiture occurs with respect to the Company’s financial position, results of operations, comprehensive income, cash flows and disclosures.

In July 2013, the FASB issued ASU 2013-11 “Income Taxes: Presentation of an Unrecognized Tax Benefit When a Net Operating Loss Carryforward, a Similar Tax Loss, or a Tax Credit Carryforward Exists.” The objective of this update is to eliminate the diversity in practice in the presentation of unrecognized tax benefits when a net operating loss carryforward, a similar tax loss or a tax credit carryforward exists. The amendments in this update seek to attain that objective by requiring an entity to present an unrecognized tax benefit in the financial statements as a reduction to a deferred tax asset for those instances described above, except in certain situations discussed in the update. The Company is expected to adopt the new guidance beginning on November 1, 2014 and the adoption of the new guidance is not expected to impact the Company’s financial position, results of operations, comprehensive income or cash flows, other than the related disclosures.

The Company has two classes of common stock and, as such, applies the “two-class method” of computing earnings per share (“EPS”) as prescribed in ASC 260, “Earnings Per Share.” In accordance with this guidance, earnings are allocated first to Class A and Class B Common Stock to the extent that dividends are actually paid and the remainder allocated assuming all of the earnings for the period have been distributed in the form of dividends.

Acquisitions, Divestitures and Other Significant Transactions (Tables)
Acquisitions

The following table summarizes the Company’s acquisition activity in 2014 and 2013 (Dollars in millions):

 

Segment

   # of
Acquisitions
     Purchase Price,
net of Cash
     Tangible Assets,
net
     Intangible
Assets
     Goodwill  

Total 2014 Acquisitions

     2       $ 52.3         2.5         13.8         34.2   

Total 2013 Acquisitions

     —         $ —           —           —           —     
Sale of Non-United States Accounts Receivable (Tables)
Company's Accounts Receivables Programs

The tables below contain information related to the Company’s accounts receivables programs (Dollars in millions):

 

     Three months ended
January 31,
 
     2014      2013  

European RPA

     

Gross accounts receivable sold to third party financial institution

   $ 243.5       $ 242.2   

Cash received for accounts receivable sold under the programs

     215.4         214.7   

Deferred purchase price related to accounts receivable sold

     28.1         27.5   

Loss associated with the programs

     0.7         0.7   

Expenses associated with the programs

     —           —     

Singapore RPA

     

Gross accounts receivable sold to third party financial institution

   $ 15.0       $ 17.2   

Cash received for accounts receivable sold under the program

     15.0         17.2   

Deferred purchase price related to accounts receivable sold

     —           —     

Loss associated with the program

     —           —     

Expenses associated with the program

     0.1         0.1   

Malaysian Agreement

     

Gross accounts receivable sold to third party financial institution

   $ 0.8       $ 5.3   

Cash received for accounts receivable sold under the program

     0.8         5.3   

Deferred purchase price related to accounts receivable sold

     —           —     

Loss associated with the program

     —           —     

Expenses associated with the program

     —           —     

Total RPAs and Agreement

     

Gross accounts receivable sold to third party financial institution

   $ 259.3       $ 264.7   

Cash received for accounts receivable sold under the program

     231.2         237.2   

Deferred purchase price related to accounts receivable sold

     28.1         27.5   

Loss associated with the program

     0.7         0.7   

Expenses associated with the program

     0.1         0.1   

 

     January 31,      October 31,  
     2014      2013  

European RPA

     

Accounts receivable sold to and held by third party financial institution

   $ 160.1       $ 179.0   

Uncollected deferred purchase price related to accounts receivable sold

     21.2         11.5   

Singapore RPA

     

Accounts receivable sold to and held by third party financial institution

   $ 5.7       $ 4.4   

Uncollected deferred purchase price related to accounts receivable sold

     —           —     

Malaysian Agreement

     

Accounts receivable sold to and held by third party financial institution

   $ 0.3       $ 4.5   

Uncollected deferred purchase price related to accounts receivable sold

     —           —     

Total RPAs and Agreement

     

Accounts receivable sold to and held by third party financial institution

   $ 166.1       $ 187.9   

Uncollected deferred purchase price related to accounts receivable sold

   $ 21.2       $ 11.5   
Inventories (Tables)
Summarization of Inventories

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market and are summarized as follows (Dollars in millions):

 

     January 31,
2014
     October 31,
2013
 

Finished Goods

   $ 100.4       $ 98.5   

Raw materials

     263.8         240.4   

Work-in-process

     33.9         36.4   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 398.1       $ 375.3   
  

 

 

    

 

 

Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets (Tables)

The following table summarizes the changes in the carrying amount of goodwill by segment for the three month period ended January 31, 2014 (Dollars in millions):

 

     Rigid Industrial
Packaging &
Services
    Flexible Products &
Services
    Paper Packaging      Land Management      Total  

Balance at October 31, 2013

   $ 867.3      $ 76.3      $ 59.9       $ —         $ 1,003.5   

Goodwill acquired

     34.2        —          —           —           34.2   

Goodwill adjustments

     —          —          —           —           —     

Currency translation

     (8.2     (0.6     —           —           (8.8
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance at January 31, 2014

   $ 893.3      $ 75.7      $ 59.9       $ —         $ 1,028.9   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

The following table summarizes the carrying amount of net intangible assets by class as of January 31, 2014 and October 31, 2013 (Dollars in millions):

 

     Gross Intangible Assets      Accumulated
Amortization
     Net Intangible
Assets
 

October 31, 2013:

        

Trademark and patents

   $ 31.1       $ 4.3       $ 26.8   

Non-compete agreements

     14.6         12.6         2.0   

Customer relationships

     205.6         69.4         136.2   

Other

     23.5         7.7         15.8   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 274.8       $ 94.0       $ 180.8   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

January 31, 2014:

        

Trademark and patents

   $ 31.8       $ 4.5       $ 27.3   

Non-compete agreements

     14.6         12.8         1.8   

Customer relationships

     216.0         72.7         143.3   

Other

     23.3         8.2         15.1   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 285.7       $ 98.2       $ 187.5   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

Restructuring Charges (Tables)

The following is a reconciliation of the beginning and ending restructuring reserve balances for the three month period ended January 31, 2014 (Dollars in millions):

 

     Cash Charges     Non-cash
Charges
       
     Employee
Separation
Costs
    Other
Costs
    Asset
Impairments
    Total  

Balance at October 31, 2013

   $ 1.8      $ 1.2      $ —        $ 3.0   

Costs incurred and charged to expense

     2.4        —          0.2        2.6   

Costs paid or otherwise settled

     (1.3     (0.1     (0.2     (1.6
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at January 31, 2014

   $ 2.9      $ 1.1      $ —        $ 4.0   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

The following is a reconciliation of the total amounts expected to be incurred from open restructuring plans or plans that are being formulated and have not been announced as of the date of this Form 10-Q. Remaining amounts expected to be incurred were $9.7 million and $6.6 million as of January 31, 2014 and October 31, 2013, respectively. The increase was due to the formulation of new plans during the period offset by the realization of expenses from plans formulated in prior periods. (Dollars in millions):

 

     Amounts Expected to be
Incurred
     Amounts expensed during
the three month period
ended January 31, 2014
     Amounts Remaining to
be Incurred
 

Rigid Industrial Packaging & Services

        

Employee separation costs

   $ 5.8       $ 2.3       $ 3.5   

Asset impairments

     0.2         0.2         —     

Other restructuring costs

     4.5         —           4.5   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     10.5         2.5         8.0   

Flexible Products & Services

        

Employee separation costs

     0.3         0.1         0.2   

Asset impairments

     —           —           —     

Other restructuring costs

     1.5         —           1.5   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     1.8         0.1         1.7   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 12.3       $ 2.6       $ 9.7   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
Variable Interest Entities (Tables)
Total Net Assets of Flexible Packaging JV

The following table presents the Flexible Packaging JV total net assets (Dollars in millions):

 

October 31, 2013

   Asset Co.     Global Textile      Trading Co.      Flexible Packaging JV  

Total assets

   $ 155.5      $ 44.9       $ 163.6       $ 364.0   

Total liabilities

     209.8        1.2         57.3         268.3   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net assets

   $ (54.3   $ 43.7       $ 106.3       $ 95.7   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

January 31, 2014

   Asset Co.     Global Textile      Trading Co.      Flexible Packaging JV  

Total assets

   $ 137.9      $ 55.8       $ 168.0       $ 361.7   

Total liabilities

     217.8        2.3         56.8         276.9   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net assets

   $ (79.9   $ 53.5       $ 111.2       $ 84.8   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

Long-Term Debt (Tables)
Summary of Long-Term Debt

Long-term debt is summarized as follows (Dollars in millions):

 

     January 31, 2014     October 31, 2013  

Amended Credit Agreement

   $ 357.6      $ 222.9   

Senior Notes due 2017

     301.6        301.8   

Senior Notes due 2019

     244.5        244.4   

Senior Notes due 2021

     270.8        272.9   

Amended Receivables Facility

     151.0        140.0   

Other long-term debt

     32.8        35.2   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
     1,358.3        1,217.2   

Less current portion

     (12.5     (10.0
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Long-term debt

   $ 1,345.8      $ 1,207.2   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
Financial Instruments and Fair Value Measurements (Tables)

The following table presents the fair value for those assets and (liabilities) measured on a recurring basis as of January 31, 2014 (Dollars in millions):

 

     October 31, 2013      
     Fair Value Measurement     Balance sheet
     Level 1      Level 2     Level 3      Total     Location

Interest rate derivatives

   $ —         $ (0.9   $ —         $ (0.9   Other long-term liabilities

Foreign exchange hedges

     —           0.3        —           0.3      Prepaid expenses and other current assets

Foreign exchange hedges

     —           (1.0     —           (1.0   Other current liabilities
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

Total*

   $ —         $ (1.6   $ —         $ (1.6  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   
     January 31, 2014      
     Fair Value Measurement     Balance sheet
     Level 1      Level 2     Level 3      Total     Location

Interest rate derivatives

   $ —         $ (0.7   $ —         $ (0.7   Other long-term liabilities

Foreign exchange hedges

     —           0.7        —           0.7      Prepaid expenses and other current assets

Foreign exchange hedges

     —           (0.9     —           (0.9   Other current liabilities
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

Total*

   $ —         $ (0.9   $ —         $ (0.9  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

* The carrying amounts of cash and cash equivalents, trade accounts receivable, accounts payable, current liabilities and short-term borrowings as of January 31, 2014 approximate their fair values because of the short-term nature of these items and are not included in this table.

The following table presents the estimated fair value compared to the carrying amount for the Company’s Senior Notes (Dollars in millions):

 

     January 31, 2014      October 31, 2013  

Senior Notes due 2017

     

Estimated fair value

   $ 332.4       $ 334.5   

Carrying amount

     301.6         301.8   

Senior Notes due 2019

     

Estimated fair value

     282.6         289.9   

Carrying amount

     244.5         244.4   

Senior Notes due 2021

     

Estimated fair value

     321.9         317.9   

Carrying amount

     270.8         272.4  
Retirement Plans and Postretirement Health Care and Life Insurance Benefits (Tables)

The components of net periodic pension cost include the following (Dollars in millions):

 

     Three months ended  
     January 31,  
     2014     2013  

Service cost

   $ 3.9      $ 4.2   

Interest cost

     7.4        6.9   

Expected return on plan assets

     (8.5     (8.1

Amortization of prior service cost, initial net asset and net actuarial gain

     2.7        4.2   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net periodic pension costs

   $ 5.5      $ 7.2   
  

 

 

   

 

 

The components of net periodic cost for postretirement benefits include the following (Dollars in millions):

 

     Three months ended  
     January 31,  
     2014     2013  

Service cost

   $ —        $ —     

Interest cost

     0.2        0.2   

Amortization of prior service cost and recognized actuarial gain

     (0.4     (0.4
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net periodic benefit for postretirement benefits

   $ (0.2   $ (0.2
  

 

 

   

 

 

Earnings Per Share (Tables)

The following table provides EPS information for each period, respectively:

 

     Three months ended  
     January 31,  
     2014      2013  

Numerator for basic and diluted EPS

     

Net income attributable to Greif, Inc.

   $ 29.5       $ 23.6   

Cash dividends

     24.4         24.4   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Undistributed net income attributable to Greif, Inc.

   $ 5.1       $ (0.8

Denominator for basic EPS

     

Class A common stock

     25.5         25.3   

Class B common stock

     22.1         22.1   

Denominator for diluted EPS

     

Class A common stock

     25.5         25.4   

Class B common stock

     22.1         22.1   

EPS Basic

     

Class A common stock

   $ 0.51       $ 0.41   

Class B common stock

   $ 0.75       $ 0.60   

EPS Diluted

     

Class A common stock

   $ 0.51       $ 0.41   

Class B common stock

   $ 0.75       $ 0.60   

Dividends per share

     

Class A common stock

   $ 0.42       $ 0.42   

Class B common stock

   $ 0.62       $ 0.62   

The following table summarizes the Company’s Class A and Class B common and treasury shares as of the specified dates:

 

     Authorized Shares      Issued Shares      Outstanding
Shares
     Treasury Shares  

October 31, 2013:

           

Class A Common Stock

     128,000,000         42,281,920         25,456,724         16,825,196   

Class B Common Stock

     69,120,000         34,560,000         22,119,966         12,440,034   

January 31, 2014:

           

Class A Common Stock

     128,000,000         42,281,920         25,517,398         16,764,522   

Class B Common Stock

     69,120,000         34,560,000         22,119,966         12,440,034   

The following is a reconciliation of the shares used to calculate basic and diluted earnings per share:

 

     Three months ended  
     January 31,  
     2014      2013  

Class A Common Stock:

     

Basic shares

     25,470,354         25,316,395   

Assumed conversion of stock options

     24,993         63,352   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Diluted shares

     25,495,347         25,379,747   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Class B Common Stock:

     

Basic and diluted shares

     22,119,966         22,119,966   
  

 

 

    

 

 

Shareholders Equity and Comprehensive Income (Tables)

The following table summarizes the changes of Shareholders’ Equity from October 31, 2013 to January 31, 2014 (Dollars in millions, shares in thousands):

 

    Capital Stock     Treasury Stock                 Accumulated
Other
       
    Common
Shares
    Amount     Treasury
Shares
    Amount     Retained
Earnings
    Noncontrolling
interests
    Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
    Shareholders’
Equity
 

As of October 31, 2013

    47,577      $ 129.4        29,265      $ (131.0   $ 1,443.8      $ 114.8      $ (159.0   $ 1,398.0   

Net income

            29.5        1.1          30.6   

Other comprehensive income (loss):

               

- foreign currency translation

              (0.6     (32.5     (33.1

- Reclassification of cash flow hedges to earnings, net of income tax benefit of $0.1 million

                0.2        0.2   

- Unrealized loss on cash flow hedges, net of immaterial income tax expense

                (0.1     (0.1

- minimum pension liability adjustment, net of income tax benefit of $0.1 million

                (0.3     (0.3
               

 

 

 

Comprehensive income

                  (2.7
               

 

 

 

Noncontrolling interests and other

              0.7          0.7   

Dividends paid

            (24.4         (24.4

Stock options exercised

    4        0.1        (4     —                0.1   

Long-term incentive shares issued

    56        2.8        (56     0.1              2.9   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

As of January 31, 2014

    47,637      $ 132.3        29,205      $ (130.9   $ 1,448.9      $ 116.0      $ (191.7   $ 1,374.6   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

The following table provides the rollforward of accumulated other comprehensive income for the three months ended January 31, 2014 (Dollars in millions):

 

     Foreign
Currency
Translation
    Cash
Flow
Hedges
    Minimum
Pension
Liability
Adjustment
    Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
 

Balance as of October 31, 2013

   $ (63.3   $ (0.6   $ (95.1   $ (159.0

Other Comprehensive Loss Before Reclassifications

     (32.5     (0.1     (0.3   $ (32.9

Amounts reclassified from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss

     —          0.2        —        $ 0.2   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Current-period Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

     (32.5     0.1        (0.3     (32.7
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance as of January 31, 2014

   $ (95.8   $ (0.5   $ (95.4   $ (191.7
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The following table provides the rollforward of accumulated other comprehensive income for the three months ended January 31, 2013 (Dollars in millions):

 

     Foreign
Currency
Translation
    Cash
Flow
Hedges
    Minimum
Pension
Liability
Adjustment
    Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
 

Balance as of October 31, 2012

   $ (69.1   $ (0.9   $ (126.0   $ (196.0

Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) Before Reclassifications

     11.6        0.1        (0.4     11.3   

Amounts reclassified from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss

     —          0.1        —          0.1   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Current-period Other Comprehensive Income

     11.6        0.2        (0.4     11.4   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance as of January 31, 2013

   $ (57.5   $ (0.7   $ (126.4   $ (184.6
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

The following table provides amounts reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income for the three months ended January 31 (Dollars in millions):

 

Details about Accumulated Other

Comprehensive Income Components

   Ammount Reclassified from
Accumulated Other
Comprehensive Loss
     Location on
Consolidated
Statements of Income
     2014      2013       

Cash Flow Hedges

   $ 0.2       $ 0.1       Other expense, net
  

 

 

    

 

 

    
   $ 0.2       $ 0.1       Net income
Business Segment Information (Tables)

The following segment information is presented for the periods indicated (Dollars in millions):

 

     Three months ended  
     January 31,  
     2014      2013  

Net sales

     

Rigid Industrial Packaging & Services

   $ 712.3       $ 704.4   

Paper Packaging

     202.7         184.2   

Flexible Products & Services

     113.2         111.4   

Land Management

     6.2         8.6   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total net sales

   $ 1,034.4       $ 1,008.6   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Operating profit:

     

Rigid Industrial Packaging & Services

   $ 29.5       $ 31.5   

Paper Packaging

     30.0         27.7   

Flexible Products & Services

     0.8         0.6   

Land Management

     11.7         4.2   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total operating profit

   $ 72.0       $ 64.0   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Depreciation, depletion and amortization expense:

     

Rigid Industrial Packaging & Services

   $ 27.4       $ 26.9   

Paper Packaging

     7.2         8.0   

Flexible Products & Services

     3.7         3.5   

Land Management

     0.8         1.1   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total depreciation, depletion and amortization expense

   $ 39.1       $ 39.5   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

The following table presents net sales to external customers by geographic area (Dollars in millions):

 

     Three months ended
January 31,
 
     2014      2013  

Net sales:

     

North America

   $ 500.4       $ 476.1   

Europe, Middle East and Africa

     375.0         370.6   

Asia Pacific and Latin America

     159.0         161.9   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total net sales

   $ 1,034.4       $ 1,008.6   
  

 

 

    

 

 

The following table presents total assets by segment and geographic area (Dollars in millions):

 

     January 31,
2014
     October 31,
2013
 

Assets:

     

Rigid Industrial Packaging & Services

   $ 2,453.1       $ 2,441.6   

Paper Packaging

     416.7         413.3   

Flexible Products & Services

     363.2         367.3   

Land Management

     286.2         280.7   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total segments

     3,519.2         3,502.9   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Corporate and other

     413.1         379.3   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 3,932.3       $ 3,882.2   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

The following table presents total assets by geographic area (Dollars in millions):

 

Assets:

     

North America

   $ 1,883.5       $ 1,818.2   

Europe, Middle East and Africa

     1,518.1         1,517.4   

Asia Pacific and Latin America

     530.7         546.6   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 3,932.3       $ 3,882.2   
  

 

 

    

 

 

Acquisitions, Divestitures and Other Significant Transactions - Acquisitions (Detail)(USD $)
In Millions, unless otherwise specified
3 Months Ended 3 Months Ended 12 Months Ended
Jan. 31, 2014
Acquisition
Jan. 31, 2013
Acquisition
Oct. 31, 2013
Jan. 31, 2014
Total 2014 Acquisitions [Member]
Acquisition
Oct. 31, 2013
Total 2013 Acquisitions [[Member]
Acquisition
Business Acquisition [Line Items]
Number of acquisitions
2
0
2
  
Purchase Price, net of Cash
$52.3
$52.3
  
Tangible Assets, net
2.5
  
Intangible Assets
13.8
  
Goodwill
$1,028.9
$1,003.5
$34.2
  
Acquisitions, Divestitures and Other Significant Transactions - Additional Information (Detail)(USD $)
In Millions, unless otherwise specified
3 Months Ended
Jan. 31, 2014
Company
Acquisition
Jan. 31, 2013
Acquisition
Business Combinations [Abstract]
Number of acquisitions completed
2
0
Number of rigid industrial packaging and services companies acquired
1
Number of paper packaging and services companies acquired
1
Revenue
$6.0
Operating profit (loss)
$0.9
Sale of Non-United States Accounts Receivable - Additional Information (Detail)
In Millions, unless otherwise specified
3 Months Ended
Jan. 31, 2014
Jan. 31, 2014
Singapore RPA [Member]
USD ($)
Jan. 31, 2014
Singapore RPA [Member]
SGD ($)
Jan. 31, 2014
Malaysian Agreement [Member]
USD ($)
Jan. 31, 2014
Malaysian Agreement [Member]
MYR
Jan. 31, 2014
European RPA [Member]
USD ($)
Jan. 31, 2014
European RPA [Member]
EUR ()
Finance Receivable Transferred To Held For Sale [Line Items]
Financing receivable maximum amount under receivable purchase agreement
$11.8
$15.0
$4.5
15.0
$198.2
145.0
Minimum percentage of eligible receivables related with bank funds initial purchase price
75.00%
Maximum percentage of eligible receivables related with bank funds initial purchase price
90.00%
Sale of Non-United States Accounts Receivable - Company's Accounts Receivables Programs (Detail)(USD $)
In Millions, unless otherwise specified
3 Months Ended
Jan. 31, 2014
Jan. 31, 2013
Oct. 31, 2013
European RPA [Member]
Finance Receivable Transferred To Held For Sale [Line Items]
Gross accounts receivable sold to third party financial institution
$243.5
$242.2
Cash received for accounts receivable sold under the program
215.4
214.7
Deferred purchase price related to accounts receivable sold
28.1
27.5
Loss associated with the program
0.7
0.7
Expenses associated with the program
  
  
Accounts receivable sold to and held by third party financial institution
160.1
179.0
Uncollected deferred purchase price related to accounts receivable sold
21.2
11.5
Singapore RPA [Member]
Finance Receivable Transferred To Held For Sale [Line Items]
Gross accounts receivable sold to third party financial institution
15.0
17.2
Cash received for accounts receivable sold under the program
15.0
17.2
Deferred purchase price related to accounts receivable sold
  
  
Loss associated with the program
  
  
Expenses associated with the program
0.1
0.1
Accounts receivable sold to and held by third party financial institution
5.7
4.4
Uncollected deferred purchase price related to accounts receivable sold
  
  
Malaysian Agreement [Member]
Finance Receivable Transferred To Held For Sale [Line Items]
Gross accounts receivable sold to third party financial institution
0.8
5.3
Cash received for accounts receivable sold under the program
0.8
5.3
Deferred purchase price related to accounts receivable sold
  
  
Loss associated with the program
  
  
Expenses associated with the program
  
  
Accounts receivable sold to and held by third party financial institution
0.3
4.5
Uncollected deferred purchase price related to accounts receivable sold
  
  
Total RPAs and Agreement [Member]
Finance Receivable Transferred To Held For Sale [Line Items]
Gross accounts receivable sold to third party financial institution
259.3
264.7
Cash received for accounts receivable sold under the program
231.2
237.2
Deferred purchase price related to accounts receivable sold
28.1
27.5
Loss associated with the program
0.7
0.7
Expenses associated with the program
0.1
0.1
Accounts receivable sold to and held by third party financial institution
166.1
187.9
Uncollected deferred purchase price related to accounts receivable sold
$21.2
$11.5
Inventories - Summarization of Inventories (Detail)(USD $)
In Millions, unless otherwise specified
Jan. 31, 2014
Oct. 31, 2013
Inventory Disclosure [Abstract]
Finished Goods
$100.4
$98.5
Raw materials
263.8
240.4
Work-in-process
33.9
36.4
Inventories, Net
$398.1
$375.3
Net Assets Held for Sales and Disposals of Property, Plant and Equipment, Net - Additional Information (Detail)(USD $)
In Millions, unless otherwise specified
3 Months Ended 3 Months Ended
Jan. 31, 2014
Assets
Jan. 31, 2013
Jan. 31, 2014
Flexible Products & Services [Member]
Assets
Oct. 31, 2013
Flexible Products & Services [Member]
Assets
Jan. 31, 2014
Land Management [Member]
Jan. 31, 2014
Paper Packaging [Member]
Other Development Land [Member]
Jan. 31, 2014
Paper Packaging [Member]
Other Miscellaneous Equipment [Member]
Jan. 31, 2014
Rigid Industrial Packaging & Services [Member]
Long Lived Assets Held-for-sale [Line Items]
Number of assets group with assets held for sale
1
2
Number of assets group disposed
1
Gain (loss) on disposals of property, plant and equipment, net
$0.8
$1.2
$1.4
$0.8
$0.3
Disposal of equity method investment
1.7
Gain (loss) on sale of timberland
$8.7
$0
Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets - Summary of Changes in Carrying Amount of Goodwill by Segment (Detail)(USD $)
In Millions, unless otherwise specified
3 Months Ended
Jan. 31, 2014
Goodwill [Line Items]
Goodwill beginning balance
$1,003.5
Goodwill acquired
34.2
Goodwill adjustments
  
Currency translation
(8.8)
Goodwill ending balance
1,028.9
Rigid Industrial Packaging & Services [Member]
Goodwill [Line Items]
Goodwill beginning balance
867.3
Goodwill acquired
34.2
Goodwill adjustments
  
Currency translation
(8.2)
Goodwill ending balance
893.3
Flexible Products & Services [Member]
Goodwill [Line Items]
Goodwill beginning balance
76.3
Goodwill acquired
  
Goodwill adjustments
  
Currency translation
(0.6)
Goodwill ending balance
75.7
Paper Packaging [Member]
Goodwill [Line Items]
Goodwill beginning balance
59.9
Goodwill acquired
  
Goodwill adjustments
  
Currency translation
  
Goodwill ending balance
59.9
Land Management [Member]
Goodwill [Line Items]
Goodwill beginning balance
  
Goodwill acquired
  
Goodwill adjustments
  
Currency translation
  
Goodwill ending balance
  
Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets - Additional Information (Detail)(USD $)
In Millions, unless otherwise specified
3 Months Ended
Jan. 31, 2014
Acquisition
Jan. 31, 2013
Acquisition
Goodwill [Line Items]
Increase in goodwill
$25.4
Increase in goodwill attributable to currency fluctuations
8.8
Goodwill acquired
34.2
Impairment of Intangible assets
0
Increase in gross intangible assets
10.9
Acquisition of intangible assets
13.8
Number of acquisitions
2
0
Intangible asset adjustments related to currency fluctuations
3.3
Intangible asset adjustments related to other adjustments
0.4
Amortization expense
5.2
5.0
Future amortization expense, 2014
20.9
Future amortization expense, 2015
20.2
Future amortization expense, 2016
19.6
Future amortization expense, 2017
18.8
Future amortization expense, 2018
18.3
Value of infinite lived intangible trademarks and trade names related to Blagden Express, Closed-loop, Box Board and Fustiplast
22.4
Rigid Industrial Packaging & Services [Member]
Goodwill [Line Items]
Goodwill acquired
$34.2
Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets - Summary of Carrying Amount of Net Intangible Assets by Class (Detail)(USD $)
In Millions, unless otherwise specified
Jan. 31, 2014
Oct. 31, 2013
Finite-Lived Intangible Assets [Line Items]
Gross Intangible Assets
$285.7
$274.8
Accumulated Amortization
98.2
94.0
Net Intangible Assets
187.5
180.8
Trademark and patents [Member]
Finite-Lived Intangible Assets [Line Items]
Gross Intangible Assets
31.8
31.1
Accumulated Amortization
4.5
4.3
Net Intangible Assets
27.3
26.8
Non-compete agreements [Member]
Finite-Lived Intangible Assets [Line Items]
Gross Intangible Assets
14.6
14.6
Accumulated Amortization
12.8
12.6
Net Intangible Assets
1.8
2.0
Customer relationships [Member]
Finite-Lived Intangible Assets [Line Items]
Gross Intangible Assets
216.0
205.6
Accumulated Amortization
72.7
69.4
Net Intangible Assets
143.3
136.2
Other [Member]
Finite-Lived Intangible Assets [Line Items]
Gross Intangible Assets
23.3
23.5
Accumulated Amortization
8.2
7.7
Net Intangible Assets
$15.1
$15.8
Restructuring Charges - Reconciliation of Beginning and Ending Restructuring Reserve Balances (Detail)(USD $)
In Millions, unless otherwise specified
3 Months Ended
Jan. 31, 2014
Jan. 31, 2013
Restructuring Cost and Reserve [Line Items]
Beginning balance
$3.0
Costs incurred and charged to expense
2.6
1.3
Costs paid or otherwise settled
(1.6)
Ending balance
4.0
Employee separation costs [Member]
Restructuring Cost and Reserve [Line Items]
Beginning balance
1.8
Costs incurred and charged to expense
2.4
Costs paid or otherwise settled
(1.3)
Ending balance
2.9
Other restructuring costs [Member]
Restructuring Cost and Reserve [Line Items]
Beginning balance
1.2
Costs paid or otherwise settled
(0.1)
Ending balance
1.1
Asset impairments [Member]
Restructuring Cost and Reserve [Line Items]
Beginning balance
  
Costs incurred and charged to expense
0.2
Costs paid or otherwise settled
(0.2)
Ending balance
  
Restructuring Charges - Additional Information (Detail)(USD $)
In Millions, unless otherwise specified
3 Months Ended 12 Months Ended
Jan. 31, 2014
Jan. 31, 2013
Oct. 31, 2013
Restructuring and Related Cost [Abstract]
Restructuring charges
$2.6
$1.3
Amounts remaining to be incurred
9.7
6.6
Employee separation costs [Member]
Restructuring and Related Cost [Abstract]
Restructuring charges
2.4
Asset Impairments [Member]
Restructuring and Related Cost [Abstract]
Restructuring charges
$0.2
Restructuring Charges - Reconciliation of Total Amounts Expected to be Incurred from Open Restructuring Plans Anticipated to be Realized (Detail)(USD $)
In Millions, unless otherwise specified
3 Months Ended 12 Months Ended
Jan. 31, 2014
Jan. 31, 2013
Oct. 31, 2013
Restructuring and Related Cost [Abstract]
Amounts expected to be incurred
$12.3
Restructuring charges
2.6
1.3
Amounts remaining to be incurred
9.7
6.6
Employee separation costs [Member]
Restructuring and Related Cost [Abstract]
Restructuring charges
2.4
Asset impairments [Member]
Restructuring and Related Cost [Abstract]
Restructuring charges
0.2
Rigid Industrial Packaging & Services [Member]
Restructuring and Related Cost [Abstract]
Amounts expected to be incurred
10.5
Restructuring charges
2.5
Amounts remaining to be incurred
8.0
Rigid Industrial Packaging & Services [Member] |
Employee separation costs [Member]
Restructuring and Related Cost [Abstract]
Amounts expected to be incurred
5.8
Restructuring charges
2.3
Amounts remaining to be incurred
3.5
Rigid Industrial Packaging & Services [Member] |
Asset impairments [Member]